Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-13-1284
until 8:30 a.m. (EDT) Friday, July 5, 2013

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                      THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JUNE 2013


Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 195,000 in June, and the
unemployment rate was unchanged at 7.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of
Labor Statistics reported today. Employment rose in leisure and
hospitality, professional and business services, retail trade, health
care, and financial activities.

Household Survey Data

The number of unemployed persons, at 11.8 million, and the unemployment 
rate, at 7.6 percent, were unchanged in June. Both measures have shown 
little change since February. (See table A-1.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rate for adult women
(6.8 percent) edged up in June, while the rates for adult men (7.0
percent), teenagers (24.0 percent), whites (6.6 percent), blacks (13.7
percent), and Hispanics (9.1 percent) showed little or no change. The
jobless rate for Asians was 5.0 percent (not seasonally adjusted), down 
from 6.3 percent a year earlier. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

In June, the number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks 
or more) was essentially unchanged at 4.3 million. These individuals 
accounted for 36.7 percent of the unemployed. Over the past 12 months, 
the number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.0 million. (See 
table A-12.)

The civilian labor force participation rate, at 63.5 percent, and the
employment-population ratio, at 58.7 percent, changed little in June.
Over the year, the labor force participation rate is down by 0.3
percentage point. (See table A-1.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) increased by 322,000 to 8.2 
million in June. These individuals were working part time because their 
hours had been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time 
job. (See table A-8.)

In June, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, 
essentially unchanged from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally 
adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and 
were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 
12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not 
searched for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.0 million discouraged
workers in June, an increase of 206,000 from a year earlier. (The data
are not seasonally adjusted.) Discouraged workers are persons not
currently looking for work because they believe no jobs are available
for them. The remaining 1.6 million persons marginally attached to the
labor force in June had not searched for work for reasons such as
school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 195,000 in June, in line
with the average monthly gain of 182,000 over the prior 12 months. In
June, job growth occurred in leisure and hospitality, professional and
business services, retail trade, health care, and financial activities. 
(See table B-1.)

Leisure and hospitality added 75,000 jobs in June. Monthly job growth
in this industry has averaged 55,000 thus far in 2013, almost twice
the average gain of 30,000 per month in 2012. Within leisure and
hospitality, employment in food services and drinking places continued
to expand, increasing by 52,000 in June. Employment in the amusements,
gambling, and recreation industry also continued to trend up in June
(+19,000).

Employment in professional and business services rose by 53,000 in
June. Job gains occurred in management and technical consulting
services (+8,000) and in computer systems design and related services
(+7,000). Employment continued to trend up in temporary help services
(+10,000). Over the past year, professional and business services has
added 624,000 jobs.

Retail trade employment increased by 37,000 in June. Within retail
trade, employment increased by 9,000 in building material and garden
supply stores and by 8,000 in motor vehicle and parts dealers.
Employment in wholesale trade continued to trend up (+11,000).

Health care continued to add jobs in June, with a gain of 20,000.
Within the industry, employment continued to trend up in ambulatory
health care services (+13,000). A gain of 5,000 jobs in hospitals
followed a loss of 8,000 jobs in May.

Employment in financial activities rose by 17,000 in June, with most
of the increase occurring in credit intermediation (+6,000) and in
insurance carriers and related activities (+6,000).

Federal government employment continued to trend down in June (-5,000)
and has declined by 65,000 over the past 12 months.

Employment in most other major industries, including mining and
logging, construction, manufacturing, and transportation and
warehousing, showed little change in June.

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was
unchanged in June at 34.5 hours. In manufacturing, the workweek
increased by 0.1 hour to 40.9 hours, and overtime was unchanged at 3.3
hours. The average workweek for production and nonsupervisory
employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.7 hours.
(See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm
payrolls rose by 10 cents to $24.01. Over the year, average hourly
earnings have risen by 51 cents, or 2.2 percent. In June, average
hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory
employees increased by 5 cents to $20.14. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised
from +149,000 to +199,000, and the change for May was revised from
+175,000 to +195,000. With these revisions, employment gains in April
and May combined were 70,000 higher than previously reported.

____________
The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on
Friday, August 2, 2013, at 8:30 a.m. (EDT).




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013
Change from:
May
2013-
June
2013

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,155 245,175 245,363 245,552 189

Civilian labor force

155,149 155,238 155,658 155,835 177

Participation rate

63.8 63.3 63.4 63.5 0.1

Employed

142,448 143,579 143,898 144,058 160

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.6 58.6 58.7 0.1

Unemployed

12,701 11,659 11,760 11,777 17

Unemployment rate

8.2 7.5 7.6 7.6 0.0

Not in labor force

88,006 89,936 89,705 89,717 12

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

8.2 7.5 7.6 7.6 0.0

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.7 7.1 7.2 7.0 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.4 6.7 6.5 6.8 0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.7 24.1 24.5 24.0 -0.5

White

7.3 6.7 6.7 6.6 -0.1

Black or African American

14.4 13.2 13.5 13.7 0.2

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.3 5.1 4.3 5.0 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

11.0 9.0 9.1 9.1 0.0

Total, 25 years and over

6.9 6.1 6.1 6.2 0.1

Less than a high school diploma

12.5 11.6 11.1 10.7 -0.4

High school graduates, no college

8.5 7.4 7.4 7.6 0.2

Some college or associate degree

7.3 6.4 6.5 6.4 -0.1

Bachelor's degree and higher

4.1 3.9 3.8 3.9 0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,121 6,410 6,147 6,119 -28

Job leavers

936 864 944 1,030 86

Reentrants

3,243 3,151 3,333 3,291 -42

New entrants

1,316 1,280 1,268 1,259 -9

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,825 2,474 2,706 2,692 -14

5 to 14 weeks

2,826 2,848 2,669 2,864 195

15 to 26 weeks

1,813 1,967 1,950 1,896 -54

27 weeks and over

5,336 4,353 4,357 4,328 -29

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

8,210 7,916 7,904 8,226 322

Slack work or business conditions

5,471 5,129 4,841 5,193 352

Could only find part-time work

2,514 2,527 2,721 2,652 -69

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,825 18,908 18,934 19,044 110

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,483 2,347 2,164 2,582 -

Discouraged workers

821 835 780 1,027 -

- Over-the-month changes are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

87 199 195 195

Total private

78 188 207 202

Goods-producing

14 -17 0 8

Mining and logging

-2 -3 0 1

Construction

7 -7 7 13

Manufacturing

9 -7 -7 -6

Durable goods(1)

9 -1 0 -3

Motor vehicles and parts

5.8 -0.4 4.8 5.1

Nondurable goods

0 -6 -7 -3

Private service-providing(1)

64 205 207 194

Wholesale trade

8.9 3.8 8.3 11.3

Retail trade

-3.1 22.4 26.9 37.1

Transportation and warehousing

-2.5 6.5 -6.8 -5.1

Information

-6 -9 1 -5

Financial activities

6 14 6 17

Professional and business services(1)

35 69 65 53

Temporary help services

20.5 20.8 23.6 9.5

Education and health services(1)

6 36 23 13

Health care and social assistance

11.7 37.8 12.7 23.5

Leisure and hospitality

14 60 69 75

Other services

5 1 13 -4

Government

9 11 -12 -7

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private women employees

47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.5

Average hourly earnings

$23.50 $23.89 $23.91 $24.01

Average weekly earnings

$808.40 $824.21 $824.90 $828.35

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

96.2 98.2 98.4 98.6

Over-the-month percent change

0.0 -0.1 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

107.9 111.9 112.2 112.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.2 0.3 0.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Average hourly earnings

$19.75 $20.07 $20.09 $20.14

Average weekly earnings

$665.58 $676.36 $677.03 $678.72

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

103.8 105.5 105.7 105.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 -0.2 0.2 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

136.9 141.5 141.9 142.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.1 0.3 0.4

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (266 industries)

57.3 57.7 61.8 58.8

Manufacturing (81 industries)

50.6 44.4 48.1 46.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 145,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 557,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

243,155 245,363 245,552 243,155 244,828 244,995 245,175 245,363 245,552

Civilian labor force

156,385 155,734 157,089 155,149 155,524 155,028 155,238 155,658 155,835

Participation rate

64.3 63.5 64.0 63.8 63.5 63.3 63.3 63.4 63.5

Employed

143,202 144,432 144,841 142,448 143,492 143,286 143,579 143,898 144,058

Employment-population ratio

58.9 58.9 59.0 58.6 58.6 58.5 58.6 58.6 58.7

Unemployed

13,184 11,302 12,248 12,701 12,032 11,742 11,659 11,760 11,777

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.3 7.8 8.2 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6

Not in labor force

86,770 89,629 88,463 88,006 89,304 89,967 89,936 89,705 89,717

Persons who currently want a job

7,157 7,193 7,152 6,556 6,821 6,722 6,413 6,712 6,580

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,277 118,393 118,490 117,277 118,117 118,204 118,296 118,393 118,490

