Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed until                      USDL-14-0168
8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 7, 2014

Technical information:
Household data:        (202) 691-6378  •  cpsinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/cps
Establishment data:    (202) 691-6555  •  cesinfo@bls.gov  •  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  •  PressOffice@bls.gov


                                 THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2014


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 113,000 in January, and the unemployment rate
was little changed at 6.6 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today.
Employment grew in construction, manufacturing, wholesale trade, and mining. 


  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |                        Changes to the Employment Situation Data                    |
 |                                                                                    |
 |Establishment survey data have been revised as a result of the annual benchmarking  |
 |process and the updating of seasonal adjustment factors. Also, household survey data|
 |for January 2014 reflect updated population estimates. See the notes at the end of  |
 |this release for more information about these changes.                              |
 |                                                                                    |
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Household Survey Data

Both the number of unemployed persons, at 10.2 million, and the unemployment rate, at
6.6 percent, changed little in January. Since October, the jobless rate has decreased by
0.6 percentage point. (See table A-1.)  (See the note and tables B and C for information
about the effect of annual population adjustments to the household survey estimates.) 

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates for adult men (6.2 percent), adult
women (5.9 percent), teenagers (20.7 percent), whites (5.7 percent), blacks (12.1 percent),
and Hispanics (8.4 percent) showed little change in January. The jobless rate for Asians
was 4.8 percent (not seasonally adjusted), down by 1.7 percentage points over the year.
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more), at 3.6 million,
declined by 232,000 in January. These individuals accounted for 35.8 percent of the
unemployed. The number of long-term unemployed has declined by 1.1 million over the year.
(See table A-12.)

After accounting for the annual adjustment to the population controls, the civilian labor
force rose by 499,000 in January, and the labor force participation rate edged up to 63.0
percent. Total employment, as measured by the household survey, increased by 616,000 over
the month, and the employment-population ratio increased by 0.2 percentage point to 58.8
percent. (See table A-1. For additional information about the effects of the population
adjustments, see table C.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons (sometimes referred to as
involuntary part-time workers) fell by 514,000 to 7.3 million in January. These individuals
were working part time because their hours had been cut back or because they were unable to
find full-time work. (See table A-8.)

In January, 2.6 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force, little changed
from a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in
the labor force, wanted and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in
the prior 12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched for
work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 837,000 discouraged workers in January, about
unchanged from a year earlier. Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for
work because they believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.8 million persons
marginally attached to the labor force in January had not searched for work for reasons such
as school attendance or family responsibilities. (See table A-16.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 113,000 in January. In 2013, employment growth
averaged 194,000 per month. In January, job gains occurred in construction, manufacturing,
wholesale trade, and mining. (See table B-1.)

Construction added 48,000 jobs over the month, more than offsetting a decline of 22,000 in
December. In January, job gains occurred in both residential and nonresidential building
(+13,000 and +8,000, respectively) and in nonresidential specialty trade contractors
(+13,000). Heavy and civil engineering construction also added 10,000 jobs.

Employment in manufacturing increased in January (+21,000). Over the month, job gains
occurred in machinery (+7,000), wood products (+5,000), and motor vehicles and parts
(+5,000). Manufacturing added an average of 7,000 jobs per month in 2013.

In January, wholesale trade added 14,000 jobs, with most of the increase occurring in
nondurable goods (+10,000).

Mining added 7,000 jobs in January, compared with an average monthly gain of 2,000 jobs
in 2013.

Employment in professional and business services continued to trend up in January (+36,000).
The industry added an average of 55,000 jobs per month in 2013. Within the industry,
professional and technical services added 20,000 jobs in January. 

Leisure and hospitality employment continued to trend up over the month (+24,000). Job
growth in the industry averaged 38,000 per month in 2013. 

Employment in health care was essentially unchanged in January for the second consecutive
month.  Health care added an average of 17,000 jobs per month in 2013. 

Employment in retail trade changed little in January (-13,000). Within the industry, sporting
goods, hobby, book, and music stores lost 22,000 jobs, offsetting job gains in the prior 3
months. In January, motor vehicle and parts dealers added 7,000 jobs.

In January, federal government employment decreased by 12,000; the U.S. Postal Service
accounted for most of this decline (-9,000).

Employment in other major industries, including transportation and warehousing, information,
and financial activities, showed little or no change over the month.

In January, the average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged
at 34.4 hours. The manufacturing workweek declined by 0.2 hour to 40.7 hours, and factory
overtime edged down by 0.1 hour to 3.4 hours. The average workweek for production and
nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls was unchanged at 33.5 hours. (See
tables B-2 and B-7.)

Average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 5 cents to
$24.21. Over the year, average hourly earnings have risen by 46 cents, or 1.9 percent. In
January, average hourly earnings of private-sector production and nonsupervisory employees
increased by 6 cents to $20.39. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was revised from +241,000 to
+274,000, and the change for December was revised from +74,000 to +75,000. With these
revisions, employment gains in November and December were 34,000 higher than previously
reported. Monthly revisions result from additional reports received from businesses since
the last published estimates and the monthly recalculation of seasonal factors. The annual
benchmark process also contributed to the revisions in this news release.

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on Friday, March 7, 2014,
at 8:30 a.m. (EST).


                                  Revisions to Establishment Survey Data


In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data released today have been
benchmarked to reflect comprehensive counts of payroll jobs for March 2013. These counts
are derived principally from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages (QCEW), which
enumerates jobs covered by the UI tax system. The benchmark process results in revisions
to not seasonally adjusted data from April 2012 forward. Seasonally adjusted data from
January 2009 forward are subject to revision. In addition, data for some series prior to
2009, both seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, incorporate revisions.

The total nonfarm employment level for March 2013 was revised upward by 369,000 (+347,000
on a not seasonally adjusted basis, or 0.3 percent). The average benchmark revision over
the past 10 years was plus or minus 0.3 percent. 

This revision incorporates the reclassification of jobs in the QCEW. Private household
employment is out of scope for the establishment survey. The QCEW reclassified some
private household employment into an industry that is in scope for the establishment
survey--services for the elderly and persons with disabilities. This reclassification
accounted for an increase of 466,000 jobs in the establishment survey. This increase of
466,000 associated with reclassification was offset by survey error of -119,000 for a
total net benchmark revision of +347,000 on a not seasonally adjusted basis. Historical
time series have been reconstructed to incorporate these revisions. 

The effect of these revisions on the underlying trend in nonfarm payroll employment was
minor. For example, the over-the-year change in total nonfarm employment for 2013 was
revised from 2,186,000 to 2,322,000 seasonally adjusted. Table A presents revised total
nonfarm employment data on a seasonally adjusted basis for January through December 2013.

All revised historical CES data, as well as an article that discusses the benchmark and
post-benchmark revisions and other technical issues can be accessed through the CES
homepage at www.bls.gov/ces/. Information on the data released today also may be obtained
by calling (202) 691-6555.


Table A. Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2013, seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    |                                    |                                
                    |                Level               |      Over-the-month change     
                    |---------------------------------------------------------------------
    Year and month  |    As     |           |            |    As    |         |           
                    |previously |    As     | Difference |previously|   As    | Difference
                    |published  |  revised  |            |published | revised |           
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
          2013      |           |           |            |          |         |           
                    |           |           |            |          |         |           
 January............|  134,839  |  135,261  |     422    |    148   |    197  |      49   
 February...........|  135,171  |  135,541  |     370    |    332   |    280  |     -52   
 March..............|  135,313  |  135,682  |     369    |    142   |    141  |      -1   
 April..............|  135,512  |  135,885  |     373    |    199   |    203  |       4   
 May................|  135,688  |  136,084  |     396    |    176   |    199  |      23   
 June...............|  135,860  |  136,285  |     425    |    172   |    201  |      29   
 July...............|  135,949  |  136,434  |     485    |     89   |    149  |      60   
 August.............|  136,187  |  136,636  |     449    |    238   |    202  |     -36   
 September..........|  136,362  |  136,800  |     438    |    175   |    164  |     -11   
 October............|  136,562  |  137,037  |     475    |    200   |    237  |      37   
 November...........|  136,803  |  137,311  |     508    |    241   |    274  |      33   
 December (p).......|  136,877  |  137,386  |     509    |     74   |     75  |       1   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   p = preliminary



                Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

Effective with data for January 2014, updated population estimates have been used in the
household survey. Population estimates for the household survey are developed by the U.S.
Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau updates the estimates to reflect new information
and assumptions about the growth of the population since the previous decennial census. The
change in population reflected in the new estimates results from adjustments for net
international migration, updated vital statistics and other information, and some
methodological changes in the estimation process. 

In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household survey estimates
for December 2013 and earlier months. To show the impact of the population adjustments, however,
differences in selected December 2013 labor force series based on the old and new population
estimates are shown in table B. 

The adjustments increased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional population in
December by 2,000, the civilian labor force by 24,000, employment by 22,000, and unemployment
by 2,000. The number of persons not in the labor force was reduced by 22,000. The total
unemployment rate, employment-population ratio, and labor force participation rate were
unaffected. 

Data users are cautioned that these annual population adjustments can affect the comparability
of household data series over time. Table C shows the effect of the introduction of new
population estimates on the comparison of selected labor force measures between December 2013
and January 2014. Additional information on the population adjustments and their effect on
national labor force estimates is available at www.bls.gov/cps/cps14adj.pdf.


Table B. Effect of the updated population controls on December 2013 estimates by sex, race, and
Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally adjusted
(Numbers in thousands)

__________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                        |      |     |      |       |        |       |            
                                        |      |     |      |       |  Black |       |            
                                        |      |     |      |       |    or  |       |  Hispanic  
                  Category              | Total| Men | Women| White | African| Asian | or Latino  
                                        |      |     |      |       |American|       | ethnicity  
                                        |      |     |      |       |        |       |            
________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|____________
                                        |      |     |      |       |        |       |            
  Civilian noninstitutional population..|    2 |  29 |  -27 |   -65 |     48 |    33 |     -57    
    Civilian labor force................|   24 |  24 |    0 |   -17 |     34 |    15 |     -38    
      Participation rate................|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |    .0 |     .0 |    .0 |      .0    
     Employed...........................|   22 |  22 |    0 |   -16 |     31 |    14 |     -34    
      Employment-population ratio.......|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |    .0 |     .0 |    .0 |      .0    
     Unemployed.........................|    2 |   3 |   -1 |    -1 |      4 |     1 |      -4    
      Unemployment rate.................|   .0 |  .0 |   .0 |    .0 |     .0 |    .0 |      .0    
    Not in labor force..................|  -22 |   4 |  -27 |   -48 |     14 |    18 |     -18    
________________________________________|______|_____|______|_______|________|_______|____________
                                                                                                  
   NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Estimates for the above race groups
(white, black or African American, and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented
for all races. Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race.



Table C. December 2013-January 2014 changes in selected labor force measures,
with adjustments for population control effects
(Numbers in thousands)

______________________________________________________________________________
                                       |           |            |             
                                       |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                       | Dec.-Jan. |    2014    |   change,   
                                       |  change,  | population |  after re-  
                Category               |    as     |   control  |  moving the 
                                       | published |   effect   |  population 
                                       |           |            |   control   
                                       |           |            |  effect (1) 
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                       |           |            |             
  Civilian noninstitutional population.|    170    |       2    |     168     
    Civilian labor force...............|    523    |      24    |     499     
      Participation rate...............|     .2    |      .0    |      .2     
     Employed..........................|    638    |      22    |     616     
      Employment-population ratio......|     .2    |      .0    |      .2     
     Unemployed........................|   -115    |       2    |    -117     
      Unemployment rate................|    -.1    |      .0    |     -.1     
    Not in labor force.................|   -353    |     -22    |    -331     
_______________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                                                              
   (1) This Dec.-Jan. change is calculated by subtracting the population 
control effect from the over-the-month change in the published seasonally
adjusted estimates.
   NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.


