Employment Situation News Release

Transmission of material in this release is embargoed            USDL-10-0141
until 8:30 a.m. (EST) Friday, February 5, 2010

Technical information:
 Household data:       (202) 691-6378  *  cpsinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/cps
 Establishment data:   (202) 691-6555  *  cesinfo@bls.gov  *  www.bls.gov/ces

Media contact:         (202) 691-5902  *  PressOffice@bls.gov


                   THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION -- JANUARY 2010


The unemployment rate fell from 10.0 to 9.7 percent in January, and nonfarm 
payroll employment was essentially unchanged (-20,000), the U.S. Bureau of 
Labor Statistics reported today. Employment fell in construction and in 
transportation and warehousing, while temporary help services and retail 
trade added jobs.

Household Survey Data

In January, the number of unemployed persons decreased to 14.8 million, 
and the unemployment rate fell by 0.3 percentage point to 9.7 percent. 
(See table A-1.)

In January, unemployment rates for most major worker groups--adult men
(10.0 percent), teenagers (26.4 percent), blacks (16.5 percent), and 
Hispanics (12.6 percent)--showed little change. The jobless rate for adult 
women fell to 7.9 percent, and the rate for whites declined to 8.7 percent. 
The jobless rate for Asians was 8.4 percent, not seasonally adjusted. 
(See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

This release includes new household survey tables with information about 
employment and unemployment of veterans, persons with a disability, and the 
foreign born. In January, the unemployment rate of veterans from Gulf War 
era II (September 2001 to the present) was 12.6 percent, compared with 10.4 
percent for nonveterans. Persons with a disability had a higher jobless rate 
than persons with no disability--15.2 versus 10.4 percent. In addition, the 
labor force participation rate of persons with a disability was 21.8 percent, 
compared with 70.1 percent for those without a disability. The unemployment 
rate for the foreign born was 11.8 percent, and the rate for the native born 
was 10.3 percent. (The data in these new tables are not seasonally adjusted.) 
(See tables A-5, A-6, and A-7.)


    ---------------------------------------------------------------- 
   |                                                                |
   |  Changes to The Employment Situation Text, Tables, and Data    |
   |                                                                |
   |  Several changes to The Employment Situation news release text |
   |  and tables are being introduced with this release. In addi-   |
   |  tion, establishment survey data have been revised as a result |
   |  of the annual benchmarking process and the updating of sea-   |
   |  sonal adjustment factors. Also, household survey data for Jan-|
   |  uary 2010 reflect updated population estimates. See the notes |
   |  at the end of the text for more information about all of      |
   |  these changes.                                                |
   |                                                                |
    ----------------------------------------------------------------


In January, the number of persons unemployed due to job loss decreased by 
378,000 to 9.3 million. Nearly all of this decline occurred among permanent 
job losers.  (See table A-11.)

The number of long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks and over) 
continued to trend up in January, reaching 6.3 million. Since the start of 
the recession in December 2007, the number of long-term unemployed has risen 
by 5.0 million. (See table A-12.)

In January, the civilian labor force participation rate was little changed at 
64.7 percent. The employment-population ratio rose from 58.2 to 58.4 percent. 
(See table A-1.)

The number of persons who worked part time for economic reasons (sometimes 
referred to as involuntary part-time workers) fell from 9.2 to 8.3 million 
in January. These individuals were working part time because their hours had 
been cut back or because they were unable to find a full-time job. (See 
table A-8.)

About 2.5 million persons were marginally attached to the labor force in 
January, an increase of 409,000 from a year earlier. (The data are not 
seasonally adjusted.) These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted 
and were available for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 
12 months. They were not counted as unemployed because they had not searched 
for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. (See table A-16.)

Among the marginally attached, there were 1.1 million discouraged workers in 
January, up from 734,000 a year earlier. (The data are not seasonally adjusted.)  
Discouraged workers are persons not currently looking for work because they 
believe no jobs are available for them. The remaining 1.5 million people 
marginally attached to the labor force had not searched for work in the 4 weeks 
preceding the survey for reasons such as school attendance or family responsi-
bilities.

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment was essentially unchanged in January (-20,000). 
Job losses continued in construction and in transportation and warehousing, 
while employment increased in temporary help services and retail trade. Since 
the start of the recession in December 2007, payroll employment has fallen by 
8.4 million. Over the last 3 months, however, employment has shown little net 
change. (See table B-1.)

Construction employment declined by 75,000 in January, with nonresidential 
specialty trade contractors (-48,000) accounting for the majority of the de-
cline. Since December 2007, employment in construction has fallen by 1.9 
million.

In January, transportation and warehousing employment fell by 19,000, due to 
a large job loss among couriers and messengers (-23,000).

Employment in manufacturing was little changed in January (11,000). After expe-
riencing steep job losses earlier in the recession, employment declines 
moderated considerably in the second half of 2009. In January, job gains in 
motor vehicles and parts (23,000) and plastics and rubber products (6,000) 
offset small job losses elsewhere in the industry.

In January, temporary help services added 52,000 jobs. Since reaching a low 
point in September 2009, temporary help services employment has risen by 
247,000.

Retail trade employment rose by 42,000 in January, after showing little 
change in the prior 2 months. Job gains occurred in January among food stores 
(14,000), clothing stores (13,000), and general merchandise retailers (10,000).

Health care employment continued to trend up in January. Ambulatory health 
care services added 15,000 jobs over the month.

In January, the federal government added 33,000 jobs, including 9,000 tempo-
rary positions for Census 2010. Employment in state and local governments, 
excluding education, continued to trend down.

This release includes a new establishment survey table with information about 
women employees. In January, women made up 49.9 percent of total nonfarm pay-
roll employment, compared with 48.8 percent when the recession began in 
December 2007. (See table B-5.)

