Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey News Release


For release 10:00 a.m. (EDT) Tuesday, May 7, 2013	USDL-13-0846

Technical information:	(202) 691-5870  •  JoltsInfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/jlt
Media contact:	        (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                    JOB OPENINGS AND LABOR TURNOVER – MARCH 2013

There were 3.8 million job openings on the last business day of March, little changed from 3.9 million in 
February, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. The hires rate (3.2 percent) and separations 
rate (3.1 percent) were little changed in March. This release includes estimates of the number and rate of 
job openings, hires, and separations for the nonfarm sector by industry and by geographic region.
  
Job Openings

The number of job openings in March was 3.8 million, little changed from February. (See table 1.) In 
March, the number of job openings was little changed in all industries and regions.

The number of job openings in March (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the year for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. Job openings decreased over the year for nondurable goods 
manufacturing and federal government; openings increased over the year for accommodation and food 
services. Job openings were little changed over the year for all regions. (See table 7.)

Table A.  Job openings, hires, and total separations by industry, seasonally adjusted
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               |    Job openings    |       Hires        | Total separations
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
     Industry                  | Mar. | Feb. | Mar. | Mar. | Feb. | Mar. | Mar. | Feb. | Mar.
                               | 2012 | 2013 | 2013p| 2012 | 2013 | 2013p| 2012 | 2013 | 2013p
-------------------------------|--------------------------------------------------------------
                               |                     Levels (in thousands)
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..........................|3,848 |3,899 |3,844 |4,435 |4,451 |4,259 |4,180 |4,180 |4,213
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..............|3,453 |3,478 |3,451 |4,133 |4,138 |3,966 |3,885 |3,884 |3,920
  Construction.................|   96 |  116 |  101 |  323 |  353 |  338 |  313 |  322 |  331
  Manufacturing................|  324 |  274 |  260 |  259 |  231 |  200 |  220 |  225 |  205
  Trade, transportation,       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities(2)............|  641 |  644 |  694 |  862 |  936 |  818 |  836 |  863 |  841
   Retail trade................|  410 |  396 |  424 |  577 |  651 |  554 |  566 |  583 |  569
  Professional and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   business services...........|  786 |  709 |  664 |  896 |  845 |  869 |  849 |  770 |  821
  Education and health         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services(3).................|  680 |  672 |  643 |  514 |  499 |  515 |  462 |  482 |  490
   Health care and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    social assistance..........|  614 |  612 |  577 |  432 |  437 |  434 |  400 |  413 |  416
  Leisure and hospitality......|  433 |  488 |  523 |  813 |  762 |  754 |  763 |  730 |  750
   Arts, entertainment         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and recreation.............|   52 |   52 |   66 |  159 |  116 |  112 |  140 |  103 |  106
   Accommodation and           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    food services..............|  381 |  437 |  457 |  654 |  646 |  642 |  622 |  627 |  643
 Government(4).................|  396 |  421 |  393 |  301 |  313 |  293 |  294 |  296 |  293
  State and local..............|  326 |  357 |  348 |  271 |  266 |  262 |  264 |  251 |  250
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
                               |                       Rates (percent)
                               |--------------------------------------------------------------
Total..........................|  2.8 |  2.8 |  2.8 |  3.3 |  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.1 |  3.1 |  3.1
                               |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
 Total private(1)..............|  3.0 |  3.0 |  3.0 |  3.7 |  3.7 |  3.5 |  3.5 |  3.4 |  3.5
  Construction.................|  1.7 |  2.0 |  1.7 |  5.7 |  6.1 |  5.8 |  5.6 |  5.6 |  5.7
  Manufacturing................|  2.6 |  2.2 |  2.1 |  2.2 |  1.9 |  1.7 |  1.8 |  1.9 |  1.7
  Trade, transportation,       |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   and utilities(2)............|  2.5 |  2.4 |  2.6 |  3.4 |  3.6 |  3.2 |  3.3 |  3.3 |  3.3
   Retail trade................|  2.7 |  2.6 |  2.7 |  3.9 |  4.3 |  3.7 |  3.8 |  3.9 |  3.8
  Professional and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   business services...........|  4.2 |  3.7 |  3.5 |  5.0 |  4.6 |  4.7 |  4.8 |  4.2 |  4.5
  Education and health         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
   services(3).................|  3.3 |  3.2 |  3.0 |  2.5 |  2.4 |  2.5 |  2.3 |  2.3 |  2.4
   Health care and             |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    social assistance..........|  3.5 |  3.4 |  3.2 |  2.6 |  2.5 |  2.5 |  2.4 |  2.4 |  2.4
  Leisure and hospitality......|  3.1 |  3.4 |  3.6 |  5.9 |  5.5 |  5.4 |  5.6 |  5.2 |  5.4
   Arts, entertainment         |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    and recreation.............|  2.5 |  2.5 |  3.2 |  8.0 |  5.8 |  5.6 |  7.1 |  5.2 |  5.3
   Accommodation and           |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |      |
    food services..............|  3.2 |  3.5 |  3.7 |  5.6 |  5.4 |  5.4 |  5.3 |  5.2 |  5.4
 Government(4).................|  1.8 |  1.9 |  1.8 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.3 |  1.4 |  1.3
  State and local..............|  1.7 |  1.8 |  1.8 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.4 |  1.3 |  1.3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  1 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not
shown separately.
  2 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown
separately.
  3 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  4 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  p Preliminary

Hires

In March, the hires rate was little changed at 3.2 percent. The hires rate decreased in retail trade and in 
the South. (See table 2.) 