Civilian labor force

83,369 82,924 83,837 82,457 82,823 82,584 82,621 82,862 82,898

Participation rate

71.1 70.0 70.8 70.3 70.1 69.9 69.8 70.0 70.0

Employed

76,338 76,608 77,277 75,522 76,375 76,329 76,239 76,299 76,447

Employment-population ratio

65.1 64.7 65.2 64.4 64.7 64.6 64.4 64.4 64.5

Unemployed

7,030 6,316 6,560 6,936 6,447 6,255 6,382 6,564 6,451

Unemployment rate

8.4 7.6 7.8 8.4 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.9 7.8

Not in labor force

33,909 35,469 34,654 34,820 35,295 35,619 35,675 35,531 35,592

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

108,613 109,839 109,943 108,613 109,541 109,635 109,736 109,839 109,943

Civilian labor force

79,733 80,015 80,186 79,432 79,910 79,747 79,803 79,878 79,883

Participation rate

73.4 72.8 72.9 73.1 72.9 72.7 72.7 72.7 72.7

Employed

73,735 74,456 74,717 73,299 74,249 74,228 74,159 74,124 74,276

Employment-population ratio

67.9 67.8 68.0 67.5 67.8 67.7 67.6 67.5 67.6

Unemployed

5,998 5,559 5,469 6,133 5,661 5,519 5,644 5,754 5,607

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.9 6.8 7.7 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.0

Not in labor force

28,879 29,824 29,757 29,180 29,631 29,888 29,933 29,961 30,060

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

125,878 126,970 127,062 125,878 126,710 126,791 126,878 126,970 127,062

Civilian labor force

73,017 72,810 73,253 72,691 72,701 72,443 72,617 72,796 72,938

Participation rate

58.0 57.3 57.7 57.7 57.4 57.1 57.2 57.3 57.4

Employed

66,863 67,824 67,565 66,926 67,116 66,956 67,340 67,599 67,612

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.4 53.2 53.2 53.0 52.8 53.1 53.2 53.2

Unemployed

6,153 4,986 5,688 5,765 5,585 5,487 5,277 5,197 5,326

Unemployment rate

8.4 6.8 7.8 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.3

Not in labor force

52,862 54,160 53,809 53,187 54,009 54,348 54,261 54,174 54,124

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

117,546 118,708 118,804 117,546 118,433 118,520 118,612 118,708 118,804

Civilian labor force

69,610 69,955 69,899 69,777 69,772 69,544 69,744 69,895 70,075

Participation rate

59.2 58.9 58.8 59.4 58.9 58.7 58.8 58.9 59.0

Employed

64,288 65,611 64,981 64,616 64,867 64,707 65,101 65,329 65,314

Employment-population ratio

54.7 55.3 54.7 55.0 54.8 54.6 54.9 55.0 55.0

Unemployed

5,322 4,343 4,918 5,161 4,905 4,837 4,642 4,566 4,761

Unemployment rate

7.6 6.2 7.0 7.4 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.8

Not in labor force

47,936 48,753 48,905 47,769 48,661 48,976 48,868 48,813 48,730

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,997 16,816 16,805 16,997 16,854 16,840 16,827 16,816 16,805

Civilian labor force

7,042 5,764 7,004 5,940 5,842 5,737 5,692 5,886 5,878

Participation rate

41.4 34.3 41.7 34.9 34.7 34.1 33.8 35.0 35.0

Employed

5,178 4,364 5,143 4,533 4,376 4,351 4,320 4,445 4,469

Employment-population ratio

30.5 26.0 30.6 26.7 26.0 25.8 25.7 26.4 26.6

Unemployed

1,864 1,400 1,860 1,406 1,466 1,386 1,372 1,441 1,409

Unemployment rate

26.5 24.3 26.6 23.7 25.1 24.2 24.1 24.5 24.0

Not in labor force

9,955 11,052 9,801 11,057 11,012 11,103 11,135 10,930 10,927

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,120 194,147 194,254 193,120 193,859 193,946 194,041 194,147 194,254

Civilian labor force

124,624 123,836 124,627 123,783 123,626 123,382 123,504 123,844 123,766

Participation rate

64.5 63.8 64.2 64.1 63.8 63.6 63.6 63.8 63.7

Employed

115,280 115,828 116,132 114,730 115,250 115,080 115,266 115,557 115,563

Employment-population ratio

59.7 59.7 59.8 59.4 59.5 59.3 59.4 59.5 59.5

Unemployed

9,344 8,009 8,495 9,053 8,376 8,302 8,238 8,287 8,204

Unemployment rate

7.5 6.5 6.8 7.3 6.8 6.7 6.7 6.7 6.6

Not in labor force

68,496 70,311 69,628 69,337 70,233 70,565 70,537 70,303 70,488

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,730 64,785 64,843 64,535 64,720 64,549 64,674 64,680 64,625

Participation rate

73.8 73.3 73.3 73.6 73.4 73.1 73.2 73.2 73.1

Employed

60,374 60,816 60,951 60,045 60,659 60,594 60,540 60,545 60,620

Employment-population ratio

68.8 68.8 68.9 68.4 68.8 68.7 68.6 68.5 68.6

Unemployed

4,356 3,969 3,892 4,490 4,061 3,955 4,135 4,135 4,005

Unemployment rate

6.7 6.1 6.0 7.0 6.3 6.1 6.4 6.4 6.2

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,265 54,411 54,239 54,484 54,224 54,255 54,221 54,447 54,469

Participation rate

58.5 58.3 58.1 58.8 58.2 58.2 58.2 58.4 58.4

Employed

50,598 51,390 50,893 50,914 50,946 50,940 51,123 51,311 51,222

Employment-population ratio

54.6 55.1 54.5 54.9 54.7 54.7 54.8 55.0 54.9

Unemployed

3,667 3,021 3,346 3,570 3,278 3,315 3,098 3,136 3,247

Unemployment rate

6.8 5.6 6.2 6.6 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.8 6.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

5,629 4,641 5,545 4,764 4,682 4,578 4,608 4,717 4,672

Participation rate

44.4 37.1 44.3 37.6 37.3 36.5 36.8 37.7 37.3

Employed

4,308 3,622 4,289 3,771 3,645 3,546 3,603 3,700 3,721

Employment-population ratio

34.0 28.9 34.3 29.8 29.1 28.3 28.8 29.6 29.7

Unemployed

1,321 1,019 1,256 994 1,037 1,032 1,005 1,017 951

Unemployment rate

23.5 21.9 22.7 20.9 22.1 22.5 21.8 21.6 20.4

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

29,885 30,322 30,355 29,885 30,223 30,255 30,290 30,322 30,355

Civilian labor force

18,758 18,690 18,852 18,549 18,639 18,524 18,617 18,723 18,636

Participation rate

62.8 61.6 62.1 62.1 61.7 61.2 61.5 61.7 61.4

Employed

15,978 16,226 16,154 15,879 16,059 16,068 16,167 16,202 16,090

Employment-population ratio

53.5 53.5 53.2 53.1 53.1 53.1 53.4 53.4 53.0

Unemployed

2,780 2,464 2,698 2,670 2,580 2,456 2,450 2,521 2,546

Unemployment rate

14.8 13.2 14.3 14.4 13.8 13.3 13.2 13.5 13.7

Not in labor force

11,128 11,632 11,502 11,337 11,583 11,731 11,673 11,599 11,719

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,376 8,432 8,411 8,319 8,437 8,447 8,377 8,441 8,358

Participation rate

68.8 67.8 67.5 68.3 68.2 68.1 67.4 67.9 67.1

Employed

7,204 7,274 7,331 7,140 7,352 7,370 7,319 7,301 7,270

Employment-population ratio

59.2 58.5 58.9 58.6 59.4 59.4 58.9 58.7 58.4

Unemployed

1,172 1,157 1,079 1,179 1,085 1,077 1,058 1,140 1,088

Unemployment rate

14.0 13.7 12.8 14.2 12.9 12.7 12.6 13.5 13.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,471 9,530 9,551 9,486 9,491 9,365 9,529 9,562 9,556

Participation rate

62.9 62.3 62.3 63.0 62.2 61.3 62.3 62.5 62.3

Employed

8,266 8,531 8,365 8,287 8,302 8,226 8,425 8,487 8,413

Employment-population ratio

54.9 55.7 54.6 55.0 54.4 53.9 55.1 55.4 54.9

Unemployed

1,205 999 1,186 1,199 1,189 1,139 1,105 1,074 1,143

Unemployment rate

12.7 10.5 12.4 12.6 12.5 12.2 11.6 11.2 12.0

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

910 728 891 744 711 713 711 720 722

Participation rate

34.4 28.3 34.7 28.1 27.4 27.6 27.5 28.0 28.1

Employed

508 420 458 452 404 472 423 413 407

Employment-population ratio

19.2 16.3 17.8 17.1 15.6 18.2 16.4 16.1 15.8

Unemployed

402 308 433 292 307 241 287 307 315

Unemployment rate

44.2 42.3 48.6 39.3 43.1 33.8 40.5 42.6 43.6

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

12,695 13,343 13,291 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,202 8,491 8,737 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.6 63.6 65.7 - - - - - -

Employed

7,682 8,127 8,302 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.5 60.9 62.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

519 365 435 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.3 4.3 5.0 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,493 4,851 4,554 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

36,708 37,395 37,471 36,708 37,169 37,242 37,320 37,395 37,471

Civilian labor force

24,679 24,872 24,975 24,585 24,563 24,354 24,512 24,848 24,869

Participation rate

67.2 66.5 66.7 67.0 66.1 65.4 65.7 66.4 66.4

Employed

21,962 22,743 22,698 21,878 22,215 22,122 22,310 22,583 22,601

Employment-population ratio

59.8 60.8 60.6 59.6 59.8 59.4 59.8 60.4 60.3

Unemployed

2,718 2,129 2,277 2,708 2,348 2,232 2,202 2,265 2,267

Unemployment rate

11.0 8.6 9.1 11.0 9.6 9.2 9.0 9.1 9.1

Not in labor force

12,029 12,523 12,495 12,123 12,606 12,888 12,808 12,547 12,602

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,425 13,731 13,768 - - - - - -