Also new in this release are data on hours and earnings for all employees in 
the private sector. The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm 
payrolls was up by 0.1 hour to 33.9 hours in January. The manufacturing work-
week for all employees rose by 0.3 hour to 39.9 hours, and factory overtime 
increased by 0.1 hour over the month. Since June, the manufacturing workweek 
has increased by 1.2 hours. In January, the average workweek for production 
and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls rose by 0.1 hour to 
33.3 hours. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

In January, average hourly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm pay-
rolls increased by 4 cents, or 0.2 percent, to $22.45. Over the past 12 months, 
average hourly earnings have risen by 2.0 percent. In January, average hourly 
earnings of private production and nonsupervisory employees rose by 5 cents, 
or 0.3 percent, to $18.89. (See tables B-3 and B-8.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for November was revised from 
4,000 to 64,000, and the change for December was revised from -85,000 to 
-150,000. Monthly revisions result from additional sample reports and the 
monthly recalculation of seasonal factors. The annual benchmark process also 
contributed to these revisions.

_____________
The Employment Situation for February is scheduled to be released on Friday, 
March 5, 2010, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).




    ---------------------------------------------------------------
   |                                                               |
   |      Changes to The Employment Situation Text and Tables      |
   |                                                               |
   | Effective with this release, several changes to The Employ-   |
   | ment Situation news release text and tables have been intro-  |
   | duced. Two new summary tables--one for the household survey   |
   | titled "Summary table A" and one for the establishment survey |
   | titled "Summary table B"--replace what previously had been a  |
   | single table (table A) containing data from both surveys.     |
   |                                                               |
   | Three new household survey data tables provide information on |
   | the employment status of veterans (table A-5), persons with a |
   | disability (table A-6), and the foreign born (table A-7). In  |
   | addition, two new seasonally adjusted series (on permanent    |
   | job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs) are      |
   | being added to table A-11, which shows unemployment by reason.|
   |                                                               |
   | The establishment survey data tables (the B tables) have been |
   | redesigned to include the addition of several data series.    |
   | New data on all employee hours and earnings are being pub-    |
   | lished for the first time. Data on women employees and produc-|
   | tion and nonsupervisory employees are now being published     |
   | concurrent with the newest-available establishment survey em- |
   | ployment data. Previously, employment data on women were      |
   | available with a one-month lag and were not published in The  |
   | Employment Situation news release. The Technical Note section |
   | of this release has been updated to cover the new concepts    |
   | being introduced.                                             |
   |                                                               |
   | Additional information about these changes, including cross-  |
   | walks between the old and new tables, is available at www.    |
   | bls.gov/bls/upcoming_empsit_changes.htm.                      |
   |                                                               |
    ---------------------------------------------------------------
                                   
                                   
                                   
                                   
                  Revisions to Establishment Survey Data

In accordance with annual practice, the establishment survey data have been 
revised to reflect comprehensive universe counts of payroll jobs, or benchmarks. 
These counts are derived principally from unemployment insurance tax records 
for March 2009. As a result of the benchmark process, all data series were 
subject to revision from April 2008 forward, the time period since the last 
benchmark was established. In addition, with this release, the seasonally 
adjusted establishment survey data from January 2005 forward were subject to
revision due to the introduction of updated seasonal adjustment factors.

Table A presents revised total nonfarm employment data on a seasonally adjust-
ed basis for January through December 2009. The revised data for April 2009 
forward incorporate the effect of applying the rate of change measured by the 
sample to the new benchmark level, as well as updated net business birth/death 
model adjustments and new seasonal adjustment factors. The November and 
December 2009 revisions also reflect the routine incorporation of additional 
sample receipts into the November final and December second preliminary 
estimates. The total nonfarm employment level for March 2009 was revised down-
ward by 902,000 (930,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis), or 0.7 percent. The
previously published level for December 2009 was revised downward 1,390,000 
(1,363,000 on a seasonally adjusted basis).

An article that discusses the benchmark and post-benchmark revisions, as well 
as all revised historical Current Employment Statistics (CES) data, can be 
accessed through the CES homepage at www.bls.gov/ces/. Information on the 
revisions released today also may be obtained by calling (202) 691-6555.



  Table A.  Revisions in total nonfarm employment, January-December 2009,
  seasonally adjusted                                                    
                                                                         
  (In thousands)                                                         
  _______________________________________________________________________
                 |                     |                                 
                 |        Level        |      Over-the-month change      
                 |---------------------|---------------------------------
   Year and month|    As    |          |    As    |          |           
                 |previously|    As    |previously|    As    | Difference
                 |published |  revised |published |  revised |           
  _______________|__________|__________|__________|__________|___________
                 |          |          |          |          |           
       2009      |          |          |          |          |           
  January........| 134,333  |  133,549 |   -741   |  -779    |   -38     
  February.......| 133,652  |  132,823 |   -681   |  -726    |   -45     
  March..........| 133,000  |  132,070 |   -652   |  -753    |  -101     
  April..........| 132,481  |  131,488 |   -519   |  -582    |   -63     
  May............| 132,178  |  131,141 |   -303   |  -347    |   -44     
  June...........| 131,715  |  130,637 |   -463   |  -504    |   -41     
  July...........| 131,411  |  130,293 |   -304   |  -344    |   -40     
  August.........| 131,257  |  130,082 |   -154   |  -211    |   -57     
  September......| 131,118  |  129,857 |   -139   |  -225    |   -86     
  October........| 130,991  |  129,633 |   -127   |  -224    |   -97     
  November.......| 130,995  |  129,697 |      4   |    64    |    60     
  December (p)...| 130,910  |  129,547 |    -85   |  -150    |   -65     
  -----------------------------------------------------------------------
     p = preliminary.                                                    




     Adjustments to Population Estimates for the Household Survey

Effective with data for January 2010, updated population estimates have been 
used in the household survey. Population estimates for the household survey 
are developed by the U.S. Census Bureau. Each year, the Census Bureau updates 
the estimates to reflect new information and assumptions about the growth of 
the population during the decade. The change in population reflected in the 
new estimates results primarily from adjustments for net international migra-
tion, updated vital statistics and other information, and some methodological 
changes in the estimation process.