Over the 12 months ending in March, the hires rate (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for total 
nonfarm, total private, and government. The hires rate decreased in durable goods manufacturing; 
nondurable goods manufacturing; and arts, entertainment, and recreation. The hires rate decreased in the 
Midwest. (See table 8.)
Separations

Total separations includes quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations. Total separations also is 
referred to as turnover. Quits are generally voluntary separations initiated by the employee. Therefore, 
the quits rate can serve as a measure of workers’ willingness or ability to leave jobs. Layoffs and 
discharges are involuntary separations initiated by the employer. Other separations include separations 
due to retirement, death, and disability, as well as transfers to other locations of the same firm.

In March, the quits rate was little changed at 1.6 percent. The quits rate also was little changed for total 
private and government. The quits rate decreased in the South. (See table 4.)

The number of quits (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed over the 12 months ending in March for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. The quits level was little changed in all industries and 
regions. (See table 10.)

The layoffs and discharges component of total separations is seasonally adjusted at the total nonfarm, 
total private, and government levels and for the four regions. The layoffs and discharges rate was little 
changed in March at 1.3 percent. The rate was little changed for total private, government, and all four 
regions. (See table 5.)

The layoffs and discharges level (not seasonally adjusted) was little changed for total nonfarm, total 
private, and government over the 12 months ending in March 2013. Over the year, the number of layoffs 
and discharges fell in mining and logging and rose in federal government. The number of layoffs and 
discharges was little changed in all four regions. (See table 11.)

In March, there were 359,000 other separations for total nonfarm, little changed from the previous 
month. The number of other separations for total private and government was little changed. (See table 
6.) Over the 12 months ending in March, the number of other separations was essentially unchanged for 
total nonfarm, total private, and government. (See table 12.)

Net Change in Employment

Large numbers of hires and separations occur every month throughout the business cycle. Net 
employment change results from the relationship between hires and separations. When the number of 
hires exceeds the number of separations, employment rises, even if the hires level is steady or declining. 
Conversely, when the number of hires is less than the number of separations, employment declines, even 
if the hires level is steady or rising. Over the 12 months ending in March 2013, hires totaled 51.8 million 
and separations totaled 50.1 million, yielding a net employment gain of 1.7 million. These figures include 
workers who may have been hired and separated more than once during the year.

____________	
The Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey results for April 2013 are scheduled to be released 
on Tuesday, June 11, 2013 at 10:00 a.m. (EDT).

Technical Note


This news release presents statistics from the Job Openings and Labor
Turnover Survey (JOLTS). The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) collects
and compiles JOLTS data monthly from a sample of nonfarm
establishments. A more detailed discussion of JOLTS concepts and
methodology is available online at www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch18.pdf.

Coverage and collection

The JOLTS program covers all private nonfarm establishments, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities in the 50 states and
the District of Columbia. Data are collected for total employment, job
openings, hires, quits, layoffs and discharges, other separations, and
total separations.

Concepts

Industry classification.  The industry classifications in this release
are in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System (NAICS).

Employment.  Employment includes persons on the payroll who worked or
received pay for the pay period that includes the 12th day of the
reference month. Full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term,
seasonal, salaried, and hourly employees are included, as are
employees on paid vacations or other paid leave. Proprietors or
partners of unincorporated businesses, unpaid family workers, or
persons on leave without pay or on strike for the entire pay period,
are not counted as employed. Employees of temporary help agencies,
employee leasing companies, outside contractors, and consultants are
counted by their employer of record, not by the establishment where
they are working.

Job openings.  Job openings information is collected for the last
business day of the reference month. A job opening requires that: 1) a
specific position exists and there is work available for that
position, 2) work could start within 30 days whether or not the
employer found a suitable candidate, and 3) the employer is actively
recruiting from outside the establishment to fill the position.
Included are full-time, part-time, permanent, short-term, and seasonal
openings. Active recruiting means that the establishment is taking
steps to fill a position by advertising in newspapers or on the
Internet, posting help-wanted signs, accepting applications, or using
other similar methods.

Jobs to be filled only by internal transfers, promotions, demotions,
or recall from layoffs are excluded. Also excluded are jobs with start
dates more than 30 days in the future, jobs for which employees have
been hired but have not yet reported for work, and jobs to be filled
by employees of temporary help agencies, employee leasing companies,
outside contractors, or consultants. The job openings rate is computed
by dividing the number of job openings by the sum of employment and
job openings and multiplying that quotient by 100.

Hires.  The hires level is the total number of additions to the
payroll occurring at any time during the reference month, including
both new and rehired employees, full-time and part-time, permanent,
short-term and seasonal employees, employees recalled to the location
after a layoff lasting more than 7 days, on-call or intermittent
employees who returned to work after having been formally separated,
and transfers from other locations. The hires count does not include
transfers or promotions within the reporting site, employees returning
from strike, employees of temporary help agencies or employee leasing
companies, outside contractors, or consultants. The hires rate is
computed by dividing the number of hires by employment and multiplying
that quotient by 100.

