Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, June 11, 2013	USDL-13-1139

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – APRIL 2013

There were 3.8 million job openings on the last business day of April, little changed from 3.9 million in 
March, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.3 percent) and separations 
rate (3.2 percent) also were little changed in April. This release includes estimates of the number and rate 
of job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.

Job Openings

The number of job openings in April was 3.8 million, little changed from March. (See table 1.) In April, 
the number of job openings was little changed in all industries and regions.

The number of job openings in April (not seasonally adjusted) increased over the year for total nonfarm 
and government and was little changed for total private. Job openings increased over the year for several 
industries and state and local government. Job openings decreased over the year for information; arts, 
entertainment, and recreation; and federal government. Job openings were up over the year for the West 
and little changed in the other regions. (See table 7.)

Hires

In April, the hires rate was little changed at 3.3 percent. The hires rate was little changed in all industries 
and regions over the month. (See table 2.) 

Over the 12 months ending in April, the hires rate (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. The hires rate also was little changed for all industries and all 
four regions over the year. (See table 8.)

Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations also is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

In April, the quits rate was little changed at 1.7 percent. The quits rate was up for total private and little 
changed for government. The quits rate increased for professional and business services. The quits rate 
was little changed in all four regions. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) was up over the 12 months ending in April for total 
nonfarm and total private but was little changed for government. The quits level increased for 
professional and business services and for the Midwest and South. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, 
total private, and government levels and for the four regions. The layoffs and discharges rate was 
unchanged in April at 1.2 percent. The rate also was unchanged for total private and government and 
little changed in all four regions. (See table 5.)

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm, total 
private, and government over the 12 months ending in April. Over the year, the number of layoffs and 
discharges fell in other services and rose in federal government. The number of layoffs and discharges 
was little changed in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In April, there were 375,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from the previous month. 
The number of other separations for total private and government was little changed. (See table 6.) Over 
the 12 months ending in April, the number of other separations rose for total nonfarm and total private 
and was little changed for government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in April 2013, hires totaled 52.0 million 
and separations totaled 50.2 million, yielding a net employment gain of 1.8 million. These figures include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for May 2013 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, July 9, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

__________________________________________________________________________________________________
|                 Changes to Job Openings and Labor Turnover News Release Tables                 |
|                                                                                                |
|Effective with this release, the format of the tables in the JOLTS release have changed slightly| 
|and Table A has been moved to the end of the text. The content of the tables remains the same.  |
|________________________________________________________________________________________________|


Table A. Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
Category Job openings Hires Total separations
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

LEVELS BY INDUSTRY
(in thousands)

Total

3,523 3,875 3,757 4,252 4,227 4,425 4,122 4,123 4,279

Total private(1)

3,163 3,473 3,355 3,962 3,931 4,133 3,813 3,819 3,973

Construction

67 108 108 262 320 285 277 316 300

Manufacturing

254 271 245 252 201 224 238 203 218

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

552 669 711 862 821 898 827 820 867

Retail trade

321 424 449 575 562 628 557 557 615

Professional and business services

668 692 692 859 831 937 806 780 869

Education and health services(3)

674 687 652 485 520 541 459 482 531

Health care and social assistance

620 621 590 416 443 463 394 416 456

Leisure and hospitality

452 500 465 766 776 797 730 738 738

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77 64 56 143 123 120 152 108 115

Accommodation and food services

375 436 408 623 653 678 578 631 624

Government(4)

360 402 402 290 295 292 309 304 305

State and local

283 344 341 256 264 257 276 260 261

RATES BY INDUSTRY
(percent)

Total

2.6 2.8 2.7 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.1 3.0 3.2

Total private(1)

2.8 3.0 2.9 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.4 3.4 3.5

Construction

1.2 1.8 1.8 4.7 5.5 4.9 4.9 5.4 5.2

Manufacturing

2.1 2.2 2.0 2.1 1.7 1.9 2.0 1.7 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(2)

2.1 2.5 2.7 3.4 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.2 3.4

Retail trade

2.1 2.7 2.9 3.9 3.7 4.2 3.8 3.7 4.1

Professional and business services

3.6 3.6 3.6 4.8 4.5 5.1 4.5 4.2 4.7

Education and health services(3)

3.2 3.2 3.1 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.3 2.3 2.6

Health care and social assistance

3.5 3.5 3.3 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.3 2.4 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

3.2 3.4 3.2 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.3 5.3 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

3.8 3.1 2.7 7.3 6.1 6.0 7.7 5.4 5.7

Accommodation and food services

3.1 3.5 3.3 5.3 5.4 5.6 4.9 5.2 5.2

Government(4)