  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |                                                                                    |
 |                            Change to the Household Survey Tables                   |
 |                                                                                    |
 |Effective with this release, household survey table A-10 includes two new seasonally|
 |adjusted series for women age 55 and over--the number of unemployed persons and the |
 |unemployment rate. These replace the series that were previously displayed for this |
 |group, which were not seasonally adjusted.                                          |
 |                                                                                    |
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------



  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |                                                                                    |
 |               Updated Veteran Weighting Methodology for Household Survey           |
 |                                                                                    |
 |Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans in table A-5 of this   |
 |release incorporate updated weighting procedures. The new weighting methodology more|
 |accurately reflects the current demographic composition of the veteran population.  |
 |The primary impact of the change was an increase in the "Gulf War-era I" veteran    |
 |population and a decrease in the number of veterans in the "Other service periods"  |
 |category. The updated methodology had little effect on unemployment rates for       |
 |veterans, regardless of gender or period of service. Additional information on the  |
 |effect of the change on labor force estimates for veterans is available at          |
 |www.bls.gov/cps/vetsweights2014.pdf.                                                |
 |                                                                                    |
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Change from:
Dec.
2013-
Jan.
2014

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,663 246,567 246,745 246,915 -

Civilian labor force

155,699 155,284 154,937 155,460 -

Participation rate

63.6 63.0 62.8 63.0 -

Employed

143,384 144,443 144,586 145,224 -

Employment-population ratio

58.6 58.6 58.6 58.8 -

Unemployed

12,315 10,841 10,351 10,236 -

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.0 6.7 6.6 -

Not in labor force

88,963 91,283 91,808 91,455 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.9 7.0 6.7 6.6 -

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.4 6.7 6.3 6.2 -

Adult women (20 years and over)

7.2 6.2 6.0 5.9 -

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

23.5 20.8 20.2 20.7 -

White

7.1 6.1 5.9 5.7 -

Black or African American

13.8 12.4 11.9 12.1 -

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.5 5.3 4.1 4.8 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.7 8.7 8.3 8.4 -

Total, 25 years and over

6.5 5.8 5.6 5.4 -

Less than a high school diploma

12.0 10.6 9.8 9.6 -

High school graduates, no college

8.1 7.3 7.1 6.5 -

Some college or associate degree

7.0 6.4 6.1 6.0 -

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.8 3.4 3.3 3.2 -

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

6,675 5,731 5,366 5,407 -

Job leavers

984 890 862 818 -

Reentrants

3,520 3,065 3,036 2,937 -

New entrants

1,274 1,169 1,201 1,184 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

2,753 2,439 2,255 2,434 -

5 to 14 weeks

3,077 2,585 2,506 2,429 -

15 to 26 weeks

1,867 1,742 1,651 1,689 -

27 weeks and over

4,707 4,044 3,878 3,646 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,983 7,723 7,771 7,257 -

Slack work or business conditions

5,117 4,869 4,884 4,405 -

Could only find part-time work

2,613 2,499 2,592 2,571 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,556 18,858 18,731 19,165 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,443 2,096 2,427 2,592 -

Discouraged workers

804 762 917 837 -

- December - January changes in household data are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

197 274 75 113

Total private

219 272 89 142

Goods-producing

43 68 -13 76

Mining and logging

3 1 1 7

Construction

23 32 -22 48

Manufacturing

17 35 8 21

Durable goods(1)

9 19 2 15

Motor vehicles and parts

3.5 4.7 3.3 4.7

Nondurable goods

8 16 6 6

Private service-providing(1)

176 204 102 66

Wholesale trade

16.9 16.8 10.2 13.9

Retail trade

26.9 22.3 62.7 -12.9

Transportation and warehousing

9.8 32.4 10.6 9.9

Information

-1 1 -10 0

Financial activities

8 -4 3 -2

Professional and business services(1)

45 73 4 36

Temporary help services

4.9 36.6 30.1 8.1

Education and health services(1)

17 25 -4 -6

Health care and social assistance

23.5 24.4 1.1 1.5

Leisure and hospitality

47 37 20 24

Other services

7 -1 7 4

Government

-22 2 -14 -29

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.4 49.5 49.5 49.4

Total private women employees

48.0 48.0 48.0 47.9

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.6 82.6 82.6 82.6

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.4

Average hourly earnings

$23.75 $24.15 $24.16 $24.21

Average weekly earnings

$817.00 $833.18 $831.10 $832.82

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

97.5 99.6 99.4 99.5

Over-the-month percent change

0.2 0.5 -0.2 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

110.5 114.8 114.6 114.9

Over-the-month percent change

0.4 0.8 -0.2 0.3

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.6 33.7 33.5 33.5

Average hourly earnings

$19.95 $20.30 $20.33 $20.39

Average weekly earnings

$670.32 $684.11 $681.06 $683.07

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

104.9 107.1 106.6 106.7

Over-the-month percent change

-0.2 0.5 -0.5 0.1

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

139.8 145.3 144.8 145.3

Over-the-month percent change

0.1 0.8 -0.3 0.3

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private (264 industries)

64.0 66.9 56.4 61.2

Manufacturing (81 industries)

56.8 65.4 59.9 54.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates

1. Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

   The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based estimates
   of   employment, and both have strengths and limitations. The establishment survey
   employment series has a   smaller margin of error on the measurement of month-to-
   month change   than the household survey because of its much larger sample size. An
   over-the-month employment change of about 100,000 is statistically significant in
   the establishment survey, while the threshold for a statistically significant change
   in the household survey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more
   expansive scope than the establishment survey because it includes self-employed
   workers whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, agricultural
   workers, and private household workers, who are excluded by the establishment survey.
   The household survey also provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.
   For more information on the differences between the two surveys, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/ces_cps_trends.pdf.

2. Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

   It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants. However,
   neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to identify the legal
   status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to determine how many are counted in
   either survey. The establishment survey does not collect data on the legal status of
   workers. The household survey does include questions which identify the foreign and
   native born, but it does not include questions about the legal status of the foreign
   born. Data on the foreign and native born are published each month in table A-7 of
   The Employment Situation news release.

3. Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

   The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data series by
   incorporating additional information that was not available at the time of the
   initial publication of the estimates. The establishment survey revises its initial
   monthly estimates twice, in the immediately succeeding 2 months, to incorporate
   additional sample receipts from respondents in the survey and recalculated seasonal
   adjustment factors. For more information on the monthly revisions, please visit
   www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

   On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revision that
   re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available from unemployment
   insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for sampling and modeling errors
   in the estimates. For more information on the annual benchmark revision, please visit
   www.bls.gov/web/empsit/cesbmart.htm.

4. Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

   Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of business
   establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sample is
   designed to maximize the reliability of the statewide total nonfarm employment
   estimate; firms from all states, size classes, and industries are appropriately
   sampled to achieve that goal.

5. Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

   Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account for
   the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The adjustment
   comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net jobs impact of
   business births and deaths based on the actual past values of the net impact that
   can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages. The
   establishment survey uses modeling rather than sampling for this purpose because
   the survey is not immediately able to bring new businesses into the sample. There
   is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a new firm and its appearance on the
   sampling frame and availability for selection. BLS adds new businesses to the survey
   twice a year.

6. Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving unemployment
   insurance benefits?

   No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of households.
   All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available to work are
   included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are included even if
   they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or question relating to
   unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

7. Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who want a job but are not currently
   looking for work?

   Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
   want a job, including those who are not currently looking because they believe no
   jobs are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
   underutilization (some of which include discouraged workers and other groups not
   officially counted as unemployed) are published each month in table A-15 of The
   Employment Situation news release. For more information about these alternative
   measures, please visit www.bls.gov/cps/lfcharacteristics.htm#altmeasures.

8. How can unusually severe weather affect employment and hours estimates?

   In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period that includes
   the 12th of the month. Unusually severe weather is more likely to have an impact on
   average weekly hours than on employment. Average weekly hours are estimated for paid
   time during the pay period, including pay for holidays, sick leave, or other time off.
   The impact of severe weather on hours estimates typically, but not always, results in
   a reduction in average weekly hours. For example, some employees may be off work for
   part of the pay period and not receive pay for the time missed, while some workers,
   such as those dealing with cleanup or repair, may work extra hours.

   In order for severe weather conditions to reduce the estimate of payroll employment,
   employees have to be off work without pay for the entire pay period. Slightly more
   than 20 percent of all employees in the payroll survey sample have a weekly pay
   period. Employees who receive pay for any part of the pay period, even 1 hour, are
   counted in the payroll employment figures. It is not possible to quantify the effect
   of extreme weather on estimates of over-the-month change in employment.

   In the household survey, the reference period is generally the calendar week that
   includes the 12th of the month. Persons who miss the entire week's work for weather-
   related events are counted as employed whether or not they are paid for the time
   off. The household survey collects data on the number of persons who had a job but
   were not at work due to bad weather. It also provides a measure of the number of
   persons who usually work full time but had reduced hours. Current and historical
   data are available on the  household survey's most requested statistics page at
   http://data.bls.gov/cgi-bin/surveymost?ln.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the Current
Population Survey (CPS; household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics
survey (CES; establishment survey). The household survey provides information
on the labor force, employment, and unemployment that appears in the "A" tables,
marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a sample survey of about 60,000 eligible households
conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, and
earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the "B" tables,
marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each month from the payroll
records of a sample of nonagricultural business establishments. Each month
the CES program surveys about 144,000 businesses and government agencies,
representing approximately 554,000 individual worksites, in order to provide
detailed industry data on employment, hours, and earnings of workers on nonfarm
payrolls. The active sample includes approximately one-third of all nonfarm
payroll employees.

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular week or
pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is generally the
calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. In the establishment
survey, the reference period is the pay period including the 12th, which may or
may not correspond directly to the calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire civilian 
noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series of questions on 
work and job search activities, each person 16 years and over in a sample
household is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as paid employees
during the reference week; worked in their own business, profession, or on their
own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 hours in a family business or farm.
People are also counted as employed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs
because of illness, bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal
reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the following criteria:
they had no employment during the reference week; they were available for work at
that time; and they made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the
4-week period ending with the reference week. Persons laid off from a job and
expecting recall need not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The
unemployment data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the
eligibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed persons.
Those persons not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the labor 
force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a percent of the 
labor force. The labor force participation rate is the labor force as a 
percent of the population, and the employment-population ratio is the 
employed as a percent of the population. Additional information about the 
household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from private
nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as well as
from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees on nonfarm
payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the reference pay
period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are counted in each job
they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced for the private sector for
all employees and for production and nonsupervisory employees. Production
and nonsupervisory employees are defined as production and related employees
in manufacturing and mining and logging, construction workers in construction,
and nonsupervisory employees in private service-providing industries.

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s principal
activity in accordance with the 2012 version of the North American Industry
Classification System. Additional information about the establishment survey
can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and methodological
differences between the household and establishment  surveys result in important
distinctions in the employment estimates derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, self-employed workers
     whose businesses are unincorporated, unpaid family workers, and private
     household workers among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.

   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the employed.
     The establishment survey does not.

   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and older.
     The establishment survey is not limited by age.

   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than one
     job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted separately
     for each appearance.

Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and the levels
of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring fluctuations. These 
events may result from seasonal changes in weather, major holidays, and the opening
and closing of schools. The effect of such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern each year,
their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by adjusting for regular
seasonal variation. These adjustments make nonseasonal developments, such as
declines in employment or increases in the participation of women in the labor
force, easier to spot. For example, in the household survey, the large number of
youth entering the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes
that have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if the 
level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in the establishment
survey, payroll employment in education declines by about 20 percent at the end
of the spring term and later rises with the start of the fall term, obscuring the
underlying employment trends in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes
at the end and beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The seasonally
adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to analyze changes in
month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both the household
and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series for many major estimates,
such as total payroll employment, employment in most major sectors, total employment,
and unemployment are computed by aggregating independently adjusted component series.
For example, total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate that would be
obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent seasonal adjustment
methodology is used in which new seasonal factors are calculated each month using all
relevant data, up to and including the data for the current month. In the household
survey, new seasonal factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the
establishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month to adjust the
three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months are routinely revised to
incorporate additional sample reports and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors.
In both surveys, 5-year revisions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are subject to both
sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample, rather than the entire population,
is surveyed, there is a chance that the sample estimates may differ from the true
population values they represent. The component of this difference that occurs
because samples differ by chance is known as sampling error, and its variability
is measured by the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent
chance, or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ by
no more than 1.6 standard errors from the true population value because of sampling
error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in total nonfarm
employment from the establishment survey is on the order of plus or minus 90,000.
Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment increases by 50,000 from one month to
the next. The 90-percent confidence interval on the monthly change would range from
-40,000 to +140,000 (50,000 +/- 90,000). These figures do not mean that the sample
results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is about a 90-percent
chance that the true over-the-month change lies within this interval. Since this
range includes values of less than zero, we could not say with confidence that
nonfarm employment had, in fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported
nonfarm employment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90- percent
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is likely (at
least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in fact, risen that month.
At an unemployment rate of around 6.0 percent, the 90-percent confidence interval
for the monthly change in unemployment as measured by the household survey is
about +/- 300,000, and for the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about
+/- 0.2 percentage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments have lower
standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than estimates which are based
on a small number of observations. The precision of estimates also is improved when
the data are cumulated over time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by nonsampling error,
which can occur for many reasons, including the failure to sample a segment of the
population, inability to obtain information for all respondents in the sample,
inability or unwillingness of respondents to provide correct information on a
timely basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collection or
processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most recent 2 months
are based on incomplete returns; for this reason, these estimates are labeled
preliminary in the tables. It is only after two successive revisions to a monthly
estimate, when nearly all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is
considered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment survey is the
inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment generated by new firms. To
correct for this systematic underestimation of employment growth, an estimation
procedure with two components is used to account for business births. The first
component excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from business births.
This is incorporated into the sample-based estimation procedure by simply not
reflecting sample units going out of business, but imputing to them the same
employment trend as the other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for
most of the net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to estimate the
residual net birth/death employment not accounted for by the imputation. The
historical time series used to create and test the ARIMA model was derived from
the unemployment insurance universe micro- level database, and reflects the actual
residual net of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are adjusted once a
year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll employment obtained from
administrative records of the unemployment insurance program. The difference 
between the March sample-based employment estimates and the March universe counts
is known as a benchmark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey
error. The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions for total nonfarm
employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from -0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired
individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay
Service: (800) 877-8339.




HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

244,663 246,745 246,915 244,663 246,168 246,381 246,567 246,745 246,915

Civilian labor force

154,794 154,408 154,381 155,699 155,473 154,625 155,284 154,937 155,460

Participation rate

63.3 62.6 62.5 63.6 63.2 62.8 63.0 62.8 63.0

Employed

141,614 144,423 143,526 143,384 144,270 143,485 144,443 144,586 145,224

Employment-population ratio

57.9 58.5 58.1 58.6 58.6 58.2 58.6 58.6 58.8

Unemployed

13,181 9,984 10,855 12,315 11,203 11,140 10,841 10,351 10,236

Unemployment rate

8.5 6.5 7.0 7.9 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6

Not in labor force

89,868 92,338 92,534 88,963 90,695 91,756 91,283 91,808 91,455

Persons who currently want a job

6,781 5,932 6,508 6,635 6,118 6,100 5,779 6,111 6,348

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,033 119,103 119,218 118,033 118,807 118,916 119,011 119,103 119,218

Civilian labor force

82,249 81,985 81,804 82,901 82,806 82,186 82,554 82,323 82,662

Participation rate

69.7 68.8 68.6 70.2 69.7 69.1 69.4 69.1 69.3

Employed

74,823 76,403 75,652 76,228 76,464 76,014 76,560 76,723 77,060

Employment-population ratio

63.4 64.1 63.5 64.6 64.4 63.9 64.3 64.4 64.6

Unemployed

7,426 5,583 6,153 6,673 6,342 6,171 5,993 5,599 5,602

Unemployment rate

9.0 6.8 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.5 7.3 6.8 6.8

Not in labor force

35,783 37,118 37,414 35,131 36,000 36,730 36,458 36,780 36,556

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

109,448 110,613 110,746 109,448 110,292 110,414 110,515 110,613 110,746

Civilian labor force

79,583 79,335 79,310 79,984 79,757 79,267 79,700 79,464 79,892

Participation rate

72.7 71.7 71.6 73.1 72.3 71.8 72.1 71.8 72.1

Employed

72,905 74,275 73,748 74,084 74,151 73,808 74,373 74,467 74,916

Employment-population ratio

66.6 67.1 66.6 67.7 67.2 66.8 67.3 67.3 67.6

Unemployed

6,678 5,060 5,562 5,900 5,605 5,459 5,328 4,997 4,975

Unemployment rate

8.4 6.4 7.0 7.4 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.2

Not in labor force

29,865 31,278 31,436 29,464 30,536 31,147 30,815 31,149 30,855

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

126,630 127,642 127,696 126,630 127,361 127,465 127,555 127,642 127,696

Civilian labor force

72,545 72,423 72,576 72,798 72,667 72,439 72,730 72,614 72,797

Participation rate

57.3 56.7 56.8 57.5 57.1 56.8 57.0 56.9 57.0

Employed

66,790 68,021 67,874 67,157 67,806 67,471 67,882 67,862 68,163

Employment-population ratio

52.7 53.3 53.2 53.0 53.2 52.9 53.2 53.2 53.4

Unemployed

5,755 4,402 4,702 5,642 4,862 4,969 4,848 4,752 4,634

Unemployment rate

7.9 6.1 6.5 7.7 6.7 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.4

Not in labor force

54,085 55,220 55,120 53,832 54,694 55,026 54,825 55,028 54,899

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

118,348 119,433 119,497 118,348 119,131 119,246 119,341 119,433 119,497

Civilian labor force

69,778 69,809 70,003 69,817 69,898 69,652 69,871 69,831 70,023

Participation rate

59.0 58.5 58.6 59.0 58.7 58.4 58.5 58.5 58.6

Employed

64,589 65,849 65,775 64,790 65,539 65,229 65,547 65,617 65,909

Employment-population ratio

54.6 55.1 55.0 54.7 55.0 54.7 54.9 54.9 55.2

Unemployed

5,189 3,960 4,228 5,027 4,359 4,423 4,323 4,214 4,114

Unemployment rate

7.4 5.7 6.0 7.2 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9

Not in labor force

48,570 49,624 49,495 48,531 49,232 49,593 49,470 49,602 49,475

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,867 16,700 16,671 16,867 16,745 16,721 16,710 16,700 16,671

Civilian labor force

5,434 5,264 5,068 5,898 5,818 5,706 5,713 5,642 5,545

Participation rate

32.2 31.5 30.4 35.0 34.7 34.1 34.2 33.8 33.3

Employed

4,120 4,300 4,003 4,510 4,580 4,448 4,523 4,502 4,399

Employment-population ratio

24.4 25.7 24.0 26.7 27.4 26.6 27.1 27.0 26.4

Unemployed

1,314 964 1,065 1,388 1,239 1,258 1,190 1,140 1,147

Unemployment rate

24.2 18.3 21.0 23.5 21.3 22.0 20.8 20.2 20.7

Not in labor force

11,434 11,436 11,603 10,969 10,927 11,015 10,997 11,058 11,125

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

193,776 194,927 194,944 193,776 194,610 194,734 194,833 194,927 194,944

Civilian labor force

123,090 122,621 122,492 124,031 123,123 122,621 123,050 122,879 123,500

Participation rate

63.5 62.9 62.8 64.0 63.3 63.0 63.2 63.0 63.4

Employed

113,675 115,640 114,915 115,267 115,374 114,901 115,514 115,623 116,409

Employment-population ratio

58.7 59.3 58.9 59.5 59.3 59.0 59.3 59.3 59.7

Unemployed

9,415 6,982 7,576 8,764 7,748 7,719 7,536 7,256 7,091

Unemployment rate

7.6 5.7 6.2 7.1 6.3 6.3 6.1 5.9 5.7

Not in labor force

70,686 72,306 72,452 69,745 71,487 72,113 71,783 72,048 71,444

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

64,506 64,190 64,040 64,949 64,307 64,000 64,287 64,221 64,551

Participation rate

73.2 72.3 72.1 73.7 72.5 72.1 72.4 72.3 72.6

Employed

59,587 60,538 60,082 60,607 60,414 60,107 60,480 60,637 61,048

Employment-population ratio

67.6 68.2 67.6 68.8 68.2 67.8 68.1 68.3 68.7

Unemployed

4,919 3,652 3,959 4,342 3,893 3,893 3,806 3,584 3,503

Unemployment rate

7.6 5.7 6.2 6.7 6.1 6.1 5.9 5.6 5.4

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,250 54,249 54,393 54,352 54,237 54,044 54,181 54,173 54,505

Participation rate

58.3 57.9 58.1 58.4 58.0 57.8 57.9 57.8 58.2

Employed

50,688 51,589 51,497 50,919 51,258 51,100 51,307 51,308 51,695

Employment-population ratio

54.5 55.1 55.0 54.7 54.8 54.6 54.8 54.8 55.2

Unemployed

3,562 2,660 2,896 3,433 2,978 2,944 2,874 2,866 2,810

Unemployment rate

6.6 4.9 5.3 6.3 5.5 5.4 5.3 5.3 5.2

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,334 4,182 4,058 4,730 4,579 4,577 4,582 4,485 4,444

Participation rate

34.5 33.6 32.7 37.7 36.7 36.8 36.8 36.1 35.8

Employed

3,400 3,513 3,337 3,742 3,702 3,694 3,727 3,678 3,666

Employment-population ratio

27.1 28.2 26.9 29.8 29.7 29.7 30.0 29.6 29.5

Unemployed

934 669 722 988 877 883 855 806 777

Unemployment rate

21.5 16.0 17.8 20.9 19.1 19.3 18.7 18.0 17.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

30,190 30,569 30,651 30,190 30,462 30,500 30,535 30,569 30,651

Civilian labor force

18,554 18,315 18,483 18,652 18,675 18,541 18,482 18,401 18,558

Participation rate

61.5 59.9 60.3 61.8 61.3 60.8 60.5 60.2 60.5

Employed

15,897 16,194 16,161 16,085 16,248 16,133 16,188 16,215 16,310

Employment-population ratio

52.7 53.0 52.7 53.3 53.3 52.9 53.0 53.0 53.2

Unemployed

2,656 2,121 2,322 2,568 2,428 2,408 2,295 2,186 2,249

Unemployment rate

14.3 11.6 12.6 13.8 13.0 13.0 12.4 11.9 12.1

Not in labor force

11,636 12,254 12,168 11,538 11,787 11,959 12,053 12,168 12,093

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,391 8,259 8,378 8,395 8,503 8,354 8,334 8,255 8,367

Participation rate

67.9 65.6 66.3 67.9 67.9 66.6 66.3 65.6 66.2

Employed

7,181 7,305 7,287 7,277 7,305 7,287 7,327 7,302 7,359

Employment-population ratio

58.1 58.0 57.6 58.9 58.3 58.1 58.3 58.0 58.2

Unemployed

1,210 954 1,091 1,118 1,199 1,067 1,007 953 1,008

Unemployment rate

14.4 11.6 13.0 13.3 14.1 12.8 12.1 11.5 12.0

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,512 9,423 9,505 9,544 9,425 9,496 9,475 9,451 9,525