Separations.  The separations level is the total number of employment
terminations occurring at any time during the reference month, and is
reported by type of separation—quits, layoffs and discharges, and
other separations. (Some respondents are only able to report total
separations.) The quits count includes voluntary separations by
employees (except for retirements, which are reported as other
separations). The layoffs and discharges count is comprised of
involuntary separations initiated by the employer and includes layoffs
with no intent to rehire; formal layoffs lasting or expected to last
more than 7 days; discharges resulting from mergers, downsizing, or
closings; firings or other discharges for cause; terminations of
permanent or short-term employees; and terminations of seasonal
employees. The other separations count includes retirements, transfers
to other locations, deaths, and separations due to disability. The
separations count does not include transfers within the same location
or employees on strike. The separations rate is computed by dividing
the number of separations by employment and multiplying that quotient
by 100. The quits, layoffs and discharges, and other separations rates
are computed similarly.

Annual estimates.  Annual levels for hires, quits, layoffs and
discharges, other separations, and total separations are the sum of
the 12 published monthly levels. Annual rates are computed by dividing
the annual level by the Current Employment Statistics (CES) annual
average employment level, and multiplying that quotient by 100. This
figure will be approximately equal to the sum of the 12 monthly rates.
Consistent with BLS practice, annual estimates are published only for
not seasonally adjusted data and are released with the January news
release each year. Annual estimates are not calculated for job
openings because job openings are a stock, or point-in-time,
measurement for the last business day of each month.

Sample and estimation methodology

The JOLTS survey design is a stratified random sample of 16,400
nonfarm business and government establishments. The sample is
stratified by ownership, region, industry sector, and establishment
size class. The establishments are drawn from a universe of over 9.1
million establishments compiled by the Quarterly Census of Employment
and Wages (QCEW) program which includes all employers subject to state
unemployment insurance laws and federal agencies subject to the
Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees program.

JOLTS total employment estimates are benchmarked, or ratio adjusted,
monthly to the strike-adjusted employment estimates of the CES survey.
A ratio of CES to JOLTS employment is used to adjust the levels for
all other JOLTS data elements.

JOLTS business birth/death model

As with any sample survey, the JOLTS sample can only be as current as
its sampling frame. The time lag from the birth of an establishment
until its appearance on the sampling frame is approximately one year.
In addition, many of these new units may fail within the first year.
Since these universe units cannot be reflected on the sampling frame
immediately, the JOLTS sample cannot capture job openings, hires, and
separations from these units during their early existence. To
compensate for the inability to capture data from these
establishments, BLS has developed a birth/death model that uses birth
and death activity from previous years. The estimates of job openings,
hires, and separations produced by the birth/death model are added to
the sample-based estimates produced from the survey to arrive at the
estimates for openings, hires, and separations.

Seasonal adjustment

BLS uses X-12 ARIMA to seasonally adjust several JOLTS series
utilizing moving averages as seasonal filters. A concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal adjustment
factors are calculated each month, using all relevant data, up to and
including current month data. JOLTS seasonal adjustment includes both
additive and multiplicative models and REGARIMA (regression with auto-
correlated errors) modeling to improve the seasonal adjustment factors
at the beginning and end of the series and to detect and adjust for
outliers in the series.

Alignment procedure

The JOLTS measures for hires minus separations can be used to derive a
measure of net employment change. This change should be comparable to
the net employment change from the much larger CES survey. However,
definitional differences as well as sampling and nonsampling errors
between the two surveys historically caused JOLTS to diverge from CES
over time. To limit the divergence, and improve the quality of the
JOLTS hires and separations series, BLS implemented the Monthly
Alignment Method.

This method applies the CES employment trends to the seasonally
adjusted JOLTS implied employment trend (hires minus separations)
forcing them to be approximately the same, while preserving the
seasonality of the JOLTS data. First, the two series are seasonally
adjusted and the difference between the JOLTS implied employment
change and the CES net employment change is calculated. Next, the
JOLTS implied employment change is adjusted to equal the CES net
employment change through a proportional adjustment. This procedure
adjusts the two components (hires, separations) proportionally to
their contribution to the total churn (hires plus separations). The
adjusted hires and separations are converted back to not seasonally
adjusted data by reversing the application of the original seasonal
factors. After the Monthly Alignment Method has been used to adjust
the level estimates, rate estimates are computed from the adjusted
levels.

Reliability of the estimates

JOLTS estimates are subject to both sampling and nonsampling error.
When a sample is surveyed rather than the entire population, there is
a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the "true"
population values they represent. The exact difference, or sampling
error, varies depending on the particular sample selected, and this
variability is measured by the standard error of the estimate. BLS
analysis is generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.
That means that there is a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6
standard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling
error. Estimates of sampling errors are available upon request.

The JOLTS estimates also are affected by nonsampling error.
Nonsampling error can occur for many reasons, including the failure to
include a segment of the population, the inability to obtain data from
all units in the sample, the inability or unwillingness of respondents
to provide data on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
errors made in the collection or processing of the data, and errors
from the employment benchmark data used in estimation.

