Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed       USDL-09-1067
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) September 4, 2009

Technical information:
 Household data:     (202) 691-6378     CPSinfo@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data: (202) 691-6555     CESinfo@bls.gov  www.bls.gov/ces
 
Media contact:       (202) 691-5902     PressOffice@bls.gov


                THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- AUGUST 2009


Nonfarm payroll employment continued to decline in August (-216,000),
and the unemployment rate rose to 9.7 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor
Statistics reported today. Although job losses continued in many of the
major industry sectors in August, the declines have moderated in recent
months.

Household Survey Data

In August, the number of unemployed persons increased by 466,000 to 14.9
million, and the unemployment rate rose by 0.3 percentage point to 9.7
percent. The rate had been little changed in June and July, after in-
creasing 0.4 or 0.5 percentage point in each month from December 2008
through May. Since the recession began in December 2007, the number of
unemployed persons has risen by 7.4 million, and the unemployment rate
has grown by 4.8 percentage points. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men
(10.1 percent), whites (8.9 percent), and Hispanics (13.0 percent) rose
in August. The jobless rates for adult women (7.6 percent), teenagers
(25.5 percent), and blacks (15.1 percent) were little changed over the
month. The unemployment rate for Asians was 7.5 percent, not seasonally
adjusted. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The civilian labor force participation rate remained at 65.5 percent in
August. The employment-population ratio, at 59.2 percent, edged down
over the month and has declined by 3.5 percentage points since the re-
cession began in December 2007. (See table A-1.)

In August, the number of persons working part time for economic reasons
was little changed at 9.1 million. These individuals indicated that they
were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because 
they were unable to find a full-time job. The number of such workers
rose sharply in the fall and winter but has been little changed since
March. (See table A-5.)

About 2.3 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force
in August, reflecting an increase of 630,000 from a year earlier. (The
data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the
labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a
job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed
because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the sur-
vey. (See table A-13.)

Among the marginally attached, the number of discouraged workers in
August (758,000) has nearly doubled over the past 12 months. (The data
are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not cur-
rently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available for
them. The other 1.5 million persons marginally attached to the labor
force in August had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the
survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsibilities.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment declined by 216,000 in August. Since
December 2007, employment has fallen by 6.9 million. In recent months,
job losses have moderated in many major industry sectors. (See table
B-1.)

In August, construction employment declined by 65,000, in line with
the trend since May. Monthly losses had averaged 117,000 over the 6
months ending in April. Employment in the construction industry has
contracted by 1.4 million since the onset of the recession. Starting
in early 2009, the larger share of monthly job losses shifted from the
residential to the nonresidential and heavy construction components.
In mining, employment declined by 9,000 over the month.

In August, manufacturing employment continued to trend downward, with
a decline of 63,000. The pace of job loss has slowed throughout manu-
facturing in recent months. Motor vehicles and parts lost 15,000 jobs
in August, partly offsetting a 31,000 employment increase in July.

Financial activities shed 28,000 jobs in August, with declines spread
throughout the industry. Job loss in financial activities has slowed
since the beginning of the year. Employment in the industry has de-
clined by 537,000 since the start of the recession.

Wholesale trade employment fell by 17,000 in August. Employment in
information continued to trend down over the month.

Employment in the retail trade industry was little changed in August.
Employment also was little changed in professional and business ser-
vices over the month. From May through August, monthly employment
declines in the sector averaged 46,000, compared with 138,000 per
month from November through April. Job loss in its temporary help
services component has slowed markedly over the last 4 months.

Employment was little changed in August both in transportation and
warehousing, and in leisure and hospitality.

Employment in health care continued to rise in August (28,000), with
gains in ambulatory care and in nursing and residential care. Employ-
ment in hospitals was little changed in August; job growth in the
industry slowed in early 2009 and employment has been flat since May. 
Health care has added 544,000 jobs since the start of the recession.

In August, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
workers on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.1 hours.
The manufacturing workweek and factory overtime also showed no 
change over the month (at 39.8 hours and 2.9 hours, respectively).
(See table B-2.)

In August, average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory
workers on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 6 cents, or 0.3 percent,
to $18.65. Over the past 12 months, average hourly earnings have risen
by 2.6 percent, while average weekly earnings have risen by only 0.8
percent due to declines in the average workweek. (See table B-3.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for June was revised
from -443,000 to -463,000, and the change for July was revised from
-247,000 to -276,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for September is scheduled to be released on
Friday, October 2, 2009, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).



Table A.  Major indicators of labor market activity, seasonally adjusted        
(Numbers in thousands)                                                          
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
                         |                 |                          |         
                         |    Quarterly    |                          |         
                         |     averages    |       Monthly data       |  July-  
        Category         |_________________|__________________________|  Aug.   
                         |        |        |        |        |        | change  
                         |    I   |   II   |  June  |  July  |  Aug.  |         
                         |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |  2009  |         
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
     HOUSEHOLD DATA      |                 Labor force status                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Civilian labor force ....| 153,993| 154,912| 154,926| 154,504| 154,577|      73 
  Employment ............| 141,578| 140,591| 140,196| 140,041| 139,649|    -392 
  Unemployment ..........|  12,415|  14,321|  14,729|  14,462|  14,928|     466 
Not in labor force ......|  80,920|  80,547|  80,729|  81,366|  81,509|     143 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                 Unemployment rates                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
All workers .............|     8.1|     9.2|     9.5|     9.4|     9.7|     0.3 
  Adult men .............|     8.2|     9.7|    10.0|     9.8|    10.1|      .3 
  Adult women ...........|     6.7|     7.4|     7.6|     7.5|     7.6|      .1 
  Teenagers .............|    21.3|    22.7|    24.0|    23.8|    25.5|     1.7 
  White .................|     7.4|     8.4|     8.7|     8.6|     8.9|      .3 
  Black or African       |        |        |        |        |        |         
    American ............|    13.1|    14.9|    14.7|    14.5|    15.1|      .6 
  Hispanic or Latino     |        |        |        |        |        |         
    ethnicity ...........|    10.7|    12.0|    12.2|    12.3|    13.0|      .7 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
  ESTABLISHMENT DATA     |                     Employment                       
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Nonfarm employment.......| 133,662| 132,125| 131,715|p131,439|p131,223|   p-216 
  Goods-producing (1)....|  19,826|  19,041|  18,829| p18,707| p18,571|   p-136 
    Construction ........|   6,590|   6,303|   6,231|  p6,158|  p6,093|    p-65 
    Manufacturing .......|  12,468|  12,008|  11,877| p11,834| p11,771|    p-63 
  Service-providing (1)..| 113,835| 113,084| 112,886|p112,732|p112,652|    p-80 
      Retail trade (2)...|  14,933|  14,814|  14,792| p14,748| p14,739|    p-10 
    Professional and     |        |        |        |        |        |         
      business services .|  17,048|  16,731|  16,655| p16,622| p16,600|    p-22 
    Education and health |        |        |        |        |        |         
      services ..........|  19,138|  19,213|  19,248| p19,269| p19,321|     p52 
    Leisure and          |        |        |        |        |        |         
      hospitality .......|  13,235|  13,180|  13,176| p13,177| p13,156|    p-21 
    Government ..........|  22,543|  22,585|  22,533| p22,505| p22,487|    p-18 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                  Hours of work (3)                   
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|    33.2|    33.1|    33.0|   p33.1|   p33.1|    p0.0 
  Manufacturing .........|    39.6|    39.5|    39.5|   p39.8|   p39.8|     p.0 
    Overtime ............|     2.7|     2.8|     2.8|    p2.9|    p2.9|     p.0 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |   Indexes of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)    
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
                         |        |        |        |        |        |         
Total private ...........|   101.7|    99.7|    99.1|   p99.2|   p98.9|   p-0.3 
                         |________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                         |                                                      
                         |                     Earnings (3)                     
                         |_____________________________________________________ 
Average hourly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  $18.46|  $18.52|  $18.54| p$18.59| p$18.65|  p$0.06 
Average weekly earnings, |        |        |        |        |        |         
  total private .........|  613.60|  612.50|  611.82| p615.33| p617.32|   p1.99 
_________________________|________|________|________|________|________|________ 
                                                                                
   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.                           
   2 Quarterly averages and the over-the-month change are calculated using      
unrounded data.                                                                 
   3 Data relate to private production and nonsupervisory workers.              
   p = preliminary.                                                             






    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
107,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while
the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household sur-
vey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

Neither the establishment nor household survey is designed to identify the
legal status of workers. Thus, while it is likely that both surveys include
at least some undocumented immigrants, it is not possible to determine how
many are counted in either survey. The household survey does include ques-
tions about whether respondents were born outside the United States. Data
from these questions show that foreign-born workers accounted for 15.6 per-
cent of the labor force in 2008.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.




Technical Note

   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (establishment survey).  The household survey provides the informa-
tion on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the
A tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA.  It is a sample survey of about 60,000 house-
holds conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the Bureau of Labor Statistics
(BLS).

   The establishment survey provides the information on the employment,
hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm payrolls that appears in the 
B tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA.  This information is collected from
payroll records by BLS in cooperation with state agencies.  The sample 
includes about 160,000 businesses and government agencies covering ap-
proximately 400,000 individual worksites.  The active sample includes 
about one-third of all nonfarm payroll workers.  The sample is drawn 
from a sampling frame of unemployment insurance tax accounts.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month  relate to a particular week
or pay period.  In the household survey,  the reference week is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month.  In the establish-
ment survey, the reference  period is the pay period including the 12th,
which may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey.  The sample  is selected  to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population.  Based on responses to a series of
questions on work and job search activities, each person  16 years and over
in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the
labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, pro-
fession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours
in a family business or farm.  People are also counted as employed if they
were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad weather,
vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria:  They had no employment during the  reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week.  Persons laid off from  a job and expecting recall need not be
looking for work to be counted as unemployed.  The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force  is the sum of employed and  unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor force.
The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the  labor
force.  The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a percent
of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the employed as a
percent of the population.
                                  
   Establishment survey.  The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well
as federal, state, and local government entities.  Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave.  Persons are counted in each job
they hold.  Hours and earnings data are for private businesses and relate
only to production workers in the goods-producing sector and nonsupervisory
workers in the service-providing sector.  Industries are classified on the
basis of their principal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of
the North American Industry Classification System.

   Differences in employment estimates.  The numerous conceptual and method-
ological differences between the household and establishment surveys result
in important distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the sur-
veys.  Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, and private household workers among the employed.
These groups are excluded from the establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to  workers 16 years of age and older.
The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The  household survey has no duplication of individuals, because in-
dividuals  are counted only once, even if they hold more than one job. In
the establishment survey, employees working at more than one job  and thus
appearing on more than one payroll would be counted separately for each
appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the
levels of employment and unemployment undergo sharp fluctuations due to
such seasonal events as changes in weather, reduced or expanded production,
harvests, major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools.  The ef-
fect of such seasonal  variation can  be  very large; seasonal fluctua-
tions may account for as much as 95 percent of the month-to-month changes
in unemployment.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on statistical trends can be eliminated by ad-
justing the statistics from month to month.  These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in economic activity or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot.  For
example, the large number of youth entering the labor force each June is
likely to obscure any other changes that have taken place relative to May,
making it difficult to determine if the level of economic activity has risen
or declined.  However, because the effect of students finishing school in
previous years is known, the statistics for the current year can be adjusted
to allow for a comparable change.  Insofar as the seasonal adjustment is made
correctly, the adjusted figure provides a more useful tool with which to ana-
lyze changes in economic act

   Most seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the 
household and establishment surveys.  However, the adjusted series for many 
major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment in most super-
sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed by aggregating in-
dependently adjusted component series.  For example, total unemployment is 
derived by summing the adjusted series for four major age-sex components; 
this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be obtained by di-
rectly adjusting the total or by combining the duration, reasons, or more 
detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal
adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated 
each month, using all relevant data, up to and including the data for the 
current month.  In the household survey, new seasonal factors are used to
adjust only the current month's data.  In the establishment survey, however, 
new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the three most recent 
monthly estimates.  In both surveys, revisions to historical data are made 
once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject
to both sampling and nonsampling error.  When a sample rather than the en-
tire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates
may differ from the "true" population values they represent.  The exact
difference, or sampling error, varies depending on the particular sample
selected, and this variability is measured by the standard error of the
estimate.  There is about a 90-percent chance, or level of confidence,
that an estimate based on a sample will differ by no more than 1.6 stand-
ard errors from the "true" population value because of sampling error.
BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total
employment from the household survey is on the order of plus or minus
430,000.  Suppose the estimate of total employment increases by 100,000
from one month to the next.  The 90-percent confidence interval on the
monthly change would range from -330,000 to 530,000 (100,000 +/- 430,000).
These figures do not mean that the sample results are off by these
magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent chance that the
"true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.  Since this range
includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
employment had, in fact, increased.  If, however, the reported employment
rise was half a million, then all of the values within the 90-percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero.  In this case, it is likely
(at least a 90-percent chance) that an employment rise had, in fact, oc-
curred.  At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent con-
fidence interval for the monthly change in unemployment is about +/- 280,000, 
and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/- .19 
percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have
lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates
which are based on a small number of observations.  The precision of esti-
mates is also improved when the data are cumulated over time such as for
quarterly and annual averages.  The seasonal adjustment process can also im-
prove the stability of the monthly estimates.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling
error.  Nonsampling errors can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information for
all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of respondents to
provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes made by respondents,
and errors made in the collection or processing of the data.
 