Participation rate

81.2 81.4 81.4 - - - - - -

Employed

12,147 12,737 12,731 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.5 75.5 75.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,277 995 1,036 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.5 7.2 7.5 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,909 10,017 9,914 - - - - - -

Participation rate

60.0 59.3 58.6 - - - - - -

Employed

8,886 9,203 9,057 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.8 54.5 53.5 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,022 815 857 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

10.3 8.1 8.6 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,346 1,124 1,293 - - - - - -

Participation rate

36.8 30.8 35.4 - - - - - -

Employed

928 804 910 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

25.4 22.0 24.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

418 320 383 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

31.0 28.5 29.6 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,623 11,483 11,414 11,383 11,256 11,264 10,999 11,237 11,161

Participation rate

45.9 45.9 45.5 45.0 47.2 46.0 44.8 45.0 44.5

Employed

10,291 10,295 10,312 9,956 9,999 10,012 9,725 9,993 9,969

Employment-population ratio

40.6 41.2 41.1 39.3 41.9 40.9 39.6 40.0 39.8

Unemployed

1,332 1,188 1,102 1,427 1,257 1,252 1,274 1,243 1,192

Unemployment rate

11.5 10.3 9.7 12.5 11.2 11.1 11.6 11.1 10.7

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,851 36,488 36,324 36,964 36,143 36,121 36,200 36,236 36,320

Participation rate

59.8 59.3 59.1 60.0 58.1 58.6 58.7 58.9 59.1

Employed

33,884 33,963 33,681 33,839 33,289 33,359 33,510 33,572 33,562

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.2 54.8 54.9 53.6 54.1 54.3 54.6 54.6

Unemployed

2,967 2,525 2,643 3,125 2,854 2,762 2,689 2,664 2,757

Unemployment rate

8.1 6.9 7.3 8.5 7.9 7.6 7.4 7.4 7.6

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,194 37,189 36,943 37,416 37,291 37,232 37,371 37,470 37,297

Participation rate

68.4 68.0 67.4 68.8 68.0 68.1 68.4 68.5 68.1

Employed

34,446 34,848 34,561 34,680 34,776 34,845 34,992 35,036 34,925

Employment-population ratio

63.4 63.7 63.1 63.8 63.5 63.8 64.1 64.0 63.7

Unemployed

2,748 2,341 2,382 2,736 2,515 2,387 2,379 2,435 2,372

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.3 6.4 7.3 6.7 6.4 6.4 6.5 6.4

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

47,631 49,392 49,086 47,959 49,436 49,236 49,492 49,473 49,466

Participation rate

75.5 75.6 75.1 76.1 75.9 75.3 75.6 75.8 75.6

Employed

45,674 47,623 47,163 45,986 47,555 47,371 47,563 47,581 47,537

Employment-population ratio

72.4 72.9 72.1 72.9 73.0 72.5 72.7 72.9 72.7

Unemployed

1,957 1,770 1,923 1,973 1,881 1,865 1,929 1,892 1,929

Unemployment rate

4.1 3.6 3.9 4.1 3.8 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,193 21,412 19,380 19,188 1,813 2,224

Civilian labor force

10,958 10,950 9,853 9,532 1,104 1,418

Participation rate

51.7 51.1 50.8 49.7 60.9 63.8

Employed

10,151 10,264 9,144 8,952 1,007 1,311

Employment-population ratio

47.9 47.9 47.2 46.7 55.5 59.0

Unemployed

806 687 709 579 97 107

Unemployment rate

7.4 6.3 7.2 6.1 8.8 7.6

Not in labor force

10,235 10,462 9,527 9,656 709 806

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,597 2,790 2,168 2,232 429 558

Civilian labor force

2,061 2,223 1,767 1,825 294 398

Participation rate

79.4 79.7 81.5 81.7 68.4 71.4

Employed

1,865 2,063 1,602 1,700 264 363

Employment-population ratio

71.8 73.9 73.9 76.2 61.4 65.0

Unemployed

196 160 166 125 30 36

Unemployment rate

9.5 7.2 9.4 6.8 10.1 8.9

Not in labor force

536 567 401 408 136 160

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,053 3,266 2,590 2,627 464 639

Civilian labor force

2,541 2,658 2,181 2,164 359 494

Participation rate

83.2 81.4 84.2 82.4 77.5 77.3

Employed

2,377 2,527 2,055 2,056 322 471

Employment-population ratio

77.9 77.4 79.4 78.3 69.4 73.6

Unemployed

163 131 126 107 37 23

Unemployment rate

6.4 4.9 5.8 5.0 10.4 4.7

Not in labor force

513 609 408 463 105 145

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

9,897 9,829 9,583 9,459 314 370

Civilian labor force

3,234 3,010 3,136 2,899 98 111

Participation rate

32.7 30.6 32.7 30.7 31.2 29.9

Employed

3,005 2,828 2,909 2,725 96 103

Employment-population ratio

30.4 28.8 30.4 28.8 30.5 27.8

Unemployed

229 183 227 175 2 8

Unemployment rate

7.1 6.1 7.2 6.0 2.1 7.1

Not in labor force

6,663 6,819 6,447 6,559 216 259

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,646 5,526 5,040 4,870 606 656

Civilian labor force

3,122 3,059 2,769 2,644 353 415

Participation rate

55.3 55.4 54.9 54.3 58.3 63.2

Employed

2,903 2,846 2,578 2,471 325 375

Employment-population ratio

51.4 51.5 51.2 50.7 53.7 57.1

Unemployed

219 213 191 173 28 40

Unemployment rate

7.0 7.0 6.9 6.5 7.9 9.7

Not in labor force

2,523 2,467 2,271 2,226 253 241

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

213,167 215,434 93,488 94,854 119,679 120,580

Civilian labor force

142,908 143,662 72,282 72,989 70,625 70,673

Participation rate

67.0 66.7 77.3 76.9 59.0 58.6

Employed

131,356 132,902 66,415 67,492 64,942 65,409

Employment-population ratio

61.6 61.7 71.0 71.2 54.3 54.2

Unemployed

11,551 10,760 5,868 5,497 5,684 5,263

Unemployment rate

8.1 7.5 8.1 7.5 8.0 7.4

Not in labor force

70,259 71,772 21,206 21,864 49,053 49,907

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2013, estimates for veterans incorporate population controls derived from the updated Department of Veterans Affairs' population model.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,097 28,491 215,058 217,061

Civilian labor force

5,755 5,768 150,630 151,321

Participation rate

20.5 20.2 70.0 69.7

Employed

4,987 4,950 138,214 139,891

Employment-population ratio

17.7 17.4 64.3 64.4

Unemployed

768 818 12,416 11,430

Unemployment rate

13.3 14.2 8.2 7.6

Not in labor force

22,342 22,724 64,428 65,739

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,546 2,570 76,457 76,761

Participation rate

34.2 34.4 83.6 83.5

Employed

2,215 2,204 70,073 70,795

Employment-population ratio

29.8 29.5 76.6 77.0

Unemployed

332 366 6,385 5,965

Unemployment rate

13.0 14.2 8.4 7.8

Not in labor force

4,893 4,907 15,016 15,132

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,281 2,242 67,429 67,389

Participation rate

29.7 28.5 71.1 70.9

Employed

1,929 1,846 61,863 62,323

Employment-population ratio

25.1 23.4 65.2 65.6

Unemployed

352 397 5,566 5,065

Unemployment rate

15.4 17.7 8.3 7.5

Not in labor force

5,391 5,630 27,390 27,614

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

927 956 6,744 7,172

Participation rate

7.1 7.3 23.4 23.8

Employed

843 901 6,279 6,773

Employment-population ratio

6.5 6.9 21.8 22.5

Unemployed

84 55 465 399

Unemployment rate

9.1 5.8 6.9 5.6

Not in labor force

12,058 12,186 22,022 22,993

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,315 37,658 18,294 18,371 19,021 19,286

Civilian labor force

25,009 25,305 14,588 14,692 10,420 10,612

Participation rate

67.0 67.2 79.7 80.0 54.8 55.0

Employed

22,985 23,670 13,502 13,809 9,483 9,861

Employment-population ratio

61.6 62.9 73.8 75.2 49.9 51.1

Unemployed

2,024 1,635 1,086 883 938 751

Unemployment rate

8.1 6.5 7.4 6.0 9.0 7.1

Not in labor force

12,306 12,353 3,705 3,679 8,601 8,674

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

205,840 207,894 98,984 100,119 106,857 107,775

Civilian labor force

131,377 131,785 68,781 69,144 62,596 62,640

Participation rate

63.8 63.4 69.5 69.1 58.6 58.1

Employed

120,217 121,172 62,836 63,468 57,380 57,704

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.3 63.5 63.4 53.7 53.5

Unemployed

11,160 10,613 5,944 5,676 5,216 4,936

Unemployment rate

8.5 8.1 8.6 8.2 8.3 7.9

Not in labor force

74,464 76,110 30,203 30,975 44,261 45,135

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

2,377 2,168 2,234 2,200 2,065 2,001 2,017 2,059 2,067

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,514 1,322 1,380 1,398 1,258 1,250 1,227 1,263 1,268

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

826 831 836 781 792 710 772 793 790

Unpaid family workers

37 15 18 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

140,824 142,263 142,607 140,218 141,415 141,317 141,592 141,890 142,004

Wage and salary workers(1)

