Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed                   USDL-11-1151
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, August 5, 2011

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JULY 2011


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 117,000 in July, and the unemployment 
rate was little changed at 9.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 
reported today. Job gains occurred in health care, retail trade, manufacturing, 
and mining. Government employment continued to trend down.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons (13.9 million) and the unemployment rate (9.1 
percent) changed little in July. Since April, the unemployment rate has shown 
little definitive movement. The labor force, at 153.2 million, was little 
changed in July. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men(9.0 percent), 
adult women (7.9 percent), teenagers (25.0 percent), whites (8.1 percent), 
blacks (15.9 percent), and Hispanics (11.3 percent) showed little or no change 
in July. The jobless rate for Asians was 7.7 percent, not seasonally adjusted. 
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of persons unemployed for less than 5 weeks declined by 387,000 in 
July, mostly offsetting an increase in the prior month. The number of long-term 
unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over), at 6.2 million, changed little 
over the month and accounted for 44.4 percent of the unemployed. (See 
table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate edged down in July to 63.9 percent, 
and the employment-population ratio was little changed at 58.1 percent. (See 
table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred 
to as involuntary part-time workers) was about unchanged in July at 8.4 million. 
These individuals were working part time because their hours had been cut back 
or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See table A-8.)

In July, 2.8 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little 
changed from a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally adjusted.) These 
individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available for work,
and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months. They were not counted 
as unemployed because they had not searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding 
the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers in 
July, about the same as a year earlier. (These data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work 
because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.7 million 
persons marginally attached to the labor force in July had not searched for 
work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance 
or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 117,000 in July, following little 
growth over the prior 2 months. Total private employment rose by 154,000 over 
the month, reflecting job gains in several major industries, including health 
care, retail trade, manufacturing, and mining. Government employment continued 
to decline. (See table B-1.)

Health care employment grew by 31,000 in July. Ambulatory health care services 
and hospitals each added 14,000 jobs over the month. Over the past 12 months, 
health care employment has grown by 299,000.

Retail trade added 26,000 jobs in July. Employment in health and personal care 
stores rose by 9,000 over the month with small increases distributed among 
several other retail industries. Employment in retail trade has increased by 
228,000 since a recent low in December 2009.

Manufacturing employment increased in July (+24,000); nearly all of the 
increase was in durable goods manufacturing. Within durable goods, the motor 
vehicles and parts industry had fewer seasonal layoffs than typical for July, 
contributing to a seasonally adjusted employment increase of 12,000. 
Manufacturing has added 289,000 jobs since its most recent trough in December 
2009, and durable goods manufacturing added 327,000 jobs during this period.

In July, employment in mining rose by 9,000; virtually all of the gain (+8,000) 
occurred in support activities for mining. Employment in mining has increased 
by 140,000 since a recent low in October 2009.

Employment in professional and technical services continued to trend up in July 
(+18,000). This industry has added 246,000 jobs since a recent low in March 
2010. Employment in temporary help services changed little over the month and 
has shown little movement on net so far this year.

Elsewhere in the private sector, employment in construction, transportation 
and warehousing, information, financial activities, and leisure and hospitality 
changed little over the month.

Government employment continued to trend down over the month (-37,000). 
Employment in state government decreased by 23,000, almost entirely due to a 
partial shutdown of the Minnesota state government. Employment in local 
government continued to wane over the month.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged 
over the month at 34.3 hours. The manufacturing workweek and factory overtime 
for all employees also were unchanged at 40.3 hours and 3.1 hours, respectively. 
In July, the average workweek for production and nonsupervisory employees on 
private nonfarm payrolls was 33.6 hours for the sixth consecutive month. (See
tables B-2 and B-7.)

In July, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls 
increased by 10 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $23.13. Over the past 12 months, 
average hourly earnings have increased by 2.3 percent. In July, average hourly 
earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees increased 
by 8 cents, or 0.4 percent, to $19.52. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for May was revised from +25,000 
to +53,000, and the change for June was revised from +18,000 to +46,000.

_____________
The Employment Situation for August is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
September 2, 2011, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category July
2010
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011
Change from:
June
2011-
July
2011

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

237,890 239,313 239,489 239,671 182

Civilian labor force

153,628 153,693 153,421 153,228 -193

Participation rate

64.6 64.2 64.1 63.9 -0.2

Employed

138,991 139,779 139,334 139,296 -38

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.4 58.2 58.1 -0.1

Unemployed

14,637 13,914 14,087 13,931 -156

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.1 9.2 9.1 -0.1

Not in labor force

84,262 85,620 86,069 86,443 374

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

9.5 9.1 9.2 9.1 -0.1

Adult men (20 years and over)

9.7 8.9 9.1 9.0 -0.1

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9 -0.1

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

26.1 24.2 24.5 25.0 0.5

White

8.6 8.0 8.1 8.1 0.0

Black or African American

15.7 16.2 16.2 15.9 -0.3

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

8.2 7.0 6.8 7.7 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

12.1 11.9 11.6 11.3 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

8.1 7.8 8.0 7.8 -0.2

Less than a high school diploma

13.9 14.7 14.3 15.0 0.7

High school graduates, no college

10.1 9.5 10.0 9.3 -0.7

Some college or associate degree

8.4 8.0 8.4 8.3 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

9,090 8,274 8,261 8,215 -46

Job leavers

896 908 965 928 -37

Reentrants

3,417 3,433 3,430 3,410 -20

New entrants

1,197 1,231 1,222 1,270 48

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,833 2,664 3,076 2,689 -387

5 to 14 weeks

3,098 2,892 2,972 3,088 116

15 to 26 weeks

2,171 1,984 1,836 1,965 129

27 weeks and over

6,539 6,200 6,289 6,185 -104

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,533 8,548 8,552 8,396 -156

Slack work or business conditions

6,164 5,834 5,806 5,687 -119

Could only find part-time work

2,301 2,473 2,401 2,517 116

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,219 18,468 18,470 18,258 -212

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,622 2,206 2,680 2,785 -

Discouraged workers

1,185 822 982 1,119 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-49 53 46 117

Total private

93 99 80 154

Goods-producing

28 20 16 42

Mining and logging

7 10 10 10

Construction

-11 3 -5 8

Manufacturing

32 7 11 24

Durable goods(1)

35 18 17 23

Motor vehicles and parts

21.3 0.1 2.1 12.0

Nondurable goods

-3 -11 -6 1

Private service-providing(1)

65 79 64 112

Wholesale trade

3.1 8.2 5.7 1.7

Retail trade

10.8 2.8 11.2 25.9

Transportation and warehousing

9.0 12.0 12.4 1.1

Information

5 0 0 -1

Financial activities

-10 13 -18 -4

Professional and business services(1)

-2 44 4 34

Temporary help services

-2.8 -1.0 -11.6 0.3

Education and health services(1)

36 21 12 38

Health care and social assistance

28.2 26.0 12.6 36.7

Leisure and hospitality

-5 -25 33 17

Other services

19 3 3 0

Government

-142 -46 -34 -37

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.8 49.5 49.5 49.4

Total private women employees

48.3 48.0 48.0 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.2 34.4 34.3 34.3

Average hourly earnings

$22.61 $23.02 $23.03 $23.13

Average weekly earnings

$773.26 $791.89 $789.93 $793.36

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

92.0 93.9 93.7 93.8

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.1 -0.2 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

99.2 103.1 102.9 103.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.5 0.5 -0.2 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.5 33.6 33.6 33.6

Average hourly earnings

$19.08 $19.42 $19.44 $19.52

Average weekly earnings

$639.18 $652.51 $653.18 $655.87

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

99.0 100.8 100.8 101.0

Over-the-month percent change

0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

126.3 130.8 131.0 131.7

Over-the-month percent change

0.6 0.4 0.2 0.5

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

56.4 55.4 56.6 58.6

Manufacturing

51.9 53.1 54.3 53.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
employment series has a smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
month change than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant
change in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has
a more expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-
employed, unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also provides
estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment estimate; firms
from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled to achieve that goal.

Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because the
survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There is an
unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the sampling
frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a
year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work
are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped
looking for work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in The Employment
Situation news release.

How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact
on average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for
paid time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other
time off. The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always,
results in a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be
off work for part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while
some workers, such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. About half of
all employees in the payroll survey have a 2-week, semi-monthly, or monthly pay
period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
of extreme weather on estimates of employment from the establishment survey.