1.6 1.8 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

State and local

1.5 1.8 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(2) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(3) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(4) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(p) Preliminary


Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

3,523 3,612 3,611 3,899 3,875 3,757 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,163 3,235 3,194 3,478 3,473 3,355 2.8 2.8 2.7 3.0 3.0 2.9

Construction

67 95 104 116 108 108 1.2 1.6 1.8 2.0 1.8 1.8

Manufacturing

254 242 253 274 271 245 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

552 704 645 644 669 711 2.1 2.7 2.4 2.4 2.5 2.7

Retail trade

321 436 390 396 424 449 2.1 2.8 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.9

Professional and business services

668 575 690 709 692 692 3.6 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6

Education and health services(6)

674 670 579 672 687 652 3.2 3.2 2.7 3.2 3.2 3.1

Health care and social assistance

620 602 524 612 621 590 3.5 3.4 3.0 3.4 3.5 3.3

Leisure and hospitality

452 453 453 488 500 465 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

77 59 52 52 64 56 3.8 2.9 2.6 2.5 3.1 2.7

Accommodation and food services

375 394 401 437 436 408 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.5 3.3

Government(7)

360 377 417 421 402 402 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.8

State and local

283 313 340 357 344 341 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8

REGION(8)

Northeast

681 661 668 700 699 643 2.6 2.5 2.5 2.7 2.6 2.4

South

1,405 1,364 1,441 1,547 1,501 1,466 2.8 2.7 2.9 3.1 3.0 2.9

Midwest

704 838 723 831 825 781 2.3 2.7 2.3 2.6 2.6 2.5

West

733 749 778 821 850 867 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.8

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 2. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

4,252 4,195 4,298 4,451 4,227 4,425 3.2 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,962 3,915 4,015 4,138 3,931 4,133 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.5 3.6

Construction

262 280 326 353 320 285 4.7 4.9 5.7 6.1 5.5 4.9

Manufacturing

252 236 219 231 201 224 2.1 2.0 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

862 890 868 936 821 898 3.4 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.5

Retail trade

575 600 586 651 562 628 3.9 4.0 3.9 4.3 3.7 4.2

Professional and business services

859 798 878 845 831 937 4.8 4.4 4.8 4.6 4.5 5.1

Education and health services(6)

485 506 507 499 520 541 2.4 2.5 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.6

Health care and social assistance

416 431 443 437 443 463 2.5 2.5 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

766 759 747 762 776 797 5.6 5.5 5.4 5.5 5.5 5.7

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

143 130 104 116 123 120 7.3 6.5 5.2 5.8 6.1 6.0

Accommodation and food services

623 629 643 646 653 678 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.6

Government(7)

290 280 283 313 295 292 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3

State and local

256 246 249 266 264 257 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3

REGION(8)

Northeast

676 687 675 716 722 751 2.7 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.8 2.9

South

1,677 1,660 1,787 1,843 1,640 1,782 3.5 3.4 3.6 3.8 3.3 3.6

Midwest

940 924 906 848 907 931 3.1 3.0 3.0 2.8 2.9 3.0

West

958 924 930 1,044 959 962 3.3 3.1 3.1 3.5 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 3. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

4,122 4,062 4,173 4,180 4,123 4,279 3.1 3.0 3.1 3.1 3.0 3.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

3,813 3,772 3,872 3,884 3,819 3,973 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5

Construction

277 263 315 322 316 300 4.9 4.6 5.5 5.6 5.4 5.2

Manufacturing

238 231 215 225 203 218 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

827 840 854 863 820 867 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.4

Retail trade

557 595 580 583 557 615 3.8 4.0 3.9 3.9 3.7 4.1

Professional and business services

806 813 845 770 780 869 4.5 4.5 4.7 4.2 4.2 4.7

Education and health services(6)

459 468 486 482 482 531 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.6

Health care and social assistance

394 402 417 413 416 456 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.4 2.4 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

730 729 715 730 738 738 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

152 125 101 103 108 115 7.7 6.3 5.1 5.2 5.4 5.7

Accommodation and food services

578 604 614 627 631 624 4.9 5.1 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.2

Government(7)

309 290 302 296 304 305 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4

State and local

276 251 259 251 260 261 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4

REGION(8)

Northeast

686 663 724 682 711 694 2.7 2.6 2.8 2.7 2.8 2.7

South

1,581 1,609 1,587 1,712 1,599 1,670 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.5 3.3 3.4

Midwest

961 894 849 874 880 932 3.2 2.9 2.8 2.8 2.9 3.0

West

894 895 1,013 911 933 983 3.1 3.0 3.4 3.1 3.1 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 4. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