In accordance with usual practice, BLS will not revise the official household
survey estimates for December 2009 or earlier months. To show the impact of 
the population adjustment, however, differences in selected December 2009 labor
force series based on the old and new population estimates are shown in table B. 
The adjustment decreased the estimated size of the civilian noninstitutional 
population in December by 258,000, the civilian labor force by 249,000, and 
employment by 243,000; the new population estimates had a negligible impact 
on unemployment rates and other percentage estimates. Data users are cautioned 
that these annual population adjustments affect the comparability of household 
data series over time. Estimates of large levels, such as total labor force and 
employment, are impacted most. Table C shows the effect of the introduction of 
new population estimates on the changes in selected labor force measures between 
December 2009 and January 2010. More detailed information on the population 
adjustments and their effect on national labor force estimates are available at 
www.bls.gov/cps/cps10adj.pdf.



Table B.  Effect of the updated population controls on December 2009 esti-  
mates by sex, race, and Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, not seasonally ad-    
justed                                                                      
                                                                            
(Numbers in thousands)                                                      
                                                                            
____________________________________________________________________________
                     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
                     |     |     |      |      |  Black |       |           
                     |     |     |      |      |    or  |       |  Hispanic 
      Category       |Total| Men | Women| White| African| Asian | or Latino 
                     |     |     |      |      |American|       | ethnicity 
                     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
_____________________|_____|_____|______|______|________|_______|___________
                     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
Civilian noninstitu- |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
 tional population...|-258 |-168 |  -90 | -274 |     56 |  -31  |   -212    
  Civilian labor     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
    force............|-249 |-185 |  -64 | -235 |     31 |  -42  |   -169    
   Employed..........|-243 |-179 |  -64 | -222 |     22 |  -40  |   -160    
   Unemployed........|  -5 |  -6 |    0 |  -13 |      9 |   -2  |     -8    
    Unemployment     |     |     |      |      |        |       |           
     rate............|  .0 |  .0 |   .0 |   .0 |     .0 |   .0  |     .1    
_____________________|_____|_____|______|______|________|_______|___________
                                                                            
   NOTE:  Detail for men and women may not sum to totals because of round-  
ing.  Estimates for the above race groups (white, black or African American,
and Asian) do not sum to totals because data are not presented for all      
races.  Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be  
of any race.                                                                
                                                                            
                                                                            
                                                                            
Table C.  December 2009-January 2010 changes in selected labor force        
measures, with adjustments for population control effects                   
                                                                            
(Numbers in thousands)                                                      
                                                                            
____________________________________________________________________________
                                     |           |            |             
                                     |           |            |  Dec.-Jan.  
                                     | Dec.-Jan. |    2010    |   change,   
                                     |  change,  | population |  after re-  
              Category               |    as     |   control  |  moving the 
                                     | published |   effect   |  population 
                                     |           |            |   control   
                                     |           |            |  effect (1) 
_____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                     |           |            |             
Civilian noninstitutional population.|     -92   |    -258    |     166     
  Civilian labor force...............|     111   |    -249    |     360     
    Participation rate...............|      .1   |      .0    |      .1     
   Employed..........................|     541   |    -243    |     784     
    Employment-population ratio......|      .2   |      .0    |      .2     
   Unemployed........................|    -430   |      -5    |    -425     
    Unemployment rate................|     -.3   |      .0    |     -.3     
                                     |           |            |             
_____________________________________|___________|____________|_____________
                                                                            
   1 This December-January change is calculated by subtracting the population 
control effect from the published over-the-month change.





	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Summary table A. Household data, seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Category Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Change from:
Dec.
2009-
Jan.
2010

Employment status

Civilian noninstitutional population

234,739 236,743 236,924 236,832 -

Civilian labor force

154,140 153,720 153,059 153,170 -

Participation rate

65.7 64.9 64.6 64.7 0.1

Employed

142,221 138,381 137,792 138,333 -

Employment-population ratio

60.6 58.5 58.2 58.4 0.2

Unemployed

11,919 15,340 15,267 14,837 -

Unemployment rate

7.7 10.0 10.0 9.7 -0.3

Not in labor force

80,599 83,022 83,865 83,663 -

Unemployment rates

Total, 16 years and over

7.7 10.0 10.0 9.7 -0.3

Adult men (20 years and over)

7.8 10.4 10.2 10.0 -0.2

Adult women (20 years and over)

6.4 8.0 8.2 7.9 -0.3

Teenagers (16 to 19 years)

20.9 26.8 27.1 26.4 -0.7

White

7.0 9.3 9.0 8.7 -0.3

Black or African American

12.8 15.6 16.2 16.5 0.3

Asian (not seasonally adjusted)

6.2 7.3 8.4 8.4 -

Hispanic or Latino ethnicity

9.9 12.7 12.9 12.6 -0.3

Total, 25 years and over

6.5 8.5 8.5 8.2 -0.3

Less than a high school diploma

12.4 15.0 15.3 15.2 -0.1

High school graduates, no college

8.1 10.4 10.5 10.1 -0.4

Some college or associate degree

6.4 9.0 9.0 8.5 -0.5

Bachelor's degree and higher

3.9 4.9 5.0 4.9 -0.1

Reason for unemployment

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

7,251 9,965 9,701 9,323 -

Job leavers

912 929 932 914 -

Reentrants

2,792 3,221 3,334 3,585 -

New entrants

792 1,270 1,270 1,235 -

Duration of unemployment

Less than 5 weeks

3,633 2,774 2,929 3,008 -

5 to 14 weeks

3,622 3,517 3,486 3,362 -

15 to 26 weeks

2,073 3,075 2,840 2,632 -

27 weeks and over

2,689 5,901 6,130 6,313 -

Employed persons at work part time

Part time for economic reasons

7,897 9,225 9,165 8,316 -

Slack work or business conditions

5,833 6,684 6,453 5,873 -

Could only find part-time work

1,689 2,238 2,346 2,295 -

Part time for noneconomic reasons

18,879 18,354 18,364 18,563 -

Persons not in the labor force (not seasonally adjusted)