Other information

Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.

Table 1.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Mar.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Mar.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013  2013  2013p

Total....................................  3,848  3,646  3,789  3,612  3,611  3,899  3,844    2.8   2.6   2.7   2.6   2.6   2.8   2.8

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,453  3,295  3,421  3,235  3,194  3,478  3,451    3.0   2.8   2.9   2.8   2.7   3.0   3.0
  Construction...........................     96    100     96     95    104    116    101    1.7   1.7   1.7   1.6   1.8   2.0   1.7
  Manufacturing..........................    324    265    271    242    253    274    260    2.6   2.2   2.2   2.0   2.1   2.2   2.1
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    641    618    731    704    645    644    694    2.5   2.4   2.8   2.7   2.4   2.4   2.6
   Retail trade..........................    410    392    475    436    390    396    424    2.7   2.6   3.1   2.8   2.5   2.6   2.7
  Professional and business services.....    786    661    649    575    690    709    664    4.2   3.5   3.5   3.1   3.7   3.7   3.5
  Education and health services(6).......    680    667    691    670    579    672    643    3.3   3.2   3.3   3.2   2.7   3.2   3.0
   Health care and social assistance.....    614    611    633    602    524    612    577    3.5   3.5   3.6   3.4   3.0   3.4   3.2
  Leisure and hospitality................    433    438    481    453    453    488    523    3.1   3.1   3.4   3.2   3.2   3.4   3.6
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     52     49     52     59     52     52     66    2.5   2.4   2.6   2.9   2.6   2.5   3.2
   Accommodation and food services.......    381    389    428    394    401    437    457    3.2   3.2   3.5   3.2   3.2   3.5   3.7
 Government(7)...........................    396    350    368    377    417    421    393    1.8   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.9   1.9   1.8
  State and local........................    326    289    301    313    340    357    348    1.7   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.8   1.8   1.8


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    682    643    674    661    668    700    676    2.6   2.5   2.6   2.5   2.5   2.7   2.6
  South..................................  1,500  1,434  1,434  1,364  1,441  1,547  1,494    3.0   2.9   2.9   2.7   2.9   3.1   3.0
  Midwest................................    879    829    912    838    723    831    818    2.8   2.6   2.9   2.7   2.3   2.6   2.6
  West...................................    788    740    769    749    778    821    855    2.6   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.6   2.7   2.8


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a percent of total employment plus
job openings.
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 The States (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the regions are: Northeast: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont; South: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of
Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas,
Virginia, and West Virginia; Midwest: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio,
South Dakota, and Wisconsin; West: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah,
Washington, and Wyoming.
  p Preliminary



Table 2.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Mar.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Mar.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013  2013  2013p

Total....................................  4,435  4,287  4,420  4,195  4,298  4,451  4,259    3.3   3.2   3.3   3.1   3.2   3.3   3.2

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  4,133  4,031  4,134  3,915  4,015  4,138  3,966    3.7   3.6   3.7   3.5   3.6   3.7   3.5
  Construction...........................    323    318    386    280    326    353    338    5.7   5.6   6.8   4.9   5.7   6.1   5.8
  Manufacturing..........................    259    234    234    236    219    231    200    2.2   2.0   2.0   2.0   1.8   1.9   1.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    862    911    900    890    868    936    818    3.4   3.6   3.5   3.5   3.4   3.6   3.2
   Retail trade..........................    577    617    597    600    586    651    554    3.9   4.1   4.0   4.0   3.9   4.3   3.7
  Professional and business services.....    896    864    912    798    878    845    869    5.0   4.8   5.0   4.4   4.8   4.6   4.7
  Education and health services(6).......    514    489    471    506    507    499    515    2.5   2.4   2.3   2.5   2.5   2.4   2.5
   Health care and social assistance.....    432    420    421    431    443    437    434    2.6   2.5   2.5   2.5   2.6   2.5   2.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    813    752    697    759    747    762    754    5.9   5.4   5.0   5.5   5.4   5.5   5.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    159    125    108    130    104    116    112    8.0   6.3   5.4   6.5   5.2   5.8   5.6
   Accommodation and food services.......    654    627    589    629    643    646    642    5.6   5.3   5.0   5.3   5.4   5.4   5.4
 Government(7)...........................    301    255    286    280    283    313    293    1.4   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.3
  State and local........................    271    225    256    246    249    266    262    1.4   1.2   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.4


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    713    637    736    687    675    716    695    2.8   2.5   2.9   2.7   2.6   2.8   2.7
  South..................................  1,749  1,729  1,645  1,660  1,787  1,843  1,656    3.6   3.5   3.4   3.4   3.6   3.8   3.4
  Midwest................................  1,015    931  1,013    924    906    848    870    3.4   3.0   3.3   3.0   3.0   2.8   2.8
  West...................................    957    990  1,026    924    930  1,044  1,038    3.3   3.4   3.5   3.1   3.1   3.5   3.5


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary



Table 3.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Mar.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Mar.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013  2013  2013p

Total....................................  4,180  4,079  4,179  4,062  4,173  4,180  4,213    3.1   3.0   3.1   3.0   3.1   3.1   3.1