In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week’s work for weather-
related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time off.
The household survey collects data on the number of persons who usually work full
time but had reduced hours, or had a job but were not at work due to bad weather.
Current and historical data are available on the household survey’s most requested
statistics page at http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment
Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey provides
information on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears
in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about
60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau
of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural business
establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and government
agencies representing approximately 440,000 worksites and is drawn from a
sampling frame of roughly 9 million unemployment insurance tax accounts.
The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm payroll
employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week
or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally
the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which 
may or may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid
employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employed
if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, bad
weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following
criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they were
available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts to find
employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the reference
week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need not be 
looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment data
derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eligibility
for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of
the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force
as a percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is
the employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about
the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as 
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay 
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector
for all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. 
Production and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and 
related employees in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction
workers in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in private service-
providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make 
nonseasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the 
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and 
recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revisions
to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,000. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confidence
interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to +150,000 
(50,000 +/- 100,000). These figures do not mean that the sample results
are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies within this interval.
Since this range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with
confidence that nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month.
If, however, the reported nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all
of the values within the 90-percent confidence interval would be greater
than zero. In this case, it is likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate
of around 5.5 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly
change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is about 
+/- 280,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is
about +/-0.19 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The precision
of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over time, such
as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the failure
to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain information
for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwillingness of 
respondents to provide correct information on a timely basis, mistakes
made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or processing of
the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these
estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only after two
successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly all sample
reports have been received, that the estimate is considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey
is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by
new firms. To correct for this systematic underestimation of employment
growth, an estimation procedure with two components is used to account
for business births. The first component excludes employment losses from
business deaths from sample-based estimation in order to offset the 
missing employment gains from business births. This is incorporated into
the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not reflecting sample
units going out of business, but imputing to them the same employment
trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most
of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate
the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the 
imputation. The historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA
model was derived from the unemployment insurance universe micro-level
database, and reflects the actual residual net of births and deaths over
the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted
once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment
obtained from administrative records of the unemployment insurance program.
The difference between the March sample-based employment estimates and
the March universe counts is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as
a rough proxy for total survey error. The new benchmarks also incorporate
changes in the classification of industries. Over the past decade, absolute
benchmark revisions  for total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent,
with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

237,890 239,489 239,671 237,890 239,000 239,146 239,313 239,489 239,671

Civilian labor force

155,270 154,538 154,812 153,628 153,406 153,421 153,693 153,421 153,228

Participation rate

65.3 64.5 64.6 64.6 64.2 64.2 64.2 64.1 63.9

Employed

140,134 140,129 140,384 138,991 139,864 139,674 139,779 139,334 139,296

Employment-population ratio

58.9 58.5 58.6 58.4 58.5 58.4 58.4 58.2 58.1

Unemployed

15,137 14,409 14,428 14,637 13,542 13,747 13,914 14,087 13,931

Unemployment rate

9.7 9.3 9.3 9.5 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.1

Not in labor force

82,620 84,951 84,859 84,262 85,594 85,725 85,620 86,069 86,443

Persons who currently want a job

6,143 7,124 6,810 5,932 6,509 6,539 6,227 6,537 6,575

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,207 116,250 116,347 115,207 115,988 116,067 116,156 116,250 116,347

Civilian labor force

83,071 82,757 82,871 81,986 81,674 81,684 81,989 81,966 81,751

Participation rate

72.1 71.2 71.2 71.2 70.4 70.4 70.6 70.5 70.3

Employed

74,749 74,848 75,208 73,466 74,108 73,973 74,177 74,014 73,908

Employment-population ratio

64.9 64.4 64.6 63.8 63.9 63.7 63.9 63.7 63.5

Unemployed

8,323 7,910 7,664 8,520 7,566 7,712 7,811 7,952 7,844

Unemployment rate

10.0 9.6 9.2 10.4 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.6

Not in labor force

32,135 33,493 33,476 33,221 34,313 34,382 34,168 34,284 34,596

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

106,641 107,668 107,773 106,641 107,381 107,469 107,566 107,668 107,773

Civilian labor force

79,356 79,324 79,322 78,993 78,764 78,856 79,193 79,104 78,906

Participation rate

74.4 73.7 73.6 74.1 73.4 73.4 73.6 73.5 73.2

Employed

72,068 72,427 72,588 71,340 71,959 71,939 72,137 71,937 71,836

Employment-population ratio

67.6 67.3 67.4 66.9 67.0 66.9 67.1 66.8 66.7

Unemployed

7,287 6,897 6,734 7,653 6,805 6,917 7,056 7,167 7,070

Unemployment rate

9.2 8.7 8.5 9.7 8.6 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.0

Not in labor force

27,286 28,344 28,451 27,648 28,617 28,612 28,373 28,564 28,867

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

122,683 123,239 123,324 122,683 123,012 123,079 123,157 123,239 123,324

Civilian labor force

72,199 71,781 71,941 71,642 71,732 71,737 71,704 71,455 71,476

Participation rate

58.8 58.2 58.3 58.4 58.3 58.3 58.2 58.0 58.0

Employed

65,385 65,282 65,176 65,526 65,756 65,702 65,602 65,320 65,388

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.0 52.8 53.4 53.5 53.4 53.3 53.0 53.0

Unemployed

6,814 6,499 6,764 6,117 5,976 6,035 6,102 6,134 6,088

Unemployment rate

9.4 9.1 9.4 8.5 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.5

Not in labor force

50,484 51,458 51,383 51,041 51,280 51,342 51,453 51,784 51,847

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

114,372 115,045 115,138 114,372 114,792 114,868 114,954 115,045 115,138

Civilian labor force

68,717 68,459 68,512 68,797 68,898 68,896 68,908 68,618 68,666

Participation rate

60.1 59.5 59.5 60.2 60.0 60.0 59.9 59.6 59.6

Employed

62,775 62,811 62,603 63,340 63,566 63,479 63,402 63,098 63,216

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.6 54.4 55.4 55.4 55.3 55.2 54.8 54.9

Unemployed

5,942 5,648 5,909 5,458 5,332 5,417 5,505 5,520 5,450

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.2 8.6 7.9 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9

Not in labor force

45,654 46,586 46,626 45,575 45,894 45,972 46,047 46,427 46,472

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,877 16,776 16,760 16,877 16,827 16,809 16,792 16,776 16,760

Civilian labor force

7,197 6,755 6,978 5,838 5,744 5,669 5,592 5,698 5,656

Participation rate

42.6 40.3 41.6 34.6 34.1 33.7 33.3 34.0 33.7

Employed

5,290 4,891 5,193 4,312 4,339 4,255 4,240 4,299 4,244

Employment-population ratio

31.3 29.2 31.0 25.5 25.8 25.3 25.2 25.6 25.3

Unemployed

1,907 1,864 1,785 1,526 1,405 1,413 1,352 1,399 1,412

Unemployment rate

26.5 27.6 25.6 26.1 24.5 24.9 24.2 24.5 25.0

Not in labor force

9,679 10,021 9,782 11,039 11,083 11,140 11,201 11,078 11,104

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

192,109 192,989 193,106 192,109 192,688 192,771 192,877 192,989 193,106

Civilian labor force

126,152 125,335 125,659 125,094 124,497 124,650 124,811 124,493 124,503

Participation rate

65.7 64.9 65.1 65.1 64.6 64.7 64.7 64.5 64.5

Employed

115,183 114,995 115,350 114,312 114,706 114,652 114,785 114,358 114,420

Employment-population ratio

60.0 59.6 59.7 59.5 59.5 59.5 59.5 59.3 59.3

Unemployed

10,969 10,340 10,309 10,782 9,791 9,998 10,026 10,135 10,083

Unemployment rate

8.7 8.2 8.2 8.6 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.1 8.1

Not in labor force

65,957 67,654 67,448 67,016 68,191 68,122 68,066 68,496 68,603

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,603 65,360 65,396 65,418 64,864 65,032 65,335 65,203 65,099

Participation rate

74.9 74.2 74.1 74.7 73.7 73.9 74.2 74.0 73.8

Employed

60,213 60,355 60,555 59,651 59,850 59,903 60,168 59,943 59,929

Employment-population ratio

68.8 68.5 68.6 68.1 68.0 68.1 68.3 68.0 67.9

Unemployed

5,389 5,005 4,841 5,767 5,014 5,129 5,167 5,261 5,170

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.7 7.4 8.8 7.7 7.9 7.9 8.1 7.9

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,634 54,429 54,464 54,839 54,950 54,971 54,912 54,633 54,696

Participation rate

59.6 59.1 59.1 59.8 59.8 59.8 59.7 59.4 59.4

Employed

50,429 50,471 50,345 50,955 51,184 51,138 50,999 50,775 50,866

Employment-population ratio

55.0 54.8 54.7 55.6 55.7 55.6 55.5 55.2 55.2

Unemployed

4,205 3,958 4,119 3,883 3,766 3,833 3,914 3,858 3,830

Unemployment rate

7.7 7.3 7.6 7.1 6.9 7.0 7.1 7.1 7.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,915 5,546 5,798 4,837 4,683 4,646 4,563 4,657 4,708

Participation rate

46.0 43.3 45.3 37.6 36.4 36.2 35.6 36.3 36.8

Employed

4,540 4,168 4,450 3,706 3,672 3,610 3,619 3,640 3,625

Employment-population ratio

35.3 32.5 34.7 28.8 28.6 28.1 28.2 28.4 28.3

Unemployed

1,375 1,377 1,348 1,131 1,011 1,036 945 1,017 1,083

Unemployment rate

23.2 24.8 23.3 23.4 21.6 22.3 20.7 21.8 23.0

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,718 29,093 29,123 28,718 29,005 29,035 29,063 29,093 29,123

Civilian labor force

18,066 17,966 17,895 17,676 17,836 17,849 17,750 17,733 17,582

Participation rate

62.9 61.8 61.4 61.5 61.5 61.5 61.1 61.0 60.4

Employed

15,059 14,993 14,890 14,908 15,067 14,966 14,870 14,855 14,786

Employment-population ratio

52.4 51.5 51.1 51.9 51.9 51.5 51.2 51.1 50.8

Unemployed

3,007 2,972 3,004 2,767 2,769 2,882 2,880 2,877 2,796

Unemployment rate

16.6 16.5 16.8 15.7 15.5 16.1 16.2 16.2 15.9

Not in labor force

10,652 11,127 11,229 11,043 11,169 11,186 11,313 11,360 11,541

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,088 8,155 8,105 8,008 8,119 8,113 8,056 8,111 8,044

Participation rate

69.5 68.7 68.2 68.8 68.7 68.6 68.0 68.3 67.7

Employed

6,749 6,793 6,748 6,669 6,758 6,731 6,645 6,736 6,680

Employment-population ratio

58.0 57.2 56.8 57.3 57.2 56.9 56.1 56.7 56.2

Unemployed

1,339 1,362 1,357 1,339 1,361 1,382 1,411 1,375 1,364

Unemployment rate

16.6 16.7 16.7 16.7 16.8 17.0 17.5 17.0 17.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,161 9,011 9,050 9,026 9,050 9,054 9,056 8,953 8,945