   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 
2 months are based on substantially incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables.  It is only after
two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is
the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new
firms.  To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, 
an estimation procedure with two components is used to account for business
births.  The first component uses business deaths to impute employment for
business births.  This is incorporated into the sample-based link relative
estimate procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out of busi-
ness, but imputing to them the same trend as the other firms in the sample.
The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the 
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation.  
The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was de-
rived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level database, and 
reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over the past five 
years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and the
March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a
rough proxy for total survey error.  The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries.  Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.2 percent,
with a range from 0.1 percent to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request.  Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; TDD message referral
phone:  1-800-877-8339.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-1.  Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                         
                                                  Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                      TOTAL                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  234,107   235,870   236,087   234,107   235,271   235,452   235,655   235,870   236,087 
    Civilian labor force.......................  155,387   156,255   154,897   154,823   154,731   155,081   154,926   154,504   154,577 
          Participation rate...................     66.4      66.2      65.6      66.1      65.8      65.9      65.7      65.5      65.5 
      Employed.................................  145,909   141,055   140,074   145,273   141,007   140,570   140,196   140,041   139,649 
          Employment-population ratio..........     62.3      59.8      59.3      62.1      59.9      59.7      59.5      59.4      59.2 
      Unemployed...............................    9,479    15,201    14,823     9,550    13,724    14,511    14,729    14,462    14,928 
          Unemployment rate....................      6.1       9.7       9.6       6.2       8.9       9.4       9.5       9.4       9.7 
    Not in labor force.........................   78,719    79,614    81,190    79,284    80,541    80,371    80,729    81,366    81,509 
      Persons who currently want a job.........    5,024     6,244     5,728     4,836     5,935     5,861     5,884     5,990     5,609 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 16 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  113,281   114,173   114,288   113,281   113,857   113,953   114,060   114,173   114,288 
    Civilian labor force.......................   83,296    83,375    82,704    82,790    82,358    82,724    82,529    82,310    82,526 
          Participation rate...................     73.5      73.0      72.4      73.1      72.3      72.6      72.4      72.1      72.2 
      Employed.................................   78,423    74,861    74,341    77,484    74,116    74,033    73,777    73,703    73,519 
          Employment-population ratio..........     69.2      65.6      65.0      68.4      65.1      65.0      64.7      64.6      64.3 
      Unemployed...............................    4,872     8,515     8,363     5,306     8,242     8,691     8,751     8,607     9,007 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.8      10.2      10.1       6.4      10.0      10.5      10.6      10.5      10.9 
    Not in labor force.........................   29,986    30,798    31,583    30,491    31,498    31,229    31,532    31,863    31,761 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  104,613   105,530   105,651   104,613   105,196   105,299   105,412   105,530   105,651 
    Civilian labor force.......................   79,476    79,337    79,132    79,308    79,081    79,395    79,291    79,045    79,231 
          Participation rate...................     76.0      75.2      74.9      75.8      75.2      75.4      75.2      74.9      75.0 
      Employed.................................   75,305    71,911    71,728    74,737    71,678    71,593    71,387    71,319    71,204 
          Employment-population ratio..........     72.0      68.1      67.9      71.4      68.1      68.0      67.7      67.6      67.4 
      Unemployed...............................    4,171     7,427     7,403     4,572     7,403     7,802     7,904     7,726     8,027 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.2       9.4       9.4       5.8       9.4       9.8      10.0       9.8      10.1 
    Not in labor force.........................   25,137    26,193    26,519    25,305    26,115    25,904    26,121    26,485    26,420 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 16 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  120,825   121,696   121,799   120,825   121,415   121,499   121,594   121,696   121,799 
    Civilian labor force.......................   72,092    72,880    72,192    72,033    72,372    72,357    72,397    72,194    72,051 
          Participation rate...................     59.7      59.9      59.3      59.6      59.6      59.6      59.5      59.3      59.2 
      Employed.................................   67,485    66,194    65,733    67,789    66,890    66,537    66,419    66,339    66,131 
          Employment-population ratio..........     55.9      54.4      54.0      56.1      55.1      54.8      54.6      54.5      54.3 
      Unemployed...............................    4,606     6,686     6,460     4,244     5,482     5,820     5,978     5,855     5,920 
          Unemployment rate....................      6.4       9.2       8.9       5.9       7.6       8.0       8.3       8.1       8.2 
    Not in labor force.........................   48,734    48,816    49,607    48,792    49,042    49,142    49,197    49,503    49,748 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  112,401   113,296   113,405   112,401   112,999   113,089   113,189   113,296   113,405 
    Civilian labor force.......................   68,440    68,993    68,830    68,666    69,148    69,112    69,060    68,985    68,923 
          Participation rate...................     60.9      60.9      60.7      61.1      61.2      61.1      61.0      60.9      60.8 
      Employed.................................   64,462    63,182    63,091    65,003    64,226    63,895    63,810    63,789    63,662 
          Employment-population ratio..........     57.3      55.8      55.6      57.8      56.8      56.5      56.4      56.3      56.1 
      Unemployed...............................    3,979     5,811     5,739     3,662     4,922     5,217     5,249     5,196     5,261 
          Unemployment rate....................      5.8       8.4       8.3       5.3       7.1       7.5       7.6       7.5       7.6 
    Not in labor force.........................   43,961    44,303    44,575    43,736    43,850    43,976    44,130    44,311    44,481 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   17,092    17,044    17,031    17,092    17,076    17,064    17,053    17,044    17,031 
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,471     7,925     6,935     6,849     6,501     6,573     6,575     6,474     6,423 
          Participation rate...................     43.7      46.5      40.7      40.1      38.1      38.5      38.6      38.0      37.7 
      Employed.................................    6,142     5,962     5,255     5,533     5,103     5,082     4,999     4,933     4,783 
          Employment-population ratio..........     35.9      35.0      30.9      32.4      29.9      29.8      29.3      28.9      28.1 
      Unemployed...............................    1,329     1,963     1,680     1,316     1,398     1,491     1,576     1,541     1,640 
          Unemployment rate....................     17.8      24.8      24.2      19.2      21.5      22.7      24.0      23.8      25.5 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,621     9,118    10,096    10,243    10,575    10,491    10,478    10,570    10,608 

     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-2.  Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
      Employment status, race, sex, and age                                                                                              
                                                  Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                     WHITE                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........  189,747   190,944   191,086   189,747   190,552   190,667   190,801   190,944   191,086 
    Civilian labor force.......................  126,337   127,069   126,290   125,987   126,110   126,423   126,199   125,997   126,118 
        Participation rate.....................     66.6      66.5      66.1      66.4      66.2      66.3      66.1      66.0      66.0 
      Employed.................................  119,475   115,861   115,173   119,082   115,977   115,561   115,202   115,123   114,922 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.0      60.7      60.3      62.8      60.9      60.6      60.4      60.3      60.1 
      Unemployed...............................    6,862    11,209    11,118     6,904    10,133    10,862    10,997    10,874    11,197 
        Unemployment rate......................      5.4       8.8       8.8       5.5       8.0       8.6       8.7       8.6       8.9 
    Not in labor force.........................   63,410    63,875    64,796    63,761    64,441    64,244    64,601    64,947    64,968 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      

    Civilian labor force.......................   65,729    65,692    65,506    65,680    65,509    65,766    65,732    65,643    65,674 
        Participation rate.....................     76.3      75.7      75.4      76.2      75.7      75.9      75.8      75.6      75.6 
      Employed.................................   62,683    60,091    59,896    62,336    59,967    59,820    59,656    59,701    59,576 
        Employment-population ratio............     72.7      69.2      68.9      72.3      69.3      69.0      68.8      68.8      68.6 
      Unemployed...............................    3,046     5,602     5,610     3,344     5,543     5,946     6,076     5,941     6,098 
        Unemployment rate......................      4.6       8.5       8.6       5.1       8.5       9.0       9.2       9.1       9.3 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     

    Civilian labor force.......................   54,491    54,853    54,971    54,703    55,227    55,192    55,068    54,987    55,045 
        Participation rate.....................     60.2      60.2      60.3      60.5      60.8      60.7      60.5      60.4      60.4 
      Employed.................................   51,630    50,696    50,763    52,113    51,695    51,385    51,304    51,245    51,250 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.1      55.6      55.7      57.6      56.9      56.5      56.4      56.3      56.2 
      Unemployed...............................    2,861     4,157     4,207     2,590     3,533     3,807     3,765     3,742     3,796 
        Unemployment rate......................      5.3       7.6       7.7       4.7       6.4       6.9       6.8       6.8       6.9 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    

    Civilian labor force.......................    6,117     6,525     5,813     5,604     5,374     5,465     5,400     5,367     5,399 
        Participation rate.....................     46.7      50.1      44.6      42.8      41.1      41.9      41.4      41.2      41.5 
      Employed.................................    5,162     5,075     4,513     4,634     4,316     4,356     4,243     4,176     4,096 
        Employment-population ratio............     39.4      38.9      34.7      35.4      33.0      33.4      32.5      32.0      31.5 
      Unemployed...............................      954     1,450     1,300       970     1,058     1,108     1,156     1,191     1,303 
        Unemployment rate......................     15.6      22.2      22.4      17.3      19.7      20.3      21.4      22.2      24.1 
                                                                                                                                         
           BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   27,896    28,252    28,290    27,896    28,153    28,184    28,217    28,252    28,290 
    Civilian labor force.......................   18,057    18,085    17,658    17,949    17,816    17,737    17,700    17,684    17,584 
        Participation rate.....................     64.7      64.0      62.4      64.3      63.3      62.9      62.7      62.6      62.2 
      Employed.................................   16,132    15,218    15,005    16,026    15,142    15,095    15,103    15,111    14,929 
        Employment-population ratio............     57.8      53.9      53.0      57.4      53.8      53.6      53.5      53.5      52.8 
      Unemployed...............................    1,925     2,867     2,653     1,923     2,673     2,642     2,597     2,573     2,655 
        Unemployment rate......................     10.7      15.9      15.0      10.7      15.0      14.9      14.7      14.5      15.1 
    Not in labor force.........................    9,839    10,167    10,632     9,947    10,337    10,446    10,517    10,568    10,706 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      

    Civilian labor force.......................    8,133     7,976     7,951     8,072     7,990     8,000     7,929     7,896     7,921 
        Participation rate.....................     72.5      70.1      69.7      72.0      70.5      70.5      69.8      69.4      69.5 
      Employed.................................    7,329     6,693     6,682     7,213     6,620     6,656     6,633     6,645     6,578 
        Employment-population ratio............     65.3      58.8      58.6      64.3      58.4      58.7      58.4      58.4      57.7 
      Unemployed...............................      804     1,283     1,269       859     1,370     1,345     1,297     1,251     1,343 
        Unemployment rate......................      9.9      16.1      16.0      10.6      17.2      16.8      16.4      15.8      17.0 
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     

    Civilian labor force.......................    9,022     9,154     8,957     9,036     9,064     9,000     9,042     9,045     8,955 
        Participation rate.....................     64.5      64.5      63.1      64.6      64.1      63.6      63.8      63.8      63.1 
      Employed.................................    8,173     7,951     7,833     8,218     8,025     7,993     8,018     7,988     7,889 
        Employment-population ratio............     58.4      56.1      55.1      58.7      56.8      56.5      56.6      56.3      55.5 
      Unemployed...............................      849     1,203     1,124       818     1,038     1,007     1,024     1,057     1,066 
        Unemployment rate......................      9.4      13.1      12.5       9.1      11.5      11.2      11.3      11.7      11.9 
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    

    Civilian labor force.......................      903       955       749       842       762       736       729       744       708 
        Participation rate.....................     33.7      35.5      27.9      31.4      28.3      27.4      27.1      27.7      26.4 
      Employed.................................      631       574       489       595       497       446       453       479       462 
        Employment-population ratio............     23.5      21.4      18.2      22.2      18.5      16.6      16.9      17.8      17.2 
      Unemployed...............................      272       380       260       247       265       290       276       265       246 
        Unemployment rate......................     30.1      39.9      34.7      29.3      34.7      39.4      37.9      35.7      34.7 
                                                                                                                                         
                     ASIAN                                                                                                               
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   10,840    10,903    10,931     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Civilian labor force.......................    7,301     7,394     7,252     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Participation rate.....................     67.4      67.8      66.3     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Employed.................................    6,978     6,780     6,709     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Employment-population ratio............     64.4      62.2      61.4     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
      Unemployed...............................      323       614       542     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
        Unemployment rate......................      4.4       8.3       7.5     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   
    Not in labor force.........................    3,539     3,509     3,679     (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)   

     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. 
  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-3.  Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                      Seasonally adjusted (1)                  
                                                                                                                                         
         Employment status, sex, and age                                                                                                 
                                                   Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
          HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                         
  Civilian noninstitutional population.........   32,273    32,926    33,017    32,273    32,671    32,753    32,839    32,926    33,017 
    Civilian labor force.......................   22,262    22,695    22,417    22,201    22,376    22,438    22,347    22,526    22,341 
        Participation rate.....................     69.0      68.9      67.9      68.8      68.5      68.5      68.1      68.4      67.7 
      Employed.................................   20,485    19,849    19,511    20,404    19,854    19,595    19,623    19,745    19,433 
        Employment-population ratio............     63.5      60.3      59.1      63.2      60.8      59.8      59.8      60.0      58.9 
      Unemployed...............................    1,777     2,846     2,906     1,797     2,521     2,843     2,724     2,781     2,908 
        Unemployment rate......................      8.0      12.5      13.0       8.1      11.3      12.7      12.2      12.3      13.0 
    Not in labor force.........................   10,011    10,232    10,599    10,073    10,295    10,315    10,491    10,400    10,675 
                                                                                                                                         