Marginally attached to the labor force

2,130 2,323 2,486 2,539 -

Discouraged workers

734 861 929 1,065 -

- December - January changes in household data levels are not shown due to the introduction of updated population controls. Over-the-month changes also are not displayed for not seasonally adjusted data.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Summary table B. Establishment data, seasonally adjusted
Category Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)

EMPLOYMENT BY SELECTED INDUSTRY
(Over-the-month change, in thousands)

Total nonfarm

-779 64 -150 -20

Total private

-806 75 -123 -12

Goods-producing

-439 -33 -54 -60

Mining and logging

-7 7 1 4

Construction

-153 -15 -32 -75

Manufacturing

-279 -25 -23 11

Durable goods(1)

-222 -23 -15 13

Motor vehicles and parts

-79.9 -4.6 -1.8 22.7

Nondurable goods

-57 -2 -8 -2

Private service-providing(1)

-367 108 -69 48

Wholesale trade

-36.6 -6.2 -11.8 -8.6

Retail trade

-71.0 8.8 -18.0 42.1

Transportation and warehousing

-37.9 7.2 -20.6 -19.0

Information

-20 -12 -9 0

Financial activities

-55 2 -7 -16

Professional and business services(1)

-129 106 20 44

Temporary help services

-72.3 94.7 58.5 52.0

Education and health services(1)

36 31 26 16

Health care and social assistance

13.3 26.1 22.3 17.1

Leisure and hospitality

-39 -21 -41 -14

Other services

-16 -6 -7 3

Government

27 -11 -27 -8

WOMEN AND PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES(2)
AS A PERCENT OF ALL EMPLOYEES

Total nonfarm women employees

49.5 49.9 49.9 49.9

Total private women employees

47.9 48.4 48.4 48.4

Total private production and nonsupervisory employees

82.4 82.4 82.4 82.4

HOURS AND EARNINGS
ALL EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

34.2 33.9 33.8 33.9

Average hourly earnings

$22.01 $22.39 $22.41 $22.45

Average weekly earnings

$752.74 $759.02 $757.46 $761.06

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2007=100)(3)

95.1 91.1 90.7 90.9

Over-the-month percent change

-0.7 0.7 -0.4 0.2

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2007=100)(4)

99.8 97.2 96.9 97.4

Over-the-month percent change

-0.5 0.8 -0.3 0.5

HOURS AND EARNINGS
PRODUCTION AND NONSUPERVISORY EMPLOYEES

Total private

Average weekly hours

33.3 33.2 33.2 33.3

Average hourly earnings

$18.43 $18.80 $18.84 $18.89

Average weekly earnings

$613.72 $624.16 $625.49 $629.04

Index of aggregate weekly hours (2002=100)(3)

101.8 97.9 97.9 98.2

Over-the-month percent change

-0.7 0.7 0.0 0.3

Index of aggregate weekly payrolls (2002=100)(4)

125.3 123.0 123.2 123.9

Over-the-month percent change

-0.6 0.8 0.2 0.6

DIFFUSION INDEX(5)
(Over 1-month span)

Total private

19.7 46.8 41.3 46.8

Manufacturing

4.9 45.7 40.2 42.1

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding annual average aggregate hours.
(4) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding annual average aggregate weekly payrolls.
(5) Figures are the percent of industries with employment increasing plus one-half of the industries with unchanged employment, where 50 percent indicates an equal balance between industries with increasing and decreasing employment.

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2009 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
p = preliminary.


    Frequently Asked Questions about Employment and Unemployment Estimates


Why are there two monthly measures of employment?

The household survey and establishment survey both produce sample-based
estimates of employment and both have strengths and limitations. The
establishment survey employment series has a smaller margin of error on
the measurement of month-to-month change than the household survey because
of its much larger sample size. An over-the-month employment change of
107,000 is statistically significant in the establishment survey, while
the threshold for a statistically significant change in the household sur-
vey is about 400,000. However, the household survey has a more expansive
scope than the establishment survey because it includes the self-employed,
unpaid family workers, agricultural workers, and private household workers,
who are excluded by the establishment survey. The household survey also
provides estimates of employment for demographic groups.

Are undocumented immigrants counted in the surveys?

It is likely that both surveys include at least some undocumented immigrants.
However, neither the establishment nor the household survey is designed to
identify the legal status of workers. Therefore, it is not possible to de-
termine how many are counted in either survey. The establishment survey does
not collect data on the legal status of workers. The household survey does
include questions which identify the foreign and native born, but it does not
include questions about the legal status of the foreign born.

Why does the establishment survey have revisions?

The establishment survey revises published estimates to improve its data
series by incorporating additional information that was not available at
the time of the initial publication of the estimates. The establishment
survey revises its initial monthly estimates twice, in the immediately suc-
ceeding 2 months, to incorporate additional sample receipts from respondents
in the survey and recalculated seasonal adjustment factors. For more informa-
tion on the monthly revisions, please visit www.bls.gov/ces/cesrevinfo.htm.

On an annual basis, the establishment survey incorporates a benchmark revi-
sion that re-anchors estimates to nearly complete employment counts available
from unemployment insurance tax records. The benchmark helps to control for
sampling and modeling errors in the estimates. For more information on the
annual benchmark revision, please visit www.bls.gov/web/cesbmart.htm.

Does the establishment survey sample include small firms?

Yes; about 40 percent of the establishment survey sample is comprised of busi-
ness establishments with fewer than 20 employees. The establishment survey sam-
ple is designed to maximize the reliability of the total nonfarm employment
estimate; firms from all size classes and industries are appropriately sampled
to achieve that goal.
  
Does the establishment survey account for employment from new businesses?

Yes; monthly establishment survey estimates include an adjustment to account 
for the net employment change generated by business births and deaths. The
adjustment comes from an econometric model that forecasts the monthly net 
jobs impact of business births and deaths based on the actual past values of
the net impact that can be observed with a lag from the Quarterly Census of
Employment and Wages. The establishment survey uses modeling rather than sam-
pling for this purpose because the survey is not immediately able to bring new
businesses into the sample. There is an unavoidable lag between the birth of a
new firm and its appearance on the sampling frame and availability for selection.
BLS adds new businesses to the survey twice a year.