131,694 133,483 133,652 131,342 132,694 132,761 132,847 133,201 133,273

Government

19,679 20,537 19,719 19,995 20,571 20,633 20,269 20,361 20,157

Private industries

112,015 112,947 113,932 111,403 112,141 112,147 112,558 112,865 113,167

Private households

832 663 702 - - - - - -

Other industries

111,183 112,284 113,230 110,638 111,411 111,462 111,932 112,274 112,552

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,049 8,715 8,885 8,818 8,686 8,407 8,651 8,597 8,643

Unpaid family workers

82 65 71 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,394 7,618 8,440 8,210 7,988 7,638 7,916 7,904 8,226

Slack work or business conditions

5,378 4,604 5,222 5,471 5,136 4,906 5,129 4,841 5,193

Could only find part-time work

2,599 2,727 2,748 2,514 2,578 2,576 2,527 2,721 2,652

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,654 19,315 17,931 18,825 18,908 18,745 18,908 18,934 19,044

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,268 7,523 8,328 8,072 7,865 7,544 7,793 7,797 8,111

Slack work or business conditions

5,294 4,544 5,150 5,363 5,045 4,832 5,058 4,778 5,120

Could only find part-time work

2,587 2,714 2,717 2,501 2,542 2,510 2,454 2,686 2,632

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

17,285 18,993 17,644 18,470 18,549 18,435 18,542 18,511 18,696

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

143,202 144,432 144,841 142,448 143,492 143,286 143,579 143,898 144,058

16 to 19 years

5,178 4,364 5,143 4,533 4,376 4,351 4,320 4,445 4,469

16 to 17 years

1,694 1,415 1,676 1,473 1,520 1,482 1,490 1,505 1,451

18 to 19 years

3,484 2,949 3,467 3,067 2,866 2,868 2,834 2,937 3,027

20 years and over

138,024 140,067 139,698 137,915 139,116 138,935 139,260 139,453 139,589

20 to 24 years

13,729 13,339 13,981 13,371 13,527 13,382 13,569 13,412 13,605

25 years and over

124,295 126,728 125,717 124,592 125,604 125,615 125,678 126,057 125,978

25 to 54 years

94,005 94,963 94,390 94,125 94,387 94,409 94,393 94,569 94,461

25 to 34 years

30,656 31,402 31,206 30,654 31,152 31,180 31,133 31,292 31,217

35 to 44 years

30,431 30,834 30,523 30,484 30,521 30,620 30,637 30,691 30,570

45 to 54 years

32,917 32,726 32,661 32,987 32,714 32,610 32,623 32,586 32,675

55 years and over

30,290 31,765 31,326 30,467 31,217 31,206 31,285 31,488 31,517

Men, 16 years and over

76,338 76,608 77,277 75,522 76,375 76,329 76,239 76,299 76,447

16 to 19 years

2,603 2,152 2,560 2,223 2,126 2,101 2,080 2,175 2,171

16 to 17 years

779 654 832 659 713 645 653 686 696

18 to 19 years

1,823 1,498 1,728 1,593 1,408 1,444 1,426 1,485 1,495

20 years and over

73,735 74,456 74,717 73,299 74,249 74,228 74,159 74,124 74,276

20 to 24 years

7,130 6,900 7,193 6,868 7,073 7,006 6,990 6,917 6,952

25 years and over

66,606 67,557 67,524 66,462 67,149 67,205 67,095 67,192 67,331

25 to 54 years

50,538 50,867 50,878 50,383 50,603 50,669 50,565 50,613 50,672

25 to 34 years

16,664 16,997 16,987 16,627 16,940 16,980 16,887 16,961 16,944

35 to 44 years

16,431 16,732 16,607 16,428 16,597 16,655 16,673 16,660 16,602

45 to 54 years

17,442 17,138 17,284 17,327 17,066 17,034 17,005 16,992 17,125

55 years and over

16,068 16,689 16,646 16,080 16,546 16,536 16,530 16,578 16,659

Women, 16 years and over

66,863 67,824 67,565 66,926 67,116 66,956 67,340 67,599 67,612

16 to 19 years

2,575 2,213 2,584 2,311 2,250 2,250 2,239 2,271 2,298

16 to 17 years

915 762 844 814 807 837 837 819 755

18 to 19 years

1,660 1,451 1,739 1,474 1,458 1,424 1,408 1,452 1,532

20 years and over

64,288 65,611 64,981 64,616 64,867 64,707 65,101 65,329 65,314

20 to 24 years

6,599 6,440 6,789 6,503 6,455 6,376 6,578 6,495 6,653

25 years and over

57,689 59,171 58,192 58,130 58,455 58,411 58,583 58,866 58,647

25 to 54 years

43,467 44,096 43,512 43,742 43,784 43,740 43,828 43,955 43,790

25 to 34 years

13,992 14,405 14,220 14,027 14,212 14,200 14,246 14,330 14,272

35 to 44 years

14,000 14,102 13,915 14,056 13,925 13,965 13,964 14,030 13,968

45 to 54 years

15,475 15,588 15,377 15,659 15,648 15,575 15,619 15,595 15,550

55 years and over

14,222 15,076 14,680 14,388 14,671 14,670 14,755 14,910 14,857

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,740 44,284 43,923 43,758 43,934 44,007 44,024 44,176 43,963

Married women, spouse present

34,177 34,804 34,276 34,553 34,400 34,319 34,346 34,716 34,672

Women who maintain families

9,264 9,557 9,348 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

116,024 116,643 117,400 114,606 115,841 115,903 116,053 116,238 115,998

Part-time workers(2)

27,178 27,789 27,442 27,864 27,569 27,442 27,549 27,699 28,059

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,707 7,123 6,990 6,790 7,259 7,102 6,983 6,918 7,065

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.9 4.8 4.8 5.1 5.0 4.9 4.8 4.9

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,206 5,305 5,170 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,875 9,546 9,720 9,599 9,478 9,117 9,423 9,390 9,432

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,701 11,760 11,777 8.2 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6

16 to 19 years

1,406 1,441 1,409 23.7 25.1 24.2 24.1 24.5 24.0

16 to 17 years

537 570 522 26.7 27.6 27.1 27.3 27.5 26.5

18 to 19 years

861 847 882 21.9 23.0 22.1 22.6 22.4 22.6

20 years and over

11,294 10,320 10,368 7.6 7.1 6.9 6.9 6.9 6.9

20 to 24 years

2,119 2,048 2,123 13.7 13.1 13.3 13.1 13.2 13.5

25 years and over

9,256 8,232 8,274 6.9 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.1 6.2

25 to 54 years

7,264 6,503 6,491 7.2 6.5 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.4

25 to 34 years

2,751 2,425 2,579 8.2 7.8 7.4 7.4 7.2 7.6

35 to 44 years

2,299 2,026 1,932 7.0 6.2 6.0 5.8 6.2 5.9

45 to 54 years

2,214 2,053 1,981 6.3 5.5 5.7 5.9 5.9 5.7

55 years and over

1,985 1,760 1,777 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.5 5.3 5.3

Men, 16 years and over

6,936 6,564 6,451 8.4 7.8 7.6 7.7 7.9 7.8

16 to 19 years

802 810 844 26.5 27.0 25.9 26.2 27.1 28.0

16 to 17 years

294 318 309 30.9 31.1 30.7 31.2 31.6 30.8

18 to 19 years

499 469 521 23.9 24.3 23.4 23.9 24.0 25.8

20 years and over

6,133 5,754 5,607 7.7 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.2 7.0

20 to 24 years

1,241 1,183 1,228 15.3 13.4 14.4 14.0 14.6 15.0

25 years and over

4,968 4,543 4,406 7.0 6.3 6.0 6.3 6.3 6.1

25 to 54 years

3,832 3,524 3,436 7.1 6.4 6.1 6.5 6.5 6.4

25 to 34 years

1,419 1,331 1,362 7.9 7.7 7.1 7.6 7.3 7.4

35 to 44 years

1,245 1,074 1,015 7.0 5.9 5.6 5.7 6.1 5.8

45 to 54 years

1,168 1,118 1,059 6.3 5.7 5.6 6.2 6.2 5.8

55 years and over

1,136 1,019 970 6.6 6.0 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.5

Women, 16 years and over

5,765 5,197 5,326 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.3 7.1 7.3

16 to 19 years

604 631 565 20.7 23.2 22.4 22.1 21.7 19.7

16 to 17 years

242 253 214 22.9 24.3 24.0 23.8 23.6 22.0

18 to 19 years

362 377 361 19.7 21.7 20.7 21.2 20.6 19.1

20 years and over

5,161 4,566 4,761 7.4 7.0 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.8

20 to 24 years

878 865 895 11.9 12.7 12.0 12.3 11.8 11.9

25 years and over

4,288 3,690 3,868 6.9 6.4 6.3 5.9 5.9 6.2

25 to 54 years

3,432 2,980 3,055 7.3 6.6 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.5

25 to 34 years

1,333 1,094 1,217 8.7 7.9 7.7 7.3 7.1 7.9

35 to 44 years

1,054 952 916 7.0 6.7 6.5 6.0 6.4 6.2

45 to 54 years

1,046 934 921 6.3 5.3 5.7 5.5 5.7 5.6

55 years and over(1)

879 685 836 5.8 5.6 5.2 4.8 4.3 5.4

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,273 2,018 1,975 4.9 4.5 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.3

Married women, spouse present

1,955 1,597 1,677 5.4 4.9 4.7 4.4 4.4 4.6

Women who maintain families(1)