             Men, 20 years and over                                                                                                      

    Civilian labor force.......................   12,697    12,824    12,788      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     84.5      83.7      83.2      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................   11,824    11,384    11,209      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     78.7      74.3      73.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      873     1,440     1,578      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      6.9      11.2      12.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
            Women, 20 years and over                                                                                                     

    Civilian labor force.......................    8,399     8,553     8,470      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     59.2      59.1      58.3      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................    7,761     7,541     7,536      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     54.7      52.1      51.9      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      638     1,013       934      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................      7.6      11.8      11.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
                                                                                                                                         
           Both sexes, 16 to 19 years                                                                                                    

    Civilian labor force.......................    1,166     1,317     1,160      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Participation rate.....................     38.1      42.1      37.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Employed.................................      901       924       766      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Employment-population ratio............     29.5      29.6      24.4      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
      Unemployed...............................      265       393       394      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  
        Unemployment rate......................     22.8      29.8      34.0      (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)       (2)  

     1 The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and
  seasonally adjusted columns.
     2 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.  Updated population controls are introduced
  annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-4.  Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
             Educational attainment                                                                                                      
                                                   Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
         Less than a high school diploma                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   12,129    12,142    12,240    12,203    12,027    12,210    12,363    12,461    12,360 
      Participation rate.......................     47.2      47.3      47.0      47.5      45.7      45.9      46.3      48.5      47.5 
    Employed...................................   11,020    10,352    10,433    11,014    10,251    10,321    10,447    10,537    10,432 
      Employment-population ratio..............     42.9      40.3      40.1      42.9      38.9      38.8      39.2      41.0      40.1 
    Unemployed.................................    1,108     1,790     1,807     1,189     1,776     1,889     1,916     1,925     1,928 
      Unemployment rate........................      9.1      14.7      14.8       9.7      14.8      15.5      15.5      15.4      15.6 
                                                                                                                                         
      High school graduates, no college (1)                                                                                              
  Civilian labor force.........................   38,185    37,832    37,926    38,323    38,687    38,757    38,694    38,362    38,184 
      Participation rate.......................     62.6      61.7      61.6      62.8      63.0      63.1      63.2      62.5      62.0 
    Employed...................................   36,059    34,269    34,391    36,084    35,086    34,881    34,898    34,760    34,469 
      Employment-population ratio..............     59.1      55.9      55.9      59.1      57.1      56.8      57.0      56.7      56.0 
    Unemployed.................................    2,126     3,563     3,535     2,239     3,601     3,875     3,796     3,602     3,715 
      Unemployment rate........................      5.6       9.4       9.3       5.8       9.3      10.0       9.8       9.4       9.7 
                                                                                                                                         
        Some college or associate degree                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   36,768    36,839    36,588    36,736    36,959    36,860    36,646    36,564    36,601 
      Participation rate.......................     71.7      71.2      71.2      71.6      71.7      71.7      71.0      70.6      71.2 
    Employed...................................   34,910    33,800    33,485    34,913    34,207    34,013    33,713    33,679    33,608 
      Employment-population ratio..............     68.0      65.3      65.1      68.0      66.4      66.2      65.3      65.1      65.4 
    Unemployed.................................    1,857     3,039     3,103     1,823     2,752     2,847     2,933     2,885     2,993 
      Unemployment rate........................      5.1       8.2       8.5       5.0       7.4       7.7       8.0       7.9       8.2 
                                                                                                                                         
        Bachelor's degree and higher (2)                                                                                                 
  Civilian labor force.........................   45,220    45,751    45,868    45,327    45,442    45,500    45,527    45,691    45,840 
      Participation rate.......................     77.2      76.9      77.1      77.4      77.7      77.8      77.7      76.8      77.0 
    Employed...................................   43,823    43,330    43,495    44,082    43,466    43,332    43,368    43,546    43,686 
      Employment-population ratio..............     74.8      72.9      73.1      75.3      74.4      74.1      74.1      73.2      73.4 
    Unemployed.................................    1,397     2,422     2,373     1,244     1,977     2,167     2,158     2,145     2,154 
      Unemployment rate........................      3.1       5.3       5.2       2.7       4.4       4.8       4.7       4.7       4.7 

     1 Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
     2 Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees. 
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
     
     
     

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-5.  Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                    Category                                                                                                             
                                                                                                                                         
                                                  Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                 CLASS OF WORKER                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
  Agriculture and related industries...........    2,302     2,361     2,241     2,138     2,134     2,173     2,165     2,148     2,103 
    Wage and salary workers....................    1,419     1,392     1,368     1,292     1,209     1,256     1,232     1,230     1,247 
    Self-employed workers......................      850       926       847       822       887       882       896       876       830 
    Unpaid family workers......................       33        42        26      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries...................  143,607   138,694   137,833   143,111   138,828   138,296   137,812   137,675   137,358 
    Wage and salary workers....................  134,033   129,619   128,493   133,727   129,724   129,298   128,939   128,939   128,285 
      Government...............................   20,821    20,766    20,665    21,257    21,211    21,247    21,446    21,367    21,133 
      Private industries.......................  113,212   108,853   107,828   112,489   108,555   108,054   107,498   107,591   107,219 
        Private households.....................      799       923       859      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
        Other industries.......................  112,413   107,930   106,969   111,721   107,813   107,238   106,631   106,728   106,375 
    Self-employed workers......................    9,490     9,007     9,269     9,313     9,052     8,990     8,891     8,801     9,034 
    Unpaid family workers......................       84        68        71      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
          PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME (2)                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                         
  All industries:                                                                                                                        
    Part time for economic reasons.............    5,736     9,103     8,835     5,879     8,910     9,084     8,989     8,798     9,076 
      Slack work or business conditions........    4,011     6,711     6,497     4,240     6,699     6,794     6,783     6,849     6,941 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,305     1,978     1,917     1,412     1,810     1,922     1,980     1,835     2,044 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   17,698    17,235    16,921    19,690    19,065    18,872    18,718    19,018    18,814 
                                                                                                                                         
  Nonagricultural industries:                                                                                                            
    Part time for economic reasons.............    5,650     8,977     8,712     5,802     8,826     8,928     8,845     8,647     8,945 
      Slack work or business conditions........    3,947     6,606     6,406     4,171     6,650     6,681     6,699     6,733     6,844 
      Could only find part-time work...........    1,294     1,974     1,900     1,385     1,802     1,909     1,969     1,776     2,020 
    Part time for noneconomic reasons..........   17,302    16,869    16,590    19,269    18,661    18,502    18,358    18,621    18,436 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Persons at work excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs during the entire reference week for reasons such as
  vacation, illness, or industrial dispute.  Part time for noneconomic reasons excludes persons who usually work full time but worked
  only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as holidays, illness, and bad weather.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-6.  Selected employment indicators
  
  (In thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                  Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.   
                                                  2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009   
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................  145,909   141,055   140,074   145,273   141,007   140,570   140,196   140,041   139,649 
    16 to 19 years.............................    6,142     5,962     5,255     5,533     5,103     5,082     4,999     4,933     4,783 
      16 to 17 years...........................    2,247     2,136     1,949     1,984     1,737     1,795     1,732     1,718     1,715 
      18 to 19 years...........................    3,895     3,826     3,306     3,549     3,353     3,260     3,251     3,225     3,057 
    20 years and over..........................  139,767   135,093   134,819   139,740   135,904   135,488   135,197   135,108   134,866 
      20 to 24 years...........................   13,954    13,342    13,015    13,649    13,090    12,842    12,774    12,790    12,749 
      25 years and over........................  125,812   121,751   121,804   126,140   122,838   122,650   122,539   122,455   122,148 
        25 to 54 years.........................   99,109    94,873    94,896    99,217    95,805    95,394    95,391    95,297    94,992 
          25 to 34 years.......................   31,444    30,128    30,018    31,425    30,140    29,955    30,018    30,079    29,970 
          35 to 44 years.......................   33,194    31,421    31,445    33,254    31,770    31,681    31,734    31,613    31,500 
          45 to 54 years.......................   34,471    33,324    33,433    34,538    33,896    33,758    33,639    33,606    33,522 
        55 years and over......................   26,704    26,878    26,908    26,923    27,032    27,256    27,147    27,158    27,156 
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................   78,423    74,861    74,341    77,484    74,116    74,033    73,777    73,703    73,519 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,118     2,950     2,613     2,748     2,438     2,440     2,390     2,383     2,314 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,100     1,092       991       939       817       851       821       826       838 
      18 to 19 years...........................    2,018     1,857     1,622     1,818     1,635     1,580     1,576     1,562     1,473 
    20 years and over..........................   75,305    71,911    71,728    74,737    71,678    71,593    71,387    71,319    71,204 
      20 to 24 years...........................    7,377     6,930     6,723     7,134     6,701     6,574     6,582     6,546     6,511 
      25 years and over........................   67,928    64,980    65,005    67,653    64,960    65,001    64,855    64,828    64,727 
        25 to 54 years.........................   53,661    50,771    50,842    53,385    50,802    50,672    50,640    50,600    50,544 
          25 to 34 years.......................   17,326    16,399    16,376    17,195    16,199    16,082    16,194    16,231    16,222 
          35 to 44 years.......................   18,157    16,923    16,925    18,068    17,027    17,002    16,926    16,898    16,839 
          45 to 54 years.......................   18,179    17,448    17,541    18,121    17,576    17,588    17,520    17,470    17,482 
        55 years and over......................   14,267    14,210    14,163    14,268    14,157    14,329    14,214    14,228    14,183 
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................   67,485    66,194    65,733    67,789    66,890    66,537    66,419    66,339    66,131 
    16 to 19 years.............................    3,024     3,012     2,642     2,785     2,664     2,642     2,609     2,550     2,468 
      16 to 17 years...........................    1,147     1,043       958     1,045       920       944       911       892       877 
      18 to 19 years...........................    1,877     1,969     1,685     1,731     1,718     1,681     1,675     1,663     1,584 
    20 years and over..........................   64,462    63,182    63,091    65,003    64,226    63,895    63,810    63,789    63,662 
      20 to 24 years...........................    6,577     6,412     6,292     6,514     6,389     6,268     6,193     6,244     6,238 
      25 years and over........................   57,885    56,770    56,799    58,487    57,878    57,649    57,684    57,627    57,421 
        25 to 54 years.........................   45,448    44,102    44,053    45,832    45,003    44,722    44,751    44,697    44,448 
          25 to 34 years.......................   14,118    13,728    13,642    14,230    13,941    13,873    13,825    13,847    13,748 
          35 to 44 years.......................   15,038    14,498    14,520    15,186    14,742    14,679    14,808    14,714    14,661 
          45 to 54 years.......................   16,292    15,876    15,892    16,417    16,320    16,170    16,118    16,136    16,040 
        55 years and over......................   12,437    12,668    12,746    12,655    12,875    12,927    12,933    12,929    12,973 
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................   45,767    43,900    43,859    45,804    44,469    44,255    44,294    43,992    43,943 
  Married women, spouse present................   35,478    34,872    34,672    35,994    35,444    35,391    35,464    35,377    35,199 
  Women who maintain families..................    9,036     8,751     8,777      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (2) .......................  121,556   114,184   113,863   119,643   113,725   113,318   112,942   112,598   112,262 
  Part-time workers (3) .......................   24,353    26,871    26,211    25,649    27,066    27,195    27,374    27,799    27,600 
                                                                                                                                         
               MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total multiple jobholders....................    7,706     7,282     6,772     8,013     7,748     7,292     7,160     7,284     7,099 
      Percent of total employed................      5.3       5.2       4.8       5.5       5.5       5.2       5.1       5.2       5.1 
  
     1 Data not available.
     2 Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
     3 Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-7.  Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                          Number of                                                                      
                                                      unemployed persons                         Unemployment rates (1)                  
                                                        (in thousands)                                                                   
                 Characteristic                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                   AGE AND SEX                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                         
  Total, 16 years and over.....................    9,550    14,462    14,928      6.2       8.9       9.4       9.5       9.4       9.7  
    16 to 19 years.............................    1,316     1,541     1,640     19.2      21.5      22.7      24.0      23.8      25.5  
      16 to 17 years...........................      568       585       616     22.2      23.0      23.4      25.1      25.4      26.4  
      18 to 19 years...........................      747       962     1,019     17.4      21.3      22.9      23.7      23.0      25.0  
    20 years and over..........................    8,234    12,922    13,288      5.6       8.3       8.8       8.9       8.7       9.0  
      20 to 24 years...........................    1,634     2,302     2,266     10.7      14.7      15.0      15.2      15.3      15.1  
      25 years and over........................    6,620    10,743    11,085      5.0       7.5       8.1       8.2       8.1       8.3  
        25 to 54 years.........................    5,430     8,717     9,078      5.2       7.8       8.4       8.5       8.4       8.7  
          25 to 34 years.......................    2,101     3,344     3,479      6.3       9.7      10.5      10.1      10.0      10.4  
          35 to 44 years.......................    1,752     2,706     2,789      5.0       7.5       8.1       8.1       7.9       8.1  
          45 to 54 years.......................    1,578     2,667     2,810      4.4       6.4       6.8       7.3       7.4       7.7  
        55 years and over......................    1,163     1,965     1,968      4.1       6.4       6.7       7.0       6.7       6.8  
                                                                                                                                         