Is the count of unemployed persons limited to just those people receiving
unemployment insurance benefits?

No; the estimate of unemployment is based on a monthly sample survey of house-
holds. All persons who are without jobs and are actively seeking and available
to work are included among the unemployed. (People on temporary layoff are in-
cluded even if they do not actively seek work.) There is no requirement or ques-
tion relating to unemployment insurance benefits in the monthly survey.

Does the official unemployment rate exclude people who have stopped looking for
work?

Yes; however, there are separate estimates of persons outside the labor force who
want a job, including those who have stopped looking because they believe no jobs
are available (discouraged workers). In addition, alternative measures of labor
underutilization (discouraged workers and other groups not officially counted as
unemployed) are published each month in the Employment Situation news release.




Technical Note


   This news release presents statistics from two major surveys, the
Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employ-
ment Statistics survey (establishment survey). The household survey 
provides information on the labor force, employment, and unemploy-
ment that appears in the "A" tables, marked HOUSEHOLD DATA. It is a 
sample survey of about 60,000 households conducted by the U.S. Cen-
sus Bureau for the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS). 

   The establishment survey provides information on employment, hours, 
and earnings of employees on nonfarm payrolls; the data appear in the 
"B" tables, marked ESTABLISHMENT DATA. BLS collects these data each 
month from the payroll records of a sample of nonagricultural busi-
ness establishments. The sample includes about 140,000 businesses and 
government agencies representing approximately 410,000 worksites and is 
drawn from a sampling frame of roughly 8.9 million unemployment  in-
surance tax accounts. The active sample includes approximately one-
third of all nonfarm payroll employees. 

   For both surveys, the data for a given month relate to a particular 
week or pay period. In the household survey, the reference period is 
generally the calendar week that contains the 12th day of the month. 
In the establishment survey, the reference period is the pay period 
including the 12th, which may or may not correspond directly to the 
calendar week.

Coverage, definitions, and differences between surveys

   Household survey. The sample is selected to reflect the entire
civilian noninstitutional population. Based on responses to a series
of questions on work and job search activities, each person 16 years
and over in a sample household is classified as employed, unemployed,
or not in the labor force.

   People are classified as employed if they did any work at all as
paid employees during the reference week; worked in their own business, 
profession, or on their own farm; or worked without pay at least 15 
hours in a family business or farm. People are also counted as employ-
ed if they were temporarily absent from their jobs because of illness, 
bad weather, vacation, labor-management disputes, or personal reasons.

   People are classified as unemployed if they meet all of the follow-
ing criteria: they had no employment during the reference week; they 
were available for work at that time; and they made specific efforts 
to find employment sometime during the 4-week period ending with the 
reference week. Persons laid off from a job and expecting recall need 
not be looking for work to be counted as unemployed. The unemployment 
data derived from the household survey in no way depend upon the eli-
gibility for or receipt of unemployment insurance benefits.

   The civilian labor force is the sum of employed and unemployed per-
sons. Those not classified as employed or unemployed are not in the
labor force. The unemployment rate is the number unemployed as a per-
cent of the labor force. The labor force participation rate is the
labor force as a percent of the population, and the employment-popula-
tion ratio is the employed as a percent of the population. Additional 
information about the household survey can be found at www.bls.gov/
cps/documentation.htm.

   Establishment survey. The sample establishments are drawn from pri-
vate nonfarm businesses such as factories, offices, and stores, as
well as from federal, state, and local government entities. Employees
on nonfarm payrolls are those who received pay for any part of the
reference pay period, including persons on paid leave. Persons are
counted in each job they hold. Hours and earnings data are produced
for the private sector for all employees and for production and nonsu-
pervisory employees. Production and nonsupervisory employees are defin-
ed as production and related employees in manufacturing and mining and 
logging, construction workers in construction, and nonsupervisory em-
ployees in private service-providing industries. 

   Industries are classified on the basis of an establishment’s princi-
pal activity in accordance with the 2007 version of the North American 
Industry Classification System. Additional information about the estab-
lishment survey can be found at www.bls.gov/ces/#technical.

   Differences in employment estimates. The numerous conceptual and
methodological differences between the household and establishment
surveys result in important distinctions in the employment estimates
derived from the surveys. Among these are:

   --The household survey includes agricultural workers, the self-
     employed, unpaid family workers, and private household workers
     among the employed. These groups are excluded from the
     establishment survey.
  
   --The household survey includes people on unpaid leave among the
     employed. The establishment survey does not.
  
   --The household survey is limited to workers 16 years of age and
     older. The establishment survey is not limited by age.
  
   --The household survey has no duplication of individuals, because
     individuals are counted only once, even if they hold more than one
     job. In the establishment survey, employees working at more than
     one job and thus appearing on more than one payroll are counted
     separately for each appearance.
  
Seasonal adjustment

   Over the course of a year, the size of the nation's labor force and
the levels of employment and unemployment undergo regularly occurring
fluctuations. These events may result from seasonal changes in weather, 
major holidays, and the opening and closing of schools. The effect of 
such seasonal variation can be very large.

   Because these seasonal events follow a more or less regular pattern
each year, their influence on the level of a series can be tempered by
adjusting for regular seasonal variation. These adjustments make non-
seasonal developments, such as declines in employment or increases
in the participation of women in the labor force, easier to spot. For
example, in the household survey, the large number of youth entering
the labor force each June is likely to obscure any other changes that
have taken place relative to May, making it difficult to determine if
the level of economic activity has risen or declined. Similarly, in
the establishment survey, payroll employment in education declines by
about 20 percent at the end of the spring term and later rises with
the start of the fall term, obscuring the underlying employment trends
in the industry. Because seasonal employment changes at the end and
beginning of the school year can be estimated, the statistics can be
adjusted to make underlying employment patterns more discernable.  The
seasonally adjusted figures provide a more useful tool with which to
analyze changes in month-to-month economic activity.