Participation rate

62.4 61.0 61.4 62.7 61.2 61.6 61.4 61.2 61.5

Employed

8,323 8,459 8,508 8,367 8,459 8,403 8,428 8,466 8,537

Employment-population ratio

54.6 54.7 55.0 54.9 55.0 54.5 54.6 54.8 55.1

Unemployed

1,189 964 997 1,177 966 1,093 1,047 986 988

Unemployment rate

12.5 10.2 10.5 12.3 10.2 11.5 11.1 10.4 10.4

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

651 633 600 713 748 691 673 694 666

Participation rate

25.0 25.0 23.7 27.5 29.3 27.2 26.5 27.4 26.4

Employed

393 429 366 441 484 442 433 448 413

Employment-population ratio

15.1 17.0 14.5 17.0 19.0 17.4 17.1 17.7 16.4

Unemployed

258 204 234 273 263 248 240 246 253

Unemployment rate

39.6 32.2 39.0 38.2 35.2 36.0 35.7 35.5 38.0

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

13,068 13,493 13,636 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

8,465 8,715 8,693 - - - - - -

Participation rate

64.8 64.6 63.7 - - - - - -

Employed

7,917 8,355 8,271 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

60.6 61.9 60.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

548 360 421 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.5 4.1 4.8 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

4,603 4,778 4,943 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,094 37,955 37,976 37,094 37,713 37,796 37,876 37,955 37,976

Civilian labor force

24,454 24,807 24,919 24,568 24,821 24,783 25,124 24,863 25,053

Participation rate

65.9 65.4 65.6 66.2 65.8 65.6 66.3 65.5 66.0

Employed

21,875 22,741 22,647 22,196 22,601 22,543 22,949 22,805 22,961

Employment-population ratio

59.0 59.9 59.6 59.8 59.9 59.6 60.6 60.1 60.5

Unemployed

2,578 2,066 2,271 2,372 2,220 2,240 2,175 2,058 2,092

Unemployment rate

10.5 8.3 9.1 9.7 8.9 9.0 8.7 8.3 8.4

Not in labor force

12,640 13,148 13,058 12,526 12,892 13,013 12,753 13,092 12,923

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

13,465 13,799 13,811 - - - - - -

Participation rate

80.6 80.5 80.5 - - - - - -

Employed

12,155 12,766 12,678 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

72.7 74.4 73.9 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,309 1,032 1,133 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.7 7.5 8.2 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

9,903 9,978 10,108 - - - - - -

Participation rate

59.2 58.2 58.9 - - - - - -

Employed

8,922 9,174 9,216 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.3 53.5 53.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

981 804 892 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.9 8.1 8.8 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

1,086 1,030 1,000 - - - - - -

Participation rate

29.8 28.2 27.4 - - - - - -

Employed

798 800 753 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

21.9 21.9 20.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

288 230 246 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

26.5 22.3 24.6 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
[Numbers in thousands]
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

11,035 10,754 10,821 11,186 10,867 10,721 10,898 10,748 11,004

Participation rate

45.1 43.7 43.8 45.7 44.5 44.6 44.5 43.7 44.5

Employed

9,502 9,641 9,618 9,848 9,739 9,563 9,741 9,699 9,953

Employment-population ratio

38.8 39.2 38.9 40.2 39.9 39.8 39.7 39.4 40.2

Unemployed

1,533 1,113 1,203 1,338 1,128 1,158 1,157 1,049 1,051

Unemployment rate

13.9 10.4 11.1 12.0 10.4 10.8 10.6 9.8 9.6

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

36,709 36,473 35,973 36,560 36,589 36,311 35,895 36,242 35,924

Participation rate

59.0 58.4 58.2 58.7 58.9 58.4 58.2 58.0 58.1

Employed

33,371 33,894 33,359 33,600 33,834 33,665 33,277 33,677 33,593

Employment-population ratio

53.6 54.3 54.0 54.0 54.5 54.2 53.9 53.9 54.3

Unemployed

3,338 2,580 2,614 2,960 2,756 2,646 2,618 2,565 2,331

Unemployment rate

9.1 7.1 7.3 8.1 7.5 7.3 7.3 7.1 6.5

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

37,225 36,926 36,759 37,389 37,277 37,201 37,244 37,021 36,992

Participation rate

68.4 67.4 66.9 68.7 67.1 66.8 67.5 67.6 67.3

Employed

34,496 34,730 34,448 34,776 35,007 34,852 34,872 34,750 34,758

Employment-population ratio

63.4 63.4 62.7 63.9 63.1 62.6 63.2 63.4 63.3

Unemployed

2,729 2,197 2,310 2,613 2,270 2,350 2,372 2,272 2,234

Unemployment rate

7.3 5.9 6.3 7.0 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.1 6.0

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

48,968 49,612 50,404 49,006 49,195 49,329 49,929 49,759 50,427

Participation rate

75.7 75.0 75.6 75.8 75.3 75.0 75.2 75.3 75.7

Employed

47,061 48,053 48,729 47,161 47,395 47,467 48,246 48,134 48,797

Employment-population ratio

72.8 72.7 73.1 72.9 72.6 72.2 72.7 72.8 73.2

Unemployed

1,907 1,559 1,676 1,844 1,800 1,863 1,683 1,625 1,629

Unemployment rate

3.9 3.1 3.3 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.4 3.3 3.2

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

21,534 21,323 19,320 19,082 2,214 2,241

Civilian labor force

11,032 10,757 9,638 9,322 1,394 1,435

Participation rate

51.2 50.4 49.9 48.9 63.0 64.0

Employed

10,188 10,158 8,918 8,789 1,271 1,369

Employment-population ratio

47.3 47.6 46.2 46.1 57.4 61.1

Unemployed

844 599 721 533 123 66

Unemployment rate

7.6 5.6 7.5 5.7 8.8 4.6

Not in labor force

10,502 10,566 9,682 9,760 820 806

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,659 2,985 2,113 2,392 546 593

Civilian labor force

2,153 2,392 1,768 1,952 385 440

Participation rate

81.0 80.1 83.7 81.6 70.4 74.2

Employed

1,900 2,203 1,582 1,792 319 411

Employment-population ratio

71.5 73.8 74.9 74.9 58.4 69.2

Unemployed

252 189 186 160 66 29

Unemployment rate

11.7 7.9 10.5 8.2 17.1 6.7

Not in labor force

506 594 345 440 161 153

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

3,195 3,404 2,609 2,716 586 688

Civilian labor force

2,664 2,830 2,222 2,344 443 486

Participation rate

83.4 83.2 85.1 86.3 75.5 70.7

Employed

2,513 2,675 2,096 2,205 417 470

Employment-population ratio

78.6 78.6 80.3 81.2 71.2 68.4

Unemployed

152 155 126 139 26 16

Unemployment rate

5.7 5.5 5.7 5.9 5.8 3.3

Not in labor force

531 573 388 372 143 202

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,039 9,591 9,662 9,231 377 360

Civilian labor force

3,076 2,746 2,956 2,662 120 84

Participation rate

30.6 28.6 30.6 28.8 31.9 23.3

Employed

2,834 2,626 2,722 2,546 111 80

Employment-population ratio

28.2 27.4 28.2 27.6 29.6 22.2

Unemployed

242 120 233 116 9 4

Unemployment rate

7.9 4.4 7.9 4.3 7.4 5.1

Not in labor force

6,963 6,845 6,706 6,569 257 276

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

5,641 5,343 4,936 4,743 705 600

Civilian labor force

3,139 2,789 2,693 2,364 446 425

Participation rate

55.7 52.2 54.6 49.8 63.3 70.8

Employed

2,942 2,654 2,518 2,246 424 409

Employment-population ratio

52.1 49.7 51.0 47.4 60.1 68.1

Unemployed

198 134 175 118 23 16

Unemployment rate

6.3 4.8 6.5 5.0 5.1 3.8

Not in labor force

2,502 2,554 2,243 2,379 259 175

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

214,154 216,676 94,148 95,646 120,006 121,030

Civilian labor force

141,994 141,835 71,776 71,642 70,218 70,193

Participation rate

66.3 65.5 76.2 74.9 58.5 58.0

Employed

130,156 131,956 65,340 66,214 64,817 65,742

Employment-population ratio

60.8 60.9 69.4 69.2 54.0 54.3

Unemployed

11,837 9,879 6,436 5,427 5,401 4,451

Unemployment rate

8.3 7.0 9.0 7.6 7.7 6.3

Not in labor force

72,160 74,841 22,372 24,004 49,788 50,837

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Beginning with data for January 2014, estimates for veterans incorporate updated weighting procedures.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,573 28,532 216,090 218,382

Civilian labor force

5,950 5,190 148,844 149,190

Participation rate

20.8 18.2 68.9 68.3

Employed

5,134 4,502 136,480 139,024

Employment-population ratio

18.0 15.8 63.2 63.7

Unemployed

816 688 12,364 10,166

Unemployment rate

13.7 13.3 8.3 6.8

Not in labor force

22,623 23,342 67,245 69,192

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,760 2,243 75,040 74,998

Participation rate

34.9 30.0 82.2 81.4

Employed

2,322 1,903 68,374 69,407

Employment-population ratio

29.4 25.5 74.9 75.3

Unemployed

438 340 6,665 5,591

Unemployment rate

15.9 15.2 8.9 7.5

Not in labor force

5,148 5,223 16,226 17,136

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,147 2,060 66,883 66,804

Participation rate

28.4 26.7 70.3 70.1

Employed

1,851 1,761 61,643 62,580

Employment-population ratio

24.5 22.8 64.8 65.7

Unemployed

296 299 5,240 4,224

Unemployment rate

13.8 14.5 7.8 6.3

Not in labor force

5,421 5,670 28,314 28,515

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

1,044 887 6,921 7,388

Participation rate

8.0 6.6 23.4 23.9

Employed

961 838 6,463 7,036

Employment-population ratio

7.3 6.3 21.8 22.8

Unemployed

82 49 459 352

Unemployment rate

7.9 5.5 6.6 4.8

Not in labor force

12,054 12,449 22,705 23,541

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

37,952 38,165 18,492 18,466 19,461 19,699

Civilian labor force

25,240 25,139 14,447 14,409 10,792 10,730

Participation rate

66.5 65.9 78.1 78.0 55.5 54.5

Employed

23,089 23,467 13,287 13,478 9,802 9,989

Employment-population ratio

60.8 61.5 71.9 73.0 50.4 50.7

Unemployed

2,150 1,673 1,160 931 990 741

Unemployment rate

8.5 6.7 8.0 6.5 9.2 6.9

Not in labor force

12,712 13,026 4,044 4,057 8,668 8,969

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

206,711 208,749 99,541 100,752 107,170 107,997

Civilian labor force

129,555 129,241 67,802 67,395 61,753 61,846

Participation rate

62.7 61.9 68.1 66.9 57.6 57.3

Employed

118,524 120,059 61,536 62,174 56,988 57,885

Employment-population ratio

57.3 57.5 61.8 61.7 53.2 53.6

Unemployed

11,030 9,182 6,266 5,222 4,764 3,961

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.1 9.2 7.7 7.7 6.4

Not in labor force

77,156 79,508 31,739 33,356 45,417 46,151

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
[In thousands]
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,895 2,075 1,999 2,057 2,208 2,208 2,139 2,229 2,183

Wage and salary workers(1)

1,123 1,301 1,252 1,248 1,399 1,348 1,310 1,377 1,391

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

736 742 720 768 774 796 780 812 760

Unpaid family workers

36 32 27 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

139,718 142,348 141,527 141,234 142,058 141,449 142,317 142,337 142,970

Wage and salary workers(1)

131,177 133,911 133,132 132,468 133,323 132,859 133,694 133,858 134,384

Government

20,759 20,280 20,564 20,635 20,172 19,706 20,086 20,063 20,383

Private industries

110,418 113,631 112,568 111,813 113,138 113,184 113,610 113,818 114,001

Private households

799 837 806 - - - - - -

Other industries

109,619 112,794 111,762 110,986 112,454 112,370 112,760 112,918 113,164

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

8,463 8,380 8,321 8,728 8,614 8,528 8,547 8,506 8,569

Unpaid family workers

78 57 73 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(2)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,628 7,990 7,771 7,983 7,914 8,016 7,723 7,771 7,257