  Men, 16 years and over.......................    5,306     8,607     9,007      6.4      10.0      10.5      10.6      10.5      10.9  
    16 to 19 years.............................      734       881       980     21.1      25.6      26.7      26.2      27.0      29.8  
      16 to 17 years...........................      304       316       356     24.5      26.3      26.1      25.8      27.7      29.8  
      18 to 19 years...........................      427       577       626     19.0      25.3      27.8      26.9      27.0      29.8  
    20 years and over..........................    4,572     7,726     8,027      5.8       9.4       9.8      10.0       9.8      10.1  
      20 to 24 years...........................      949     1,347     1,319     11.7      17.5      17.5      17.2      17.1      16.8  
      25 years and over........................    3,629     6,446     6,766      5.1       8.3       9.0       9.2       9.0       9.5  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,990     5,306     5,619      5.3       8.8       9.5       9.5       9.5      10.0  
          25 to 34 years.......................    1,200     2,031     2,111      6.5      11.1      11.9      11.4      11.1      11.5  
          35 to 44 years.......................      944     1,644     1,770      5.0       8.2       9.0       8.9       8.9       9.5  
          45 to 54 years.......................      847     1,631     1,739      4.5       7.1       7.7       8.5       8.5       9.0  
        55 years and over......................      638     1,140     1,146      4.3       6.7       7.0       7.7       7.4       7.5  
                                                                                                                                         
  Women, 16 years and over.....................    4,244     5,855     5,920      5.9       7.6       8.0       8.3       8.1       8.2  
    16 to 19 years.............................      582       659       659     17.3      17.4      18.6      21.8      20.5      21.1  
      16 to 17 years...........................      264       269       260     20.1      19.9      20.7      24.4      23.2      22.9  
      18 to 19 years...........................      320       385       393     15.6      17.1      17.5      20.4      18.8      19.9  
    20 years and over..........................    3,662     5,196     5,261      5.3       7.1       7.5       7.6       7.5       7.6  
      20 to 24 years...........................      685       955       947      9.5      11.5      12.2      12.8      13.3      13.2  
      25 years and over........................    2,991     4,297     4,319      4.9       6.6       7.0       7.0       6.9       7.0  
        25 to 54 years.........................    2,440     3,411     3,458      5.1       6.7       7.2       7.2       7.1       7.2  
          25 to 34 years.......................      901     1,312     1,368      6.0       7.9       8.9       8.5       8.7       9.1  
          35 to 44 years.......................      808     1,063     1,019      5.0       6.7       7.0       7.2       6.7       6.5  
          45 to 54 years.......................      731     1,036     1,071      4.3       5.7       5.9       6.0       6.0       6.3  
        55 years and over (2) .................      587       974       919      4.5       5.4       5.8       6.4       7.1       6.7  
                                                                                                                                         
                 MARITAL STATUS                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                         
  Married men, spouse present..................    1,741     3,282     3,338      3.7       6.3       6.8       6.9       6.9       7.1  
  Married women, spouse present................    1,400     2,045     2,023      3.7       5.5       5.7       5.6       5.5       5.4  
  Women who maintain families (2) .............      954     1,266     1,225      9.6      10.0      11.0      11.7      12.6      12.2  
                                                                                                                                         
            FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                                         
  Full-time workers (3) .......................    8,025    12,709    13,109      6.3       9.6      10.2      10.3      10.1      10.5  
  Part-time workers (4) .......................    1,556     1,780     1,841      5.7       6.1       6.0       5.9       6.0       6.3  
  
     1 Unemployment as a percent of the civilian labor force.
     2 Not seasonally adjusted.
     3 Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on lay-
  off from full-time jobs.
     4 Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on
  layoff from part-time jobs.
     NOTE:  Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent
  seasonal adjustment of the various series.  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                           HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-8.  Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                         
                     Reason                                                                                                              
                                                                                                                                         
                                                   Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.  
                                                   2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                         
              NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                   
   temporary jobs..............................    4,735     9,447     9,316     4,994     8,814     9,546     9,649     9,560     9,818 
    On temporary layoff........................    1,126     1,804     1,526     1,279     1,625     1,832     1,762     1,680     1,718 
    Not on temporary layoff....................    3,609     7,643     7,790     3,715     7,189     7,714     7,886     7,880     8,100 
      Permanent job losers.....................    2,656     6,320     6,406      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
      Persons who completed temporary jobs.....      953     1,323     1,384      (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)       (1)  
  Job leavers..................................    1,105       917       909       999       890       910       822       885       829 
  Reentrants...................................    2,729     3,464     3,386     2,678     3,087     3,180     3,335     3,312     3,307 
  New entrants.................................      909     1,373     1,212       829       900       956       947       967     1,085 
                                                                                                                                         
              PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
  Total unemployed.............................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................     50.0      62.1      62.8      52.6      64.4      65.4      65.4      64.9      65.3 
     On temporary layoff.......................     11.9      11.9      10.3      13.5      11.9      12.6      11.9      11.4      11.4 
     Not on temporary layoff...................     38.1      50.3      52.6      39.1      52.5      52.9      53.5      53.5      53.9 
   Job leavers.................................     11.7       6.0       6.1      10.5       6.5       6.2       5.6       6.0       5.5 
   Reentrants..................................     28.8      22.8      22.8      28.2      22.5      21.8      22.6      22.5      22.0 
   New entrants................................      9.6       9.0       8.2       8.7       6.6       6.6       6.4       6.6       7.2 
                                                                                                                                         
         UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE                                                                                                  
              CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                         
   Job losers and persons who completed                                                                                                  
    temporary jobs.............................      3.0       6.0       6.0       3.2       5.7       6.2       6.2       6.2       6.4 
   Job leavers.................................       .7        .6        .6        .6        .6        .6        .5        .6        .5 
   Reentrants..................................      1.8       2.2       2.2       1.7       2.0       2.1       2.2       2.1       2.1 
   New entrants................................       .6        .9        .8        .5        .6        .6        .6        .6        .7 
  
     1 Data not available.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-9.  Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Not seasonally adjusted                        Seasonally adjusted                    
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Duration                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                             Aug.      July      Aug.      Aug.      Apr.      May       June      July      Aug.  
                                                             2008      2009      2009      2008      2009      2009      2009      2009      2009  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                   NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Less than 5 weeks......................................    3,142     3,456     2,867     3,242     3,346     3,275     3,204     3,233     3,026 
  5 to 14 weeks..........................................    2,999     4,091     4,322     2,874     3,982     4,321     4,066     3,557     4,120 
  15 weeks and over......................................    3,338     7,654     7,633     3,447     6,211     7,002     7,833     7,880     7,816 
     15 to 26 weeks......................................    1,468     2,720     2,572     1,568     2,531     3,054     3,452     2,916     2,828 
     27 weeks and over...................................    1,870     4,934     5,061     1,878     3,680     3,948     4,381     4,965     4,988 
                                                                                                                                                   
  Average (mean) duration, in weeks......................     17.6      24.1      25.1      17.6      21.4      22.5      24.5      25.1      24.9 
  Median duration, in weeks..............................      9.5      14.7      15.5       9.3      12.5      14.9      17.9      15.7      15.4 
                                                                                                                                                   
                   PERCENT DISTRIBUTION                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total unemployed.......................................    100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0     100.0 
    Less than 5 weeks....................................     33.1      22.7      19.3      33.9      24.7      22.4      21.2      22.0      20.2 
    5 to 14 weeks........................................     31.6      26.9      29.2      30.1      29.4      29.6      26.9      24.2      27.5 
    15 weeks and over....................................     35.2      50.4      51.5      36.0      45.9      48.0      51.9      53.7      52.2 
      15 to 26 weeks.....................................     15.5      17.9      17.4      16.4      18.7      20.9      22.9      19.9      18.9 
      27 weeks and over..................................     19.7      32.5      34.1      19.6      27.2      27.0      29.0      33.8      33.3 
  
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-10.  Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                               Unemployment        
                                                                     Employed                     Unemployed                      rates            
                                                                                                                                                   
                        Occupation                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Aug.           Aug.            Aug.           Aug.            Aug.           Aug.   
                                                               2008           2009            2008           2009            2008           2009   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
       Total, 16 years and over (1) .....................     145,909        140,074          9,479         14,823            6.1            9.6   
  Management, professional, and related occupations......      52,626         51,724          1,779          2,925            3.3            5.4   
    Management, business, and financial operations                                                                                                 
     occupations.........................................      22,314         21,849            645          1,141            2.8            5.0   
    Professional and related occupations.................      30,312         29,875          1,135          1,785            3.6            5.6   
  Service occupations....................................      25,185         25,115          1,898          2,797            7.0           10.0   
  Sales and office occupations...........................      35,156         34,132          2,218          3,252            5.9            8.7   
    Sales and related occupations........................      16,114         15,902          1,089          1,511            6.3            8.7   
    Office and administrative support occupations........      19,042         18,230          1,129          1,741            5.6            8.7   
  Natural resources, construction, and maintenance                                                                                                 
   occupations...........................................      15,141         13,561          1,186          2,176            7.3           13.8   
    Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations...........       1,082            984             93            182            7.9           15.6   
    Construction and extraction occupations..............       8,927          7,613            856          1,555            8.7           17.0   
    Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations....       5,132          4,964            237            439            4.4            8.1   
  Production, transportation, and material moving                                                                                                  
   occupations...........................................      17,801         15,542          1,466          2,421            7.6           13.5   
    Production occupations...............................       8,917          7,691            771          1,366            8.0           15.1   
    Transportation and material moving occupations.......       8,883          7,852            695          1,055            7.3           11.8   
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                   HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-11.  Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                           Number of                                                             
                                                                           unemployed                                 Unemployment               
                                                                            persons                                      rates                   
               Industry and class of worker                              (in thousands)                                                          
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                   Aug.                  Aug.                   Aug.                  Aug.       
                                                                   2008                  2009                   2008                  2009       
                                                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                                                 
         Total, 16 years and over (1) ...................          9,479                14,823                   6.1                   9.6       
  Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers........          7,359                11,729                   6.1                   9.8       
    Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction........             17                    93                   1.9                  11.8       
    Construction.........................................            814                 1,542                   8.2                  16.5       
    Manufacturing........................................            960                 1,866                   5.7                  11.8       
      Durable goods......................................            631                 1,297                   5.9                  13.0       
      Nondurable goods...................................            329                   569                   5.4                   9.7       
    Wholesale and retail trade...........................          1,366                 1,794                   6.6                   8.8       
    Transportation and utilities.........................            309                   547                   5.2                   9.8       
    Information..........................................            144                   358                   4.2                  10.7       
    Financial activities.................................            409                   566                   4.2                   6.0       
    Professional and business services...................            961                 1,560                   6.9                  11.0       
    Education and health services........................            844                 1,239                   4.3                   6.0       
    Leisure and hospitality..............................          1,122                 1,636                   8.7                  12.0       
    Other services.......................................            412                   528                   6.3                   8.2       
  Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers            111                   195                   7.6                  13.1       
  Government workers.....................................            721                 1,118                   3.3                   5.1       
  Self employed and unpaid family workers................            378                   569                   3.5                   5.3       
  
     1 Persons with no previous work experience are included in the unemployed total.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.  Effective with January 2009 data, industries
  reflect the introduction of the 2007 Census industry classification system into the Current Population Survey.  This industry classification
  system is derived from the 2007 North American Industry Classification System.  No historical data have been revised.
  
  
  

  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                            HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-12.  Alternative measures of labor underutilization
  
  (Percent)
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Not seasonally adjusted                   Seasonally adjusted                 
                                                                                                                                          
                          Measure                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                                          
                                                            Aug.     July     Aug.     Aug.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.  
                                                            2008     2009     2009     2008     2009      2009    2009     2009     2009  
                                                                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                          
  U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent                                                                                 
       of the civilian labor force.......................    2.1      4.9      4.9      2.2      4.0      4.5      5.1      5.1      5.1  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary                                                                                      
       jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force....    3.0      6.0      6.0      3.2      5.7      6.2      6.2      6.2      6.4  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                      
       labor force (official unemployment rate)..........    6.1      9.7      9.6      6.2      8.9      9.4      9.5      9.4      9.7  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a                                                                                     
       percent of the civilian labor force plus                                                                                           
       discouraged workers...............................    6.3     10.2     10.0      6.4      9.3      9.8     10.0      9.8     10.1  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus                                                                                    
       all other marginally attached workers, as a                                                                                        
       percent of the civilian labor force plus all                                                                                       
       marginally attached workers.......................    7.1     11.0     10.9      7.2     10.1     10.6     10.8     10.7     11.0  
                                                                                                                                          
  U-6 Total unemployed, plus all marginally attached                                                                                      
       workers, plus total employed part time for                                                                                         
       economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian                                                                                     
       labor force plus all marginally attached workers..   10.7     16.8     16.5     10.9     15.8     16.4     16.5     16.3     16.8  

     NOTE:  Marginally attached workers are persons who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and
  are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the recent past.  Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached,
  have given a job-market related reason for not looking currently for a job.  Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those
  who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule.  For more information, see "BLS
  introduces new range of alternative unemployment measures," in the October 1995 issue of the Monthly Labor Review.  Updated population
  controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




  HOUSEHOLD DATA                                                                                                                     HOUSEHOLD DATA
  
  Table A-13.  Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
  
  (Numbers in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                      Total                          Men                          Women            
                                                                                                                                                   