   Many seasonally adjusted series are independently adjusted in both
the household and establishment surveys. However, the adjusted series
for many major estimates, such as total payroll employment, employment
in most major sectors, total employment, and unemployment are computed
by aggregating independently adjusted component series. For example,
total unemployment is derived by summing the adjusted series for four
major age-sex components; this differs from the unemployment estimate
that would be obtained by directly adjusting the total or by combining
the duration, reasons, or more detailed age categories.

   For both the household and establishment surveys, a concurrent
seasonal adjustment methodology is used in which new seasonal factors
are calculated each month using all relevant data, up to and including
the data for the current month. In the household survey, new seasonal
factors are used to adjust only the current month's data. In the es-
tablishment survey, however, new seasonal factors are used each month 
to adjust the three most recent monthly estimates. The prior 2 months 
are routinely revised to incorporate additional sample reports and re-
calculated seasonal adjustment factors. In both surveys, 5-year revi-
sions to historical data are made once a year.

Reliability of the estimates

   Statistics based on the household and establishment surveys are
subject to both sampling and nonsampling error. When a sample rather
than the entire population is surveyed, there is a chance that the
sample estimates may differ from the "true" population values they
represent. The exact difference, or sampling error, varies depending
on the particular sample selected, and this variability is measured by
the standard error of the estimate. There is about a 90-percent chance, 
or level of confidence, that an estimate based on a sample will differ 
by no more than 1.6 standard errors from the "true" population value 
because of sampling error. BLS analyses are generally conducted at the 
90-percent level of confidence.

   For example, the confidence interval for the monthly change in
total nonfarm employment from the establishment survey is on the order
of plus or minus 100,0001. Suppose the estimate of nonfarm employment
increases by 50,000 from one month to the next. The 90-percent confi-
dence interval on the monthly change would range from -50,000 to 
+150,000 (50,000 +/- 100,0002). These figures do not mean that the
sample results are off by these magnitudes, but rather that there is
about a 90-percent chance that the "true" over-the-month change lies
within this interval. Since this range includes values of less than
zero, we could not say with confidence that nonfarm employment had, in
fact, increased that month. If, however, the reported nonfarm employ-
ment rise was 250,000, then all of the values within the 90-percent 
confidence interval would be greater than zero. In this case, it is 
likely (at least a 90-percent chance) that nonfarm employment had, in 
fact, risen that month. At an unemployment rate of around 5.5 percent, 
the 90-percent confidence interval for the monthly change in unemploy-
ment as measured by the household survey is about +/- 280,000, and for 
the monthly change in the unemployment rate it is about +/-0.19 per-
centage point.

   In general, estimates involving many individuals or establishments
have lower standard errors (relative to the size of the estimate) than
estimates which are based on a small number of observations. The pre-
cision of estimates also is improved when the data are cumulated over 
time, such as for quarterly and annual averages.

   The household and establishment surveys are also affected by
nonsampling error, which can occur for many reasons, including the
failure to sample a segment of the population, inability to obtain
information for all respondents in the sample, inability or unwill-
ingness of respondents to provide correct information on a timely 
basis, mistakes made by respondents, and errors made in the collec-
tion or processing of the data.

   For example, in the establishment survey, estimates for the most
recent 2 months are based on incomplete returns; for this reason,
these estimates are labeled preliminary in the tables. It is only
after two successive revisions to a monthly estimate, when nearly 
all sample reports have been received, that the estimate is consi-
dered final.

   Another major source of nonsampling error in the establishment
survey is the inability to capture, on a timely basis, employment
generated by new firms. To correct for this systematic underestima-
tion of employment growth, an estimation procedure with two compo-
nents is used to account for business births. The first component 
excludes employment losses from business deaths from sample-based 
estimation in order to offset the missing employment gains from 
business births. This is incorporated into the sample-based esti-
mation procedure by simply not reflecting sample units going out 
of business, but imputing to them the same employment trend as the 
other firms in the sample. This procedure accounts for most of the 
net birth/death employment.

   The second component is an ARIMA time series model designed to
estimate the residual net birth/death employment not accounted for 
by the imputation. The historical time series used to create and 
test the ARIMA model was derived from the unemployment insurance 
universe micro-level database, and reflects the actual residual net 
of births and deaths over the past 5 years.

   The sample-based estimates from the establishment survey are ad-
justed once a year (on a lagged basis) to universe counts of payroll
employment obtained from administrative records of the unemployment
insurance program. The difference between the March sample-based em-
ployment estimates and the March universe counts is known as a bench-
mark revision, and serves as a rough proxy for total survey error. 
The new benchmarks also incorporate changes in the classification of 
industries. Over the past decade, absolute benchmark revisions  for 
total nonfarm employment have averaged 0.3 percent, with a range from 
-0.7 to 0.6 percent.

Other information

   Information in this release will be made available to sensory im-
paired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 691-5200; Federal 
Relay Service: (800) 877-8339.