Slack work or business conditions

5,732 5,022 4,924 5,117 4,955 5,025 4,869 4,884 4,405

Could only find part-time work

2,540 2,579 2,483 2,613 2,548 2,585 2,499 2,592 2,571

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,596 19,194 19,473 18,556 18,919 18,755 18,858 18,731 19,165

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(3)

8,506 7,848 7,617 7,879 7,850 7,921 7,619 7,650 7,130

Slack work or business conditions

5,649 4,927 4,834 5,045 4,895 4,967 4,807 4,801 4,327

Could only find part-time work

2,530 2,570 2,468 2,610 2,548 2,593 2,484 2,586 2,550

Part time for noneconomic reasons(4)

18,259 18,836 19,118 18,366 18,627 18,438 18,593 18,436 18,856

Footnotes
(1) Includes self-employed workers whose businesses are incorporated.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(3) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(4) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
[Numbers in thousands]
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

141,614 144,423 143,526 143,384 144,270 143,485 144,443 144,586 145,224

16 to 19 years

4,120 4,300 4,003 4,510 4,580 4,448 4,523 4,502 4,399

16 to 17 years

1,269 1,439 1,412 1,459 1,476 1,512 1,555 1,530 1,608

18 to 19 years

2,850 2,860 2,591 3,041 3,102 2,943 2,917 2,943 2,776

20 years and over

137,494 140,124 139,523 138,874 139,690 139,037 139,920 140,083 140,825

20 to 24 years

13,064 13,806 13,369 13,436 13,689 13,685 13,733 13,875 13,761

25 years and over

124,430 126,318 126,154 125,318 126,013 125,519 126,232 126,289 126,992

25 to 54 years

93,418 94,708 94,512 94,159 94,492 94,014 94,562 94,660 95,212

25 to 34 years

30,775 31,651 31,485 31,116 31,287 31,206 31,430 31,546 31,776

35 to 44 years

30,270 30,736 30,866 30,497 30,761 30,579 30,682 30,741 31,059

45 to 54 years

32,373 32,321 32,161 32,546 32,443 32,228 32,450 32,372 32,377

55 years and over

31,012 31,609 31,642 31,159 31,521 31,505 31,670 31,629 31,780

Men, 16 years and over

74,823 76,403 75,652 76,228 76,464 76,014 76,560 76,723 77,060

16 to 19 years

1,918 2,128 1,903 2,144 2,313 2,206 2,188 2,257 2,144

16 to 17 years

566 690 649 669 720 737 752 743 762

18 to 19 years

1,352 1,438 1,254 1,475 1,593 1,477 1,421 1,489 1,369

20 years and over

72,905 74,275 73,748 74,084 74,151 73,808 74,373 74,467 74,916

20 to 24 years

6,779 7,020 6,781 7,030 7,044 6,998 7,045 7,097 7,032

25 years and over

66,126 67,255 66,967 66,990 67,112 66,927 67,345 67,400 67,769

25 to 54 years

49,778 50,540 50,284 50,471 50,453 50,252 50,591 50,626 50,926

25 to 34 years

16,589 17,021 16,861 16,881 16,904 16,820 16,953 17,007 17,123

35 to 44 years

16,345 16,583 16,587 16,533 16,548 16,552 16,563 16,610 16,760

45 to 54 years

16,844 16,936 16,837 17,057 17,001 16,879 17,075 17,009 17,043

55 years and over

16,348 16,714 16,683 16,519 16,659 16,676 16,755 16,774 16,843

Women, 16 years and over

66,790 68,021 67,874 67,157 67,806 67,471 67,882 67,862 68,163

16 to 19 years

2,201 2,172 2,099 2,366 2,266 2,242 2,335 2,246 2,255

16 to 17 years

703 749 763 790 756 775 803 787 845

18 to 19 years

1,498 1,422 1,336 1,566 1,509 1,466 1,497 1,454 1,407

20 years and over

64,589 65,849 65,775 64,790 65,539 65,229 65,547 65,617 65,909

20 to 24 years

6,284 6,786 6,588 6,406 6,646 6,687 6,688 6,778 6,729

25 years and over

58,305 59,063 59,187 58,328 58,901 58,591 58,887 58,888 59,223

25 to 54 years

43,640 44,168 44,228 43,688 44,038 43,762 43,971 44,034 44,286

25 to 34 years

14,186 14,630 14,625 14,235 14,383 14,386 14,477 14,539 14,653

35 to 44 years

13,925 14,153 14,279 13,964 14,214 14,027 14,118 14,131 14,299

45 to 54 years

15,529 15,385 15,324 15,489 15,442 15,349 15,376 15,363 15,334

55 years and over

14,664 14,895 14,959 14,640 14,862 14,829 14,916 14,855 14,937

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

43,660 44,030 43,812 44,095 43,720 43,832 44,162 43,939 44,187

Married women, spouse present

34,488 34,807 34,628 34,313 34,523 34,333 34,366 34,404 34,448

Women who maintain families

9,092 9,230 9,340 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,868 116,661 115,774 115,821 116,883 116,306 116,951 117,278 117,656

Part-time workers(2)

27,746 27,762 27,752 27,532 27,421 27,211 27,461 27,372 27,540

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

6,738 6,934 6,685 6,902 7,007 6,948 6,880 6,877 6,849

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.8 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7

SELF-EMPLOYMENT

Self-employed workers, incorporated

5,244 5,433 5,452 - - - - - -

Self-employed workers, unincorporated

9,200 9,122 9,042 9,496 9,388 9,323 9,327 9,317 9,329

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

12,315 10,351 10,236 7.9 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6

16 to 19 years

1,388 1,140 1,147 23.5 21.3 22.0 20.8 20.2 20.7

16 to 17 years

587 478 451 28.7 25.4 23.8 23.6 23.8 21.9

18 to 19 years

806 658 686 20.9 19.6 21.1 19.4 18.3 19.8

20 years and over

10,927 9,212 9,089 7.3 6.7 6.6 6.5 6.2 6.1

20 to 24 years

2,244 1,733 1,862 14.3 12.8 12.2 11.6 11.1 11.9

25 years and over

8,754 7,469 7,203 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.6 5.4

25 to 54 years

6,770 5,795 5,685 6.7 6.1 6.3 6.2 5.8 5.6

25 to 34 years

2,586 2,326 2,312 7.7 7.3 7.2 7.4 6.9 6.8

35 to 44 years

2,102 1,741 1,639 6.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.4 5.0

45 to 54 years

2,083 1,728 1,733 6.0 5.5 5.9 5.4 5.1 5.1

55 years and over

1,956 1,700 1,498 5.9 5.3 5.4 4.9 5.1 4.5

Men, 16 years and over

6,673 5,599 5,602 8.0 7.7 7.5 7.3 6.8 6.8

16 to 19 years

773 602 627 26.5 24.1 24.4 23.3 21.1 22.6

16 to 17 years

312 242 228 31.8 28.0 23.3 24.7 24.6 23.0

18 to 19 years

459 348 386 23.7 22.6 25.3 22.7 18.9 22.0

20 years and over

5,900 4,997 4,975 7.4 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.3 6.2

20 to 24 years

1,290 945 1,038 15.5 14.7 13.7 12.3 11.8 12.9

25 years and over

4,672 4,050 3,907 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.5

25 to 54 years

3,587 3,111 3,091 6.6 6.4 6.4 6.3 5.8 5.7

25 to 34 years

1,410 1,288 1,277 7.7 7.7 7.5 7.5 7.0 6.9

35 to 44 years

1,083 931 877 6.1 5.7 5.7 5.8 5.3 5.0

45 to 54 years

1,094 893 938 6.0 5.7 6.0 5.6 5.0 5.2

55 years and over

1,085 938 816 6.2 5.5 5.6 5.2 5.3 4.6

Women, 16 years and over

5,642 4,752 4,634 7.7 6.7 6.9 6.7 6.5 6.4

16 to 19 years

615 538 520 20.6 18.1 19.6 18.3 19.3 18.7

16 to 17 years

275 235 223 25.8 22.8 24.2 22.5 23.0 20.9

18 to 19 years

347 310 300 18.1 16.2 16.4 16.0 17.6 17.6

20 years and over

5,027 4,214 4,114 7.2 6.2 6.4 6.2 6.0 5.9

20 to 24 years

954 787 824 13.0 10.7 10.7 10.9 10.4 10.9

25 years and over

4,082 3,420 3,296 6.5 5.6 5.9 5.6 5.5 5.3

25 to 54 years

3,183 2,684 2,593 6.8 5.9 6.1 6.0 5.7 5.5

25 to 34 years

1,176 1,038 1,035 7.6 6.9 6.9 7.3 6.7 6.6

35 to 44 years

1,019 810 763 6.8 5.5 5.8 5.4 5.4 5.1

45 to 54 years

988 835 796 6.0 5.3 5.7 5.2 5.2 4.9

55 years and over

915 763 726 5.9 5.0 5.0 4.7 4.9 4.6

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,117 1,744 1,735 4.6 4.3 4.5 4.2 3.8 3.8

Married women, spouse present

1,856 1,602 1,398 5.1 4.4 4.7 4.5 4.5 3.9

Women who maintain families(1)

1,156 884 934 11.3 8.8 9.5 9.7 8.7 9.1

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,638 8,566 8,746 8.4 7.5 7.6 7.3 6.8 6.9

Part-time workers(3)

1,790 1,722 1,492 6.1 5.8 5.5 5.6 5.9 5.1

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,575 5,460 6,152 6,675 5,803 6,162 5,731 5,366 5,407

On temporary layoff

1,772 1,109 1,493 1,164 1,091 1,507 1,128 997 986

Not on temporary layoff

5,803 4,351 4,660 5,511 4,712 4,655 4,603 4,369 4,421

Permanent job losers

4,334 3,192 3,460 4,227 3,531 3,496 3,428 3,219 3,341

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,469 1,159 1,199 1,284 1,181 1,159 1,174 1,150 1,080

Job leavers

1,014 802 825 984 984 842 890 862 818

Reentrants

3,497 2,715 2,869 3,520 3,165 3,104 3,065 3,036 2,937

New entrants

1,095 1,007 1,008 1,274 1,211 1,217 1,169 1,201 1,184

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

57.5 54.7 56.7 53.6 52.0 54.4 52.8 51.3 52.3

On temporary layoff

13.4 11.1 13.8 9.3 9.8 13.3 10.4 9.5 9.5

Not on temporary layoff

44.0 43.6 42.9 44.3 42.2 41.1 42.4 41.8 42.7

Job leavers

7.7 8.0 7.6 7.9 8.8 7.4 8.2 8.2 7.9

Reentrants

26.5 27.2 26.4 28.3 28.4 27.4 28.2 29.0 28.4

New entrants

8.3 10.1 9.3 10.2 10.9 10.7 10.8 11.5 11.4

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

4.9 3.5 4.0 4.3 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5

Job leavers

0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5

Reentrants

2.3 1.8 1.9 2.3 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 1.9

New entrants

0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
[Numbers in thousands]
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

3,246 2,236 2,876 2,753 2,571 2,794 2,439 2,255 2,434

5 to 14 weeks

3,316 2,376 2,587 3,077 2,685 2,636 2,585 2,506 2,429

15 weeks and over

6,618 5,372 5,392 6,573 5,927 5,824 5,786 5,530 5,336

15 to 26 weeks

1,854 1,619 1,702 1,867 1,802 1,777 1,742 1,651 1,689

27 weeks and over

4,764 3,753 3,690 4,707 4,125 4,047 4,044 3,878 3,646

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

33.6 36.2 33.3 35.4 36.8 36.0 37.1 37.1 35.4

Median duration, in weeks

14.7 17.5 14.3 16.0 16.4 16.5 17.0 17.1 16.0

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

24.6 22.4 26.5 22.2 23.0 24.8 22.6 21.9 23.9

5 to 14 weeks

25.2 23.8 23.8 24.8 24.0 23.4 23.9 24.4 23.8

15 weeks and over

50.2 53.8 49.7 53.0 53.0 51.7 53.5 53.7 52.3

15 to 26 weeks

14.1 16.2 15.7 15.0 16.1 15.8 16.1 16.0 16.6

27 weeks and over

36.1 37.6 34.0 37.9 36.9 36.0 37.4 37.7 35.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