1,237 1,044 1,123 11.8 11.0 10.7 10.3 9.9 10.7

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,851 9,941 9,956 8.6 8.1 7.9 7.9 7.9 7.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,869 1,752 1,834 6.3 6.2 5.9 6.0 5.9 6.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,927 5,751 5,939 7,121 6,522 6,329 6,410 6,147 6,119

On temporary layoff

1,188 768 1,139 1,309 1,078 1,107 1,170 997 1,199

Not on temporary layoff

5,739 4,983 4,800 5,812 5,443 5,223 5,240 5,151 4,920

Permanent job losers

4,490 3,728 3,639 4,506 4,128 3,959 3,976 3,822 3,700

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,249 1,255 1,161 1,307 1,315 1,264 1,264 1,329 1,220

Job leavers

879 882 981 936 956 986 864 944 1,030

Reentrants

3,556 3,459 3,600 3,243 3,340 3,176 3,151 3,333 3,291

New entrants

1,822 1,210 1,728 1,316 1,279 1,316 1,280 1,268 1,259

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

52.5 50.9 48.5 56.4 53.9 53.6 54.8 52.6 52.3

On temporary layoff

9.0 6.8 9.3 10.4 8.9 9.4 10.0 8.5 10.2

Not on temporary layoff

43.5 44.1 39.2 46.1 45.0 44.2 44.8 44.1 42.1

Job leavers

6.7 7.8 8.0 7.4 7.9 8.4 7.4 8.1 8.8

Reentrants

27.0 30.6 29.4 25.7 27.6 26.9 26.9 28.5 28.1

New entrants

13.8 10.7 14.1 10.4 10.6 11.1 10.9 10.8 10.8

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.4 3.7 3.8 4.6 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7

Reentrants

2.3 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.1 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.1

New entrants

1.2 0.8 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,627 2,710 3,569 2,825 2,667 2,464 2,474 2,706 2,692

5 to 14 weeks

2,546 2,141 2,592 2,826 2,782 2,838 2,848 2,669 2,864

15 weeks and over

7,010 6,451 6,086 7,149 6,493 6,348 6,320 6,306 6,225

15 to 26 weeks

1,793 2,084 1,841 1,813 1,695 1,737 1,967 1,950 1,896

27 weeks and over

5,217 4,366 4,245 5,336 4,797 4,611 4,353 4,357 4,328

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

38.2 38.6 34.1 39.7 36.9 37.1 36.5 36.9 35.6

Median duration, in weeks

17.4 18.8 14.3 19.4 17.8 18.1 17.5 17.3 16.3

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

27.5 24.0 29.1 22.1 22.3 21.1 21.3 23.2 22.9

5 to 14 weeks

19.3 18.9 21.2 22.1 23.3 24.4 24.5 22.8 24.3

15 weeks and over

53.2 57.1 49.7 55.8 54.4 54.5 54.3 54.0 52.8

15 to 26 weeks

13.6 18.4 15.0 14.2 14.2 14.9 16.9 16.7 16.1

27 weeks and over

39.6 38.6 34.7 41.7 40.2 39.6 37.4 37.3 36.7

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

143,202 144,841 13,184 12,248 8.4 7.8

Management, professional, and related occupations

53,846 54,323 2,472 2,358 4.4 4.2

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

23,068 23,019 921 843 3.8 3.5

Professional and related occupations

30,778 31,304 1,551 1,515 4.8 4.6

Service occupations

26,476 26,769 2,634 2,732 9.0 9.3

Sales and office occupations

32,642 33,224 2,887 2,444 8.1 6.9

Sales and related occupations

15,322 15,765 1,397 1,124 8.4 6.7

Office and administrative support occupations

17,320 17,459 1,490 1,321 7.9 7.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,978 13,532 1,447 1,327 10.0 8.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

1,144 1,069 132 92 10.3 7.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,020 7,480 1,046 937 13.0 11.1

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,815 4,983 269 298 5.3 5.6

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

17,259 16,993 1,883 1,613 9.8 8.7

Production occupations

8,419 8,087 871 772 9.4 8.7

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,840 8,906 1,012 841 10.3 8.6

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,184 12,248 8.4 7.8

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

9,626 8,800 7.9 7.2

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

52 70 4.8 6.4

Construction

1,039 825 12.8 9.8

Manufacturing

1,056 989 6.9 6.4

Durable goods

654 569 6.8 5.9

Nondurable goods

402 420 7.0 7.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,709 1,415 8.3 7.0

Transportation and utilities

437 384 7.2 6.3

Information

201 164 7.1 5.6

Financial activities

510 441 5.6 4.7

Professional and business services

1,356 1,300 8.9 8.2

Education and health services

1,368 1,243 6.2 5.6

Leisure and hospitality

1,407 1,559 9.8 10.7

Other services

492 411 7.5 6.3

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

133 118 8.4 8.2

Government workers

1,079 1,086 5.2 5.2

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

524 517 5.0 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2012
May
2013
June
2013
June
2012
Feb.
2013
Mar.
2013
Apr.
2013
May
2013
June
2013

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.5 4.1 3.9 4.6 4.2 4.1 4.1 4.1 4.0

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.4 3.7 3.8 4.6 4.2 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.9

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.4 7.3 7.8 8.2 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.6 7.6

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.9 7.7 8.4 8.7 8.3 8.1 8.0 8.0 8.2

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.9 8.5 9.3 9.6 9.2 8.9 8.9 8.8 9.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.1 13.4 14.6 14.8 14.3 13.8 13.9 13.8 14.3

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013
June
2012
June
2013

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

86,770 88,463 33,909 34,654 52,862 53,809

Persons who currently want a job

7,157 7,152 3,212 3,243 3,945 3,909

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,483 2,582 1,226 1,332 1,256 1,250

Discouraged workers(2)

821 1,027 511 595 310 431

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,662 1,555 716 737 946 818

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,707 6,990 3,293 3,640 3,414 3,350

Percent of total employed

4.7 4.8 4.3 4.7 5.1 5.0

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,489 3,727 1,898 2,197 1,590 1,530

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,812 1,808 640 679 1,173 1,128

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

259 246 163 135 96 111

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,114 1,156 579 603 535 554

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
Change from:
May2013 - June2013(p)

Total nonfarm

134,556 135,513 136,383 136,805 133,609 135,512 135,707 135,902 195

Total private

112,709 113,226 114,142 114,998 111,694 113,642 113,849 114,051 202

Goods-producing

18,700 18,420 18,665 18,929 18,410 18,635 18,635 18,643 8

Mining and logging

864 857 868 877 853 866 866 867 1

Logging

51.1 47.7 49.6 51.7 51.1 51.2 51.3 51.4 0.1

Mining

813.3 809.0 818.2 825.6 801.9 814.5 814.3 815.1 0.8

Oil and gas extraction

189.6 192.1 193.1 194.5 186.8 192.6 192.8 192.1 -0.7

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

228.5 220.6 226.4 229.8 221.6 223.6 222.3 223.4 1.1

Coal mining

88.1 84.1 85.7 86.7 87.2 84.3 85.1 85.9 0.8

Support activities for mining

395.2 396.3 398.7 401.3 393.5 398.3 399.2 399.6 0.4

Construction

5,820 5,648 5,837 6,003 5,622 5,792 5,799 5,812 13

Construction of buildings

1,261.5 1,230.4 1,260.0 1,291.0 1,232.8 1,263.0 1,261.5 1,262.3 0.8

Residential building

588.4 567.0 585.8 602.8 571.8 584.1 584.8 584.9 0.1

Nonresidential building

673.1 663.4 674.2 688.2 661.0 678.9 676.7 677.4 0.7

Heavy and civil engineering construction

910.3 857.1 913.7 944.3 862.0 886.7 892.7 898.3 5.6

Specialty trade contractors

3,648.3 3,560.4 3,662.9 3,767.2 3,527.6 3,642.3 3,644.6 3,651.8 7.2

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,529.1 1,502.9 1,557.1 1,610.1 1,470.5 1,539.4 1,542.5 1,547.6 5.1

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,119.2 2,057.5 2,105.8 2,157.1 2,057.1 2,102.9 2,102.1 2,104.2 2.1

Manufacturing

12,016 11,915 11,960 12,049 11,935 11,977 11,970 11,964 -6

Durable goods

7,529 7,491 7,515 7,564 7,476 7,511 7,511 7,508 -3

Wood products

342.2 341.7 346.4 349.5 336.2 344.0 344.9 343.2 -1.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

371.3 363.6 371.8 374.9 362.2 366.4 367.1 365.6 -1.5

Primary metals

405.9 396.8 396.3 393.4 404.1 396.2 394.5 391.7 -2.8

Fabricated metal products

1,425.2 1,429.6 1,435.5 1,446.1 1,415.3 1,434.1 1,434.9 1,436.3 1.4

Machinery

1,110.3 1,104.4 1,101.5 1,107.3 1,102.9 1,105.7 1,101.7 1,101.3 -0.4

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,101.6 1,080.0 1,081.8 1,089.0 1,096.4 1,083.7 1,084.7 1,085.6 0.9

Computer and peripheral equipment

160.1 160.1 161.1 163.5 159.6 160.9 162.1 163.0 0.9

Communications equipment

109.8 107.2 107.1 107.1 109.2 107.6 107.3 106.7 -0.6

Semiconductors and electronic components

387.2 378.1 378.4 381.4 385.3 379.3 379.5 380.6 1.1

Electronic instruments

403.6 395.5 395.9 397.8 401.7 396.6 396.5 396.3 -0.2

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.2 363.9 364.3 364.0 371.4 365.1 365.0 361.7 -3.3