Participation rate

63.5 61.6 61.8 62.5 62.1 62.0 62.0 61.2 61.1

Employed

7,854 7,760 7,709 7,863 7,923 7,836 7,847 7,718 7,745

Employment-population ratio

54.4 53.1 52.6 54.5 54.4 53.7 53.7 52.8 52.9

Unemployed

1,307 1,251 1,341 1,164 1,127 1,217 1,210 1,235 1,200

Unemployment rate

14.3 13.9 14.8 12.9 12.5 13.4 13.4 13.8 13.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

817 799 740 641 668 682 638 669 594

Participation rate

30.8 30.8 28.5 24.2 25.6 26.2 24.5 25.8 22.9

Employed

456 440 433 376 387 398 378 402 361

Employment-population ratio

17.2 16.9 16.7 14.2 14.8 15.3 14.5 15.5 13.9

Unemployed

361 360 306 265 281 284 260 267 233

Unemployment rate

44.2 45.0 41.4 41.3 42.1 41.6 40.7 39.9 39.2

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,200 11,379 11,410 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,342 7,384 7,405 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.6 64.9 64.9 - - - - - -

Employed

6,742 6,881 6,838 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.2 60.5 59.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

601 504 568 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

8.2 6.8 7.7 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,857 3,995 4,004 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

33,747 34,391 34,470 33,747 34,155 34,233 34,311 34,391 34,470

Civilian labor force

22,908 22,884 22,920 22,737 22,676 22,798 22,739 22,816 22,741

Participation rate

67.9 66.5 66.5 67.4 66.4 66.6 66.3 66.3 66.0

Employed

20,110 20,241 20,325 19,980 20,105 20,110 20,025 20,164 20,171

Employment-population ratio

59.6 58.9 59.0 59.2 58.9 58.7 58.4 58.6 58.5

Unemployed

2,798 2,643 2,596 2,757 2,571 2,688 2,715 2,653 2,570

Unemployment rate

12.2 11.5 11.3 12.1 11.3 11.8 11.9 11.6 11.3

Not in labor force

10,839 11,507 11,549 11,010 11,479 11,435 11,571 11,574 11,728

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,065 13,004 13,088 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.2 81.7 82.0 - - - - - -

Employed

11,735 11,731 11,882 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

74.7 73.7 74.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,330 1,273 1,206 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.2 9.8 9.2 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,650 8,861 8,722 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.5 58.8 57.8 - - - - - -

Employed

7,599 7,852 7,735 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

51.4 52.1 51.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,050 1,010 987 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

12.1 11.4 11.3 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,193 1,018 1,110 - - - - - -

Participation rate

36.8 29.9 32.6 - - - - - -

Employed

775 658 708 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

23.9 19.3 20.8 - - - - - -

Unemployed

418 360 402 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

35.0 35.4 36.2 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,823 11,672 11,629 12,013 11,652 11,567 11,442 11,392 11,704

Participation rate

46.4 46.1 46.6 47.2 46.1 45.5 45.1 45.0 46.9

Employed

10,286 10,141 9,988 10,345 10,059 9,876 9,757 9,768 9,952

Employment-population ratio

40.4 40.0 40.0 40.6 39.8 38.9 38.5 38.6 39.9

Unemployed

1,538 1,531 1,641 1,668 1,593 1,691 1,685 1,624 1,752

Unemployment rate

13.0 13.1 14.1 13.9 13.7 14.6 14.7 14.3 15.0

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

37,583 37,351 37,113 37,977 37,171 37,506 37,653 37,612 37,505

Participation rate

61.0 60.2 59.9 61.6 60.0 60.4 60.4 60.6 60.6

Employed

33,844 33,813 33,750 34,155 33,654 33,881 34,072 33,836 34,006

Employment-population ratio

54.9 54.5 54.5 55.4 54.4 54.6 54.6 54.5 54.9

Unemployed

3,739 3,538 3,364 3,822 3,517 3,626 3,581 3,775 3,499

Unemployment rate

9.9 9.5 9.1 10.1 9.5 9.7 9.5 10.0 9.3

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,884 36,454 36,706 36,792 36,653 36,637 36,780 36,786 36,686

Participation rate

70.3 69.2 68.9 70.1 69.7 69.7 69.7 69.8 68.9

Employed

33,715 33,406 33,579 33,711 33,938 33,907 33,852 33,708 33,657

Employment-population ratio

64.3 63.4 63.0 64.3 64.6 64.5 64.1 63.9 63.2

Unemployed

3,169 3,048 3,128 3,081 2,715 2,730 2,928 3,079 3,028

Unemployment rate

8.6 8.4 8.5 8.4 7.4 7.5 8.0 8.4 8.3

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

46,042 46,633 46,621 45,980 46,919 46,897 46,925 46,963 46,680

Participation rate

76.2 76.2 76.0 76.1 76.9 77.0 77.5 76.8 76.1

Employed

43,725 44,590 44,435 43,888 44,843 44,789 44,807 44,894 44,677

Employment-population ratio

72.4 72.9 72.5 72.7 73.5 73.5 74.0 73.4 72.9

Unemployed

2,317 2,044 2,186 2,092 2,076 2,109 2,118 2,069 2,003

Unemployment rate

5.0 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,997 21,596 20,210 19,794 1,787 1,802

Civilian labor force

11,857 11,387 10,739 10,324 1,118 1,063

Participation rate

53.9 52.7 53.1 52.2 62.6 59.0

Employed

10,863 10,412 9,809 9,459 1,053 953

Employment-population ratio

49.4 48.2 48.5 47.8 58.9 52.9

Unemployed

994 975 930 865 65 110

Unemployment rate

8.4 8.6 8.7 8.4 5.8 10.3

Not in labor force

10,140 10,209 9,471 9,470 669 739

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,161 2,339 1,758 1,937 402 402

Civilian labor force

1,824 1,878 1,529 1,615 295 262

Participation rate

84.4 80.3 87.0 83.4 73.3 65.3

Employed

1,609 1,645 1,346 1,420 262 226

Employment-population ratio

74.5 70.3 76.6 73.3 65.2 56.1

Unemployed

215 232 183 195 32 37

Unemployment rate

11.8 12.4 12.0 12.1 11.0 14.1

Not in labor force

336 461 229 322 108 139

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,897 2,947 2,441 2,457 456 490

Civilian labor force

2,473 2,456 2,125 2,096 349 359

Participation rate

85.4 83.3 87.1 85.3 76.4 73.3

Employed

2,293 2,265 1,969 1,939 325 326

Employment-population ratio

79.2 76.9 80.7 78.9 71.1 66.6

Unemployed

180 191 156 158 24 33

Unemployment rate

7.3 7.8 7.3 7.5 6.9 9.2

Not in labor force

423 492 316 361 108 131

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,971 10,426 10,596 10,088 375 338

Civilian labor force

3,985 3,620 3,879 3,528 106 92

Participation rate

36.3 34.7 36.6 35.0 28.3 27.2

Employed

3,654 3,328 3,551 3,242 104 86

Employment-population ratio

33.3 31.9 33.5 32.1 27.6 25.3

Unemployed

331 292 328 286 2 6

Unemployment rate

8.3 8.1 8.5 8.1 2.2 6.7

Not in labor force

6,986 6,806 6,717 6,560 269 246

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,968 5,884 5,415 5,312 553 573

Civilian labor force

3,574 3,434 3,206 3,085 368 349

Participation rate

59.9 58.4 59.2 58.1 66.6 61.0

Employed

3,306 3,174 2,943 2,859 363 316

Employment-population ratio

55.4 53.9 54.4 53.8 65.5 55.1

Unemployed

268 260 262 226 6 34

Unemployment rate

7.5 7.6 8.2 7.3 1.6 9.6

Not in labor force

2,394 2,450 2,209 2,227 185 223

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

207,265 209,487 90,554 92,092 116,712 117,395

Civilian labor force

140,908 140,959 70,999 71,285 69,908 69,674

Participation rate

68.0 67.3 78.4 77.4 59.9 59.3

Employed

127,573 128,257 64,035 64,860 63,538 63,397

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.2 70.7 70.4 54.4 54.0

Unemployed

13,335 12,702 6,965 6,425 6,371 6,277

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.0 9.8 9.0 9.1 9.0

Not in labor force

66,357 68,528 19,554 20,806 46,803 47,721

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,000 27,278 211,890 212,393

Civilian labor force

5,603 5,773 149,668 149,039

Participation rate

21.5 21.2 70.6 70.2

Employed

4,684 4,802 135,450 135,581

Employment-population ratio

18.0 17.6 63.9 63.8

Unemployed

919 970 14,218 13,458

Unemployment rate

16.4 16.8 9.5 9.0

Not in labor force

20,397 21,505 62,223 63,354

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,606 2,687 76,808 76,208

Participation rate

36.2 36.2 84.2 83.3

Employed

2,167 2,215 69,198 69,266

Employment-population ratio

30.1 29.9 75.8 75.7

Unemployed

439 472 7,609 6,942

Unemployment rate

16.8 17.6 9.9 9.1

Not in labor force

4,602 4,734 14,432 15,270

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,192 2,232 67,036 66,685

Participation rate

30.3 29.7 71.7 71.2

Employed

1,801 1,816 60,827 60,555

Employment-population ratio

24.9 24.2 65.1 64.7

Unemployed

391 416 6,210 6,129

Unemployment rate

17.8 18.6 9.3 9.2

Not in labor force

5,046 5,272 26,460 26,949

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

805 854 5,824 6,147

Participation rate

7.0 6.9 21.4 22.5

Employed

716 771 5,425 5,761

Employment-population ratio

6.2 6.2 20.0 21.1

Unemployed

89 83 399 386

Unemployment rate

11.1 9.7 6.8 6.3

Not in labor force

10,749 11,499 21,331 21,135

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,207 36,576 18,266 18,247 17,942 18,328