141,614 143,526 13,181 10,855 8.5 7.0

Management, professional, and related occupations

54,214 55,096 2,211 1,784 3.9 3.1

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

22,580 22,498 950 796 4.0 3.4

Professional and related occupations

31,634 32,598 1,261 988 3.8 2.9

Service occupations

25,038 25,286 2,778 2,338 10.0 8.5

Sales and office occupations

33,181 33,232 3,070 2,544 8.5 7.1

Sales and related occupations

15,254 15,483 1,423 1,253 8.5 7.5

Office and administrative support occupations

17,927 17,750 1,647 1,291 8.4 6.8

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

12,472 12,921 1,916 1,470 13.3 10.2

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

792 888 180 146 18.5 14.2

Construction and extraction occupations

6,861 7,094 1,387 1,059 16.8 13.0

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

4,819 4,939 349 265 6.8 5.1

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,708 16,991 2,083 1,672 11.1 9.0

Production occupations

8,251 8,365 962 709 10.4 7.8

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,457 8,627 1,121 963 11.7 10.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,181 10,855 8.5 7.0

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,435 8,437 8.6 7.0

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

97 72 9.6 6.5

Construction

1,322 1,045 16.1 12.3

Manufacturing

1,206 867 7.9 5.6

Durable goods

683 503 7.1 5.1

Nondurable goods

523 364 9.1 6.4

Wholesale and retail trade

1,679 1,579 8.2 7.8

Transportation and utilities

474 411 7.7 6.8

Information

236 196 8.2 6.6

Financial activities

507 360 5.5 3.8

Professional and business services

1,575 1,308 10.4 8.4

Education and health services

1,205 906 5.4 4.1

Leisure and hospitality

1,612 1,231 12.0 9.5

Other services

521 461 7.9 7.4

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

166 179 13.1 13.0

Government workers

912 725 4.2 3.4

Self-employed workers, unincorporated, and unpaid family workers

573 505 5.8 5.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
[Percent]
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Sept.
2013
Oct.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013
Jan.
2014

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.3 3.5 3.5 4.2 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.6 3.4

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

4.9 3.5 4.0 4.3 3.7 4.0 3.7 3.5 3.5

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.5 6.5 7.0 7.9 7.2 7.2 7.0 6.7 6.6

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

9.0 7.0 7.5 8.4 7.7 7.7 7.4 7.2 7.1

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.9 7.9 8.6 9.3 8.6 8.6 8.2 8.1 8.1

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.4 13.0 13.5 14.4 13.6 13.7 13.1 13.1 12.7

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
[Numbers in thousands]
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014
Jan.
2013
Jan.
2014

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

89,868 92,534 35,783 37,414 54,085 55,120

Persons who currently want a job

6,781 6,508 3,221 3,146 3,559 3,363

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,443 2,592 1,323 1,317 1,120 1,275

Discouraged workers(2)

804 837 516 466 288 370

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,639 1,755 806 851 832 904

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

6,738 6,685 3,285 3,210 3,453 3,475

Percent of total employed

4.8 4.7 4.4 4.2 5.2 5.1

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,524 3,412 1,924 1,822 1,600 1,590

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,786 1,892 544 670 1,242 1,222

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

211 236 111 155 100 81

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,171 1,092 680 539 491 553

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
[In thousands]
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Change from:
Dec.2013 - Jan.2014(p)

Total nonfarm

133,074 138,536 138,266 135,396 135,261 137,311 137,386 137,499 113

Total private

111,342 116,196 116,058 113,712 113,395 115,455 115,544 115,686 142

Goods-producing

18,071 18,928 18,700 18,373 18,579 18,824 18,811 18,887 76

Mining and logging

838 881 879 875 854 882 883 890 7

Logging

48.9 56.7 54.8 53.7 49.9 55.2 54.4 54.1 -0.3

Mining

789.2 824.7 823.9 821.2 803.7 826.7 828.8 836.0 7.2

Oil and gas extraction

192.3 202.6 204.3 206.1 193.2 203.1 204.2 206.0 1.8

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

204.9 211.5 206.2 203.0 215.0 211.8 210.0 212.5 2.5

Coal mining

78.2 79.2 79.9 79.7 78.6 80.2 80.2 80.4 0.2

Support activities for mining

392.0 410.6 413.4 412.1 395.5 411.8 414.6 417.5 2.9

Construction

5,353 5,996 5,773 5,533 5,743 5,896 5,874 5,922 48

Construction of buildings

1,208.7 1,331.5 1,312.2 1,276.7 1,262.6 1,312.6 1,315.2 1,336.7 21.5

Residential building

565.1 639.5 632.7 613.1 594.4 630.0 633.4 646.6 13.2

Nonresidential building

643.6 692.0 679.5 663.6 668.2 682.6 681.8 690.1 8.3

Heavy and civil engineering construction

773.8 919.8 838.6 787.6 880.0 889.8 876.7 886.8 10.1

Specialty trade contractors

3,370.2 3,744.2 3,621.9 3,468.7 3,600.7 3,694.0 3,681.8 3,698.3 16.5

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,409.8 1,601.3 1,545.4 1,476.4 1,515.2 1,579.7 1,580.8 1,584.4 3.6

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

1,960.4 2,142.9 2,076.5 1,992.3 2,085.5 2,114.3 2,101.0 2,113.9 12.9

Manufacturing

11,880 12,051 12,048 11,965 11,982 12,046 12,054 12,075 21

Durable goods

7,468 7,583 7,583 7,543 7,514 7,581 7,583 7,598 15

Wood products

340.7 358.5 356.7 354.4 346.4 357.8 358.0 362.6 4.6

Nonmetallic mineral products

354.6 383.2 373.8 365.2 369.7 380.4 378.2 379.2 1.0

Primary metals

397.9 393.1 396.2 394.9 399.0 394.3 397.3 395.1 -2.2

Fabricated metal products

1,412.3 1,444.8 1,444.5 1,435.2 1,420.4 1,443.8 1,445.9 1,447.7 1.8

Machinery

1,100.9 1,105.5 1,107.4 1,107.8 1,102.8 1,107.4 1,106.4 1,113.4 7.0

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,071.3 1,062.3 1,059.4 1,052.8 1,073.6 1,063.2 1,057.7 1,055.4 -2.3

Computer and peripheral equipment

156.0 160.1 160.9 159.9 156.6 160.1 160.2 158.8 -1.4

Communications equipment

104.5 100.4 100.1 99.6 104.5 100.3 99.7 99.5 -0.2

Semiconductors and electronic components

377.5 373.1 372.6 370.2 378.3 373.6 372.5 372.5 0.0

Electronic instruments

394.0 390.3 387.6 385.6 394.7 391.4 387.5 387.0 -0.5

Electrical equipment and appliances

373.8 374.2 376.9 373.2 374.4 374.5 375.5 373.1 -2.4

Transportation equipment(1)

1,488.9 1,515.8 1,523.2 1,523.1 1,491.4 1,515.7 1,519.8 1,525.7 5.9

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

797.6 838.8 844.0 844.2 799.6 838.4 841.7 846.4 4.7

Furniture and related products

349.9 361.9 362.5 359.1 355.2 364.1 364.3 365.1 0.8

Miscellaneous durable goods manufacturing

577.9 583.5 581.9 577.7 581.3 580.1 580.1 580.5 0.4

Nondurable goods

4,412 4,468 4,465 4,422 4,468 4,465 4,471 4,477 6

Food manufacturing

1,442.0 1,483.4 1,483.7 1,454.9 1,470.9 1,478.7 1,484.4 1,487.2 2.8

Textile mills

116.3 117.1 117.7 115.6 117.3 116.6 117.8 115.9 -1.9

Textile product mills

115.5 113.6 112.5 110.4 116.4 113.0 111.9 111.5 -0.4

Apparel

145.3 140.2 138.9 138.5 147.4 139.7 139.1 138.7 -0.4

Paper and paper products

378.8 376.6 378.1 376.7 379.7 377.5 377.7 377.8 0.1

Printing and related support activities

452.7 445.0 444.8 440.7 455.8 443.7 443.3 442.4 -0.9

Petroleum and coal products

109.7 111.1 108.9 108.2 113.7 110.9 111.1 112.7 1.6

Chemicals

787.1 791.2 794.2 794.2 789.3 794.4 794.9 796.1 1.2

Plastics and rubber products

644.8 656.6 658.3 657.0 651.8 658.6 660.4 663.2 2.8

Miscellaneous nondurable goods manufacturing

219.9 233.0 227.9 225.6 225.9 232.2 230.8 231.8 1.0

Private service-providing

93,271 97,268 97,358 95,339 94,816 96,631 96,733 96,799 66

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,505 26,600 26,887 26,015 25,691 26,090 26,172 26,182 10

Wholesale trade

5,663.0 5,798.6 5,805.1 5,761.5 5,714.4 5,785.8 5,796.0 5,809.9 13.9

Durable goods

2,841.3 2,897.4 2,897.2 2,888.3 2,859.2 2,894.0 2,895.1 2,900.6 5.5

Nondurable goods

1,955.8 1,998.0 1,996.1 1,975.3 1,981.6 1,990.9 1,993.2 2,003.0 9.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

865.9 903.2 911.8 897.9 873.6 900.9 907.7 906.3 -1.4

Retail trade

14,852.1 15,645.5 15,828.9 15,168.8 14,943.5 15,209.7 15,272.4 15,259.5 -12.9

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,737.2 1,815.1 1,812.0 1,800.0 1,766.9 1,816.6 1,823.5 1,830.0 6.5

Automobile dealers

1,107.1 1,152.4 1,152.1 1,148.5 1,118.8 1,152.6 1,157.4 1,160.8 3.4

Furniture and home furnishings stores

447.3 465.7 474.7 450.0 442.0 445.7 448.5 445.9 -2.6

Electronics and appliance stores

515.7 542.9 545.3 530.8 508.1 513.3 516.6 519.8 3.2

Building material and garden supply stores

1,126.6 1,198.8 1,186.9 1,160.3 1,186.4 1,224.8 1,223.2 1,222.1 -1.1

Food and beverage stores

2,883.7 2,986.3 3,006.4 2,960.8 2,896.3 2,960.5 2,976.5 2,971.7 -4.8

Health and personal care stores

1,007.9 1,032.4 1,042.7 1,025.3 1,007.2 1,018.9 1,024.2 1,023.7 -0.5

Gasoline stations

838.6 875.0 870.1 862.6 852.3 872.8 872.4 874.6 2.2

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,420.8 1,518.6 1,576.8 1,418.3 1,414.5 1,388.9 1,404.2 1,402.3 -1.9

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

596.1 653.8 671.8 596.6 587.1 609.5 617.6 595.3 -22.3

General merchandise stores(1)

3,041.6 3,252.8 3,328.9 3,121.1 3,031.5 3,099.6 3,106.0 3,113.0 7.0

Department stores

1,377.4 1,449.8 1,505.4 1,370.0 1,356.0 1,347.2 1,348.9 1,350.7 1.8

Miscellaneous store retailers

778.4 805.2 804.7 774.4 797.1 792.8 790.3 792.0 1.7

Nonstore retailers

458.2 498.9 508.6 468.6 454.1 466.3 469.4 469.1 -0.3

Transportation and warehousing

4,440.3 4,604.5 4,702.4 4,536.4 4,481.4 4,542.1 4,552.7 4,562.6 9.9

Air transportation

446.0 448.7 453.0 451.7 450.4 450.4 453.9 453.7 -0.2

Rail transportation

230.2 233.1 232.6 231.6 232.3 232.6 233.0 232.1 -0.9

Water transportation

62.6 65.5 65.5 65.0 64.4 66.1 66.1 66.1 0.0

Truck transportation

1,343.7 1,397.1 1,385.2 1,358.7 1,371.2 1,387.8 1,387.9 1,391.1 3.2

Transit and ground passenger transportation

460.0 469.2 471.2 464.3 446.7 452.1 453.6 450.8 -2.8

Pipeline transportation

43.3 44.6 44.8 45.0 43.2 44.9 44.7 45.0 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