2,080 2,126 2,260 2,286 2,099 2,251 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.6 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,940 1,999 2,128 2,159 1,967 2,104 1.7 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.9

Construction

75 68 134 106 91 95 1.3 1.2 2.3 1.8 1.6 1.6

Manufacturing

114 116 98 102 94 106 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

455 452 491 501 446 483 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.7 1.9

Retail trade

332 328 362 354 318 350 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.1 2.3

Professional and business services

383 413 375 385 372 465 2.1 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.5

Education and health services(6)

258 273 299 289 281 286 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4

Health care and social assistance

229 248 264 255 255 251 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

433 451 472 491 445 443 3.2 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

43 38 47 54 47 42 2.2 1.9 2.4 2.7 2.3 2.1

Accommodation and food services

390 413 426 437 397 401 3.3 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.3 3.3

Government(7)

141 127 132 127 131 146 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

State and local

129 115 121 116 120 134 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

REGION(8)

Northeast

299 315 352 311 288 309 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.2

South

865 892 908 1,034 894 947 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.1 1.8 1.9

Midwest

474 454 479 469 473 534 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.7

West

442 465 522 472 444 461 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.6 1.5 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 5. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

1,752 1,569 1,520 1,572 1,686 1,653 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

1,644 1,479 1,430 1,467 1,572 1,554 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

108 89 90 104 114 99 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

335 284 284 300 358 319 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.2

South

630 557 532 561 584 594 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2

Midwest

409 357 298 334 329 311 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.0

West

378 370 406 376 415 429 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 6. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands)(2) Rates(3)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Dec.
2012
Jan.
2013
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

289 367 393 323 338 375 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private(4)

229 293 314 258 280 315 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3

Construction

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Manufacturing

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Retail trade

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Professional and business services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Education and health services(6)

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Health care and social assistance

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Leisure and hospitality

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Accommodation and food services

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Government(7)

60 74 79 66 58 60 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3

State and local

- - - - - - - - - - - -

REGION(8)

Northeast

- - - - - - - - - - - -

South

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Midwest

- - - - - - - - - - - -

West

- - - - - - - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
(3) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(4) Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
(5) Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
(6) Includes educational services, not shown separately.
(7) Includes federal government, not shown separately.
(8) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

- Data not available.


Table 7. Job openings levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

3,831 3,912 4,076 2.8 2.8 2.9

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,462 3,513 3,663 3.0 3.0 3.1

Mining and logging

16 14 24 1.9 1.6 2.7

Construction

86 109 139 1.6 2.0 2.4

Manufacturing

268 281 255 2.2 2.3 2.1

Durable goods

165 198 168 2.2 2.6 2.2

Nondurable goods

103 83 86 2.3 1.9 1.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

576 644 752 2.2 2.5 2.8

Wholesale trade

136 134 134 2.3 2.3 2.3

Retail trade

334 396 476 2.2 2.6 3.1

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

107 115 141 2.1 2.3 2.8

Information

111 88 75 4.0 3.2 2.7

Financial activities

242 273 300 3.0 3.4 3.7

Finance and insurance

195 228 241 3.2 3.7 3.9

Real estate and rental and leasing

47 45 59 2.4 2.2 2.9

Professional and business services

692 689 721 3.7 3.7 3.8

Education and health services

712 695 689 3.4 3.2 3.2

Educational services

62 64 69 1.7 1.8 1.9

Health care and social assistance

650 631 620 3.7 3.5 3.5

Leisure and hospitality

554 553 565 3.9 3.9 3.9

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

97 67 73 4.8 3.5 3.6

Accommodation and food services

457 486 492 3.8 4.0 3.9

Other services

204 166 146 3.6 3.0 2.6

Government

369 398 412 1.6 1.8 1.8

Federal

82 65 64 2.8 2.3 2.3

State and local

286 334 348 1.4 1.7 1.8

REGION(3)

Northeast

746 697 698 2.9 2.7 2.6

South

1,509 1,531 1,574 3.0 3.0 3.1

Midwest

790 851 866 2.5 2.7 2.7

West

785 833 938 2.6 2.7 3.1

Footnotes
(1) Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
(2) The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus job openings.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 8. Hires levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