Civilian labor force

24,586 24,516 14,746 14,575 9,841 9,941

Participation rate

67.9 67.0 80.7 79.9 54.8 54.2

Employed

22,249 22,264 13,340 13,291 8,909 8,973

Employment-population ratio

61.5 60.9 73.0 72.8 49.7 49.0

Unemployed

2,337 2,252 1,405 1,284 932 968

Unemployment rate

9.5 9.2 9.5 8.8 9.5 9.7

Not in labor force

11,621 12,060 3,520 3,673 8,101 8,387

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

201,683 203,095 96,941 98,100 104,741 104,996

Civilian labor force

130,684 130,296 68,326 68,297 62,358 61,999

Participation rate

64.8 64.2 70.5 69.6 59.5 59.0

Employed

117,884 118,120 61,408 61,917 56,476 56,203

Employment-population ratio

58.5 58.2 63.3 63.1 53.9 53.5

Unemployed

12,800 12,176 6,918 6,380 5,882 5,796

Unemployment rate

9.8 9.3 10.1 9.3 9.4 9.3

Not in labor force

70,999 72,799 28,615 29,803 42,384 42,996

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,416 2,419 2,484 2,189 2,251 2,087 2,243 2,217 2,245

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,485 1,507 1,596 1,328 1,423 1,245 1,391 1,383 1,419

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

884 875 867 825 835 818 822 829 810

Unpaid family workers

47 36 21 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

137,717 137,711 137,900 136,599 137,738 137,595 137,551 137,035 136,837

Wage and salary workers(1)

128,707 128,883 129,200 127,950 128,800 128,840 128,803 128,437 128,393

Government

20,326 20,139 19,661 20,928 20,858 20,726 20,309 20,318 20,302

Private industries

108,381 108,744 109,538 106,989 107,946 108,186 108,505 108,209 108,070

Private households

692 766 822 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,689 107,977 108,716 106,362 107,251 107,510 107,727 107,511 107,319

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,927 8,752 8,618 8,780 8,773 8,650 8,655 8,543 8,525

Unpaid family workers

83 76 82 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,737 8,738 8,514 8,533 8,433 8,600 8,548 8,552 8,396

Slack work or business conditions

5,994 5,660 5,542 6,164 5,595 5,689 5,834 5,806 5,687

Could only find part-time work

2,360 2,570 2,555 2,301 2,332 2,480 2,473 2,401 2,517

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,635 17,355 16,680 18,219 18,417 18,282 18,468 18,470 18,258

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,610 8,600 8,372 8,384 8,265 8,475 8,400 8,400 8,218

Slack work or business conditions

5,907 5,570 5,438 6,051 5,504 5,581 5,731 5,704 5,569

Could only find part-time work

2,346 2,537 2,536 2,235 2,305 2,457 2,444 2,341 2,466

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

16,313 16,983 16,283 17,886 17,984 17,967 18,126 18,151 17,880

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,134 140,129 140,384 138,991 139,864 139,674 139,779 139,334 139,296

16 to 19 years

5,290 4,891 5,193 4,312 4,339 4,255 4,240 4,299 4,244

16 to 17 years

1,698 1,554 1,714 1,343 1,326 1,247 1,249 1,358 1,343

18 to 19 years

3,591 3,337 3,478 2,974 2,990 2,989 2,982 2,945 2,890

20 years and over

134,844 135,238 135,191 134,679 135,525 135,419 135,539 135,035 135,052

20 to 24 years

13,275 13,289 13,440 12,677 13,021 12,978 12,970 12,911 12,860

25 years and over

121,569 121,949 121,751 122,098 122,479 122,423 122,641 122,175 122,228

25 to 54 years

93,780 93,441 93,333 94,075 93,949 93,690 93,919 93,505 93,550

25 to 34 years

30,405 30,463 30,431 30,288 30,538 30,354 30,627 30,416 30,322

35 to 44 years

30,470 30,170 30,157 30,610 30,605 30,441 30,302 30,197 30,249

45 to 54 years

32,906 32,808 32,745 33,177 32,806 32,895 32,989 32,892 32,979

55 years and over

27,789 28,509 28,418 28,023 28,530 28,733 28,722 28,670 28,677

Men, 16 years and over

74,749 74,848 75,208 73,466 74,108 73,973 74,177 74,014 73,908

16 to 19 years

2,680 2,421 2,619 2,126 2,149 2,033 2,040 2,077 2,072

16 to 17 years

905 775 888 671 688 582 594 646 652

18 to 19 years

1,776 1,646 1,731 1,464 1,454 1,441 1,446 1,451 1,429

20 years and over

72,068 72,427 72,588 71,340 71,959 71,939 72,137 71,937 71,836

20 to 24 years

6,857 7,051 7,127 6,438 6,731 6,712 6,756 6,754 6,711

25 years and over

65,211 65,376 65,461 64,934 65,207 65,193 65,448 65,193 65,163

25 to 54 years

50,624 50,269 50,329 50,342 50,241 50,107 50,358 50,096 50,018

25 to 34 years

16,616 16,666 16,665 16,414 16,677 16,557 16,747 16,607 16,481

35 to 44 years

16,702 16,386 16,447 16,641 16,481 16,428 16,421 16,365 16,371

45 to 54 years

17,306 17,217 17,217 17,287 17,083 17,123 17,189 17,124 17,167

55 years and over

14,588 15,108 15,133 14,592 14,966 15,087 15,090 15,097 15,146

Women, 16 years and over

65,385 65,282 65,176 65,526 65,756 65,702 65,602 65,320 65,388

16 to 19 years

2,609 2,471 2,573 2,186 2,190 2,222 2,200 2,222 2,172

16 to 17 years

794 779 826 672 638 665 654 713 691

18 to 19 years

1,816 1,691 1,747 1,510 1,537 1,548 1,537 1,494 1,461

20 years and over

62,775 62,811 62,603 63,340 63,566 63,479 63,402 63,098 63,216

20 to 24 years

6,418 6,238 6,313 6,239 6,290 6,266 6,214 6,157 6,149

25 years and over

56,358 56,573 56,290 57,164 57,272 57,230 57,193 56,982 57,064

25 to 54 years

43,157 43,172 43,004 43,733 43,708 43,584 43,561 43,409 43,533

25 to 34 years

13,789 13,797 13,767 13,875 13,862 13,798 13,880 13,809 13,841

35 to 44 years

13,768 13,784 13,710 13,968 14,124 14,014 13,881 13,833 13,879

45 to 54 years

15,600 15,591 15,528 15,890 15,723 15,772 15,800 15,768 15,813

55 years and over

13,201 13,401 13,285 13,431 13,564 13,646 13,631 13,573 13,532

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,367 43,096 43,213 43,372 42,880 42,987 42,998 43,004 43,145

Married women, spouse present

33,886 33,449 33,243 34,345 34,236 34,062 33,826 33,676 33,734

Women who maintain families

8,829 9,038 9,224 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,974 113,255 113,759 112,002 112,775 112,484 112,342 111,907 111,859

Part-time workers(2)

26,160 26,875 26,624 27,145 27,087 27,088 27,418 27,631 27,606

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,579 6,861 6,724 6,553 6,746 6,775 6,939 6,880 6,741

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.9 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.8

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,132 5,155 5,170 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,811 9,627 9,485 9,605 9,608 9,468 9,477 9,372 9,335

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

14,637 14,087 13,931 9.5 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.1

16 to 19 years

1,526 1,399 1,412 26.1 24.5 24.9 24.2 24.5 25.0

16 to 17 years

587 535 540 30.4 29.0 31.4 29.4 28.2 28.7

18 to 19 years

924 869 870 23.7 22.5 22.2 21.9 22.8 23.1

20 years and over

13,111 12,688 12,519 8.9 8.2 8.3 8.5 8.6 8.5

20 to 24 years

2,337 2,190 2,192 15.6 15.0 14.9 14.7 14.5 14.6

25 years and over

10,787 10,573 10,314 8.1 7.4 7.6 7.8 8.0 7.8

25 to 54 years

8,678 8,378 8,157 8.4 7.8 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.0

25 to 34 years

3,335 3,231 3,257 9.9 9.1 9.5 9.3 9.6 9.7

35 to 44 years

2,649 2,547 2,319 8.0 7.2 7.3 7.7 7.8 7.1

45 to 54 years

2,695 2,600 2,581 7.5 7.1 7.1 7.3 7.3 7.3

55 years and over

2,072 2,142 2,123 6.9 6.5 6.5 6.8 7.0 6.9

Men, 16 years and over

8,520 7,952 7,844 10.4 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.6

16 to 19 years

867 785 774 29.0 26.2 28.1 27.0 27.4 27.2

16 to 17 years

321 285 278 32.4 28.5 32.7 31.3 30.7 29.9

18 to 19 years

533 502 491 26.7 25.3 26.4 25.2 25.7 25.6

20 years and over

7,653 7,167 7,070 9.7 8.6 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.0

20 to 24 years

1,429 1,239 1,254 18.2 16.4 16.1 15.7 15.5 15.7

25 years and over

6,261 6,010 5,821 8.8 7.8 7.9 8.1 8.4 8.2

25 to 54 years

5,035 4,710 4,608 9.1 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.6 8.4

25 to 34 years

1,952 1,842 1,866 10.6 9.3 9.9 9.7 10.0 10.2

35 to 44 years

1,498 1,442 1,318 8.3 7.2 7.2 7.5 8.1 7.5

45 to 54 years

1,584 1,425 1,423 8.4 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.7 7.7

55 years and over

1,227 1,301 1,213 7.8 6.8 6.9 7.0 7.9 7.4

Women, 16 years and over

6,117 6,134 6,088 8.5 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.5

16 to 19 years

659 614 638 23.2 22.7 21.8 21.3 21.6 22.7

16 to 17 years

266 249 262 28.4 29.5 30.1 27.5 25.9 27.5

18 to 19 years

391 367 379 20.6 19.7 17.9 18.6 19.7 20.6

20 years and over

5,458 5,520 5,450 7.9 7.7 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.9