20.5 25.4 24.9 22.5 28.7 28.5 29.3 29.9 0.6

Support activities for transportation

591.0 597.9 601.4 600.7 593.8 597.4 597.9 602.7 4.8

Couriers and messengers

546.9 583.4 680.6 582.3 548.0 560.9 562.8 572.9 10.1

Warehousing and storage

696.1 739.6 743.2 714.6 702.7 721.4 723.5 718.3 -5.2

Utilities

549.7 551.1 550.1 548.0 552.0 552.6 551.1 549.6 -1.5

Information

2,635 2,699 2,681 2,636 2,673 2,689 2,679 2,679 0

Publishing industries, except Internet

732.1 733.6 734.6 726.2 735.6 731.2 730.9 730.0 -0.9

Motion picture and sound recording industries

315.7 351.1 326.2 306.8 348.3 346.8 335.5 341.6 6.1

Broadcasting, except Internet

284.4 288.6 287.2 286.3 285.0 287.2 286.1 286.8 0.7

Telecommunications

853.5 858.3 862.2 847.8 851.7 856.0 857.6 847.4 -10.2

Data processing, hosting and related services

263.0 268.2 271.0 269.2 265.3 268.5 269.8 271.6 1.8

Other information services

186.6 199.3 200.1 199.4 187.5 199.2 198.8 201.1 2.3

Financial activities

7,783 7,897 7,912 7,850 7,835 7,899 7,902 7,900 -2

Finance and insurance

5,850.2 5,888.8 5,898.4 5,865.6 5,861.8 5,881.3 5,882.2 5,874.7 -7.5

Monetary authorities - central bank

17.5 18.6 18.0 18.1 17.7 18.2 18.2 18.3 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,614.0 2,603.8 2,602.1 2,583.6 2,616.9 2,601.1 2,595.8 2,586.4 -9.4

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,742.1 1,717.0 1,716.1 1,711.6 1,742.4 1,719.0 1,714.0 1,710.9 -3.1

Commercial banking

1,322.4 1,292.4 1,290.7 1,287.8 1,322.9 1,294.3 1,289.2 1,286.4 -2.8

Securities, commodity contracts, investments, and funds and trusts

854.5 866.1 870.3 868.6 857.9 865.6 869.4 871.5 2.1

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,364.2 2,400.3 2,408.0 2,395.3 2,369.3 2,396.4 2,398.8 2,398.5 -0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

1,932.4 2,007.8 2,013.7 1,984.4 1,973.3 2,017.7 2,019.6 2,025.5 5.9

Real estate

1,411.8 1,465.1 1,472.3 1,450.1 1,436.8 1,470.1 1,470.5 1,475.2 4.7

Rental and leasing services

497.1 519.9 518.5 512.4 512.8 525.1 526.6 528.0 1.4

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

23.5 22.8 22.9 21.9 23.7 22.5 22.5 22.3 -0.2

Professional and business services

17,845 18,975 18,903 18,545 18,210 18,826 18,830 18,866 36

Professional and technical services(1)

8,012.8 8,209.3 8,235.7 8,233.0 8,000.4 8,218.4 8,198.1 8,218.5 20.4

Legal services

1,122.8 1,137.7 1,138.9 1,129.7 1,130.2 1,135.6 1,135.2 1,137.2 2.0

Accounting and bookkeeping services

989.3 899.7 919.0 1,003.6 899.5 946.0 914.0 919.0 5.0

Architectural and engineering services

1,314.0 1,373.2 1,373.3 1,361.3 1,334.9 1,370.6 1,373.4 1,378.2 4.8

Computer systems design and related services

1,659.2 1,731.5 1,727.5 1,721.5 1,668.3 1,722.4 1,723.5 1,728.2 4.7

Management and technical consulting services

1,131.4 1,207.7 1,215.1 1,189.2 1,145.7 1,197.7 1,201.8 1,202.4 0.6

Management of companies and enterprises

2,059.8 2,109.5 2,112.3 2,103.9 2,067.8 2,107.5 2,108.1 2,110.5 2.4

Administrative and waste services

7,772.0 8,656.0 8,554.5 8,207.9 8,141.3 8,500.3 8,523.8 8,537.0 13.2

Administrative and support services(1)

7,402.7 8,281.2 8,182.8 7,840.0 7,765.7 8,125.0 8,149.1 8,163.5 14.4

Employment services(1)

3,031.8 3,543.6 3,549.3 3,327.3 3,200.9 3,427.9 3,458.4 3,470.3 11.9

Temporary help services

2,409.3 2,843.8 2,854.7 2,663.2 2,551.1 2,741.6 2,771.7 2,779.8 8.1

Business support services

835.1 883.5 880.5 862.1 834.3 864.3 858.4 859.5 1.1

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,681.0 1,917.5 1,827.3 1,740.7 1,849.9 1,905.4 1,902.5 1,902.7 0.2

Waste management and remediation services

369.3 374.8 371.7 367.9 375.6 375.3 374.7 373.5 -1.2

Education and health services

20,791 21,488 21,419 21,095 20,921 21,237 21,233 21,227 -6

Educational services

3,232.9 3,551.9 3,472.5 3,258.4 3,329.2 3,362.6 3,358.2 3,350.5 -7.7

Health care and social assistance

17,558.5 17,935.7 17,946.8 17,836.4 17,592.1 17,874.1 17,875.2 17,876.7 1.5

Health care(3)

14,365.7 14,635.2 14,649.9 14,558.5 14,406.1 14,602.4 14,604.8 14,604.4 -0.4

Ambulatory health care services(1)

6,389.0 6,583.8 6,591.2 6,553.7 6,411.9 6,565.8 6,566.6 6,575.6 9.0

Offices of physicians

2,414.4 2,464.6 2,477.0 2,459.0 2,418.5 2,456.8 2,459.9 2,460.8 0.9

Outpatient care centers

663.7 697.7 702.8 699.3 665.2 697.6 701.1 701.3 0.2

Home health care services

1,203.8 1,271.2 1,266.8 1,255.2 1,210.3 1,266.1 1,263.1 1,263.7 0.6

Hospitals

4,780.7 4,806.8 4,805.0 4,780.1 4,786.5 4,797.5 4,792.8 4,788.3 -4.5

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,196.0 3,244.6 3,253.7 3,224.7 3,207.7 3,239.1 3,245.4 3,240.5 -4.9

Nursing care facilities

1,651.3 1,651.8 1,652.3 1,640.0 1,655.1 1,649.3 1,647.9 1,647.2 -0.7

Social assistance(1)

3,192.8 3,300.5 3,296.9 3,277.9 3,186.0 3,271.7 3,270.4 3,272.3 1.9

Child day care services

855.0 866.0 863.3 860.6 846.0 849.7 849.8 851.1 1.3

Leisure and hospitality

13,324 14,148 14,095 13,782 14,028 14,417 14,437 14,461 24

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,768.6 1,915.8 1,916.8 1,859.6 2,002.1 2,075.6 2,083.0 2,089.4 6.4

Performing arts and spectator sports

364.3 421.7 413.0 391.0 408.9 435.8 430.6 432.4 1.8

Museums, historical sites, and similar institutions

126.4 137.2 134.1 128.7 138.8 142.3 141.1 141.2 0.1

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,277.9 1,356.9 1,369.7 1,339.9 1,454.4 1,497.5 1,511.3 1,515.8 4.5

Accommodation and food services

11,555.3 12,232.4 12,177.8 11,922.3 12,025.4 12,341.0 12,354.4 12,371.1 16.7

Accommodation

1,745.8 1,808.2 1,799.0 1,764.9 1,844.6 1,865.8 1,865.6 1,867.5 1.9

Food services and drinking places

9,809.5 10,424.2 10,378.8 10,157.4 10,180.8 10,475.2 10,488.8 10,503.6 14.8

Other services

5,388 5,461 5,461 5,416 5,458 5,473 5,480 5,484 4

Repair and maintenance

1,194.3 1,202.4 1,204.6 1,195.3 1,209.8 1,206.5 1,211.8 1,208.6 -3.2

Personal and laundry services

1,315.2 1,347.9 1,349.8 1,335.7 1,333.9 1,348.8 1,349.2 1,356.1 6.9

Membership associations and organizations

2,878.4 2,910.5 2,907.0 2,885.0 2,914.1 2,917.2 2,918.9 2,919.6 0.7

Government

21,732 22,340 22,208 21,684 21,866 21,856 21,842 21,813 -29

Federal

2,786.0 2,730.0 2,741.0 2,707.0 2,809.0 2,739.0 2,736.0 2,724.0 -12.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,185.2 2,139.3 2,137.5 2,117.2 2,206.0 2,147.6 2,141.6 2,137.6 -4.0

U.S. Postal Service

600.6 590.4 603.3 590.2 602.6 591.5 594.4 585.9 -8.5

State government

4,928.0 5,241.0 5,168.0 4,957.0 5,034.0 5,060.0 5,059.0 5,053.0 -6.0

State government education

2,273.9 2,595.0 2,526.2 2,314.9 2,371.3 2,404.7 2,406.2 2,400.8 -5.4

State government, excluding education

2,654.0 2,645.8 2,641.9 2,642.0 2,662.2 2,655.6 2,652.3 2,652.2 -0.1

Local government

14,018.0 14,369.0 14,299.0 14,020.0 14,023.0 14,057.0 14,047.0 14,036.0 -11.0

Local government education

7,880.0 8,140.8 8,092.7 7,864.4 7,763.4 7,780.8 7,765.9 7,757.2 -8.7

Local government, excluding education

6,138.1 6,227.7 6,206.2 6,155.8 6,259.7 6,276.4 6,280.7 6,278.9 -1.8

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.4 34.5 34.4 34.4

Goods-producing

40.2 40.6 40.4 40.2

Mining and logging

42.7 44.6 44.6 44.0

Construction

38.9 39.2 38.8 38.6

Manufacturing

40.6 41.0 40.9 40.7

Durable goods

40.9 41.5 41.4 41.1

Nondurable goods

40.1 40.1 40.2 40.0

Private service-providing

33.2 33.3 33.2 33.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.4 34.4 34.5 34.4

Wholesale trade

38.5 38.9 38.6 38.7

Retail trade

31.4 31.2 31.3 31.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.5 38.7 38.9 38.9

Utilities

42.1 42.0 42.0 42.1

Information

36.4 36.8 36.9 36.8

Financial activities

37.0 37.2 37.0 37.1

Professional and business services

36.0 36.2 36.1 36.2

Education and health services

32.7 32.7 32.7 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

26.1 26.0 25.8 25.9

Other services

31.6 31.7 31.7 31.7

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

3.3 3.4 3.5 3.4

Durable goods

3.2 3.5 3.5 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.4 3.3 3.4 3.4

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)