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  3,885  3,751  3,885  3,772  3,872  3,884  3,920    3.5   3.3   3.5   3.3   3.4   3.4   3.5
  Construction...........................    313    288    359    263    315    322    331    5.6   5.1   6.3   4.6   5.5   5.6   5.7
  Manufacturing..........................    220    220    229    231    215    225    205    1.8   1.8   1.9   1.9   1.8   1.9   1.7
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    836    828    774    840    854    863    841    3.3   3.2   3.0   3.3   3.3   3.3   3.3
   Retail trade..........................    566    551    512    595    580    583    569    3.8   3.7   3.4   4.0   3.9   3.9   3.8
  Professional and business services.....    849    784    849    813    845    770    821    4.8   4.3   4.7   4.5   4.7   4.2   4.5
  Education and health services(6).......    462    456    465    468    486    482    490    2.3   2.2   2.3   2.3   2.4   2.3   2.4
   Health care and social assistance.....    400    384    402    402    417    413    416    2.4   2.2   2.3   2.3   2.4   2.4   2.4
  Leisure and hospitality................    763    726    694    729    715    730    750    5.6   5.2   5.0   5.2   5.1   5.2   5.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...    140    113    109    125    101    103    106    7.1   5.7   5.5   6.3   5.1   5.2   5.3
   Accommodation and food services.......    622    613    584    604    614    627    643    5.3   5.2   4.9   5.1   5.1   5.2   5.4
 Government(7)...........................    294    328    294    290    302    296    293    1.3   1.5   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.3
  State and local........................    264    291    255    251    259    251    250    1.4   1.5   1.3   1.3   1.4   1.3   1.3


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    642    666    656    663    724    682    719    2.5   2.6   2.6   2.6   2.8   2.7   2.8
  South..................................  1,683  1,628  1,585  1,609  1,587  1,712  1,615    3.5   3.3   3.2   3.3   3.2   3.5   3.3
  Midwest................................    943    851    982    894    849    874    873    3.1   2.8   3.2   2.9   2.8   2.8   2.8
  West...................................    912    933    956    895  1,013    911  1,006    3.1   3.2   3.2   3.0   3.4   3.1   3.4


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary



Table 4.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Mar.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Mar.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013  2013  2013p

Total....................................  2,152  2,079  2,140  2,126  2,260  2,286  2,160    1.6   1.5   1.6   1.6   1.7   1.7   1.6

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  2,021  1,929  2,010  1,999  2,128  2,159  2,028    1.8   1.7   1.8   1.8   1.9   1.9   1.8
  Construction...........................     76     93     90     68    134    106     92    1.3   1.7   1.6   1.2   2.3   1.8   1.6
  Manufacturing..........................    104     96    106    116     98    102     97     .9    .8    .9   1.0    .8    .9    .8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)    467    461    465    452    491    501    448    1.8   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.9   1.9   1.7
   Retail trade..........................    336    318    344    328    362    354    321    2.3   2.1   2.3   2.2   2.4   2.4   2.1
  Professional and business services.....    392    360    394    413    375    385    391    2.2   2.0   2.2   2.3   2.1   2.1   2.1
  Education and health services(6).......    272    255    280    273    299    289    280    1.3   1.2   1.4   1.3   1.5   1.4   1.4
   Health care and social assistance.....    242    226    247    248    264    255    251    1.4   1.3   1.4   1.4   1.5   1.5   1.5
  Leisure and hospitality................    471    437    442    451    472    491    475    3.4   3.2   3.2   3.2   3.4   3.5   3.4
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     49     43     42     38     47     54     55    2.5   2.2   2.1   1.9   2.4   2.7   2.7
   Accommodation and food services.......    422    394    400    413    426    437    421    3.6   3.3   3.4   3.5   3.6   3.7   3.5
 Government(7)...........................    131    150    130    127    132    127    132     .6    .7    .6    .6    .6    .6    .6
  State and local........................    119    137    119    115    121    116    121     .6    .7    .6    .6    .6    .6    .6


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    280    290    292    315    352    311    295    1.1   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.4   1.2   1.1
  South..................................    890    875    883    892    908  1,034    896    1.8   1.8   1.8   1.8   1.9   2.1   1.8
  Midwest................................    501    452    496    454    479    469    466    1.7   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.6   1.5   1.5
  West...................................    482    462    469    465    522    472    503    1.6   1.6   1.6   1.6   1.8   1.6   1.7


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary



Table 5.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Mar.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Mar.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013  2013  2013p

Total....................................  1,704  1,672  1,705  1,569  1,520  1,572  1,693    1.3   1.2   1.3   1.2   1.1   1.2   1.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................  1,603  1,559  1,611  1,479  1,430  1,467  1,591    1.4   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.3   1.3   1.4
  Construction...........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Manufacturing..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Retail trade..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Professional and business services.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Education and health services(6).......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Health care and social assistance.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Leisure and hospitality................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Accommodation and food services.......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
 Government(7)...........................    100    113     94     89     90    104    102     .5    .5    .4    .4    .4    .5    .5
  State and local........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................    291    320    310    284    284    300    357    1.2   1.3   1.2   1.1   1.1   1.2   1.4
  South..................................    681    621    582    557    532    561    589    1.4   1.3   1.2   1.1   1.1   1.1   1.2
  Midwest................................    371    332    397    357    298    334    329    1.2   1.1   1.3   1.2   1.0   1.1   1.1
  West...................................    360    398    416    370    406    376    418    1.2   1.4   1.4   1.3   1.4   1.3   1.4


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  - Data not available.