20 to 24 years

908 951 938 12.7 13.5 13.7 13.6 13.4 13.2

25 years and over

4,525 4,562 4,493 7.3 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.4 7.3

25 to 54 years

3,644 3,668 3,549 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.6 7.8 7.5

25 to 34 years

1,382 1,389 1,390 9.1 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.1 9.1

35 to 44 years

1,151 1,104 1,001 7.6 7.1 7.5 7.8 7.4 6.7

45 to 54 years

1,111 1,175 1,158 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.9 6.8

55 years and over(1)

984 897 1,042 6.9 5.8 5.4 6.0 6.3 7.3

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

3,081 2,821 2,819 6.6 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.2 6.1

Married women, spouse present

2,100 1,999 2,019 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.6 5.6

Women who maintain families(1)

1,362 1,325 1,270 13.4 12.3 11.7 12.7 12.8 12.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

12,740 12,093 12,132 10.2 9.4 9.6 9.7 9.8 9.8

Part-time workers(3)

1,854 1,972 1,781 6.4 6.3 6.4 6.3 6.7 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,964 7,940 8,107 9,090 8,209 8,144 8,274 8,261 8,215

On temporary layoff

1,281 1,097 1,294 1,268 1,197 1,251 1,214 1,251 1,268

Not on temporary layoff

7,682 6,843 6,813 7,822 7,013 6,894 7,060 7,010 6,947

Permanent job losers

6,383 5,500 5,509 6,462 5,625 5,480 5,653 5,606 5,567

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,300 1,343 1,305 1,360 1,388 1,414 1,407 1,405 1,380

Job leavers

935 923 973 896 896 942 908 965 928

Reentrants

3,591 3,836 3,603 3,417 3,262 3,375 3,433 3,430 3,410

New entrants

1,647 1,710 1,745 1,197 1,360 1,346 1,231 1,222 1,270

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

59.2 55.1 56.2 62.3 59.8 59.0 59.8 59.5 59.4

On temporary layoff

8.5 7.6 9.0 8.7 8.7 9.1 8.8 9.0 9.2

Not on temporary layoff

50.8 47.5 47.2 53.6 51.1 49.9 51.0 50.5 50.3

Job leavers

6.2 6.4 6.7 6.1 6.5 6.8 6.6 7.0 6.7

Reentrants

23.7 26.6 25.0 23.4 23.8 24.4 24.8 24.7 24.7

New entrants

10.9 11.9 12.1 8.2 9.9 9.8 8.9 8.8 9.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.8 5.1 5.2 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

2.3 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2

New entrants

1.1 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,111 3,808 2,952 2,833 2,449 2,691 2,664 3,076 2,689

5 to 14 weeks

3,507 2,698 3,496 3,098 2,914 2,907 2,892 2,972 3,088

15 weeks and over

8,519 7,903 7,980 8,709 8,078 7,845 8,184 8,125 8,150

15 to 26 weeks

1,978 1,845 1,762 2,171 1,957 2,006 1,984 1,836 1,965

27 weeks and over

6,541 6,058 6,218 6,539 6,122 5,839 6,200 6,289 6,185

Average (mean) duration, in weeks(1)

32.6 38.0 39.0 33.9 39.0 38.3 39.7 39.9 40.4

Median duration, in weeks

20.3 19.3 19.7 21.7 21.7 20.7 22.0 22.5 21.2

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

20.6 26.4 20.5 19.4 18.2 20.0 19.4 21.7 19.3

5 to 14 weeks

23.2 18.7 24.2 21.2 21.7 21.6 21.0 21.0 22.2

15 weeks and over

56.3 54.8 55.3 59.5 60.1 58.4 59.6 57.3 58.5

15 to 26 weeks

13.1 12.8 12.2 14.8 14.6 14.9 14.4 13.0 14.1

27 weeks and over

43.2 42.0 43.1 44.7 45.5 43.4 45.1 44.4 44.4

Footnotes
(1) Beginning in January 2011, this series reflects a change to the collection of data on unemployment duration. For more information, see www.bls.gov/cps/duration.htm.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,134 140,384 15,137 14,428 9.7 9.3

Management, professional, and related occupations

50,974 51,662 2,687 2,742 5.0 5.0

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,015 21,747 1,045 1,053 4.7 4.6

Professional and related occupations

29,959 29,915 1,642 1,689 5.2 5.3

Service occupations

25,314 25,584 2,903 2,764 10.3 9.8

Sales and office occupations

33,588 33,131 3,494 3,288 9.4 9.0

Sales and related occupations

15,400 15,503 1,723 1,603 10.1 9.4

Office and administrative support occupations

18,188 17,628 1,771 1,685 8.9 8.7

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,886 13,417 2,117 1,744 13.2 11.5

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,160 1,166 142 157 10.9 11.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,775 7,317 1,470 1,161 15.9 13.7

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,950 4,934 506 426 9.3 7.9

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,372 16,590 2,256 2,103 12.1 11.2

Production occupations

8,304 8,055 1,161 1,049 12.3 11.5

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,068 8,534 1,095 1,054 11.9 11.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data. Effective with January 2011 data, occupations reflect the introduction of the 2010 Census occupational classification system into the Current Population Survey, or household survey. This classification system is derived from the 2010 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC). No historical data have been revised. Data for 2011 are not strictly comparable with earlier years.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011

Total, 16 years and over(1)

15,137 14,428 9.7 9.3

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

11,555 10,515 9.6 8.8

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

79 53 10.1 6.0

Construction

1,528 1,137 17.3 13.6

Manufacturing

1,556 1,418 10.0 9.2

Durable goods

1,028 934 10.4 9.6

Nondurable goods

528 484 9.2 8.5

Wholesale and retail trade

2,023 1,916 9.8 9.4

Transportation and utilities

537 486 9.2 7.8

Information

344 237 10.6 7.6

Financial activities

582 552 6.4 6.0

Professional and business services

1,447 1,389 10.0 9.4

Education and health services

1,420 1,263 6.6 5.9

Leisure and hospitality

1,570 1,510 11.4 10.9

Other services

469 554 7.4 8.6

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

134 166 8.7 9.8

Government workers

1,187 1,349 5.5 6.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

614 653 5.8 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2010
June
2011
July
2011
July
2010
Mar.
2011
Apr.
2011
May
2011
June
2011
July
2011

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.5 5.1 5.2 5.7 5.3 5.1 5.3 5.3 5.3

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.8 5.1 5.2 5.9 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.4 5.4

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

9.7 9.3 9.3 9.5 8.8 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.1

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

10.4 9.9 10.0 10.2 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.8 9.8

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

11.2 10.9 10.9 11.0 10.3 10.4 10.3 10.7 10.7

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

16.8 16.4 16.3 16.5 15.7 15.9 15.8 16.2 16.1

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011
July
2010
July
2011

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

82,620 84,859 32,135 33,476 50,484 51,383

Persons who currently want a job

6,143 6,810 2,801 3,072 3,343 3,738

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,622 2,785 1,385 1,392 1,237 1,393

Discouraged workers(2)

1,185 1,119 742 639 443 480

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,437 1,667 644 754 793 913

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,579 6,724 3,206 3,371 3,373 3,353

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.8 4.3 4.5 5.2 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,424 3,569 1,821 1,994 1,603 1,574

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,679 1,726 557 628 1,122 1,098

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

283 246 199 151 84 95

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,144 1,118 604 557 540 561

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
Change from:
June2011 - July2011(p)

Total nonfarm

129,569 131,707 132,151 130,920 129,932 131,027 131,073 131,190 117

Total private

108,252 109,199 110,066 110,062 107,351 108,922 109,002 109,156 154

Goods-producing

18,104 18,029 18,324 18,417 17,791 18,019 18,035 18,077 42

Mining and logging

722 777 797 812 711 780 790 800 10

Logging

51.6 45.7 46.7 49.1 50.5 47.4 46.9 47.6 0.7

Mining

670.7 731.2 750.5 763.3 660.1 732.7 742.8 751.9 9.1

Oil and gas extraction

159.3 171.9 175.7 177.3 158.2 171.8 173.3 174.7 1.4

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

209.7 215.0 220.1 219.9 202.9 212.4 213.4 212.7 -0.7

Coal mining

80.3 86.6 87.3 86.5 80.6 86.6 86.7 86.0 -0.7

Support activities for mining

301.7 344.3 354.7 366.1 299.0 348.5 356.1 364.5 8.4

Construction

5,771 5,569 5,734 5,814 5,500 5,529 5,524 5,532 8

Construction of buildings

1,271.6 1,212.3 1,253.5 1,265.5 1,221.8 1,217.2 1,217.7 1,218.7 1.0

Residential building

587.4 557.0 579.5 581.8 564.0 558.2 557.1 556.0 -1.1

Nonresidential building

684.2 655.3 674.0 683.7 657.8 659.0 660.6 662.7 2.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

884.9 871.8 898.8 908.9 825.9 848.3 847.3 846.9 -0.4

Specialty trade contractors

3,614.7 3,484.7 3,582.0 3,639.4 3,452.4 3,463.7 3,458.6 3,466.2 7.6

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,536.2 1,483.9 1,520.9 1,541.5 1,458.6 1,463.4 1,455.4 1,454.9 -0.5

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,078.5 2,000.8 2,061.1 2,097.9 1,993.8 2,000.3 2,003.2 2,011.3 8.1

Manufacturing

11,611 11,683 11,793 11,791 11,580 11,710 11,721 11,745 24

Durable goods

7,112 7,263 7,331 7,317 7,114 7,271 7,288 7,311 23

Wood products

350.0 338.8 340.0 336.1 342.8 337.0 331.8 327.7 -4.1

Nonmetallic mineral products

381.7 375.3 382.6 382.9 371.6 372.2 372.1 371.8 -0.3

Primary metals

364.6 383.2 386.1 384.7 365.2 383.8 384.7 385.9 1.2

Fabricated metal products

1,293.5 1,349.6 1,365.4 1,368.7 1,295.2 1,355.8 1,362.4 1,366.9 4.5

Machinery

999.7 1,038.1 1,050.8 1,053.3 998.2 1,041.1 1,045.3 1,046.8 1.5

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,105.1 1,121.0 1,129.3 1,130.4 1,101.4 1,123.4 1,125.5 1,128.0 2.5