Total private

$23.75 $24.15 $24.16 $24.21 $817.00 $833.18 $831.10 $832.82

Goods-producing

24.85 25.38 25.42 25.45 998.97 1,030.43 1,026.97 1,023.09

Mining and logging

29.03 30.50 30.55 30.52 1,239.58 1,360.30 1,362.53 1,342.88

Construction

25.97 26.23 26.32 26.34 1,010.23 1,028.22 1,021.22 1,016.72

Manufacturing

24.03 24.58 24.59 24.64 975.62 1,007.78 1,005.73 1,002.85

Durable goods

25.44 25.98 26.01 26.08 1,040.50 1,078.17 1,076.81 1,071.89

Nondurable goods

21.61 22.12 22.13 22.13 866.56 887.01 889.63 885.20

Private service-providing

23.49 23.86 23.86 23.91 779.87 794.54 792.15 793.81

Trade, transportation, and utilities

20.79 21.17 21.11 21.25 715.18 728.25 728.30 731.00

Wholesale trade

27.31 27.96 27.90 28.11 1,051.44 1,087.64 1,076.94 1,087.86

Retail trade

16.54 16.71 16.65 16.77 519.36 521.35 521.15 521.55

Transportation and warehousing

22.09 22.65 22.67 22.68 850.47 876.56 881.86 882.25

Utilities

35.04 35.13 35.46 35.40 1,475.18 1,475.46 1,489.32 1,490.34

Information

32.43 33.43 33.39 33.26 1,180.45 1,230.22 1,232.09 1,223.97

Financial activities

29.92 30.32 30.33 30.38 1,107.04 1,127.90 1,122.21 1,127.10

Professional and business services

28.41 28.73 28.78 28.80 1,022.76 1,040.03 1,038.96 1,042.56

Education and health services

24.26 24.57 24.57 24.57 793.30 803.44 803.44 803.44

Leisure and hospitality

13.38 13.59 13.64 13.66 349.22 353.34 351.91 353.79

Other services

21.14 21.65 21.70 21.81 668.02 686.31 687.89 691.38

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
[2007=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2013 - Jan.
2014(p)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2013 - Jan.
2014(p)

Total private

97.5 99.6 99.4 99.5 0.1 110.5 114.8 114.6 114.9 0.3

Goods-producing

85.1 87.1 86.6 86.5 -0.1 95.6 99.9 99.5 99.5 0.0

Mining and logging

114.6 123.6 123.7 123.1 -0.5 133.6 151.4 151.8 150.8 -0.7

Construction

77.0 79.7 78.6 78.8 0.3 86.9 90.8 89.8 90.2 0.4

Manufacturing

87.5 88.9 88.7 88.4 -0.3 97.8 101.6 101.4 101.3 -0.1

Durable goods

86.5 88.6 88.4 87.9 -0.6 97.8 102.2 102.1 101.8 -0.3

Nondurable goods

89.4 89.4 89.7 89.4 -0.3 98.0 100.3 100.7 100.4 -0.3

Private service-providing

100.7 103.0 102.8 102.8 0.0 114.7 119.1 118.9 119.2 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

96.1 97.6 98.2 98.0 -0.2 107.6 111.2 111.6 112.0 0.4

Wholesale trade

96.0 98.2 97.6 98.1 0.5 109.4 114.6 113.7 115.1 1.2

Retail trade

95.3 96.4 97.1 96.4 -0.7 104.2 106.5 106.9 106.9 0.0

Transportation and warehousing

98.7 100.6 101.4 101.6 0.2 110.7 115.6 116.6 116.9 0.3

Utilities

100.5 100.4 100.1 100.1 0.0 116.4 116.6 117.3 117.1 -0.2

Information

88.9 90.4 90.3 90.0 -0.3 102.6 107.6 107.3 106.6 -0.7

Financial activities

94.9 96.2 95.8 96.0 0.2 110.8 113.8 113.3 113.7 0.4

Professional and business services

103.1 107.2 106.9 107.4 0.5 118.7 124.8 124.7 125.3 0.5

Education and health services

109.8 111.5 111.4 111.4 0.0 125.5 129.0 129.0 128.9 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

104.5 107.0 106.3 106.9 0.6 112.8 117.3 117.0 117.8 0.7

Other services

95.6 96.1 96.2 96.3 0.1 114.6 118.1 118.5 119.2 0.6

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)

Total nonfarm

66,853 67,906 67,942 67,891 49.4 49.5 49.5 49.4

Total private

54,398 55,426 55,472 55,451 48.0 48.0 48.0 47.9

Goods-producing

4,107 4,136 4,133 4,136 22.1 22.0 22.0 21.9

Mining and logging

115 117 117 118 13.5 13.3 13.3 13.3

Construction

735 749 746 749 12.8 12.7 12.7 12.6

Manufacturing

3,257 3,270 3,270 3,269 27.2 27.1 27.1 27.1

Durable goods

1,736 1,749 1,750 1,749 23.1 23.1 23.1 23.0

Nondurable goods

1,521 1,521 1,520 1,520 34.0 34.1 34.0 34.0

Private service-providing

50,291 51,290 51,339 51,315 53.0 53.1 53.1 53.0

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,342 10,595 10,642 10,635 40.3 40.6 40.7 40.6

Wholesale trade

1,697.5 1,718.2 1,722.4 1,725.1 29.7 29.7 29.7 29.7

Retail trade

7,460.3 7,669.9 7,707.7 7,702.7 49.9 50.4 50.5 50.5

Transportation and warehousing

1,047.0 1,070.9 1,076.8 1,072.9 23.4 23.6 23.7 23.5

Utilities

137.3 135.8 134.9 134.5 24.9 24.6 24.5 24.5

Information

1,073 1,077 1,074 1,071 40.1 40.1 40.1 40.0

Financial activities

4,536 4,541 4,535 4,533 57.9 57.5 57.4 57.4

Professional and business services

8,088 8,394 8,389 8,375 44.4 44.6 44.6 44.4

Education and health services

16,085 16,309 16,307 16,304 76.9 76.8 76.8 76.8

Leisure and hospitality

7,300 7,502 7,519 7,522 52.0 52.0 52.1 52.0

Other services

2,867 2,872 2,873 2,875 52.5 52.5 52.4 52.4

Government

12,455 12,480 12,470 12,440 57.0 57.1 57.1 57.0

Footnotes
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[In thousands]
Industry Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)

Total private

93,686 95,397 95,448 95,547

Goods-producing

13,391 13,556 13,537 13,607

Mining and logging

631 648 649 653

Construction

4,337 4,466 4,444 4,487

Manufacturing

8,423 8,442 8,444 8,467

Durable goods

5,175 5,209 5,203 5,215

Nondurable goods

3,248 3,233 3,241 3,252

Private service-providing

80,295 81,841 81,911 81,940

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,755 22,051 22,118 22,130

Wholesale trade

4,602.5 4,670.8 4,674.1 4,686.2

Retail trade

12,831.5 13,007.9 13,061.3 13,043.2

Transportation and warehousing

3,877.5 3,925.7 3,937.2 3,955.6

Utilities

443.9 446.9 445.8 444.9

Information

2,164 2,177 2,171 2,171

Financial activities

6,028 6,082 6,083 6,076

Professional and business services

15,041 15,590 15,586 15,596

Education and health services

18,362 18,646 18,643 18,632

Leisure and hospitality

12,379 12,734 12,745 12,769

Other services

4,566 4,561 4,565 4,566

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.6 33.7 33.5 33.5

Goods-producing

41.0 41.4 41.2 41.0

Mining and logging

44.5 46.1 46.7 46.1

Construction

39.3 39.7 39.0 38.9

Manufacturing

41.6 42.0 41.9 41.7

Durable goods

41.9 42.5 42.3 42.0

Nondurable goods

41.2 41.2 41.3 41.2

Private service-providing

32.4 32.4 32.3 32.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

33.5 33.6 33.6 33.4

Wholesale trade

38.6 38.8 38.5 38.5

Retail trade

30.0 30.0 30.0 29.7

Transportation and warehousing

38.2 38.5 38.6 38.8

Utilities

41.2 41.5 41.7 41.8

Information

35.8 35.9 36.0 35.9

Financial activities

36.6 36.7 36.6 36.6

Professional and business services

35.3 35.5 35.2 35.4

Education and health services

32.2 32.1 31.9 32.0

Leisure and hospitality

25.0 25.0 24.8 24.9

Other services

30.6 30.8 30.6 30.6

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

4.3 4.5 4.5 4.3

Durable goods

4.3 4.7 4.6 4.3

Nondurable goods

4.3 4.2 4.3 4.3

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)

Total private

$19.95 $20.30 $20.33 $20.39 $670.32 $684.11 $681.06 $683.07

Goods-producing

21.07 21.35 21.38 21.40 863.87 883.89 880.86 877.40

Mining and logging

26.27 27.08 26.96 26.98 1,169.02 1,248.39 1,259.03 1,243.78

Construction

24.17 24.24 24.32 24.34 949.88 962.33 948.48 946.83

Manufacturing

19.15 19.42 19.46 19.47 796.64 815.64 815.37 811.90

Durable goods

20.20 20.48 20.51 20.54 846.38 870.40 867.57 862.68

Nondurable goods

17.45 17.66 17.72 17.72 718.94 727.59 731.84 730.06

Private service-providing

19.71 20.08 20.11 20.17 638.60 650.59 649.55 651.49

Trade, transportation, and utilities

17.57 17.97 17.94 18.05 588.60 603.79 602.78 602.87

Wholesale trade

22.34 22.93 22.86 23.07 862.32 889.68 880.11 888.20

Retail trade

13.91 14.16 14.13 14.19 417.30 424.80 423.90 421.44

Transportation and warehousing

19.54 20.09 20.12 20.10 746.43 773.47 776.63 779.88

Utilities

32.17 32.43 32.74 32.68 1,325.40 1,345.85 1,365.26 1,366.02

Information

27.85 28.23 28.35 28.54 997.03 1,013.46 1,020.60 1,024.59

Financial activities

23.43 24.17 24.22 24.28 857.54 887.04 886.45 888.65

Professional and business services

23.59 23.84 23.91 23.96 832.73 846.32 841.63 848.18

Education and health services

21.09 21.46 21.50 21.54 679.10 688.87 685.85 689.28

Leisure and hospitality

11.65 11.83 11.91 11.87 291.25 295.75 295.37 295.56

Other services

17.78 18.23 18.27 18.33 544.07 561.48 559.06 560.90

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
[2002=100]
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2013 - Jan.
2014(p)
Jan.
2013
Nov.
2013
Dec.
2013(p)
Jan.
2014(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2013 - Jan.
2014(p)

Total private

104.9 107.1 106.6 106.7 0.1 139.8 145.3 144.8 145.3 0.3

Goods-producing

83.9 85.8 85.2 85.3 0.1 108.3 112.1 111.6 111.7 0.1

Mining and logging

149.2 158.7 161.1 160.0 -0.7 228.0 250.0 252.5 251.0 -0.6

Construction

85.3 88.8 86.8 87.4 0.7 111.4 116.2 114.0 114.9 0.8

Manufacturing

80.4 81.4 81.2 81.1 -0.1 100.7 103.4 103.4 103.2 -0.2

Durable goods

81.5 83.2 82.7 82.3 -0.5 102.8 106.4 105.9 105.5 -0.4

Nondurable goods

78.8 78.5 78.9 78.9 0.0 97.2 97.9 98.8 98.9 0.1

Private service-providing

110.8 113.0 112.7 112.7 0.0 149.8 155.5 155.4 155.9 0.3

Trade, transportation, and utilities

101.6 103.3 103.6 103.0 -0.6 127.3 132.4 132.6 132.7 0.1

Wholesale trade

104.6 106.7 106.0 106.3 0.3 137.7 144.2 142.7 144.4 1.2

Retail trade

97.4 98.8 99.2 98.1 -1.1 116.2 119.9 120.1 119.3 -0.7

Transportation and warehousing

111.5 113.8 114.4 115.5 1.0 138.2 145.0 146.0 147.3 0.9

Utilities

93.5 94.8 95.1 95.1 0.0 125.6 128.4 129.9 129.7 -0.2

Information

88.4 89.2 89.2 89.0 -0.2 121.9 124.7 125.2 125.7 0.4

Financial activities

103.9 105.1 104.8 104.7 -0.1 149.7 156.3 156.2 156.4 0.1

Professional and business services

119.0 124.0 123.0 123.7 0.6 167.0 176.0 174.9 176.4 0.9

Education and health services

126.2 127.8 126.9 127.3 0.3 175.6 180.9 180.1 180.8 0.4

Leisure and hospitality

113.4 116.6 115.8 116.5 0.6 150.0 156.7 156.6 157.0 0.3

Other services

98.0 98.5 98.0 98.0 0.0 126.9 130.9 130.4 130.9 0.4

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.
(p) Preliminary

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2013 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.


Last Modified Date: February 07, 2014