Transportation equipment(1)

1,463.2 1,485.3 1,487.7 1,502.2 1,455.9 1,485.9 1,488.7 1,494.3 5.6

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

781.1 797.8 802.5 812.3 776.1 796.5 801.3 806.4 5.1

Furniture and related products

352.2 351.3 353.5 357.9 349.5 352.4 352.1 352.7 0.6

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

584.1 574.6 576.2 579.9 582.4 577.2 577.0 575.4 -1.6

Nondurable goods

4,487 4,424 4,445 4,485 4,459 4,466 4,459 4,456 -3

Food manufacturing

1,478.8 1,445.3 1,454.0 1,477.1 1,472.2 1,475.0 1,472.5 1,471.9 -0.6

Textile mills

118.8 114.6 114.9 116.9 117.9 114.8 114.8 115.6 0.8

Textile product mills

118.3 114.1 114.2 115.8 116.6 114.7 114.3 114.4 0.1

Apparel

148.7 142.9 143.7 143.5 147.9 142.7 142.5 141.8 -0.7

Paper and paper products

382.0 374.9 375.8 378.8 380.0 376.9 376.7 376.3 -0.4

Printing and related support activities

466.1 451.9 449.5 449.8 463.9 453.0 449.4 447.9 -1.5

Petroleum and coal products

114.1 113.8 115.3 116.6 111.6 114.6 113.9 114.2 0.3

Chemicals

785.9 793.5 795.2 798.6 782.7 794.5 795.0 794.5 -0.5

Plastics and rubber products

648.6 654.5 658.7 661.8 645.4 656.5 657.2 656.7 -0.5

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

225.5 218.7 223.2 226.5 221.1 222.9 223.0 222.3 -0.7

Private service-providing

94,009 94,806 95,477 96,069 93,284 95,007 95,214 95,408 194

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,530 25,619 25,819 25,973 25,467 25,838 25,868 25,913 45

Wholesale trade

5,716.1 5,722.6 5,758.1 5,800.2 5,675.6 5,740.9 5,749.2 5,760.5 11.3

Durable goods

2,850.5 2,846.8 2,859.5 2,880.6 2,833.1 2,857.6 2,860.0 2,864.7 4.7

Nondurable goods

1,991.9 1,991.3 2,009.4 2,020.9 1,972.6 1,996.3 1,999.9 2,004.2 4.3

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

873.7 884.5 889.2 898.7 869.9 887.0 889.3 891.6 2.3

Retail trade

14,836.5 14,906.9 15,031.3 15,144.0 14,835.8 15,071.9 15,098.8 15,135.9 37.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,747.3 1,762.1 1,773.0 1,787.6 1,729.8 1,762.0 1,763.1 1,771.4 8.3

Automobile dealers

1,096.5 1,113.4 1,116.0 1,126.2 1,090.7 1,114.4 1,114.2 1,120.3 6.1

Furniture and home furnishings stores

432.5 445.9 445.8 445.5 440.2 452.0 452.3 451.0 -1.3

Electronics and appliance stores

502.7 496.1 496.3 496.8 509.1 502.6 504.8 505.5 0.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,228.4 1,221.7 1,254.0 1,249.7 1,169.4 1,179.9 1,181.4 1,189.9 8.5

Food and beverage stores

2,877.1 2,874.2 2,906.2 2,936.7 2,854.8 2,901.2 2,906.3 2,913.6 7.3

Health and personal care stores

994.9 1,025.0 1,024.8 1,025.2 996.0 1,030.3 1,027.5 1,024.5 -3.0

Gasoline stations

851.8 844.3 856.3 869.2 842.0 850.7 855.2 856.0 0.8

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,362.1 1,379.2 1,389.8 1,411.6 1,391.4 1,432.8 1,441.5 1,449.6 8.1

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

574.5 560.4 563.7 568.9 588.4 579.2 578.7 580.2 1.5

General merchandise stores(1)

3,032.9 3,070.1 3,077.1 3,093.7 3,074.5 3,122.6 3,128.3 3,128.2 -0.1

Department stores

1,453.8 1,456.6 1,453.2 1,458.1 1,492.9 1,494.7 1,494.6 1,494.7 0.1

Miscellaneous store retailers

800.1 795.3 810.1 822.0 795.4 811.4 812.7 817.8 5.1

Nonstore retailers

432.2 432.6 434.2 437.1 444.8 447.2 447.0 448.2 1.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,419.0 4,433.7 4,471.5 4,464.8 4,400.2 4,468.7 4,461.9 4,456.8 -5.1

Air transportation

464.8 446.2 448.4 450.7 460.7 447.2 447.2 446.4 -0.8

Rail transportation

232.0 231.5 232.2 232.2 230.7 231.2 231.2 231.4 0.2

Water transportation

63.9 62.2 62.9 63.8 62.6 63.3 62.6 62.5 -0.1

Truck transportation

1,368.0 1,368.9 1,385.7 1,395.0 1,349.4 1,385.6 1,383.2 1,379.7 -3.5

Transit and ground passenger transportation

432.2 485.1 487.0 457.3 437.4 470.1 468.6 462.9 -5.7

Pipeline transportation

44.1 44.1 45.3 45.9 44.0 44.5 45.3 45.5 0.2

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

34.1 23.6 28.2 32.2 27.4 26.1 26.2 25.8 -0.4

Support activities for transportation

580.6 583.1 584.0 588.4 578.2 584.2 584.0 587.2 3.2

Couriers and messengers

523.3 510.3 518.4 518.1 529.3 529.6 529.3 528.5 -0.8

Warehousing and storage

676.0 678.7 679.4 681.2 680.5 686.9 684.3 686.9 2.6

Utilities

558.5 555.7 558.4 563.5 555.3 556.9 558.0 559.3 1.3

Information

2,687 2,689 2,706 2,696 2,675 2,692 2,693 2,688 -5

Publishing industries, except Internet

737.9 727.6 725.6 727.1 737.9 729.7 728.7 727.2 -1.5

Motion picture and sound recording industries

381.6 388.6 407.9 390.3 371.5 389.6 390.9 384.4 -6.5

Broadcasting, except Internet

286.9 286.7 284.0 284.6 286.2 286.0 284.8 284.8 0.0

Telecommunications

855.6 855.1 854.5 857.8 857.0 856.0 856.7 857.4 0.7

Data processing, hosting and related services

251.1 252.1 253.3 253.5 250.0 250.7 250.9 252.7 1.8

Other information services

173.8 178.6 180.4 182.5 172.1 179.8 181.2 181.1 -0.1

Financial activities

7,833 7,843 7,874 7,947 7,788 7,873 7,879 7,896 17

Finance and insurance

5,842.8 5,878.5 5,881.4 5,918.4 5,830.6 5,892.6 5,894.1 5,906.7 12.6

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.1 16.6 16.7 16.9 17.1 16.8 16.8 16.9 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,577.3 2,606.6 2,605.0 2,620.2 2,573.8 2,612.6 2,611.4 2,617.6 6.2

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,739.8 1,734.0 1,731.9 1,740.6 1,736.7 1,737.9 1,736.0 1,737.1 1.1

Commercial banking

1,318.9 1,306.2 1,302.3 1,307.4 1,316.8 1,308.5 1,305.6 1,305.3 -0.3

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

817.5 826.4 826.8 833.7 815.4 828.3 830.2 829.2 -1.0

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,343.5 2,342.7 2,346.9 2,359.3 2,337.2 2,348.1 2,349.0 2,355.0 6.0

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

87.4 86.2 86.0 88.3 87.1 86.8 86.7 88.0 1.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,990.4 1,964.8 1,992.3 2,028.2 1,957.0 1,979.9 1,984.8 1,989.7 4.9

Real estate

1,436.5 1,427.5 1,443.5 1,466.7 1,418.7 1,435.3 1,440.3 1,444.7 4.4

Rental and leasing services

529.7 514.5 525.9 538.0 514.0 521.6 521.3 521.5 0.2

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

24.2 22.8 22.9 23.5 24.3 23.0 23.2 23.5 0.3

Professional and business services

18,062 18,389 18,491 18,641 17,913 18,419 18,484 18,537 53

Professional and technical services(1)

7,862.6 8,159.1 8,052.3 8,081.6 7,884.5 8,085.8 8,101.5 8,111.3 9.8

Legal services

1,133.7 1,125.8 1,125.5 1,134.4 1,121.9 1,129.0 1,126.1 1,122.9 -3.2

Accounting and bookkeeping services

849.4 1,039.9 896.6 873.0 910.9 936.0 937.9 936.5 -1.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,336.8 1,336.9 1,352.1 1,367.9 1,321.9 1,347.8 1,353.1 1,356.1 3.0

Computer systems design and related services

1,615.9 1,676.7 1,683.9 1,689.9 1,617.7 1,680.9 1,687.0 1,694.3 7.3

Management and technical consulting services

1,121.2 1,169.8 1,177.4 1,190.1 1,119.4 1,175.1 1,179.0 1,187.4 8.4

Management of companies and enterprises

2,020.5 2,024.8 2,037.7 2,058.3 2,008.1 2,035.9 2,041.3 2,046.0 4.7

Administrative and waste services

8,178.6 8,205.3 8,400.6 8,501.3 8,020.5 8,297.2 8,341.2 8,379.7 38.5

Administrative and support services(1)