Table 6.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, seasonally adjusted

                                                      Levels(3) (in thousands)                              Rates

           Industry and region              Mar.   Oct.   Nov.   Dec.   Jan.   Feb.   Mar.   Mar.  Oct.  Nov.  Dec.  Jan.  Feb.  Mar.
                                            2012   2012   2012   2012   2013   2013   2013p  2012  2012  2012  2012  2013  2013  2013p

Total....................................    324    328    334    367    393    323    359    0.2   0.2   0.2   0.3   0.3   0.2   0.3

                INDUSTRY

 Total private(4)........................    261    263    264    293    314    258    301     .2    .2    .2    .3    .3    .2    .3
  Construction...........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Manufacturing..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Trade, transportation, and utilities(5)     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Retail trade..........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Professional and business services.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Education and health services(6).......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Health care and social assistance.....     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Leisure and hospitality................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation...     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
   Accommodation and food services.......     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
 Government(7)...........................     63     65     70     74     79     66     59     .3    .3    .3    .3    .4    .3    .3
  State and local........................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -


                 REGION(8)

  Northeast..............................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  South..................................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  Midwest................................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -
  West...................................     -      -      -      -      -      -      -       -     -     -     -     -     -     -


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 Detail will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series and because not all series are shown.
  4 Includes mining and logging, information, financial activities, and other services, not shown separately.
  5 Includes wholesale trade and transportation, warehousing, and utilities, not shown separately.
  6 Includes educational services, not shown separately.
  7 Includes federal government, not shown separately.
  8 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary
  - Data not available.


Table 7.  Job openings levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Mar.     Feb.     Mar.          Mar.     Feb.     Mar.
                                                   2012     2013     2013p         2012     2013     2013p

Total...........................................  3,802    3,689    3,869           2.8      2.7      2.8

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,410    3,284    3,482           3.0      2.9      3.0
  Mining and logging............................     14       24       15           1.6      2.8      1.8
  Construction..................................     94      110       99           1.7      2.0      1.8
  Manufacturing.................................    324      269      264           2.7      2.2      2.2
   Durable goods................................    204      172      184           2.7      2.3      2.4
   Nondurable goods.............................    119       97       80           2.6      2.1      1.8
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    621      578      687           2.4      2.2      2.6
   Wholesale trade..............................    120      108      150           2.1      1.9      2.6
   Retail trade.................................    381      332      406           2.5      2.2      2.7
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    120      139      131           2.4      2.7      2.6
  Information...................................    101       89      102           3.6      3.2      3.6
  Financial activities..........................    234      296      277           2.9      3.6      3.4
   Finance and insurance........................    189      231      229           3.2      3.8      3.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     45       65       48           2.3      3.2      2.4
  Professional and business services............    758      691      654           4.1      3.7      3.5
  Education and health services.................    671      652      636           3.2      3.1      3.0
   Educational services.........................     63       56       66           1.8      1.6      1.8
   Health care and social assistance............    608      595      571           3.5      3.4      3.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    461      459      577           3.3      3.3      4.1
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     52       51       69           2.8      2.8      3.6
   Accommodation and food services..............    409      408      508           3.4      3.4      4.1
  Other services................................    132      116      170           2.4      2.1      3.0

 Government.....................................    392      405      387           1.7      1.8      1.7
  Federal.......................................     79       67       50           2.7      2.4      1.8
  State and local...............................    313      338      338           1.6      1.7      1.7

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    659      643      666           2.6      2.5      2.5
  South.........................................  1,489    1,498    1,515           3.0      3.0      3.0
  Midwest.......................................    892      780      844           2.9      2.5      2.7
  West..........................................    762      768      845           2.6      2.6      2.8


  1 Job openings are the number of job openings on the last business day of the month.
  2 The job openings rate is the number of job openings on the last business day of the month as a
percent of total employment plus job openings.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary


Table 8.  Hires levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Mar.     Feb.     Mar.          Mar.     Feb.     Mar.
                                                   2012     2013     2013p         2012     2013     2013p

Total...........................................  4,210    3,661    4,049           3.2      2.7      3.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,997    3,434    3,838           3.6      3.1      3.4
  Mining and logging............................     31       26       28           3.7      3.0      3.2
  Construction..................................    340      296      359           6.4      5.5      6.5
  Manufacturing.................................    261      212      199           2.2      1.8      1.7
   Durable goods................................    161      135      126           2.2      1.8      1.7
   Nondurable goods.............................    100       77       72           2.3      1.7      1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    838      713      781           3.3      2.8      3.1
   Wholesale trade..............................    138      115      106           2.5      2.0      1.9
   Retail trade.................................    560      479      533           3.8      3.2      3.6
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    140      119      141           2.9      2.4      2.8
  Information...................................     54       59       44           2.0      2.2      1.6
  Financial activities..........................    159      174      161           2.1      2.2      2.1
   Finance and insurance........................    105      109      104           1.8      1.9      1.8
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     54       64       58           2.8      3.3      3.0
  Professional and business services............    853      763      840           4.8      4.2      4.6
  Education and health services.................    441      421      449           2.2      2.0      2.2
   Educational services.........................     50       50       53           1.4      1.4      1.5
   Health care and social assistance............    391      371      396           2.3      2.2      2.3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    852      622      791           6.4      4.6      5.8
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........    161       78      115           8.8      4.4      6.2
   Accommodation and food services..............    691      543      676           6.0      4.7      5.7
  Other services................................    167      148      186           3.1      2.7      3.4