Computer and peripheral equipment

161.5 169.9 171.7 171.9 161.8 169.9 171.9 171.9 0.0

Communication equipment

118.3 117.9 119.0 117.3 118.2 118.3 118.0 117.5 -0.5

Semiconductors and electronic components

371.9 382.9 385.4 388.4 371.3 384.4 384.4 387.8 3.4

Electronic instruments

408.3 402.7 404.9 404.4 405.4 403.2 403.4 402.8 -0.6

Electrical equipment and appliances

364.3 368.8 371.5 372.7 362.1 370.0 370.6 371.3 0.7

Transportation equipment(1)

1,323.7 1,361.6 1,372.7 1,355.5 1,353.5 1,360.6 1,365.5 1,379.9 14.4

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

664.6 698.0 702.9 686.0 695.9 697.5 699.6 711.6 12.0

Furniture and related products

363.0 353.1 354.5 356.3 356.8 351.7 351.7 354.5 2.8

Miscellaneous manufacturing

566.6 573.6 578.2 576.6 566.7 575.7 578.4 578.0 -0.4

Nondurable goods

4,499 4,420 4,462 4,474 4,466 4,439 4,433 4,434 1

Food manufacturing

1,473.8 1,429.5 1,448.3 1,465.9 1,451.4 1,448.7 1,443.8 1,445.5 1.7

Beverages and tobacco products

183.9 182.1 189.7 190.5 180.3 182.9 185.3 184.6 -0.7

Textile mills

119.4 122.6 123.6 123.3 119.8 122.1 122.8 123.6 0.8

Textile product mills

119.9 116.5 117.5 116.7 119.9 116.4 116.4 116.0 -0.4

Apparel

156.2 156.2 156.9 153.4 156.7 155.7 154.9 152.9 -2.0

Leather and allied products

26.9 29.0 29.6 28.2 27.4 29.0 29.2 29.1 -0.1

Paper and paper products

399.0 395.1 399.5 400.8 396.5 396.4 397.4 398.0 0.6

Printing and related support activities

487.7 469.3 470.0 467.3 489.1 469.5 467.8 466.2 -1.6

Petroleum and coal products

118.0 113.8 115.1 116.0 114.3 112.6 112.1 111.9 -0.2

Chemicals

786.4 775.3 780.5 782.4 782.8 776.1 776.4 777.7 1.3

Plastics and rubber products

628.0 630.5 631.3 629.4 628.0 629.3 626.6 628.7 2.1

Private service-providing

90,148 91,170 91,742 91,645 89,560 90,903 90,967 91,079 112

Trade, transportation, and utilities

24,605 24,838 24,991 24,967 24,609 24,893 24,923 24,951 28

Wholesale trade

5,483.5 5,544.8 5,579.1 5,576.6 5,453.8 5,538.0 5,543.7 5,545.4 1.7

Durable goods

2,732.7 2,773.1 2,791.7 2,790.6 2,717.6 2,773.6 2,776.9 2,775.0 -1.9

Nondurable goods

1,942.2 1,955.6 1,965.4 1,964.6 1,929.9 1,948.3 1,948.3 1,951.4 3.1

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

808.6 816.1 822.0 821.4 806.3 816.1 818.5 819.0 0.5

Retail trade

14,411.5 14,480.4 14,565.0 14,598.3 14,419.3 14,539.1 14,550.3 14,576.2 25.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,632.9 1,676.2 1,688.0 1,693.8 1,616.5 1,669.8 1,670.3 1,675.3 5.0

Automobile dealers

1,006.8 1,037.6 1,045.4 1,048.8 1,001.9 1,037.3 1,039.5 1,041.4 1.9

Furniture and home furnishings stores

429.3 428.7 429.2 432.5 435.0 436.1 436.6 438.1 1.5

Electronics and appliance stores

485.4 491.6 493.9 494.1 494.7 501.5 502.1 503.6 1.5

Building material and garden supply stores

1,147.0 1,188.9 1,178.6 1,148.7 1,120.8 1,122.3 1,120.4 1,118.3 -2.1

Food and beverage stores

2,825.4 2,831.0 2,856.7 2,854.2 2,808.4 2,830.6 2,832.4 2,830.9 -1.5

Health and personal care stores

979.2 970.8 970.7 976.5 978.1 972.7 969.4 978.0 8.6

Gasoline stations

833.5 822.5 831.5 834.1 820.2 820.1 822.6 821.5 -1.1

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,371.7 1,386.7 1,407.2 1,430.2 1,378.2 1,427.2 1,430.6 1,434.0 3.4

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

578.9 579.1 577.5 581.3 600.6 597.4 596.6 598.3 1.7

General merchandise stores(1)

2,957.7 2,933.2 2,958.1 2,970.4 2,987.0 2,979.9 2,985.9 2,989.8 3.9

Department stores

1,467.0 1,451.8 1,465.6 1,479.6 1,497.3 1,493.8 1,495.9 1,501.3 5.4

Miscellaneous store retailers

764.3 766.1 769.8 775.8 760.7 765.0 766.8 770.8 4.0

Nonstore retailers

406.2 405.6 403.8 406.7 419.1 416.5 416.6 417.6 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

4,156.5 4,260.5 4,291.8 4,236.2 4,184.8 4,264.4 4,276.8 4,277.9 1.1

Air transportation

465.9 475.5 479.1 481.9 462.6 475.7 478.4 480.8 2.4

Rail transportation

216.9 223.2 226.5 227.3 216.0 223.5 226.3 226.2 -0.1

Water transportation

65.2 64.3 65.0 64.7 62.8 64.0 63.1 62.7 -0.4

Truck transportation

1,264.2 1,273.1 1,298.2 1,299.9 1,246.7 1,278.5 1,282.5 1,283.8 1.3

Transit and ground passenger transportation

380.5 463.3 445.4 385.2 437.5 446.3 447.1 445.3 -1.8

Pipeline transportation

42.3 43.1 43.5 43.6 41.9 43.3 43.5 43.3 -0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

36.0 31.5 36.4 38.3 27.6 29.2 29.6 28.9 -0.7

Support activities for transportation

547.0 552.5 558.3 558.4 544.4 554.7 556.2 556.6 0.4

Couriers and messengers

512.6 512.0 515.5 509.8 518.3 521.8 522.4 522.1 -0.3

Warehousing and storage

625.9 622.0 623.9 627.1 627.0 627.4 627.7 628.2 0.5

Utilities

553.4 552.4 554.9 555.8 550.7 551.6 551.7 551.7 0.0

Information

2,714 2,688 2,697 2,685 2,706 2,684 2,684 2,683 -1

Publishing industries, except Internet

762.2 752.3 757.4 758.2 760.5 755.4 755.9 756.2 0.3

Motion picture and sound recording industries

382.4 377.6 376.6 368.3 372.8 367.9 366.0 366.3 0.3

Broadcasting, except Internet

293.6 293.1 295.3 294.8 294.8 295.1 295.4 295.1 -0.3

Telecommunications

892.0 866.1 866.0 862.8 894.1 869.7 868.4 865.7 -2.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

240.8 242.8 240.7 238.5 241.5 240.4 239.5 239.3 -0.2

Other information services

143.3 155.8 161.0 162.6 142.5 155.9 158.5 160.4 1.9

Financial activities

7,674 7,617 7,657 7,669 7,618 7,625 7,607 7,603 -4

Finance and insurance

5,700.9 5,668.0 5,683.8 5,685.0 5,686.7 5,676.7 5,666.8 5,662.9 -3.9

Monetary authorities - central bank

20.8 21.2 21.3 21.7 20.7 21.2 21.2 21.5 0.3

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,548.9 2,543.5 2,548.1 2,547.7 2,541.8 2,548.1 2,540.7 2,537.7 -3.0

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,738.2 1,754.6 1,759.1 1,764.2 1,732.4 1,757.2 1,755.2 1,754.9 -0.3

Commercial banking

1,312.6 1,325.5 1,326.5 1,330.6 1,307.6 1,327.3 1,323.7 1,323.9 0.2

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

806.2 805.9 812.6 814.3 803.0 808.9 811.5 812.2 0.7

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,237.3 2,211.2 2,215.8 2,213.3 2,233.8 2,211.6 2,207.5 2,203.9 -3.6

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.7 86.2 86.0 88.0 87.4 86.9 85.9 87.6 1.7

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,972.8 1,949.3 1,973.1 1,983.5 1,931.7 1,948.7 1,940.5 1,939.6 -0.9

Real estate

1,408.4 1,408.3 1,419.7 1,428.1 1,387.8 1,408.9 1,403.9 1,404.5 0.6

Rental and leasing services

539.4 515.3 527.7 529.7 519.1 514.1 511.0 509.7 -1.3

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

25.0 25.7 25.7 25.7 24.8 25.7 25.6 25.4 -0.2

Professional and business services

16,777 17,153 17,299 17,266 16,681 17,155 17,159 17,193 34

Professional and technical services(1)

7,386.2 7,548.5 7,608.8 7,624.9 7,414.8 7,619.9 7,631.2 7,648.9 17.7

Legal services

1,123.7 1,109.5 1,121.8 1,124.9 1,111.2 1,113.5 1,110.6 1,114.6 4.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