7,798.6 7,831.9 8,021.5 8,114.7 7,646.8 7,919.5 7,962.5 7,998.4 35.9

Employment services(1)

3,180.1 3,246.2 3,331.5 3,370.1 3,143.2 3,318.7 3,344.7 3,363.3 18.6

Temporary help services

2,538.0 2,587.7 2,664.2 2,689.2 2,514.3 2,648.6 2,672.2 2,681.7 9.5

Business support services

813.9 836.2 838.0 833.6 826.2 841.5 845.8 846.3 0.5

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,941.7 1,860.4 1,948.5 1,993.0 1,826.6 1,863.0 1,870.5 1,881.3 10.8

Waste management and remediation services

380.0 373.4 379.1 386.6 373.7 377.7 378.7 381.3 2.6

Education and health services

20,088 20,810 20,710 20,448 20,296 20,626 20,649 20,662 13

Educational services

3,134.6 3,527.8 3,410.9 3,150.5 3,348.0 3,358.9 3,369.0 3,358.4 -10.6

Health care and social assistance

16,953.6 17,281.7 17,299.2 17,297.2 16,947.8 17,266.9 17,279.6 17,303.1 23.5

Health care(3)

14,304.1 14,522.2 14,537.1 14,579.9 14,284.2 14,537.3 14,548.3 14,568.1 19.8

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,310.5 6,482.7 6,500.0 6,518.6 6,308.0 6,486.7 6,501.5 6,514.1 12.6

Offices of physicians

2,389.4 2,423.6 2,426.5 2,430.5 2,389.9 2,430.2 2,433.1 2,433.3 0.2

Outpatient care centers

650.4 682.2 686.5 689.3 650.2 681.5 685.4 688.6 3.2

Home health care services

1,194.3 1,269.4 1,276.9 1,283.0 1,194.7 1,267.4 1,274.7 1,281.5 6.8

Hospitals

4,788.8 4,831.3 4,821.4 4,833.8 4,782.2 4,838.1 4,830.2 4,834.7 4.5

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,204.8 3,208.2 3,215.7 3,227.5 3,194.0 3,212.5 3,216.6 3,219.3 2.7

Nursing care facilities

1,670.4 1,660.1 1,660.6 1,663.8 1,665.5 1,662.7 1,660.8 1,660.2 -0.6

Social assistance(1)

2,649.5 2,759.5 2,762.1 2,717.3 2,663.6 2,729.6 2,731.3 2,735.0 3.7

Child day care services

829.2 881.5 880.6 830.8 851.6 857.6 854.8 854.4 -0.4

Leisure and hospitality

14,311 13,990 14,370 14,816 13,716 14,086 14,155 14,230 75

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

2,211.1 1,961.3 2,095.8 2,301.0 1,958.5 2,011.1 2,028.9 2,046.3 17.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

419.2 442.2 447.9 451.0 399.7 430.5 427.6 428.7 1.1

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

148.5 135.4 141.8 145.5 135.1 137.5 136.5 133.9 -2.6

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,643.4 1,383.7 1,506.1 1,704.5 1,423.7 1,443.1 1,464.8 1,483.7 18.9

Accommodation and food services

12,099.8 12,028.2 12,273.7 12,514.7 11,757.5 12,075.0 12,126.4 12,183.8 57.4

Accommodation

1,916.8 1,785.8 1,837.6 1,939.1 1,818.6 1,834.8 1,838.3 1,844.0 5.7

Food services and drinking places

10,183.0 10,242.4 10,436.1 10,575.6 9,938.9 10,240.2 10,288.1 10,339.8 51.7

Other services

5,498 5,466 5,507 5,548 5,429 5,473 5,486 5,482 -4

Repair and maintenance

1,199.3 1,200.8 1,207.0 1,202.9 1,186.6 1,197.5 1,200.9 1,194.6 -6.3

Personal and laundry services

1,325.0 1,331.5 1,347.2 1,354.1 1,308.6 1,329.5 1,333.6 1,337.0 3.4

Membership associations and organizations

2,973.8 2,933.2 2,952.7 2,990.5 2,933.9 2,945.9 2,951.8 2,950.0 -1.8

Government

21,847 22,287 22,241 21,807 21,915 21,870 21,858 21,851 -7

Federal

2,833.0 2,777.0 2,757.0 2,766.0 2,818.0 2,775.0 2,758.0 2,753.0 -5.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,222.6 2,169.0 2,168.3 2,177.1 2,205.3 2,174.0 2,165.7 2,160.7 -5.0

U.S. Postal Service

610.6 607.9 589.0 589.1 613.0 600.5 592.5 592.4 -0.1

State government

4,820.0 5,202.0 5,066.0 4,786.0 5,050.0 5,043.0 5,032.0 5,017.0 -15.0

State government education

2,128.2 2,549.0 2,406.0 2,118.9 2,380.2 2,390.7 2,382.1 2,373.1 -9.0

State government, excluding education

2,692.2 2,652.9 2,660.0 2,666.8 2,669.7 2,652.3 2,649.5 2,643.7 -5.8

Local government

14,194.0 14,308.0 14,418.0 14,255.0 14,047.0 14,052.0 14,068.0 14,081.0 13.0

Local government education

7,738.0 8,110.6 8,140.6 7,776.6 7,764.6 7,768.9 7,775.3 7,773.9 -1.4

Local government, excluding education

6,455.7 6,197.7 6,277.4 6,478.8 6,281.9 6,283.3 6,292.2 6,307.2 15.0

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.5 34.5

Goods-producing

40.1 40.3 40.4 40.5

Mining and logging

44.0 43.2 43.8 44.4

Construction

38.5 39.0 39.2 39.0

Manufacturing

40.6 40.7 40.8 40.9

Durable goods

41.0 41.1 41.1 41.2

Nondurable goods

40.1 40.0 40.3 40.4

Private service-providing

33.3 33.3 33.4 33.4

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.6 34.5 34.6 34.5

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.7 38.7 38.8

Retail trade

31.6 31.4 31.5 31.4

Transportation and warehousing

38.3 38.6 38.6 38.5

Utilities

41.6 42.2 42.3 42.6

Information

36.6 36.6 36.6 37.0

Financial activities

37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4

Professional and business services

35.9 36.0 36.1 36.1

Education and health services

32.9 32.9 32.9 33.0

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.1 26.1 26.1

Other services

31.6 31.6 31.7 31.5

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.2 3.4 3.3 3.3

Durable goods

3.2 3.4 3.3 3.3

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.5 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)

Total private

$23.50 $23.89 $23.91 $24.01 $808.40 $824.21 $824.90 $828.35

Goods-producing

24.69 25.02 25.09 25.22 990.07 1,008.31 1,013.64 1,021.41

Mining and logging

28.70 29.06 29.53 29.81 1,262.80 1,255.39 1,293.41 1,323.56

Construction

25.74 26.08 26.09 26.17 990.99 1,017.12 1,022.73 1,020.63

Manufacturing

23.92 24.21 24.29 24.41 971.15 985.35 991.03 998.37

Durable goods

25.28 25.62 25.72 25.85 1,036.48 1,052.98 1,057.09 1,065.02

Nondurable goods

21.58 21.79 21.83 21.94 865.36 871.60 879.75 886.38

Private service-providing

23.21 23.62 23.63 23.73 772.89 786.55 789.24 792.58

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.50 20.89 20.89 20.97 709.30 720.71 722.79 723.47

Wholesale trade

26.82 27.62 27.59 27.74 1,037.93 1,068.89 1,067.73 1,076.31

Retail trade

16.33 16.59 16.58 16.64 516.03 520.93 522.27 522.50

Transportation and warehousing

21.99 22.13 22.17 22.19 842.22 854.22 855.76 854.32

Utilities

33.99 34.74 35.26 35.18 1,413.98 1,466.03 1,491.50 1,498.67

Information

31.78 32.78 32.64 32.94 1,163.15 1,199.75 1,194.62 1,218.78

Financial activities

29.12 30.10 30.08 30.28 1,080.35 1,119.72 1,121.98 1,132.47

Professional and business services

28.05 28.44 28.44 28.53 1,007.00 1,023.84 1,026.68 1,029.93

Education and health services

24.21 24.52 24.55 24.65 796.51 806.71 807.70 813.45

Leisure and hospitality

13.38 13.43 13.44 13.46 349.22 350.52 350.78 351.31

Other services

20.78 21.15 21.22 21.29 656.65 668.34 672.67 670.64

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
Percent change from:
May
2013 - June
2013(p)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
Percent change from:
May
2013 - June
2013(p)

Total private

96.2 98.2 98.4 98.6 0.2 107.9 111.9 112.2 112.9 0.6

Goods-producing

84.1 85.6 85.8 86.0 0.2 93.9 96.8 97.3 98.1 0.8

Mining and logging

117.9 117.6 119.2 121.0 1.5 135.9 137.2 141.3 144.8 2.5

Construction

74.6 77.9 78.4 78.1 -0.4 83.4 88.2 88.8 88.8 0.0

Manufacturing

87.2 87.7 87.9 88.0 0.1 97.0 98.7 99.2 99.9 0.7

Durable goods

86.3 86.9 86.9 87.1 0.2 96.9 98.9 99.3 100.0 0.7

Nondurable goods

89.2 89.1 89.7 89.8 0.1 97.7 98.6 99.3 100.0 0.7

Private service-providing

99.7 101.6 102.1 102.3 0.2 112.1 116.2 116.8 117.6 0.7

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.8 96.9 97.3 97.2 -0.1 105.7 109.0 109.4 109.7 0.3