 Government.....................................    213      227      211           1.0      1.0       .9
  Federal.......................................     29       34       28           1.0      1.2      1.0
  State and local...............................    184      193      182            .9      1.0       .9

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    656      530      638           2.6      2.1      2.5
  South.........................................  1,688    1,593    1,595           3.5      3.3      3.3
  Midwest.......................................    985      684      840           3.3      2.3      2.7
  West..........................................    881      854      974           3.0      2.9      3.3


  1 Hires are the number of hires during the entire month.
  2 The hires rate is the number of hires during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary


Table 9.  Total separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Mar.     Feb.     Mar.          Mar.     Feb.     Mar.
                                                   2012     2013     2013p         2012     2013     2013p

Total...........................................  3,586    3,348    3,613           2.7      2.5      2.7

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  3,395    3,163    3,418           3.1      2.8      3.0
  Mining and logging............................     30       24       24           3.6      2.8      2.8
  Construction..................................    272      272      287           5.1      5.1      5.2
  Manufacturing.................................    204      194      186           1.7      1.6      1.6
   Durable goods................................    124      122      117           1.7      1.6      1.6
   Nondurable goods.............................     79       72       69           1.8      1.6      1.6
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    733      744      733           2.9      2.9      2.9
   Wholesale trade..............................    120      103      101           2.1      1.8      1.8
   Retail trade.................................    487      519      489           3.3      3.5      3.3
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...    126      122      143           2.6      2.5      2.9
  Information...................................     65       47       45           2.4      1.8      1.7
  Financial activities..........................    146      169      168           1.9      2.2      2.2
   Finance and insurance........................     99      105      115           1.7      1.8      2.0
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     47       65       53           2.4      3.3      2.7
  Professional and business services............    792      650      777           4.5      3.6      4.3
  Education and health services.................    403      397      424           2.0      1.9      2.0
   Educational services.........................     39       40       44           1.1      1.2      1.3
   Health care and social assistance............    364      357      380           2.2      2.1      2.2
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    616      515      615           4.6      3.8      4.5
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     98       58       75           5.4      3.3      4.1
   Accommodation and food services..............    517      457      540           4.5      3.9      4.6
  Other services................................    134      151      159           2.5      2.8      2.9

 Government.....................................    191      186      195            .9       .8       .9
  Federal.......................................     24       35       33            .8      1.3      1.2
  State and local...............................    167      151      162            .9       .8       .8

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    513      517      579           2.0      2.0      2.3
  South.........................................  1,500    1,410    1,432           3.1      2.9      2.9
  Midwest.......................................    787      692      720           2.6      2.3      2.4
  West..........................................    786      730      883           2.7      2.5      3.0


  1 Total separations are the number of total separations during the entire month.
  2 The total separations rate is the number of total separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary


Table 10.  Quits levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Mar.     Feb.     Mar.          Mar.     Feb.     Mar.
                                                   2012     2013     2013p         2012     2013     2013p

Total...........................................  1,959    1,851    1,970           1.5      1.4      1.5

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,864    1,759    1,870           1.7      1.6      1.7
  Mining and logging............................     15       10       15           1.8      1.2      1.7
  Construction..................................     72       84       85           1.4      1.6      1.5
  Manufacturing.................................     99       82       90            .8       .7       .8
   Durable goods................................     61       49       50            .8       .7       .7
   Nondurable goods.............................     38       33       39            .9       .7       .9
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    433      426      409           1.7      1.7      1.6
   Wholesale trade..............................     57       57       59           1.0      1.0      1.0
   Retail trade.................................    300      305      281           2.1      2.1      1.9
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     76       64       69           1.6      1.3      1.4
  Information...................................     33       25       24           1.2       .9       .9
  Financial activities..........................     89       88       99           1.2      1.1      1.3
   Finance and insurance........................     70       44       72           1.2       .7      1.2
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     20       45       27           1.0      2.3      1.4
  Professional and business services............    381      335      385           2.2      1.9      2.1
  Education and health services.................    254      240      264           1.2      1.2      1.3
   Educational services.........................     22       22       21            .6       .6       .6
   Health care and social assistance............    232      217      242           1.4      1.3      1.4
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    406      366      413           3.0      2.7      3.0
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     34       35       41           1.8      1.9      2.2
   Accommodation and food services..............    373      332      373           3.2      2.9      3.2
  Other services................................     81      102       86           1.5      1.9      1.6