                         Category                                                                                                                  
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                               Aug.           Aug.           Aug.           Aug.           Aug.           Aug.     
                                                               2008           2009           2008           2009           2008           2009     
                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                   
                  NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE                                                                                                           
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total not in the labor force...........................     78,719         81,190         29,986         31,583         48,734         49,607    
   Persons who currently want a job......................      5,024          5,728          2,057          2,572          2,967          3,156    
     Marginally attached to the labor force (1) .........      1,640          2,270            809          1,197            832          1,072    
       Reason not currently looking:                                                                                                               
         Discouragement over job prospects (2) ..........        381            758            237            480            144            278    
         Reasons other than discouragement (3) ..........      1,259          1,512            572            717            688            795    
                                                                                                                                                   
                    MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS                                                                                                            
                                                                                                                                                   
  Total multiple jobholders (4) .........................      7,706          6,772          4,040          3,206          3,666          3,566    
      Percent of total employed..........................        5.3            4.8            5.2            4.3            5.4            5.4    
                                                                                                                                                   
      Primary job full time, secondary job part time.....      4,210          3,545          2,351          1,776          1,859          1,769    
      Primary and secondary jobs both part time..........      1,755          1,683            614            555          1,141          1,127    
      Primary and secondary jobs both full time..........        345            291            253            176             91            116    
      Hours vary on primary or secondary job.............      1,353          1,214            805            666            548            548    

     1 Data refer to persons who have searched for work during the prior 12 months and were available to take a job during the reference week.
     2 Includes thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of
  discrimination.
     3 Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health,
  and transportation problems, as well as a small number for which reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
     4 Includes persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.
     NOTE:  Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                                ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-1.  Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail

(In thousands)

                                         Not seasonally adjusted                    Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                           Change
           Industry                Aug.     June    July     Aug.      Aug.     Apr.     May      June    July     Aug.     from:
                                   2008     2009    2009p    2009p     2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  July 2009-
                                                                                                                          Aug. 2009p

          Total nonfarm......... 137,002  132,625  131,182  131,003  137,053  132,481  132,178  131,715  131,439  131,223     -216

        Total private........... 115,580  110,104  109,900  109,716  114,497  109,865  109,573  109,182  108,934  108,736     -198

    Goods-producing.............  21,803   19,068   19,015   18,983   21,351   19,253   19,041   18,829   18,707   18,571     -136

Mining and logging..............     806      726      726      718      787      740      731      721      715      707       -8
   Logging......................    58.5     50.7     51.5     53.5     56.1     51.4     51.3     51.4     51.1     51.7       .6
 Mining.........................   747.6    675.5    674.2    664.1    730.6    689.0    679.6    669.3    663.8    654.8     -9.0
  Oil and gas extraction........   167.2    169.2    167.5    166.1    164.7    167.0    168.1    166.9    165.3    164.7      -.6
  Mining, except oil and 
   gas (1)......................   238.8    223.7    224.5    222.8    230.0    220.4    219.4    217.4    216.3    215.5      -.8
   Coal mining..................    82.1     80.0     79.5     79.9     81.7     82.4     81.4     80.3     79.8     79.7      -.1
  Support activities for mining.   341.6    282.6    282.2    275.2    335.9    301.6    292.1    285.0    282.2    274.6     -7.6

Construction....................   7,505    6,424    6,439    6,393    7,177    6,367    6,310    6,231    6,158    6,093      -65
  Construction of buildings..... 1,708.4  1,460.7  1,463.4  1,465.0  1,647.5  1,461.7  1,451.2  1,433.4  1,418.9  1,415.4     -3.5
   Residential building.........   851.4    717.2    714.8    716.7    817.9    715.3    705.0    699.6    691.2    688.3     -2.9
   Nonresidential building......   857.0    743.5    748.6    748.3    829.6    746.4    746.2    733.8    727.7    727.1      -.6
  Heavy and civil engineering
   construction................. 1,031.2    909.6    913.2    908.3    966.1    885.5    876.1    862.1    853.7    845.3     -8.4
  Specialty trade contractors... 4,765.4  4,053.5  4,062.6  4,019.7  4,563.1  4,019.6  3,983.1  3,935.9  3,885.7  3,832.1    -53.6
   Residential specialty trade
    contractors................. 2,096.9  1,776.4  1,785.5  1,772.0  2,005.8  1,739.3  1,736.1  1,716.7  1,701.8  1,682.1    -19.7
   Nonresidential specialty
    trade contractors........... 2,668.5  2,277.1  2,277.1  2,247.7  2,557.3  2,280.3  2,247.0  2,219.2  2,183.9  2,150.0    -33.9

Manufacturing...................  13,492   11,918   11,850   11,872   13,387   12,146   12,000   11,877   11,834   11,771      -63
   Production workers...........   9,696    8,349    8,306    8,337    9,608    8,532    8,409    8,316    8,299    8,253      -46

 Durable goods..................   8,486    7,289    7,233    7,237    8,439    7,490    7,372    7,271    7,247    7,196      -51
   Production workers...........   5,984    4,974    4,937    4,945    5,948    5,130    5,034    4,957    4,956    4,912      -44

  Wood products.................   462.8    371.4    371.3    372.7    451.9    382.4    373.5    367.1    362.7    359.5     -3.2
  Nonmetallic mineral products..   476.3    414.0    415.2    414.4    464.5    415.5    410.7    406.1    404.9    402.2     -2.7
  Primary metals................   442.5    357.5    358.1    357.5    440.8    376.2    367.8    360.3    359.9    358.5     -1.4
  Fabricated metal products..... 1,537.0  1,306.6  1,290.2  1,292.6  1,530.6  1,344.1  1,325.9  1,308.8  1,294.6  1,286.4     -8.2
  Machinery..................... 1,191.3  1,011.2  1,000.8    998.4  1,187.5  1,051.4  1,032.0  1,016.3  1,004.1    999.5     -4.6
  Computer and electronic
   products (1)................. 1,253.5  1,143.5  1,138.6  1,129.4  1,248.3  1,171.1  1,156.1  1,142.4  1,135.4  1,127.1     -8.3
   Computer and peripheral
    equipment...................   182.7    162.5    162.4    161.1    182.6    167.8    164.2    162.7    162.4    160.7     -1.7
   Communications equipment.....   128.8    126.7    126.6    125.4    129.1    127.8    127.4    126.5    126.2    125.4      -.8
   Semiconductors and electronic
    components..................   434.6    375.6    372.3    369.8    432.3    389.2    382.8    375.6    371.9    369.1     -2.8
   Electronic instruments.......   445.4    425.6    424.6    421.4    442.6    431.1    427.2    424.4    422.3    420.2     -2.1
  Electrical equipment and
   appliances...................   427.8    377.9    374.9    373.6    425.5    382.0    378.4    377.0    373.4    371.9     -1.5
  Transportation equipment (1).. 1,584.9  1,320.1  1,306.5  1,324.3  1,584.5  1,365.9  1,335.3  1,309.6  1,337.6  1,321.6    -16.0
   Motor vehicles and parts (2).   856.7    639.9    634.2    653.3    856.7    676.8    654.2    633.3    664.4    649.6    -14.8
  Furniture and related products   478.6    391.9    388.1    384.0    475.7    401.0    394.4    388.1    382.9    379.7     -3.2
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...   631.3    594.8    589.5    589.8    630.1    600.4    597.4    595.1    591.6    589.3     -2.3

 Nondurable goods...............   5,006    4,629    4,617    4,635    4,948    4,656    4,628    4,606    4,587    4,575      -12
   Production workers...........   3,712    3,375    3,369    3,392    3,660    3,402    3,375    3,359    3,343    3,341       -2

  Food manufacturing............ 1,516.9  1,475.5  1,492.9  1,513.6  1,482.7  1,474.9  1,471.7  1,473.8  1,474.6  1,477.1      2.5
  Beverages and tobacco products   205.0    193.5    194.2    195.0    199.2    190.9    190.5    190.0    189.3    190.0       .7
  Textile mills.................   149.9    125.1    121.9    123.1    149.5    127.3    126.1    124.5    122.7    122.1      -.6
  Textile product mills.........   145.2    126.4    124.9    125.3    145.2    127.5    127.0    126.7    125.9    125.6      -.3
  Apparel.......................   202.4    167.4    166.8    168.5    200.4    169.9    170.2    165.8    166.6    165.0     -1.6
  Leather and allied products...    34.5     31.0     30.3     29.8     34.5     31.7     31.5     30.8     31.1     29.9     -1.2
  Paper and paper products......   446.6    411.5    410.1    407.2    444.7    415.1    410.5    409.1    406.4    404.6     -1.8
  Printing and related support
   activities...................   592.5    524.0    515.7    514.0    591.5    534.4    529.6    522.8    517.5    512.6     -4.9
  Petroleum and coal products...   121.0    117.7    118.0    117.6    118.0    114.6    114.5    114.5    113.9    114.0       .1
  Chemicals.....................   851.9    816.1    813.2    808.0    847.3    818.9    814.9    811.0    808.2    804.9     -3.3
  Plastics and rubber products..   740.5    640.3    629.2    633.3    734.7    651.1    641.4    637.1    630.8    629.4     -1.4

    Service-providing........... 115,199  113,557  112,167  112,020  115,702  113,228  113,137  112,886  112,732  112,652      -80

     Private service-providing..  93,777   91,036   90,885   90,733   93,146   90,612   90,532   90,353   90,227   90,165      -62

Trade, transportation, and
 utilities......................  26,375   25,307   25,177   25,153   26,354   25,371   25,308   25,258   25,173   25,145      -28

 Wholesale trade................ 5,974.5  5,711.9  5,699.0  5,673.4  5,954.3  5,710.8  5,695.7  5,680.3  5,663.1  5,646.0    -17.1
  Durable goods................. 3,063.4  2,859.5  2,848.9  2,837.4  3,052.4  2,875.5  2,861.8  2,848.1  2,834.1  2,822.6    -11.5
  Nondurable goods.............. 2,057.4  2,010.2  2,008.9  1,996.9  2,049.0  1,997.7  1,996.6  1,994.0  1,992.3  1,987.7     -4.6
  Electronic markets and agents
   and brokers..................   853.7    842.2    841.2    839.1    852.9    837.6    837.3    838.2    836.7    835.7     -1.0

 Retail trade...................15,362.9 14,788.9 14,741.1 14,749.8 15,334.5 14,839.7 14,811.6 14,791.5 14,748.3 14,738.7     -9.6
  Motor vehicle and parts
   dealers (1).................. 1,854.4  1,693.9  1,693.5  1,694.6  1,832.6  1,690.2  1,681.6  1,673.9  1,667.8  1,672.0      4.2
   Automobile dealers........... 1,185.9  1,051.6  1,050.2  1,054.0  1,176.2  1,057.1  1,050.2  1,042.6  1,037.4  1,042.6      5.2
  Furniture and home furnishings
   stores.......................   538.7    478.2    478.9    478.9    542.3    492.4    486.3    484.7    483.4    479.7     -3.7
  Electronics and appliance
   stores.......................   545.3    506.6    506.6    507.9    551.0    518.0    517.0    515.7    513.9    514.9      1.0
  Building material and garden
   supply stores................ 1,268.5  1,236.1  1,207.3  1,184.3  1,245.9  1,189.3  1,186.3  1,181.1  1,173.9  1,167.5     -6.4
  Food and beverage stores...... 2,863.3  2,850.7  2,839.1  2,830.7  2,853.8  2,828.9  2,828.0  2,828.8  2,824.6  2,822.7     -1.9
  Health and personal care
   stores.......................   998.2    987.6    983.1    981.4    999.0    984.2    984.7    984.3    985.1    984.5      -.6
  Gasoline stations.............   852.5    838.5    843.0    845.6    840.9    831.1    829.0    829.9    831.0    833.1      2.1
  Clothing and clothing
   accessories stores........... 1,515.3  1,394.6  1,411.3  1,418.2  1,483.3  1,432.7  1,426.8  1,420.1  1,411.0  1,401.5     -9.5
  Sporting goods, hobby, book,
   and music stores.............   641.7    585.8    580.3    598.1    645.8    608.8    607.0    605.1    604.2    604.2       .0
  General merchandise
   stores (1)................... 3,018.0  3,008.3  2,995.1  2,998.1  3,058.2  3,041.2  3,041.8  3,045.1  3,036.7  3,040.3      3.6
   Department stores............ 1,520.3  1,490.3  1,487.7  1,500.7  1,554.4  1,524.0  1,526.0  1,528.6  1,524.6  1,530.4      5.8
  Miscellaneous store retailers.   844.8    806.5    801.3    806.5    845.6    805.3    805.8    804.8    800.0    801.7      1.7
  Nonstore retailers............   422.2    402.1    401.6    405.5    436.1    417.6    417.3    418.0    416.7    416.6      -.1