	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

234,739 236,924 236,832 234,739 236,322 236,550 236,743 236,924 236,832

Civilian labor force

153,445 152,693 152,957 154,140 153,927 153,854 153,720 153,059 153,170

Participation rate

65.4 64.4 64.6 65.7 65.1 65.0 64.9 64.6 64.7

Employed

140,436 137,953 136,809 142,221 138,768 138,242 138,381 137,792 138,333

Employment-population ratio

59.8 58.2 57.8 60.6 58.7 58.4 58.5 58.2 58.4

Unemployed

13,009 14,740 16,147 11,919 15,159 15,612 15,340 15,267 14,837

Unemployment rate

8.5 9.7 10.6 7.7 9.8 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.7

Not in labor force

81,293 84,231 83,876 80,599 82,396 82,696 83,022 83,865 83,663

Persons who currently want a job

5,866 5,939 6,108 5,686 5,960 6,031 6,043 6,306 5,965

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

113,573 114,728 114,648 113,573 114,411 114,530 114,632 114,728 114,648

Civilian labor force

81,725 81,243 81,238 82,066 82,197 82,184 81,964 81,454 81,290

Participation rate

72.0 70.8 70.9 72.3 71.8 71.8 71.5 71.0 70.9

Employed

73,763 72,258 71,216 75,118 73,120 72,844 72,794 72,499 72,516

Employment-population ratio

64.9 63.0 62.1 66.1 63.9 63.6 63.5 63.2 63.3

Unemployed

7,962 8,985 10,021 6,948 9,077 9,340 9,171 8,955 8,774

Unemployment rate

9.7 11.1 12.3 8.5 11.0 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8

Not in labor force

31,848 33,485 33,410 31,507 32,214 32,346 32,667 33,274 33,358

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

104,902 106,125 105,998 104,902 105,780 105,906 106,018 106,125 105,998

Civilian labor force

78,741 78,392 78,451 78,769 78,977 79,024 78,901 78,402 78,225

Participation rate

75.1 73.9 74.0 75.1 74.7 74.6 74.4 73.9 73.8

Employed

71,556 70,251 69,337 72,625 70,861 70,662 70,662 70,391 70,390

Employment-population ratio

68.2 66.2 65.4 69.2 67.0 66.7 66.7 66.3 66.4

Unemployed

7,185 8,141 9,113 6,144 8,116 8,362 8,239 8,011 7,835

Unemployment rate

9.1 10.4 11.6 7.8 10.3 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.0

Not in labor force

26,162 27,733 27,548 26,133 26,803 26,882 27,117 27,723 27,774

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

121,166 122,197 122,185 121,166 121,911 122,020 122,111 122,197 122,185

Civilian labor force

71,721 71,450 71,719 72,074 71,729 71,669 71,756 71,605 71,880

Participation rate

59.2 58.5 58.7 59.5 58.8 58.7 58.8 58.6 58.8

Employed

66,674 65,694 65,593 67,103 65,648 65,398 65,587 65,293 65,817

Employment-population ratio

55.0 53.8 53.7 55.4 53.8 53.6 53.7 53.4 53.9

Unemployed

5,047 5,756 6,126 4,971 6,081 6,271 6,169 6,312 6,064

Unemployment rate

7.0 8.1 8.5 6.9 8.5 8.8 8.6 8.8 8.4

Not in labor force

49,445 50,747 50,466 49,092 50,182 50,350 50,355 50,591 50,305

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

112,738 113,832 113,796 112,738 113,522 113,636 113,737 113,832 113,796

Civilian labor force

68,654 68,617 68,991 68,793 68,686 68,687 68,742 68,620 68,949

Participation rate

60.9 60.3 60.6 61.0 60.5 60.4 60.4 60.3 60.6

Employed

64,123 63,430 63,437 64,391 63,280 63,133 63,269 62,998 63,527

Employment-population ratio

56.9 55.7 55.7 57.1 55.7 55.6 55.6 55.3 55.8

Unemployed

4,531 5,187 5,553 4,402 5,406 5,554 5,473 5,622 5,422

Unemployment rate

6.6 7.6 8.0 6.4 7.9 8.1 8.0 8.2 7.9

Not in labor force

44,085 45,215 44,806 43,946 44,837 44,949 44,994 45,212 44,848

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

17,098 16,967 17,038 17,098 17,020 17,008 16,988 16,967 17,038

Civilian labor force

6,051 5,684 5,515 6,578 6,264 6,143 6,077 6,037 5,996

Participation rate

35.4 33.5 32.4 38.5 36.8 36.1 35.8 35.6 35.2

Employed

4,758 4,272 4,034 5,205 4,627 4,448 4,450 4,403 4,416

Employment-population ratio

27.8 25.2 23.7 30.4 27.2 26.1 26.2 25.9 25.9

Unemployed

1,293 1,412 1,481 1,373 1,637 1,696 1,627 1,634 1,580

Unemployment rate

21.4 24.8 26.9 20.9 26.1 27.6 26.8 27.1 26.4

Not in labor force

11,047 11,283 11,522 10,519 10,756 10,865 10,911 10,930 11,041

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, race, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