Wholesale trade

95.8 96.9 97.1 97.5 0.4 107.3 111.7 111.8 112.9 1.0

Retail trade

95.2 96.1 96.6 96.5 -0.1 102.8 105.4 105.9 106.2 0.3

Transportation and warehousing

96.5 98.7 98.6 98.2 -0.4 107.6 110.9 110.9 110.6 -0.3

Utilities

99.9 101.7 102.1 103.1 1.0 112.2 116.7 119.0 119.8 0.7

Information

89.4 90.0 90.0 90.8 0.9 101.2 105.0 104.6 106.5 1.8

Financial activities

94.6 95.9 96.2 96.7 0.5 107.5 112.6 112.9 114.2 1.2

Professional and business services

101.1 104.3 104.9 105.2 0.3 114.9 120.2 120.9 121.7 0.7

Education and health services

108.7 110.5 110.6 111.0 0.4 123.3 126.9 127.2 128.2 0.8

Leisure and hospitality

102.1 104.9 105.4 106.0 0.6 110.3 113.7 114.3 115.1 0.7

Other services

95.1 95.8 96.4 95.7 -0.7 112.1 115.0 116.0 115.6 -0.3

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)

Total nonfarm

65,943 66,882 66,980 67,093 49.4 49.4 49.4 49.4

Total private

53,476 54,402 54,507 54,623 47.9 47.9 47.9 47.9

Goods-producing

4,098 4,104 4,106 4,102 22.3 22.0 22.0 22.0

Mining and logging

113 118 118 116 13.2 13.6 13.6 13.4

Construction

722 739 742 744 12.8 12.8 12.8 12.8

Manufacturing

3,263 3,247 3,246 3,242 27.3 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,733 1,733 1,733 1,730 23.2 23.1 23.1 23.0

Nondurable goods

1,530 1,514 1,513 1,512 34.3 33.9 33.9 33.9

Private service-providing

49,378 50,298 50,401 50,521 52.9 52.9 52.9 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,259 10,484 10,503 10,528 40.3 40.6 40.6 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,709.8 1,703.6 1,705.0 1,707.1 30.1 29.7 29.7 29.6

Retail trade

7,394.2 7,597.3 7,612.3 7,634.4 49.8 50.4 50.4 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,017.1 1,045.4 1,047.7 1,048.1 23.1 23.4 23.5 23.5

Utilities

138.0 137.6 138.3 138.2 24.9 24.7 24.8 24.7

Information

1,080 1,067 1,070 1,066 40.4 39.6 39.7 39.7

Financial activities

4,523 4,545 4,542 4,545 58.1 57.7 57.6 57.6

Professional and business services

7,924 8,173 8,212 8,244 44.2 44.4 44.4 44.5

Education and health services

15,565 15,827 15,841 15,859 76.7 76.7 76.7 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,175 7,328 7,354 7,398 52.3 52.0 52.0 52.0

Other services

2,852 2,874 2,879 2,881 52.5 52.5 52.5 52.6

Government

12,467 12,480 12,473 12,470 56.9 57.1 57.1 57.1

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)

Total private

92,273 93,836 94,000 94,170

Goods-producing

13,272 13,408 13,392 13,380

Mining and logging

647 639 636 633

Construction

4,217 4,376 4,379 4,387

Manufacturing

8,408 8,393 8,377 8,360

Durable goods

5,156 5,156 5,150 5,137

Nondurable goods

3,252 3,237 3,227 3,223

Private service-providing

79,001 80,428 80,608 80,790

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,611 21,857 21,877 21,913

Wholesale trade

4,565.8 4,622.8 4,631.2 4,640.5

Retail trade

12,796.0 12,927.1 12,943.1 12,971.4

Transportation and warehousing

3,807.0 3,857.9 3,852.6 3,850.1

Utilities

442.1 448.8 450.0 450.7

Information

2,163 2,182 2,184 2,178

Financial activities

5,990 6,063 6,062 6,076

Professional and business services

14,789 15,235 15,300 15,349

Education and health services

17,803 18,080 18,101 18,117

Leisure and hospitality

12,104 12,440 12,507 12,579

Other services

4,541 4,571 4,577 4,578

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.7 33.7 33.7 33.7

Goods-producing

41.1 41.3 41.3 41.2

Mining and logging

46.6 45.5 45.9 45.8

Construction

39.1 39.7 39.7 39.5

Manufacturing

41.6 41.8 41.8 41.8

Durable goods

42.1 42.1 42.1 42.1

Nondurable goods

40.9 41.2 41.3 41.3

Private service-providing

32.5 32.4 32.5 32.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.8 33.6 33.8 33.7

Wholesale trade

38.7 38.6 38.8 38.8

Retail trade

30.5 30.0 30.3 30.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.0 38.6 38.5 38.5

Utilities

41.0 41.9 42.1 42.1

Information

36.0 35.8 35.8 36.1

Financial activities

36.6 36.7 36.7 36.9

Professional and business services

35.2 35.3 35.3 35.3

Education and health services

32.4 32.3 32.3 32.3

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.0 25.0 25.1

Other services

30.6 30.7 30.7 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.2 4.3 4.2 4.3

Durable goods

4.4 4.3 4.2 4.3

Nondurable goods

3.9 4.3 4.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)

Total private

$19.75 $20.07 $20.09 $20.14 $665.58 $676.36 $677.03 $678.72

Goods-producing

20.93 21.21 21.25 21.25 860.22 875.97 877.63 875.50

Mining and logging

25.81 26.65 27.16 27.06 1,202.75 1,212.58 1,246.64 1,239.35

Construction

23.95 24.29 24.28 24.27 936.45 964.31 963.92 958.67

Manufacturing

19.08 19.23 19.25 19.26 793.73 803.81 804.65 805.07

Durable goods

20.19 20.26 20.30 20.34 850.00 852.95 854.63 856.31

Nondurable goods

17.28 17.54 17.55 17.52 706.75 722.65 724.82 723.58

Private service-providing

19.50 19.83 19.84 19.91 633.75 642.49 644.80 647.08

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.47 17.62 17.62 17.69 590.49 592.03 595.56 596.15

Wholesale trade

22.22 22.49 22.59 22.64 859.91 868.11 876.49 878.43

Retail trade

13.88 13.92 13.90 13.96 423.34 417.60 421.17 420.20

Transportation and warehousing

19.59 19.58 19.62 19.65 744.42 755.79 755.37 756.53

Utilities

31.63 32.04 31.99 32.12 1,296.83 1,342.48 1,346.78 1,352.25

Information

26.85 27.84 27.63 27.87 966.60 996.67 989.15 1,006.11

Financial activities

22.75 23.81 23.90 23.98 832.65 873.83 877.13 884.86

Professional and business services

23.19 23.59 23.61 23.71 816.29 832.73 833.43 836.96

Education and health services

21.10 21.35 21.38 21.44 683.64 689.61 690.57 692.51

Leisure and hospitality

11.63 11.74 11.75 11.75 290.75 293.50 293.75 294.93

Other services

17.57 17.83 17.83 17.87 537.64 547.38 547.38 550.40

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
Percent change from:
May
2013 - June
2013(p)
June
2012
Apr.
2013
May
2013(p)
June
2013(p)
Percent change from:
May
2013 - June
2013(p)

Total private

103.8 105.5 105.7 105.9 0.2 136.9 141.5 141.9 142.5 0.4

Goods-producing

83.4 84.6 84.5 84.2 -0.4 106.8 109.9 110.0 109.6 -0.4

Mining and logging

160.2 154.5 155.1 154.1 -0.6 240.5 239.5 245.0 242.5 -1.0

Construction

82.6 87.0 87.0 86.8 -0.2 106.8 114.1 114.1 113.7 -0.4

Manufacturing

80.3 80.5 80.4 80.2 -0.2 100.2 101.3 101.2 101.0 -0.2

Durable goods

81.6 81.6 81.5 81.3 -0.2 102.8 103.2 103.2 103.2 0.0

Nondurable goods

78.4 78.6 78.5 78.4 -0.1 95.7 97.4 97.4 97.1 -0.3

Private service-providing

109.6 111.2 111.8 112.1 0.3 146.4 151.1 152.0 152.9 0.6

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.8 102.4 103.1 102.9 -0.2 126.9 128.7 129.6 129.9 0.2

Wholesale trade

104.1 105.1 105.8 106.0 0.2 136.2 139.2 140.8 141.4 0.4

Retail trade

98.8 98.2 99.3 98.8 -0.5 117.5 117.1 118.3 118.2 -0.1

Transportation and warehousing

108.9 112.1 111.7 111.6 -0.1 135.3 139.2 139.0 139.1 0.1

Utilities

92.7 96.2 96.9 97.0 0.1 122.4 128.6 129.4 130.1 0.5

Information

88.9 89.2 89.2 89.7 0.6 118.1 122.9 122.1 123.8 1.4

Financial activities

103.2 104.7 104.7 105.5 0.8 144.5 153.4 154.0 155.7 1.1

Professional and business services

116.7 120.5 121.0 121.4 0.3 161.0 169.2 170.1 171.3 0.7

Education and health services

124.4 126.0 126.1 126.2 0.1 172.6 176.8 177.3 177.9 0.3

Leisure and hospitality

110.8 113.9 114.5 115.7 1.0 146.4 151.9 152.8 154.3 1.0

Other services

97.5 98.4 98.5 98.9 0.4 124.8 127.9 128.0 128.8 0.6

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary


Last Modified Date: July 05, 2013