 Transportation and warehousing. 4,475.7  4,234.1  4,166.7  4,160.5  4,506.0  4,251.7  4,233.5  4,218.4  4,194.7  4,193.7     -1.0
  Air transportation............   491.5    466.3    466.6    466.6    488.1    466.8    466.7    463.9    463.2    463.7       .5
  Rail transportation...........   230.2    211.8    212.9    211.9    228.8    217.9    214.6    212.2    212.2    212.8       .6
  Water transportation..........    68.6     58.0     58.1     59.0     64.9     58.1     57.2     56.5     55.7     56.4       .7
  Truck transportation.......... 1,412.2  1,285.4  1,282.1  1,284.1  1,390.3  1,283.2  1,277.4  1,269.5  1,263.7  1,259.7     -4.0
  Transit and ground passenger
   transportation...............   356.9    412.4    349.2    342.1    422.7    401.8    405.4    413.0    408.0    407.6      -.4
  Pipeline transportation.......    42.7     42.4     42.2     43.0     42.5     43.0     42.5     42.3     41.7     42.4       .7
  Scenic and sightseeing
   transportation...............    35.4     33.2     36.9     35.9     27.3     27.2     28.5     27.7     28.2     27.8      -.4
  Support activities for
   transportation...............   594.7    537.4    533.3    534.9    592.1    550.3    545.6    537.8    532.2    533.4      1.2
  Couriers and messengers.......   569.1    548.4    544.2    543.4    575.7    556.0    550.5    551.5    548.4    550.3      1.9
  Warehousing and storage.......   674.4    638.8    641.2    639.6    673.6    647.4    645.1    644.0    641.4    639.6     -1.8

 Utilities......................   562.0    571.8    570.1    569.2    559.3    568.5    567.5    567.8    566.5    566.3      -.2

Information.....................   2,996    2,865    2,847    2,829    2,990    2,884    2,858    2,845    2,831    2,821      -10
  Publishing industries, except
   Internet.....................   881.5    802.2    797.5    789.7    879.4    820.1    808.6    801.8    795.0    787.5     -7.5
  Motion picture and sound
   recording industries.........   384.9    394.4    391.0    386.4    380.0    389.5    381.3    379.3    379.8    381.6      1.8
  Broadcasting, except Internet.   314.9    292.1    290.2    288.9    313.8    296.3    294.2    291.9    290.6    288.9     -1.7
  Telecommunications............ 1,021.9    983.5    978.0    975.2  1,023.1    989.3    986.4    981.6    976.7    973.4     -3.3
  Data processing, hosting and
   related services.............   258.6    255.6    254.4    254.9    259.8    255.5    253.8    254.4    254.5    256.2      1.7
  Other information services....   134.1    136.8    135.9    134.0    133.6    133.7    133.2    135.5    134.8    133.0     -1.8

Financial activities............   8,203    7,800    7,805    7,760    8,141    7,811    7,784    7,751    7,734    7,706      -28
 Finance and insurance.......... 6,024.5  5,774.6  5,769.3  5,738.0  6,010.6  5,799.6  5,781.6  5,760.5  5,745.4  5,725.4    -20.0
  Monetary authorities - central
   bank.........................    22.5     20.3     20.4     20.5     22.3     20.5     20.3     20.3     20.2     20.3       .1
  Credit intermediation and
   related activities (1)....... 2,731.1  2,608.5  2,614.8  2,605.4  2,724.4  2,619.8  2,613.5  2,604.0  2,604.4  2,599.5     -4.9
   Depository credit
    intermediation (1).......... 1,827.2  1,774.9  1,778.7  1,775.2  1,818.4  1,778.0  1,774.4  1,772.7  1,771.1  1,768.7     -2.4
    Commercial banking.......... 1,366.8  1,327.0  1,329.2  1,325.4  1,360.1  1,329.4  1,327.9  1,324.2  1,323.7  1,321.4     -2.3
  Securities, commodity
   contracts, investments.......   864.6    788.7    784.5    781.0    861.4    797.0    791.7    786.4    781.4    779.1     -2.3
  Insurance carriers and related
   activities................... 2,315.5  2,269.3  2,262.5  2,244.2  2,312.0  2,274.3  2,268.3  2,261.9  2,252.5  2,239.7    -12.8
  Funds, trusts, and other
   financial vehicles...........    90.8     87.8     87.1     86.9     90.5     88.0     87.8     87.9     86.9     86.8      -.1
 Real estate and rental and
  leasing....................... 2,178.3  2,025.0  2,035.3  2,022.4  2,130.0  2,011.7  2,002.7  1,990.6  1,988.5  1,980.5     -8.0
  Real estate................... 1,514.1  1,417.8  1,423.4  1,417.0  1,482.4  1,411.9  1,405.1  1,396.3  1,394.7  1,389.8     -4.9
  Rental and leasing services...   635.8    579.0    583.4    577.9    619.4    571.5    569.2    566.5    566.3    563.7     -2.6
  Lessors of nonfinancial
   intangible assets............    28.4     28.2     28.5     27.5     28.2     28.3     28.4     27.8     27.5     27.0      -.5

Professional and business
 services.......................  17,913   16,749   16,753   16,764   17,727   16,783   16,756   16,655   16,622   16,600      -22
 Professional and technical
  services (1).................. 7,799.7  7,581.5  7,587.7  7,561.7  7,833.0  7,670.7  7,652.4  7,615.6  7,606.6  7,595.3    -11.3
   Legal services............... 1,163.7  1,146.0  1,142.3  1,131.3  1,161.0  1,139.4  1,136.9  1,131.7  1,128.8  1,128.7      -.1
   Accounting and bookkeeping
    services....................   869.4    869.1    871.4    869.0    947.9    929.3    938.0    936.8    941.6    943.9      2.3
   Architectural and engineering
    services.................... 1,469.5  1,348.2  1,342.5  1,339.5  1,447.2  1,364.1  1,350.3  1,335.9  1,323.1  1,318.1     -5.0
   Computer systems design and
    related services............ 1,463.5  1,453.8  1,466.4  1,466.2  1,460.6  1,460.4  1,457.0  1,456.0  1,462.9  1,459.5     -3.4
   Management and technical
    consulting services......... 1,018.3  1,015.7  1,021.8  1,019.1  1,011.6  1,016.7  1,017.9  1,015.7  1,015.0  1,014.9      -.1
 Management of companies and
  enterprises................... 1,907.3  1,829.9  1,827.4  1,827.2  1,895.2  1,840.2  1,829.9  1,823.8  1,818.2  1,816.5     -1.7
 Administrative and waste
  services...................... 8,206.2  7,337.3  7,337.9  7,375.0  7,998.6  7,272.3  7,274.0  7,215.2  7,197.4  7,187.7     -9.7
  Administrative and support
   services (1)................. 7,838.5  6,972.1  6,966.1  7,007.0  7,637.0  6,911.7  6,912.7  6,854.3  6,834.7  6,826.0     -8.7
   Employment services (1)...... 3,184.3  2,474.6  2,472.2  2,519.5  3,089.5  2,506.4  2,501.9  2,470.3  2,452.8  2,442.3    -10.5
    Temporary help services..... 2,379.7  1,753.2  1,753.4  1,796.7  2,301.1  1,781.5  1,780.6  1,750.9  1,743.3  1,736.8     -6.5
   Business support services....   805.2    774.2    773.6    774.0    814.9    792.9    790.5    783.8    785.1    784.3      -.8
   Services to buildings and
    dwellings................... 1,955.4  1,886.9  1,881.8  1,864.0  1,847.0  1,778.7  1,786.1  1,771.2  1,766.4  1,761.6     -4.8
  Waste management and
   remediation services.........   367.7    365.2    371.8    368.0    361.6    360.6    361.3    360.9    362.7    361.7     -1.0

Education and health services...  18,631   19,078   18,960   18,991   18,950   19,175   19,215   19,248   19,269   19,321       52
 Educational services........... 2,769.3  2,894.1  2,781.7  2,766.8  3,083.7  3,077.4  3,077.6  3,082.0  3,078.2  3,081.9      3.7
 Health care and social
  assistance....................15,861.9 16,183.7 16,178.1 16,224.0 15,865.9 16,097.8 16,137.7 16,166.1 16,191.2 16,238.6     47.4
  Health care (3)...............13,396.1 13,632.7 13,667.8 13,692.8 13,354.4 13,553.6 13,581.1 13,605.8 13,628.4 13,656.3     27.9
   Ambulatory health care
    services (1)................ 5,698.7  5,843.9  5,856.2  5,875.0  5,683.8  5,794.1  5,812.9  5,830.6  5,843.9  5,862.2     18.3
    Offices of physicians....... 2,275.7  2,322.3  2,334.3  2,342.5  2,272.7  2,310.5  2,314.6  2,321.9  2,330.7  2,337.7      7.0
    Outpatient care centers.....   537.9    543.9    542.9    546.7    537.2    538.7    539.3    543.5    542.8    545.7      2.9
    Home health care services...   966.9  1,022.2  1,021.7  1,025.3    963.4  1,004.5  1,013.3  1,016.7  1,018.3  1,021.8      3.5
   Hospitals.................... 4,676.9  4,725.5  4,740.9  4,736.7  4,660.7  4,716.7  4,719.1  4,718.9  4,721.5  4,720.8      -.7
   Nursing and residential care
    facilities (1).............. 3,020.5  3,063.3  3,070.7  3,081.1  3,009.9  3,042.8  3,049.1  3,056.3  3,063.0  3,073.3     10.3
    Nursing care facilities..... 1,616.4  1,632.6  1,630.5  1,636.1  1,612.6  1,624.5  1,626.8  1,628.9  1,627.6  1,631.6      4.0
  Social assistance (1)......... 2,465.8  2,551.0  2,510.3  2,531.2  2,511.5  2,544.2  2,556.6  2,560.3  2,562.8  2,582.3     19.5
   Child day care services......   807.6    839.4    789.7    808.1    851.6    853.9    860.3    854.3    848.3    859.4     11.1

Leisure and hospitality.........  14,085   13,746   13,851   13,777   13,454   13,168   13,195   13,176   13,177   13,156      -21
 Arts, entertainment, and
  recreation.................... 2,226.4  2,129.8  2,200.7  2,146.1  1,964.7  1,900.6  1,901.8  1,885.5  1,895.8  1,886.4     -9.4
  Performing arts and spectator
   sports.......................   437.2    417.9    430.9    421.9    406.2    392.9    396.8    393.8    400.9    394.9     -6.0
  Museums, historical sites,
   zoos, and parks..............   143.3    143.3    145.3    141.2    132.1    130.5    130.9    130.8    130.2    129.9      -.3
  Amusements, gambling, and
   recreation................... 1,645.9  1,568.6  1,624.5  1,583.0  1,426.4  1,377.2  1,374.1  1,360.9  1,364.7  1,361.6     -3.1
 Accommodation and food
  services......................11,859.0 11,616.1 11,650.6 11,630.5 11,489.3 11,267.0 11,293.6 11,290.0 11,281.1 11,270.0    -11.1
  Accommodation................. 1,980.3  1,798.5  1,847.2  1,833.9  1,843.6  1,723.6  1,728.7  1,721.0  1,717.5  1,713.2     -4.3
  Food services and drinking
   places....................... 9,878.7  9,817.6  9,803.4  9,796.6  9,645.7  9,543.4  9,564.9  9,569.0  9,563.6  9,556.8     -6.8

Other services..................   5,574    5,491    5,492    5,459    5,530    5,420    5,416    5,420    5,421    5,416       -5
  Repair and maintenance........ 1,226.5  1,169.1  1,164.0  1,164.5  1,220.6  1,163.7  1,158.4  1,157.8  1,157.5  1,158.8      1.3
  Personal and laundry services. 1,340.3  1,314.2  1,307.1  1,305.6  1,331.7  1,297.3  1,293.3  1,298.4  1,298.2  1,299.3      1.1
  Membership associations and
   organizations................ 3,007.3  3,007.6  3,020.4  2,988.5  2,977.6  2,958.6  2,964.3  2,963.9  2,965.6  2,958.3     -7.3

Government......................  21,422   22,521   21,282   21,287   22,556   22,616   22,605   22,533   22,505   22,487      -18
 Federal........................   2,788    2,832    2,859    2,835    2,768    2,876    2,860    2,817    2,826    2,821       -5
  Federal, except U.S. Postal
   Service...................... 2,047.1  2,131.5  2,146.7  2,144.5  2,027.1  2,154.6  2,150.2  2,111.1  2,119.0  2,122.9      3.9
  U.S. Postal Service...........   740.9    700.9    711.9    690.7    740.6    721.0    709.5    705.9    706.9    698.4     -8.5
 State government...............   4,948    4,971    4,867    4,873    5,204    5,189    5,189    5,174    5,154    5,149       -5
  State government education.... 2,097.4  2,148.4  2,051.1  2,061.2  2,379.5  2,385.5  2,386.2  2,377.9  2,367.8  2,363.5     -4.3
  State government, excluding
   education.................... 2,850.7  2,822.5  2,816.3  2,812.0  2,824.6  2,803.5  2,802.5  2,796.3  2,786.5  2,785.6      -.9
 Local government...............  13,686   14,718   13,556   13,579   14,584   14,551   14,556   14,542   14,525   14,517       -8
  Local government education.... 7,027.1  8,084.4  6,842.6  6,928.3  8,084.5  8,081.4  8,078.0  8,070.2  8,039.5  8,030.6     -8.9
  Local government, excluding
   education.................... 6,659.2  6,633.7  6,713.8  6,650.9  6,499.4  6,469.2  6,478.3  6,471.3  6,485.9  6,485.9       .0

   1 Includes other industries, not shown separately.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   3 Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-2.  Average weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector
and selected industry detail

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Change
                  Industry                       Aug.   June   July   Aug.    Aug.   Apr.   May    June   July   Aug.     from:
                                                 2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p  July 2009-
                                                                                                                        Aug. 2009p

        Total private.........................   33.9   33.1   33.2   33.6    33.7   33.1   33.1   33.0   33.1   33.1       0.0

    Goods-producing...........................   40.7   39.3   39.5   39.8    40.2   39.0   39.0   39.0   39.3   39.3        .0