4,554 3,991 4,773 3.4 3.0 3.5

INDUSTRY

Total private

4,347 3,780 4,556 3.9 3.4 4.0

Mining and logging

35 32 33 4.1 3.7 3.8

Construction

351 343 366 6.4 6.2 6.5

Manufacturing

268 201 240 2.3 1.7 2.0

Durable goods

168 125 160 2.3 1.7 2.1

Nondurable goods

99 76 80 2.3 1.7 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

906 779 947 3.6 3.1 3.7

Wholesale trade

153 115 138 2.7 2.0 2.4

Retail trade

599 540 666 4.1 3.6 4.5

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

154 124 143 3.2 2.5 2.9

Information

60 40 69 2.3 1.5 2.6

Financial activities

186 156 200 2.4 2.0 2.5

Finance and insurance

119 102 141 2.0 1.7 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

67 54 59 3.5 2.8 3.0

Professional and business services

953 786 1,049 5.4 4.3 5.7

Education and health services

456 453 523 2.2 2.2 2.5

Educational services

44 50 52 1.3 1.4 1.5

Health care and social assistance

412 403 470 2.4 2.3 2.7

Leisure and hospitality

901 809 950 6.6 5.9 6.8

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

189 128 161 9.9 6.9 8.2

Accommodation and food services

712 680 789 6.1 5.8 6.6

Other services

230 182 179 4.3 3.4 3.3

Government

208 211 217 0.9 0.9 1.0

Federal

29 28 31 1.0 1.0 1.1

State and local

179 183 186 0.9 0.9 1.0

REGION(3)

Northeast

716 665 807 2.8 2.6 3.1

South

1,805 1,580 1,924 3.7 3.2 3.9

Midwest

1,047 870 1,054 3.5 2.8 3.4

West

987 877 989 3.4 3.0 3.3

Footnotes
(1) Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
(2) The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 9. Total separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

3,994 3,506 4,161 3.0 2.6 3.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

3,782 3,306 3,943 3.4 2.9 3.5

Mining and logging

31 30 31 3.6 3.5 3.6

Construction

264 276 285 4.8 5.0 5.1

Manufacturing

242 185 224 2.0 1.6 1.9

Durable goods

143 114 144 1.9 1.5 1.9

Nondurable goods

99 72 81 2.2 1.6 1.8

Trade, transportation, and utilities

769 710 809 3.0 2.8 3.2

Wholesale trade

104 106 101 1.9 1.9 1.8

Retail trade

514 475 577 3.5 3.2 3.9

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

151 129 131 3.1 2.6 2.6

Information

57 44 71 2.1 1.6 2.7

Financial activities

182 158 194 2.4 2.0 2.5

Finance and insurance

126 112 143 2.2 1.9 2.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

56 46 51 2.9 2.4 2.6

Professional and business services

875 724 938 4.9 4.0 5.1

Education and health services

433 424 503 2.1 2.0 2.4

Educational services

51 39 59 1.4 1.1 1.7

Health care and social assistance

382 384 444 2.3 2.2 2.6

Leisure and hospitality

705 599 716 5.2 4.4 5.1

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

147 76 113 7.7 4.1 5.8

Accommodation and food services

557 523 603 4.8 4.4 5.0

Other services

225 156 170 4.2 2.9 3.1

Government

212 199 218 0.9 0.9 1.0

Federal

29 33 37 1.0 1.2 1.3

State and local

183 166 181 0.9 0.9 0.9

REGION(3)

Northeast

644 572 656 2.5 2.2 2.6

South

1,618 1,425 1,700 3.3 2.9 3.5

Midwest

865 723 848 2.9 2.4 2.8

West

868 786 956 3.0 2.7 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
(2) The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 10. Quits levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

2,098 1,898 2,291 1.6 1.4 1.7

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,995 1,801 2,175 1.8 1.6 1.9

Mining and logging

18 19 16 2.2 2.2 1.9

Construction

73 84 93 1.3 1.5 1.6

Manufacturing

118 88 114 1.0 0.7 1.0

Durable goods

68 47 70 0.9 0.6 0.9

Nondurable goods

50 40 44 1.1 0.9 1.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

457 408 490 1.8 1.6 1.9

Wholesale trade

48 59 65 0.9 1.0 1.1

Retail trade

327 279 352 2.2 1.9 2.4

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

81 70 73 1.7 1.4 1.5

Information

33 24 39 1.2 0.9 1.4

Financial activities

106 91 107 1.4 1.2 1.4

Finance and insurance

69 66 82 1.2 1.1 1.4

Real estate and rental and leasing

37 25 25 1.9 1.3 1.2

Professional and business services

394 356 488 2.2 2.0 2.7

Education and health services

257 268 285 1.3 1.3 1.4

Educational services

26 19 31 0.7 0.5 0.9

Health care and social assistance

231 250 254 1.4 1.5 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

445 380 453 3.3 2.8 3.2

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

40 34 38 2.1 1.8 1.9

Accommodation and food services

405 346 415 3.5 2.9 3.5

Other services

93 83 90 1.7 1.5 1.7

Government

103 97 116 0.5 0.4 0.5

Federal

11 10 11 0.4 0.4 0.4

State and local

93 87 105 0.5 0.4 0.5

REGION(3)