809.7 875.3 866.1 850.5 882.0 929.2 928.2 924.6 -3.6

Architectural and engineering services

1,290.6 1,292.4 1,311.4 1,317.8 1,275.2 1,295.0 1,295.6 1,296.9 1.3

Computer systems design and related services

1,444.5 1,495.1 1,504.9 1,516.1 1,441.7 1,499.8 1,506.6 1,512.7 6.1

Management and technical consulting services

993.7 1,034.3 1,043.7 1,051.6 990.0 1,038.5 1,040.6 1,046.0 5.4

Management of companies and enterprises

1,872.3 1,881.3 1,894.3 1,895.4 1,862.8 1,883.5 1,883.8 1,886.9 3.1

Administrative and waste services

7,518.8 7,723.2 7,796.2 7,745.3 7,403.2 7,651.2 7,644.3 7,657.6 13.3

Administrative and support services(1)

7,149.3 7,360.1 7,426.9 7,372.4 7,041.9 7,288.4 7,281.7 7,294.2 12.5

Employment services(1)

2,715.6 2,913.0 2,924.7 2,866.8 2,713.8 2,905.3 2,896.2 2,899.5 3.3

Temporary help services

2,066.5 2,249.9 2,247.6 2,198.8 2,073.3 2,241.2 2,229.6 2,229.9 0.3

Business support services

795.2 795.6 796.3 790.5 808.5 803.1 804.6 803.1 -1.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,858.1 1,838.8 1,879.3 1,883.2 1,744.9 1,765.8 1,763.0 1,766.3 3.3

Waste management and remediation services

369.5 363.1 369.3 372.9 361.3 362.8 362.6 363.4 0.8

Education and health services

19,256 19,989 19,759 19,638 19,571 19,926 19,938 19,976 38

Educational services

2,865.3 3,249.5 3,007.9 2,900.8 3,154.9 3,204.4 3,203.0 3,204.6 1.6

Health care and social assistance

16,390.9 16,739.3 16,751.2 16,737.5 16,416.3 16,722.0 16,734.6 16,771.3 36.7

Health care(3)

13,829.9 14,028.5 14,088.2 14,123.0 13,794.5 14,045.4 14,062.0 14,093.3 31.3

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,991.5 6,115.1 6,139.7 6,149.0 5,980.2 6,117.5 6,131.2 6,145.3 14.1

Offices of physicians

2,314.3 2,346.0 2,356.7 2,362.9 2,314.1 2,351.0 2,354.3 2,360.6 6.3

Outpatient care centers

601.5 619.5 620.3 618.5 600.7 619.2 619.2 618.7 -0.5

Home health care services

1,084.9 1,117.5 1,122.4 1,123.6 1,082.2 1,116.6 1,121.5 1,124.6 3.1

Hospitals

4,696.2 4,732.8 4,750.5 4,773.0 4,681.0 4,743.8 4,741.8 4,755.8 14.0

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,142.2 3,180.6 3,198.0 3,201.0 3,133.3 3,184.1 3,189.0 3,192.2 3.2

Nursing care facilities

1,665.7 1,679.5 1,689.8 1,688.3 1,662.6 1,681.1 1,686.0 1,685.5 -0.5

Social assistance(1)

2,561.0 2,710.8 2,663.0 2,614.5 2,621.8 2,676.6 2,672.6 2,678.0 5.4

Child day care services

781.8 884.2 833.9 791.1 847.1 860.0 851.7 854.9 3.2

Leisure and hospitality

13,689 13,418 13,821 13,902 13,013 13,175 13,208 13,225 17

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,235.1 1,960.9 2,151.2 2,220.9 1,924.1 1,885.4 1,898.8 1,912.3 13.5

Performing arts and spectator sports

453.4 419.4 428.5 445.0 419.3 399.5 407.0 412.5 5.5

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

143.4 135.0 144.4 147.9 127.8 129.5 131.0 131.6 0.6

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,638.3 1,406.5 1,578.3 1,628.0 1,377.0 1,356.4 1,360.8 1,368.2 7.4

Accommodation and food services

11,453.4 11,457.1 11,670.0 11,680.9 11,088.6 11,289.7 11,309.6 11,312.6 3.0

Accommodation

1,912.8 1,785.5 1,899.9 1,960.8 1,774.1 1,790.0 1,806.5 1,809.2 2.7

Food services and drinking places

9,540.6 9,671.6 9,770.1 9,720.1 9,314.5 9,499.7 9,503.1 9,503.4 0.3

Other services

5,433 5,467 5,518 5,518 5,362 5,445 5,448 5,448 0

Repair and maintenance

1,144.3 1,161.9 1,166.8 1,161.6 1,136.5 1,152.3 1,153.1 1,153.1 0.0

Personal and laundry services

1,268.3 1,296.3 1,301.6 1,297.2 1,260.9 1,281.7 1,285.3 1,289.0 3.7

Membership associations and organizations

3,020.4 3,008.8 3,049.6 3,058.9 2,964.5 3,010.8 3,009.8 3,006.1 -3.7

Government

21,317 22,508 22,085 20,858 22,581 22,105 22,071 22,034 -37

Federal

3,077.0 2,844.0 2,847.0 2,862.0 3,041.0 2,845.0 2,832.0 2,834.0 2.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,417.7 2,217.1 2,224.9 2,231.5 2,388.2 2,214.9 2,205.2 2,207.2 2.0

U.S. Postal Service

658.9 626.5 622.3 630.6 652.4 630.5 627.0 626.6 -0.4

State government

4,854.0 5,135.0 4,872.0 4,768.0 5,154.0 5,093.0 5,087.0 5,064.0 -23.0

State government education

2,073.3 2,418.7 2,147.1 2,075.3 2,393.3 2,387.2 2,388.7 2,389.8 1.1

State government, excluding education

2,781.1 2,716.1 2,724.9 2,692.4 2,760.8 2,705.7 2,697.9 2,674.1 -23.8

Local government

13,386.0 14,529.0 14,366.0 13,228.0 14,386.0 14,167.0 14,152.0 14,136.0 -16.0

Local government education

6,812.6 8,269.4 7,934.1 6,743.7 8,030.1 7,895.9 7,886.3 7,874.1 -12.2

Local government, excluding education

6,573.7 6,259.3 6,431.7 6,484.0 6,355.6 6,270.6 6,265.7 6,261.9 -3.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.2 34.4 34.3 34.3

Goods-producing

39.6 40.1 39.9 39.8

Mining and logging

43.6 44.6 44.7 44.2

Construction

37.8 38.5 38.4 38.3

Manufacturing

40.2 40.6 40.3 40.3

Durable goods

40.5 40.9 40.7 40.6

Nondurable goods

39.6 40.0 39.8 39.8

Private service-providing

33.1 33.2 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.5 34.5 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.2 38.7 38.6 38.6

Retail trade

31.4 31.4 31.4 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.7 38.6 38.6

Utilities

41.1 42.1 41.6 41.7

Information

36.6 36.6 36.6 36.6

Financial activities

37.0 37.1 37.1 37.4

Professional and business services

35.5 35.7 35.7 35.7

Education and health services

32.8 32.8 32.8 32.9

Leisure and hospitality

25.8 25.9 25.8 25.8

Other services

31.7 31.8 31.7 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.0 3.2 3.1 3.1

Durable goods

2.9 3.2 3.1 3.1

Nondurable goods

3.1 3.3 3.2 3.2

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)

Total private

$22.61 $23.02 $23.03 $23.13 $773.26 $791.89 $789.93 $793.36

Goods-producing

24.06 24.41 24.39 24.46 952.78 978.84 973.16 973.51

Mining and logging

27.40 28.34 27.96 27.97 1,194.64 1,263.96 1,249.81 1,236.27

Construction

25.18 25.36 25.36 25.37 951.80 976.36 973.82 971.67

Manufacturing

23.33 23.70 23.68 23.79 937.87 962.22 954.30 958.74

Durable goods

24.79 25.21 25.22 25.33 1,004.00 1,031.09 1,026.45 1,028.40

Nondurable goods

20.95 21.16 21.10 21.20 829.62 846.40 839.78 843.76

Private service-providing

22.27 22.68 22.71 22.81 737.14 752.98 753.97 757.29

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.67 20.01 20.03 20.13 674.68 690.35 691.04 694.49

Wholesale trade

26.17 26.30 26.31 26.46 999.69 1,017.81 1,015.57 1,021.36

Retail trade

15.59 15.78 15.81 15.95 489.53 495.49 496.43 500.83

Transportation and warehousing

20.92 21.62 21.64 21.64 805.42 836.69 835.30 835.30

Utilities

32.51 33.77 33.86 33.49 1,336.16 1,421.72 1,408.58 1,396.53

Information

30.43 31.61 31.47 31.39 1,113.74 1,156.93 1,151.80 1,148.87

Financial activities

27.27 27.72 27.72 27.59 1,008.99 1,028.41 1,028.41 1,031.87

Professional and business services

27.32 27.66 27.78 28.02 969.86 987.46 991.75 1,000.31

Education and health services

22.97 23.54 23.54 23.69 753.42 772.11 772.11 779.40

Leisure and hospitality

13.07 13.24 13.19 13.22 337.21 342.92 340.30 341.08

Other services

20.14 20.40 20.47 20.51 638.44 648.72 648.90 650.17

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
Percent change from:
June
2011 - July
2011(p)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
Percent change from:
June
2011 - July
2011(p)

Total private

92.0 93.9 93.7 93.8 0.1 99.2 103.1 102.9 103.5 0.6

Goods-producing

80.3 82.3 82.0 82.0 0.0 87.3 90.8 90.4 90.6 0.2

Mining and logging

97.4 109.3 111.0 111.1 0.1 107.2 124.4 124.6 124.8 0.2

Construction

71.6 73.4 73.1 73.0 -0.1 78.4 80.8 80.6 80.5 -0.1

Manufacturing

83.7 85.5 85.0 85.2 0.2 90.9 94.3 93.6 94.2 0.6

Durable goods

81.1 83.7 83.5 83.6 0.1 89.3 93.7 93.5 94.0 0.5

Nondurable goods

88.3 88.6 88.1 88.1 0.0 93.8 95.2 94.3 94.7 0.4

Private service-providing

95.2 96.9 97.0 97.1 0.1 102.7 106.5 106.7 107.3 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