Mining and logging............................   45.6   43.6   42.8   43.9    45.3   43.0   43.3   43.3   42.9   43.4        .5

Construction..................................   39.5   38.2   38.8   38.9    38.6   37.5   37.6   37.6   37.9   38.0        .1

Manufacturing.................................   41.0   39.7   39.6   40.1    40.8   39.6   39.4   39.5   39.8   39.8        .0
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    2.9    2.9    3.2     3.7    2.7    2.8    2.8    2.9    2.9        .0

 Durable goods................................   41.4   39.7   39.6   40.1    41.1   39.5   39.4   39.4   39.9   39.8       -.1
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    2.6    2.6    2.9     3.7    2.5    2.6    2.6    2.7    2.7        .0

  Wood products...............................   39.4   38.5   38.4   38.8    38.8   37.0   36.9   37.4   37.7   37.7        .0
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   43.1   41.5   42.5   42.0    42.2   40.2   40.5   40.8   41.4   40.9       -.5
  Primary metals..............................   42.7   40.0   39.7   40.8    42.5   40.0   40.0   39.7   40.2   40.5        .3
  Fabricated metal products...................   41.4   39.3   39.1   39.6    41.1   39.2   39.2   39.3   39.4   39.4        .0
  Machinery...................................   42.5   39.7   39.4   39.7    42.5   40.1   39.9   39.8   39.9   39.9        .0
  Computer and electronic products............   41.0   40.3   39.8   39.8    41.0   40.2   40.0   40.0   40.1   40.1        .0
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   40.8   38.9   38.4   38.8    40.8   39.6   39.3   38.8   38.8   38.8        .0
  Transportation equipment....................   42.0   40.7   40.9   42.1    41.7   40.6   40.0   40.4   41.8   41.5       -.3
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   41.2   39.4   39.2   41.5    40.5   39.0   38.0   39.0   40.6   40.9        .3
  Furniture and related products..............   38.8   38.3   38.3   38.2    37.9   37.6   37.8   37.8   38.1   37.5       -.6
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   39.7   38.1   38.2   38.9    39.4   38.3   38.0   37.9   38.3   38.4        .1

 Nondurable goods.............................   40.5   39.8   39.7   40.0    40.4   39.6   39.6   39.6   39.7   39.9        .2
   Overtime hours.............................    3.9    3.2    3.3    3.4     3.8    3.1    3.2    3.2    3.3    3.3        .0

  Food manufacturing..........................   40.8   40.0   39.7   40.2    40.5   40.1   40.0   39.9   39.6   40.0        .4
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   38.5   35.6   35.0   35.8    38.2   35.8   36.5   35.3   35.0   35.2        .2
  Textile mills...............................   39.7   38.2   37.7   38.1    39.5   36.9   36.8   37.8   37.7   37.6       -.1
  Textile product mills.......................   39.1   38.8   38.4   38.5    38.7   37.5   38.3   38.0   38.3   38.2       -.1
  Apparel.....................................   36.4   35.8   36.7   35.9    36.5   36.1   36.1   35.6   36.5   35.7       -.8
  Leather and allied products.................   37.2   32.1   33.0   33.6    37.5   32.4   32.0   32.0   33.3   33.4        .1
  Paper and paper products....................   42.9   41.8   41.8   41.8    42.9   41.4   41.2   41.8   42.0   41.8       -.2
  Printing and related support activities.....   38.3   37.8   37.8   38.3    38.2   37.7   37.6   38.1   38.3   38.4        .1
  Petroleum and coal products.................   45.5   43.7   44.1   44.3    45.6   43.8   43.4   43.4   43.2   44.3       1.1
  Chemicals...................................   41.5   41.4   41.6   41.8    41.4   41.0   41.1   41.2   41.6   41.7        .1
  Plastics and rubber products................   41.0   40.1   40.0   40.5    41.0   39.8   39.8   39.8   40.4   40.2       -.2

     Private service-providing................   32.5   31.9   32.1   32.5    32.4   32.0   32.0   31.9   32.0   32.0        .0

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........   33.4   32.8   33.1   33.3    33.2   32.8   32.9   32.8   32.8   32.8        .0

 Wholesale trade..............................   38.3   37.6   37.4   38.0    38.3   37.8   37.6   37.6   37.5   37.6        .1

 Retail trade.................................   30.3   29.9   30.3   30.2    30.0   29.8   29.9   29.8   29.8   29.8        .0

 Transportation and warehousing...............   36.7   35.8   36.4   36.9    36.4   35.8   36.0   35.8   36.3   36.1       -.2

 Utilities....................................   42.1   41.9   41.6   41.8    42.3   42.3   42.1   41.9   41.9   41.9        .0

Information...................................   36.9   36.1   36.4   36.8    36.8   36.4   36.5   36.4   36.4   36.4        .0

Financial activities..........................   35.8   35.7   35.7   36.7    36.1   36.0   36.0   35.9   35.9   36.1        .2

Professional and business services............   35.0   34.7   34.5   35.4    34.9   34.7   34.7   34.6   34.6   34.8        .2

Education and health services.................   32.6   32.1   32.3   32.5    32.6   32.3   32.3   32.2   32.2   32.2        .0

Leisure and hospitality.......................   25.8   25.0   25.3   25.7    25.2   24.8   24.7   24.7   24.7   24.7        .0

Other services................................   31.1   30.3   30.5   30.9    30.9   30.5   30.5   30.3   30.4   30.5        .1

   1 Data relate to production workers in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory workers in the service-providing industries.  These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the
total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                          ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-3.  Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

                                                       Average hourly earnings                  Average weekly earnings

                  Industry                         Aug.      June     July      Aug.       Aug.      June     July      Aug.
                                                   2008      2009     2009p     2009p      2008      2009     2009p     2009p

        Total private........................... $18.10    $18.42    $18.48    $18.58    $613.59   $609.70   $613.54   $624.29
         Seasonally adjusted....................  18.18     18.54     18.59     18.65     612.67    611.82    615.33    617.32

    Goods-producing.............................  19.53     19.83     19.96     20.01     794.87    779.32    788.42    796.40

Mining and logging..............................  23.06     22.94     23.06     23.22    1051.54   1000.18    986.97   1019.36

Construction....................................  22.16     22.47     22.65     22.75     875.32    858.35    878.82    884.98

Manufacturing...................................  17.75     18.12     18.18     18.22     727.75    719.36    719.93    730.62

 Durable goods..................................  18.72     19.22     19.32     19.38     775.01    763.03    765.07    777.14
  Wood products.................................  14.25     14.84     14.99     15.05     561.45    571.34    575.62    583.94
  Nonmetallic mineral products..................  16.85     17.39     17.40     17.38     726.24    721.69    739.50    729.96
  Primary metals................................  20.28     19.90     20.22     20.25     865.96    796.00    802.73    826.20
  Fabricated metal products.....................  17.08     17.43     17.47     17.58     707.11    685.00    683.08    696.17
  Machinery.....................................  17.97     18.25     18.34     18.40     763.73    724.53    722.60    730.48
  Computer and electronic products..............  21.21     21.67     21.88     22.07     869.61    873.30    870.82    878.39
  Electrical equipment and appliances...........  15.94     16.23     16.34     16.27     650.35    631.35    627.46    631.28
  Transportation equipment......................  23.88     24.95     24.98     24.69    1002.96   1015.47   1021.68   1039.45
  Furniture and related products................  14.59     15.11     15.21     15.18     566.09    578.71    582.54    579.88
  Miscellaneous manufacturing...................  15.33     16.08     16.18     16.57     608.60    612.65    618.08    644.57

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.15     16.50     16.52     16.53     654.08    656.70    655.84    661.20
  Food manufacturing............................  14.02     14.34     14.34     14.40     572.02    573.60    569.30    578.88
  Beverages and tobacco products................  18.60     20.20     20.14     20.27     716.10    719.12    704.90    725.67
  Textile mills.................................  13.67     13.62     13.50     13.79     542.70    520.28    508.95    525.40
  Textile product mills.........................  11.78     11.56     11.18     11.22     460.60    448.53    429.31    431.97
  Apparel.......................................  11.28     11.38     11.40     11.35     410.59    407.40    418.38    407.47
  Leather and allied products...................  12.94     14.06     13.69     13.92     481.37    451.33    451.77    467.71
  Paper and paper products......................  18.81     19.29     19.49     19.29     806.95    806.32    814.68    806.32
  Printing and related support activities.......  16.83     16.56     16.59     16.87     644.59    625.97    627.10    646.12
  Petroleum and coal products...................  27.69     29.42     29.70     29.53    1259.90   1285.65   1309.77   1308.18
  Chemicals.....................................  19.53     20.18     20.34     20.24     810.50    835.45    846.14    846.03
  Plastics and rubber products..................  15.86     16.06     15.84     15.88     650.26    644.01    633.60    643.14

     Private service-providing..................  17.73     18.11     18.16     18.27     576.23    577.71    582.94    593.78

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.21     16.35     16.39     16.56     541.41    536.28    542.51    551.45

 Wholesale trade................................  20.23     20.66     20.84     21.05     774.81    776.82    779.42    799.90

 Retail trade...................................  12.93     12.96     12.99     13.10     391.78    387.50    393.60    395.62

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.52     18.54     18.64     18.75     679.68    663.73    678.50    691.88

 Utilities......................................  28.64     29.27     29.39     29.61    1205.74   1226.41   1222.62   1237.70

Information.....................................  24.87     25.26     25.31     25.51     917.70    911.89    921.28    938.77

Financial activities............................  20.29     20.66     20.66     20.77     726.38    737.56    737.56    762.26

Professional and business services..............  21.12     22.11     22.24     22.40     739.20    767.22    767.28    792.96

Education and health services...................  18.95     19.32     19.47     19.42     617.77    620.17    628.88    631.15

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.79     10.97     10.95     11.01     278.38    274.25    277.04    282.96

Other services..................................  16.10     16.16     16.16     16.24     500.71    489.65    492.88    501.82

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                             ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-4.  Average hourly earnings of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail, seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                       Percent
                  Industry                         Aug.     Apr.     May      June    July     Aug.  change from:
                                                   2008     2009     2009     2009    2009p    2009p  July 2009-
                                                                                                      Aug. 2009p
        Total private:
         Current dollars........................ $18.18   $18.50   $18.53   $18.54   $18.59   $18.65      0.3
         Constant (1982) dollars (2)............   8.20     8.65     8.65     8.57     8.59     N.A.      (3)

    Goods-producing.............................  19.43    19.82    19.84    19.85    19.94    19.94       .0

Mining and logging..............................  23.01    23.38    23.26    23.28    23.30    23.34       .2

Construction....................................  22.02    22.55    22.59    22.58    22.63    22.66       .1

Manufacturing...................................  17.78    18.11    18.11    18.13    18.28    18.26      -.1
   Excluding overtime (4).......................  17.01    17.51    17.49    17.51    17.64    17.62      -.1

 Durable goods..................................  18.74    19.18    19.23    19.22    19.44    19.40      -.2

 Nondurable goods...............................  16.19    16.49    16.45    16.54    16.54    16.60       .4

     Private service-providing..................  17.87    18.21    18.24    18.25    18.29    18.37       .4

Trade, transportation, and utilities............  16.23    16.38    16.42    16.38    16.42    16.55       .8

 Wholesale trade................................  20.28    20.70    20.87    20.79    20.88    21.01       .6

 Retail trade...................................  12.92    12.96    12.97    12.96    12.96    13.09      1.0

 Transportation and warehousing.................  18.48    18.62    18.63    18.54    18.62    18.71       .5

 Utilities......................................  28.89    29.29    29.45    29.44    29.56    29.89      1.1

Information.....................................  24.95    25.28    25.41    25.45    25.44    25.54       .4

Financial activities............................  20.37    20.64    20.75    20.78    20.76    20.78       .1

Professional and business services..............  21.38    22.26    22.26    22.32    22.41    22.49       .4

Education and health services...................  18.96    19.33    19.34    19.39    19.44    19.47       .2

Leisure and hospitality.........................  10.89    10.97    10.99    11.05    11.08    11.13       .5

Other services..................................  16.17    16.22    16.24    16.24    16.26    16.30       .2

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 The Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W) is used to deflate this series.
   3 Change was .2 percent from June 2009 to July 2009, the latest month available.
   4 Derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
   N.A. = not available.
   p = preliminary.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-5.  Indexes of aggregate weekly hours of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Aug.   June   July   Aug.    Aug.   Apr.   May    June   July   Aug.   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   July 2009-
                                                                                                                        Aug. 2009p

        Total private.........................  108.2  100.4  100.6  101.6   106.4  100.1   99.8   99.1   99.2   98.9      -0.3

    Goods-producing...........................  100.4   82.8   83.1   83.7    96.7   82.9   81.8   80.8   80.8   80.1       -.9

Mining and logging............................  147.6  123.5  121.0  122.0   142.0  125.2  123.6  122.0  119.0  117.8      -1.0

Construction..................................  115.5   93.8   95.8   95.4   107.0   90.8   90.1   88.7   88.1   87.1      -1.1

Manufacturing.................................   91.2   76.1   75.5   76.7    90.0   77.5   76.0   75.4   75.8   75.4       -.5