 Government.....................................     95       92       99            .4       .4       .4
  Federal.......................................     10       10       10            .4       .3       .3
  State and local...............................     85       83       90            .4       .4       .5

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    254      244      258           1.0      1.0      1.0
  South.........................................    815      845      818           1.7      1.7      1.7
  Midwest.......................................    450      379      420           1.5      1.2      1.4
  West..........................................    440      383      474           1.5      1.3      1.6


  1 Quits are the number of quits during the entire month.
  2 The quits rate is the number of quits during the entire month as a percent of total employment. 
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary


Table 11.  Layoffs and discharges levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Mar.     Feb.     Mar.          Mar.     Feb.     Mar.
                                                   2012     2013     2013p         2012     2013     2013p

Total...........................................  1,345    1,219    1,343           1.0      0.9      1.0

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................  1,294    1,168    1,288           1.2      1.0      1.1
  Mining and logging............................     12       12        7           1.5      1.5       .8
  Construction..................................    191      182      198           3.6      3.4      3.6
  Manufacturing.................................     82       92       80            .7       .8       .7
   Durable goods................................     48       61       57            .6       .8       .8
   Nondurable goods.............................     34       31       22            .8       .7       .5
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........    235      241      247            .9       .9      1.0
   Wholesale trade..............................     55       41       27           1.0       .7       .5
   Retail trade.................................    145      158      173           1.0      1.1      1.2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     35       42       47            .7       .9       .9
  Information...................................     24       20       11            .9       .8       .4
  Financial activities..........................     43       49       47            .6       .6       .6
   Finance and insurance........................     20       36       24            .3       .6       .4
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........     23       12       23           1.2       .6      1.2
  Professional and business services............    350      276      353           2.0      1.5      1.9
  Education and health services.................    114      130      111            .6       .6       .5
   Educational services.........................     11       16       19            .3       .4       .5
   Health care and social assistance............    103      114       92            .6       .7       .5
  Leisure and hospitality.......................    193      130      173           1.4      1.0      1.3
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........     63       21       33           3.5      1.2      1.8
   Accommodation and food services..............    130      108      140           1.1       .9      1.2
  Other services................................     50       36       62            .9       .7      1.1

 Government.....................................     51       51       55            .2       .2       .2
  Federal.......................................      6       15       15            .2       .6       .5
  State and local...............................     45       35       40            .2       .2       .2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................    195      207      265            .8       .8      1.0
  South.........................................    589      459      510           1.2       .9      1.0
  Midwest.......................................    282      257      242            .9       .8       .8
  West..........................................    279      296      327           1.0      1.0      1.1


  1 Layoffs and discharges are the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month.
  2 The layoffs and discharges rate is the number of layoffs and discharges during the entire month as a
percent of total employment.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary


Table 12.  Other separations levels(1) and rates(2) by industry and region, not seasonally adjusted

                                                    Levels (in thousands)                  Rates

              Industry and region                  Mar.     Feb.     Mar.          Mar.     Feb.     Mar.
                                                   2012     2013     2013p         2012     2013     2013p

Total...........................................    282      279      300           0.2      0.2      0.2

                   INDUSTRY

 Total private..................................    237      236      260            .2       .2       .2
  Mining and logging............................      3        1        3            .3       .1       .3
  Construction..................................      9        6        4            .2       .1       .1
  Manufacturing.................................     23       19       17            .2       .2       .1
   Durable goods................................     16       11        9            .2       .1       .1
   Nondurable goods.............................      8        8        8            .2       .2       .2
  Trade, transportation, and utilities..........     66       77       77            .3       .3       .3
   Wholesale trade..............................      9        5       14            .2       .1       .2
   Retail trade.................................     42       56       35            .3       .4       .2
   Transportation, warehousing, and utilities...     15       16       28            .3       .3       .6
  Information...................................      8        2       10            .3       .1       .4
  Financial activities..........................     13       32       22            .2       .4       .3
   Finance and insurance........................      9       25       18            .2       .4       .3
   Real estate and rental and leasing...........      4        8        3            .2       .4       .2
  Professional and business services............     61       39       39            .3       .2       .2
  Education and health services.................     35       27       49            .2       .1       .2
   Educational services.........................      5        2        4            .2       .1       .1
   Health care and social assistance............     30       25       45            .2       .1       .3
  Leisure and hospitality.......................     16       19       29            .1       .1       .2
   Arts, entertainment, and recreation..........      1        2        2            .1       .1       .1
   Accommodation and food services..............     15       17       27            .1       .1       .2
  Other services................................      3       13       11            .1       .2       .2

 Government.....................................     44       43       41            .2       .2       .2
  Federal.......................................      8       10        8            .3       .4       .3
  State and local...............................     37       33       32            .2       .2       .2

                    REGION (3)

  Northeast.....................................     64       65       56            .3       .3       .2
  South.........................................     95      106      104            .2       .2       .2
  Midwest.......................................     55       56       58            .2       .2       .2
  West..........................................     68       51       82            .2       .2       .3


  1 Other separations are the number of other separations during the entire month.
  2 The other separations rate is the number of other separations during the entire month as a percent of
total employment.
  3 See footnote 8, table 1.
  p Preliminary


Last Modified Date: May 24, 2013