91.7 93.3 93.4 93.6 0.2 97.1 100.5 100.7 101.4 0.7

Wholesale trade

90.9 93.5 93.4 93.4 0.0 99.3 102.6 102.5 103.1 0.6

Retail trade

91.9 92.7 92.8 92.9 0.1 94.8 96.7 97.0 98.0 1.0

Transportation and warehousing

92.2 94.5 94.5 94.5 0.0 97.9 103.6 103.8 103.8 0.0

Utilities

97.9 100.4 99.3 99.5 0.2 105.2 112.1 111.1 110.1 -0.9

Information

90.4 89.7 89.7 89.7 0.0 98.0 101.0 100.5 100.2 -0.3

Financial activities

92.9 93.2 93.0 93.7 0.8 98.9 100.9 100.6 100.9 0.3

Professional and business services

93.1 96.3 96.3 96.5 0.2 103.1 107.9 108.4 109.6 1.1

Education and health services

104.5 106.4 106.4 107.0 0.6 112.4 117.3 117.4 118.7 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

95.8 97.4 97.2 97.4 0.2 101.0 104.0 103.5 103.8 0.3

Other services

94.2 95.9 95.7 95.7 0.0 107.6 111.1 111.2 111.4 0.2

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)

Total nonfarm

64,671 64,842 64,853 64,834 49.8 49.5 49.5 49.4

Total private

51,811 52,271 52,281 52,306 48.3 48.0 48.0 47.9

Goods-producing

4,095 4,059 4,064 4,062 23.0 22.5 22.5 22.5

Mining and logging

97 104 105 105 13.6 13.3 13.3 13.1

Construction

720 707 709 713 13.1 12.8 12.8 12.9

Manufacturing

3,278 3,248 3,250 3,244 28.3 27.7 27.7 27.6

Durable goods

1,735 1,721 1,726 1,724 24.4 23.7 23.7 23.6

Nondurable goods

1,543 1,527 1,524 1,520 34.5 34.4 34.4 34.3

Private service-providing

47,716 48,212 48,217 48,244 53.3 53.0 53.0 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,003 10,001 9,999 9,999 40.6 40.2 40.1 40.1

Wholesale trade

1,635.8 1,663.0 1,665.3 1,669.4 30.0 30.0 30.0 30.1

Retail trade

7,223.8 7,195.3 7,190.9 7,190.0 50.1 49.5 49.4 49.3

Transportation and warehousing

1,004.6 1,008.0 1,008.1 1,004.7 24.0 23.6 23.6 23.5

Utilities

138.4 134.7 134.9 134.9 25.1 24.4 24.5 24.5

Information

1,102 1,092 1,091 1,092 40.7 40.7 40.6 40.7

Financial activities

4,484 4,454 4,446 4,441 58.9 58.4 58.4 58.4

Professional and business services

7,409 7,624 7,625 7,624 44.4 44.4 44.4 44.3

Education and health services

15,090 15,292 15,304 15,325 77.1 76.7 76.8 76.7

Leisure and hospitality

6,789 6,876 6,878 6,888 52.2 52.2 52.1 52.1

Other services

2,839 2,873 2,874 2,875 52.9 52.8 52.8 52.8

Government

12,860 12,571 12,572 12,528 57.0 56.9 57.0 56.9

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)

Total private

88,487 89,760 89,832 89,967

Goods-producing

12,795 12,986 12,999 13,043

Mining and logging

533 587 593 598

Construction

4,139 4,178 4,178 4,190

Manufacturing

8,123 8,221 8,228 8,255

Durable goods

4,874 4,985 4,997 5,025

Nondurable goods

3,249 3,236 3,231 3,230

Private service-providing

75,692 76,774 76,833 76,924

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20,861 21,056 21,085 21,102

Wholesale trade

4,376.8 4,438.1 4,441.9 4,443.2

Retail trade

12,410.9 12,509.3 12,527.0 12,541.4

Transportation and warehousing

3,632.2 3,667.4 3,675.2 3,676.6

Utilities

441.1 441.6 441.0 440.6

Information

2,173 2,156 2,155 2,151

Financial activities

5,876 5,837 5,821 5,821

Professional and business services

13,663 14,095 14,104 14,137

Education and health services

17,156 17,449 17,464 17,502

Leisure and hospitality

11,479 11,627 11,652 11,660

Other services

4,484 4,554 4,552 4,551

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.5 33.6 33.6 33.6

Goods-producing

40.3 40.9 40.9 40.9

Mining and logging

44.7 46.5 47.2 46.4

Construction

38.2 39.1 39.0 39.2

Manufacturing

41.1 41.4 41.4 41.4

Durable goods

41.4 41.8 41.8 41.7

Nondurable goods

40.7 40.9 40.8 40.9

Private service-providing

32.3 32.3 32.4 32.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.4 33.6 33.7 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.0 38.5 38.5 38.4

Retail trade

30.4 30.3 30.4 30.5

Transportation and warehousing

37.3 37.8 38.0 37.9

Utilities

42.2 42.4 42.1 42.1

Information

36.2 36.4 36.3 36.4

Financial activities

36.2 36.2 36.2 36.3

Professional and business services

35.2 35.1 35.2 35.2

Education and health services

32.1 32.3 32.3 32.4

Leisure and hospitality

24.9 24.8 24.8 24.8

Other services

30.8 30.7 30.7 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.8 4.1 4.1 4.1

Durable goods

3.8 4.2 4.2 4.1

Nondurable goods

3.7 4.0 3.9 4.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)

Total private

$19.08 $19.42 $19.44 $19.52 $639.18 $652.51 $653.18 $655.87

Goods-producing

20.26 20.64 20.62 20.74 816.48 844.18 843.36 848.27

Mining and logging

23.92 24.47 24.46 24.70 1,069.22 1,137.86 1,154.51 1,146.08

Construction

23.22 23.56 23.53 23.66 887.00 921.20 917.67 927.47

Manufacturing

18.60 18.94 18.91 19.02 764.46 784.12 782.87 787.43

Durable goods

19.76 20.14 20.09 20.23 818.06 841.85 839.76 843.59

Nondurable goods

16.84 17.04 17.05 17.10 685.39 696.94 695.64 699.39

Private service-providing

18.83 19.16 19.18 19.25 608.21 618.87 621.43 623.70

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.81 17.13 17.14 17.18 561.45 575.57 577.62 578.97

Wholesale trade

21.55 21.98 22.01 22.11 818.90 846.23 847.39 849.02

Retail trade

13.23 13.41 13.45 13.50 402.19 406.32 408.88 411.75

Transportation and warehousing

19.12 19.48 19.42 19.45 713.18 736.34 737.96 737.16

Utilities

30.22 30.80 30.77 30.84 1,275.28 1,305.92 1,295.42 1,298.36

Information

26.04 26.57 26.35 26.55 942.65 967.15 956.51 966.42

Financial activities

21.54 21.74 21.74 21.80 779.75 786.99 786.99 791.34

Professional and business services

22.85 23.11 23.19 23.25 804.32 811.16 816.29 818.40

Education and health services

20.14 20.64 20.71 20.83 646.49 666.67 668.93 674.89

Leisure and hospitality

11.33 11.50 11.47 11.49 282.12 285.20 284.46 284.95

Other services

17.09 17.21 17.25 17.29 526.37 528.35 529.58 529.07

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
Percent change from:
June
2011 - July
2011(p)
July
2010
May
2011
June
2011(p)
July
2011(p)
Percent change from:
June
2011 - July
2011(p)

Total private

99.0 100.8 100.8 101.0 0.2 126.3 130.8 131.0 131.7 0.5

Goods-producing

78.8 81.2 81.2 81.5 0.4 97.8 102.6 102.6 103.5 0.9

Mining and logging

126.6 145.1 148.7 147.4 -0.9 176.1 206.4 211.6 211.8 0.1

Construction

79.2 81.8 81.6 82.2 0.7 99.3 104.1 103.7 105.1 1.4

Manufacturing

76.6 78.1 78.2 78.4 0.3 93.2 96.8 96.7 97.6 0.9

Durable goods

75.8 78.3 78.5 78.7 0.3 93.5 98.4 98.4 99.4 1.0

Nondurable goods

77.9 78.0 77.7 77.8 0.1 92.7 93.9 93.6 94.1 0.5

Private service-providing

104.5 106.0 106.4 106.6 0.2 135.0 139.3 140.0 140.7 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

97.1 98.6 99.1 99.1 0.0 116.5 120.5 121.1 121.5 0.3

Wholesale trade

97.9 100.6 100.7 100.5 -0.2 124.3 130.3 130.6 130.9 0.2

Retail trade

95.5 95.9 96.4 96.8 0.4 108.3 110.3 111.1 112.0 0.8

Transportation and warehousing

102.0 104.4 105.1 104.9 -0.2 123.7 129.0 129.5 129.4 -0.1

Utilities

95.2 95.8 95.0 94.9 -0.1 120.1 123.1 122.0 122.1 0.1

Information

89.8 89.6 89.3 89.4 0.1 115.8 117.8 116.5 117.5 0.9

Financial activities

101.8 101.1 100.8 101.1 0.3 135.6 135.9 135.5 136.3 0.6

Professional and business services

107.8 110.9 111.3 111.5 0.2 146.5 152.5 153.5 154.3 0.5

Education and health services

118.8 121.6 121.7 122.3 0.5 157.3 165.0 165.7 167.5 1.1

Leisure and hospitality

104.8 105.7 105.9 106.0 0.1 134.8 138.0 138.0 138.3 0.2

Other services

96.9 98.1 98.0 97.7 -0.3 120.6 123.0 123.2 123.1 -0.1

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: August 05, 2011