 Durable goods................................   93.1   74.2   73.4   74.5    91.8   76.1   74.5   73.4   74.3   73.4      -1.2
  Wood products...............................   80.3   61.7   61.6   62.4    76.6   60.8   59.3   59.2   58.9   58.2      -1.2
  Nonmetallic mineral products................   96.6   78.5   80.9   80.2    91.7   76.8   76.3   75.3   76.5   75.3      -1.6
  Primary metals..............................   88.4   63.3   63.0   65.0    87.7   67.6   65.8   63.4   64.4   64.7        .5
  Fabricated metal products...................  102.0   80.3   78.9   80.2   101.0   82.6   81.3   80.5   79.8   79.4       -.5
  Machinery...................................  102.9   78.0   76.4   76.9   102.8   82.9   80.3   78.9   77.9   77.7       -.3
  Computer and electronic products............  101.6   89.6   88.3   86.6   101.5   91.1   90.0   88.6   88.5   87.0      -1.7
  Electrical equipment and appliances.........   89.2   74.5   72.9   73.3    88.8   76.7   75.0   74.2   73.1   73.0       -.1
  Transportation equipment....................   86.9   67.1   66.9   70.3    86.1   69.7   66.8   65.9   70.7   69.1      -2.3
   Motor vehicles and parts (2)...............   70.0   48.0   47.6   52.5    68.6   50.7   47.4   46.7   52.5   51.3      -2.3
  Furniture and related products..............   75.7   59.4   58.9   57.8    73.3   59.9   59.2   58.2   57.8   56.2      -2.8
  Miscellaneous manufacturing.................   91.6   82.1   80.9   82.6    90.8   82.9   81.8   81.3   81.5   81.3       -.2

 Nondurable goods.............................   88.6   79.1   78.8   79.9    87.1   79.4   78.7   78.4   78.2   78.5        .4
  Food manufacturing..........................  104.2   98.8   99.4  102.2   100.7   99.1   98.6   98.5   97.7   99.0       1.3
  Beverages and tobacco products..............   96.6   85.8   85.6   89.6    91.8   85.0   86.3   83.5   82.8   85.0       2.7
  Textile mills...............................   48.8   38.4   36.6   37.5    48.8   37.9   37.2   37.9   37.2   36.9       -.8
  Textile product mills.......................   70.4   59.9   58.8   59.2    69.4   58.4   59.3   58.7   59.0   58.9       -.2
  Apparel.....................................   58.1   45.0   45.6   45.2    57.6   46.8   46.9   44.3   45.5   44.0      -3.3
  Leather and allied products.................   72.3   54.7   54.7   54.1    72.4   57.2   55.6   53.6   57.0   54.4      -4.6
  Paper and paper products....................   84.2   74.9   74.8   74.2    83.6   74.9   73.5   74.5   74.3   73.6       -.9
  Printing and related support activities.....   85.7   74.3   73.0   73.6    85.3   75.2   74.7   74.6   74.1   73.7       -.5
  Petroleum and coal products.................  109.6   92.0   94.7   95.9   105.6   90.0   88.9   89.0   89.0   91.5       2.8
  Chemicals...................................   95.1   89.2   89.7   89.9    94.6   88.8   88.2   88.3   89.0   89.4        .4
  Plastics and rubber products................   88.7   72.9   71.0   72.4    88.0   74.1   72.5   71.9   71.9   71.4       -.7

    Private service-providing.................  110.3  105.0  105.6  106.6   109.1  104.8  104.7  104.1  104.3  104.2       -.1

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  104.4   98.1   98.5   98.9   103.6   98.4   98.5   97.9   97.5   97.4       -.1

 Wholesale trade..............................  109.4  102.0  101.2  102.3   109.0  102.7  101.8  101.4  100.7  100.5       -.2

 Retail trade.................................  101.3   96.1   97.1   96.8   100.2   96.2   96.3   95.8   95.5   95.4       -.1

 Transportation and warehousing...............  107.7   99.4   99.2  100.5   107.3  100.0  100.0   99.0   99.9   99.3       -.6

 Utilities....................................   97.8   98.6   97.6   98.0    97.7   98.9   98.3   97.8   97.5   97.7        .2

Information...................................  100.8   94.3   94.5   94.7   100.4   96.0   95.3   94.4   94.0   93.5       -.5

Financial activities..........................  108.4  103.1  103.4  105.6   108.4  104.0  103.6  102.9  102.7  102.9        .2

Professional and business services............  115.7  106.4  105.9  108.6   114.0  106.7  106.4  105.3  105.1  105.4        .3

Education and health services.................  114.7  115.9  116.0  116.9   116.7  117.1  117.4  117.3  117.5  117.8        .3

Leisure and hospitality.......................  118.0  111.7  114.0  115.2   109.9  105.7  105.7  105.5  105.5  105.3       -.2

Other services................................  101.7   97.8   98.7   99.2   100.2   96.9   97.0   96.4   96.8   97.0        .2

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   2 Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours
by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly
hours and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                               ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-6.  Indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls of production and nonsupervisory workers (1) on private nonfarm payrolls
by industry sector and selected industry detail

(2002=100)

                                                   Not seasonally adjusted              Seasonally adjusted

                                                                                                                         Percent
                  Industry                      Aug.   June   July   Aug.    Aug.   Apr.   May    June   July   Aug.   change from:
                                                2008   2009   2009p  2009p   2008   2009   2009   2009   2009p  2009p   July 2009-
                                                                                                                        Aug. 2009p

        Total private.........................  130.8  123.6  124.2  126.1   129.2  123.7  123.6  122.8  123.2  123.3       0.1

    Goods-producing...........................  120.1  100.5  101.6  102.5   115.0  100.6   99.4   98.2   98.7   97.8       -.9

Mining and logging............................  197.9  164.8  162.3  164.8   190.1  170.3  167.2  165.1  161.3  160.0       -.8

Construction..................................  138.3  113.8  117.1  117.1   127.3  110.5  109.9  108.2  107.6  106.6       -.9

Manufacturing.................................  105.9   90.1   89.8   91.4   104.6   91.8   90.1   89.4   90.6   90.0       -.7

 Durable goods................................  108.8   89.0   88.6   90.1   107.5   91.2   89.5   88.0   90.2   89.0      -1.3

 Nondurable goods.............................  101.1   92.3   92.0   93.4    99.7   92.5   91.5   91.6   91.4   92.1        .8

    Private service-providing.................  134.0  130.4  131.4  133.6   133.6  130.8  130.9  130.3  130.8  131.2        .3

Trade, transportation, and utilities..........  120.7  114.4  115.1  116.9   120.0  115.0  115.4  114.4  114.2  114.9        .6

 Wholesale trade..............................  130.4  124.1  124.3  126.8   130.2  125.2  125.1  124.1  123.8  124.4        .5

 Retail trade.................................  112.3  106.7  108.1  108.7   110.9  106.8  107.1  106.4  106.1  107.0        .8

 Transportation and warehousing...............  126.6  117.0  117.3  119.6   125.8  118.2  118.2  116.4  118.0  117.9       -.1

 Utilities....................................  116.9  120.4  119.7  121.1   117.8  120.9  120.8  120.1  120.3  121.9       1.3

Information...................................  124.1  118.0  118.5  119.6   124.0  120.1  119.9  119.0  118.4  118.2       -.2

Financial activities..........................  136.0  131.7  132.0  135.6   136.5  132.7  132.9  132.2  131.8  132.2        .3

Professional and business services............  145.4  139.9  140.1  144.8   145.0  141.3  140.9  139.8  140.1  141.0        .6

Education and health services.................  142.9  147.2  148.5  149.2   145.4  148.8  149.3  149.5  150.1  150.7        .4

Leisure and hospitality.......................  144.6  139.2  141.8  144.0   135.9  131.7  131.9  132.4  132.7  133.1        .3

Other services................................  119.3  115.2  116.2  117.4   118.0  114.6  114.8  114.0  114.6  115.2        .5

   1 See footnote 1, table B-2.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate pay-
rolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average levels.  Aggregate payroll estimates are the product of estimates of average
hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and production and nonsupervisory worker employment.




ESTABLISHMENT DATA                                                                                              ESTABLISHMENT DATA

Table B-7.  Diffusion indexes of employment change

(Percent)

       Time span           Jan.     Feb.     Mar.     Apr.      May     June     July     Aug.    Sept.     Oct.     Nov.     Dec.

                                                        Private nonfarm payrolls, 271 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   52.6     60.1     54.1     58.1     56.8     58.3     58.5     59.2     54.2     55.9     62.7     57.6
     2006 ..............   64.9     62.2     63.8     59.8     49.1     51.8     59.2     55.4     55.7     56.3     59.4     60.7
     2007 ..............   53.5     55.5     52.4     49.4     55.9     48.3     50.7     46.5     55.9     57.2     59.4     57.9
     2008 ..............   42.1     40.6     44.1     41.1     42.6     36.9     37.6     39.1     34.7     33.0     27.1     20.5
     2009 ..............   22.1     20.8     19.6     21.8     29.3     25.8    p29.9    p35.2

Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   51.7     57.2     59.0     59.8     57.9     62.0     60.5     62.9     60.3     55.5     56.3     62.7
     2006 ..............   67.7     68.6     65.1     65.1     60.5     58.9     55.5     57.0     55.0     54.4     59.0     64.2
     2007 ..............   62.5     54.8     54.2     54.8     54.1     50.4     52.8     48.7     53.3     53.9     58.3     62.5
     2008 ..............   57.7     44.8     40.2     39.7     37.3     33.6     33.6     32.8     34.9     33.2     26.9     20.8
     2009 ..............   18.6     14.2     15.1     15.3     20.3     22.0    p22.5    p24.4

Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   55.4     57.9     58.1     57.0     58.3     60.9     63.1     63.3     61.6     59.6     61.4     62.5
     2006 ..............   64.6     63.8     67.5     66.2     65.5     66.6     60.3     61.1     57.9     57.9     62.4     59.0
     2007 ..............   60.3     57.2     60.5     58.3     55.5     56.5     52.8     52.4     56.6     54.4     56.8     59.0
     2008 ..............   56.6     53.0     50.7     47.4     40.2     33.4     31.0     33.4     30.6     29.0     26.0     24.4
     2009 ..............   21.6     17.2     15.1     15.3     15.9     16.6    p16.8    p20.8

Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   60.9     60.9     60.0     59.2     58.3     60.3     61.3     63.3     60.7     59.2     59.8     61.8
     2006 ..............   67.2     65.5     65.9     62.9     65.5     66.8     64.8     64.4     66.6     65.9     64.9     66.2
     2007 ..............   63.3     59.4     61.1     59.6     59.2     58.3     56.8     57.2     59.4     58.9     58.1     59.6
     2008 ..............   54.4     56.1     52.6     49.1     50.2     47.8     43.7     42.3     38.0     37.8     32.3     28.2
     2009 ..............   24.0     22.0     19.9     18.1     17.5     17.2    p17.3    p16.2

                                                        Manufacturing payrolls, 83 industries (1)

Over 1-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     46.4     42.2     46.4     40.4     33.7     41.0     43.4     45.8     47.6     44.6     47.0
     2006 ..............   57.8     49.4     53.6     47.0     37.3     50.6     49.4     42.2     40.4     42.8     41.0     44.0
     2007 ..............   44.6     41.0     30.7     24.7     38.0     32.5     43.4     30.7     39.2     42.8     60.8     48.2
     2008 ..............   30.7     28.9     37.3     32.5     40.4     25.3     25.9     27.7     22.9     18.7     15.1     10.2
     2009 ..............    6.0      9.6     10.8     16.3     11.4     12.0    p22.3    p29.5

Over 3-month span:
     2005 ..............   36.7     43.4     41.0     41.6     35.5     36.1     34.9     36.7     42.2     44.0     38.6     48.8
     2006 ..............   56.6     57.2     48.2     48.2     44.6     50.0     43.4     45.2     36.7     33.1     35.5     39.2
     2007 ..............   40.4     33.1     33.1     28.9     29.5     30.1     31.9     28.9     30.7     30.7     39.2     51.2
     2008 ..............   48.8     33.7     28.3     29.5     26.5     22.9     19.9     16.9     22.3     21.1     15.1     11.4
     2009 ..............    6.0      3.6      3.6      7.8      8.4     12.0     p8.4    p13.3

Over 6-month span:
     2005 ..............   33.7     39.8     38.0     36.1     35.5     34.9     39.8     36.1     36.1     38.0     36.7     39.8
     2006 ..............   45.2     45.2     50.6     48.8     50.6     50.0     45.2     47.0     43.4     42.2     39.8     34.3
     2007 ..............   37.3     33.1     29.5     28.9     30.7     34.9     28.9     26.5     29.5     28.3     33.7     38.0
     2008 ..............   34.3     30.1     37.3     35.5     25.3     20.5     17.5     18.1     16.9     13.3     11.4      9.6
     2009 ..............    9.0      4.8      4.8      6.0      4.8      4.8     p7.2     p9.0

Over 12-month span:
     2005 ..............   45.2     44.0     42.2     41.0     36.7     35.5     32.5     34.3     33.1     33.7     33.7     38.0
     2006 ..............   44.0     41.0     41.0     39.8     39.8     45.2     42.2     42.8     47.0     48.8     45.8     44.6
     2007 ..............   39.8     36.7     37.3     30.7     28.9     29.5     30.7     28.9     33.1     28.9     34.3     35.5
     2008 ..............   27.7     28.9     25.9     25.3     30.7     27.1     24.7     19.3     21.7     21.7     16.9     15.1
     2009 ..............    8.4      4.8      4.8      4.8      6.0      6.0     p6.6     p4.8

   1 Based on seasonally adjusted data for 1-, 3-, 6-month spans and unadjusted data for the 12-month span.
   p = preliminary.
   NOTE:  Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employ-
ment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.




Last Modified Date: September 04, 2009