Northeast

301 252 314 1.2 1.0 1.2

South

907 823 1,001 1.9 1.7 2.0

Midwest

449 424 514 1.5 1.4 1.7

West

441 398 462 1.5 1.3 1.6

Footnotes
(1) Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
(2) The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 11. Layoffs and discharges levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

1,616 1,329 1,514 1.2 1.0 1.1

INDUSTRY

Total private

1,554 1,267 1,455 1.4 1.1 1.3

Mining and logging

11 9 12 1.3 1.0 1.5

Construction

178 189 179 3.3 3.4 3.2

Manufacturing

99 83 86 0.8 0.7 0.7

Durable goods

59 58 60 0.8 0.8 0.8

Nondurable goods

40 25 26 0.9 0.6 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

235 233 254 0.9 0.9 1.0

Wholesale trade

48 30 31 0.9 0.5 0.5

Retail trade

143 162 178 1.0 1.1 1.2

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

44 41 46 0.9 0.8 0.9

Information

21 11 29 0.8 0.4 1.1

Financial activities

50 44 46 0.7 0.6 0.6

Finance and insurance

34 26 30 0.6 0.5 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

17 18 17 0.9 0.9 0.8

Professional and business services

452 328 411 2.5 1.8 2.2

Education and health services

150 115 144 0.7 0.6 0.7

Educational services

21 16 20 0.6 0.5 0.6

Health care and social assistance

129 99 124 0.8 0.6 0.7

Leisure and hospitality

229 192 223 1.7 1.4 1.6

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

104 40 72 5.5 2.2 3.7

Accommodation and food services

124 152 151 1.1 1.3 1.3

Other services

129 63 71 2.4 1.2 1.3

Government

62 62 59 0.3 0.3 0.3

Federal

7 14 16 0.2 0.5 0.6

State and local

55 48 43 0.3 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

293 264 281 1.2 1.0 1.1

South

624 504 574 1.3 1.0 1.2

Midwest

345 242 254 1.1 0.8 0.8

West

354 319 404 1.2 1.1 1.4

Footnotes
(1) Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
(2) The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary


Table 12. Other separations levels and rates by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry and region Levels (in thousands) Rates(2)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)
Apr.
2012
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013(p)

Total

280 279 357 0.2 0.2 0.3

INDUSTRY

Total private

233 239 314 0.2 0.2 0.3

Mining and logging

2 3 2 0.2 0.3 0.3

Construction

13 3 14 0.2 0.1 0.2

Manufacturing

25 15 24 0.2 0.1 0.2

Durable goods

16 9 14 0.2 0.1 0.2

Nondurable goods

9 6 10 0.2 0.1 0.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

77 69 66 0.3 0.3 0.3

Wholesale trade

7 17 6 0.1 0.3 0.1

Retail trade

43 34 47 0.3 0.2 0.3

Transportation, warehousing, and utilities

26 18 12 0.5 0.4 0.3

Information

3 8 4 0.1 0.3 0.2

Financial activities

26 23 42 0.3 0.3 0.5

Finance and insurance

23 20 32 0.4 0.3 0.5

Real estate and rental and leasing

3 3 10 0.1 0.2 0.5

Professional and business services

28 40 40 0.2 0.2 0.2

Education and health services

26 41 74 0.1 0.2 0.4

Educational services

4 5 8 0.1 0.1 0.2

Health care and social assistance

22 36 66 0.1 0.2 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

31 27 40 0.2 0.2 0.3

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2 2 3 0.1 0.1 0.2

Accommodation and food services

28 25 37 0.2 0.2 0.3

Other services

4 10 9 0.1 0.2 0.2

Government

47 40 43 0.2 0.2 0.2

Federal

11 8 10 0.4 0.3 0.3

State and local

36 32 33 0.2 0.2 0.2

REGION(3)

Northeast

50 55 61 0.2 0.2 0.2

South

87 98 125 0.2 0.2 0.3

Midwest

71 58 80 0.2 0.2 0.3

West

73 69 91 0.2 0.2 0.3

Footnotes
(1) Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
(2) The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment.
(3) The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Levels are rounded to the nearest thousand and rates are rounded to the nearest tenth. Levels and rates may round down to zero.


Last Modified Date: June 11, 2013