WHITE

Civilian noninstitutional population

190,225 191,628 191,454 190,225 191,244 191,394 191,516 191,628 191,454

Civilian labor force

125,099 124,344 124,498 125,524 125,581 125,567 125,258 124,605 124,579

Participation rate

65.8 64.9 65.0 66.0 65.7 65.6 65.4 65.0 65.1

Employed

115,320 113,416 112,546 116,709 114,215 113,754 113,669 113,339 113,797

Employment-population ratio

60.6 59.2 58.8 61.4 59.7 59.4 59.4 59.1 59.4

Unemployed

9,779 10,928 11,952 8,815 11,366 11,813 11,589 11,266 10,782

Unemployment rate

7.8 8.8 9.6 7.0 9.1 9.4 9.3 9.0 8.7

Not in labor force

65,126 67,284 66,956 64,701 65,663 65,827 66,258 67,024 66,875

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

65,218 64,870 64,877 65,258 65,548 65,540 65,387 64,804 64,682

Participation rate

75.5 74.4 74.5 75.5 75.4 75.3 75.0 74.3 74.3

Employed

59,787 58,653 57,937 60,688 59,279 59,077 58,996 58,782 58,813

Employment-population ratio

69.2 67.2 66.5 70.2 68.1 67.8 67.7 67.4 67.5

Unemployed

5,431 6,217 6,940 4,570 6,269 6,463 6,390 6,022 5,869

Unemployment rate

8.3 9.6 10.7 7.0 9.6 9.9 9.8 9.3 9.1

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

54,882 54,823 55,135 54,851 54,841 54,932 54,908 54,822 55,017

Participation rate

60.5 60.0 60.4 60.4 60.1 60.2 60.1 60.0 60.2

Employed

51,494 51,116 51,202 51,612 50,956 50,861 50,852 50,753 51,248

Employment-population ratio

56.7 55.9 56.1 56.9 55.8 55.7 55.6 55.5 56.1

Unemployed

3,388 3,707 3,933 3,239 3,884 4,071 4,056 4,069 3,769

Unemployment rate

6.2 6.8 7.1 5.9 7.1 7.4 7.4 7.4 6.8

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

4,999 4,651 4,486 5,415 5,192 5,095 4,963 4,978 4,880

Participation rate

38.2 35.9 34.5 41.4 39.9 39.2 38.2 38.4 37.5

Employed

4,039 3,647 3,406 4,409 3,980 3,816 3,820 3,804 3,736

Employment-population ratio

30.9 28.1 26.2 33.7 30.6 29.3 29.4 29.3 28.7

Unemployed

960 1,004 1,080 1,006 1,212 1,279 1,142 1,174 1,145

Unemployment rate

19.2 21.6 24.1 18.6 23.3 25.1 23.0 23.6 23.5

BLACK OR AFRICAN AMERICAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

28,052 28,437 28,526 28,052 28,330 28,369 28,404 28,437 28,526

Civilian labor force

17,629 17,484 17,702 17,741 17,455 17,516 17,660 17,600 17,749

Participation rate

62.8 61.5 62.1 63.2 61.6 61.7 62.2 61.9 62.2

Employed

15,274 14,759 14,643 15,463 14,754 14,763 14,904 14,758 14,820

Employment-population ratio

54.4 51.9 51.3 55.1 52.1 52.0 52.5 51.9 52.0

Unemployed

2,355 2,725 3,059 2,278 2,701 2,754 2,757 2,843 2,929

Unemployment rate

13.4 15.6 17.3 12.8 15.5 15.7 15.6 16.2 16.5

Not in labor force

10,423 10,953 10,824 10,311 10,875 10,853 10,744 10,837 10,777

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

7,962 7,896 8,017 7,956 7,820 7,899 7,915 7,907 7,970

Participation rate

70.6 68.7 69.6 70.5 68.4 69.0 69.0 68.8 69.2

Employed

6,702 6,579 6,451 6,811 6,526 6,553 6,584 6,591 6,566

Employment-population ratio

59.4 57.3 56.0 60.4 57.1 57.2 57.4 57.4 57.0

Unemployed

1,260 1,317 1,565 1,145 1,294 1,346 1,331 1,316 1,405

Unemployment rate

15.8 16.7 19.5 14.4 16.5 17.0 16.8 16.6 17.6

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,957 8,891 8,998 9,001 8,947 8,911 9,001 8,959 9,034

Participation rate

63.6 62.2 62.8 63.9 62.9 62.5 63.1 62.7 63.1

Employed

8,121 7,786 7,803 8,156 7,827 7,800 7,946 7,788 7,836

Employment-population ratio

57.7 54.5 54.5 57.9 55.0 54.8 55.7 54.5 54.7

Unemployed

836 1,105 1,194 845 1,120 1,110 1,055 1,171 1,198

Unemployment rate

9.3 12.4 13.3 9.4 12.5 12.5 11.7 13.1 13.3

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

710 698 687 784 688 707 743 734 745

Participation rate

26.4 26.2 25.6 29.1 25.7 26.4 27.8 27.5 27.7

Employed

451 394 388 496 401 409 373 379 418

Employment-population ratio

16.7 14.8 14.5 18.4 15.0 15.3 14.0 14.2 15.6

Unemployed

259 303 299 288 287 298 370 356 326

Unemployment rate

36.5 43.5 43.5 36.8 41.7 42.1 49.8 48.4 43.8

ASIAN

Civilian noninstitutional population

10,745 10,904 10,950 - - - - - -

Civilian labor force

7,023 7,163 7,020 - - - - - -

Participation rate

65.4 65.7 64.1 - - - - - -

Employed

6,588 6,560 6,431 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

61.3 60.2 58.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

435 602 589 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

6.2 8.4 8.4 - - - - - -

Not in labor force

3,722 3,741 3,930 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals shown in table A-1 because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-3. Employment status of the Hispanic or Latino population by sex and age
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, sex, and age Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted(1)
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

HISPANIC OR LATINO ETHNICITY

Civilian noninstitutional population

32,417 33,379 33,251 32,417 33,110 33,202 33,291 33,379 33,251

Civilian labor force

21,868 22,481 22,505 22,004 22,444 22,492 22,564 22,404 22,578

Participation rate

67.5 67.3 67.7 67.9 67.8 67.7 67.8 67.1 67.9

Employed

19,453 19,591 19,373 19,817 19,595 19,553 19,692 19,513 19,730

Employment-population ratio

60.0 58.7 58.3 61.1 59.2 58.9 59.2 58.5 59.3

Unemployed

2,415 2,890 3,132 2,186 2,849 2,939 2,872 2,891 2,848

Unemployment rate

11.0 12.9 13.9 9.9 12.7 13.1 12.7 12.9 12.6

Not in labor force

10,549 10,899 10,746 10,414 10,666 10,710 10,727 10,976 10,674

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

12,524 12,804 12,769 - - - - - -

Participation rate

83.1 82.4 82.6 - - - - - -

Employed

11,146 11,168 11,003 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

73.9 71.9 71.2 - - - - - -

Unemployed

1,378 1,636 1,766 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

11.0 12.8 13.8 - - - - - -

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian labor force

8,366 8,720 8,776 - - - - - -

Participation rate

58.7 59.4 60.2 - - - - - -

Employed

7,566 7,806 7,767 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

53.1 53.2 53.3 - - - - - -

Unemployed

800 915 1,009 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

9.6 10.5 11.5 - - - - - -

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian labor force

978 956 960 - - - - - -

Participation rate

31.7 30.3 29.8 - - - - - -

Employed

741 617 602 - - - - - -

Employment-population ratio

24.0 19.5 18.7 - - - - - -

Unemployed

238 340 357 - - - - - -

Unemployment rate

24.3 35.5 37.2 - - - - - -

Footnotes
(1) The population figures are not adjusted for seasonal variation; therefore, identical numbers appear in the unadjusted and seasonally adjusted columns.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Persons whose ethnicity is identified as Hispanic or Latino may be of any race. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-4. Employment status of the civilian population 25 years and over by educational attainment
Numbers in thousands
Educational attainment Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

Less than a high school diploma

Civilian labor force

12,192 12,015 12,014 12,038 12,263 12,155 12,003 11,977 11,835

Participation rate

46.6 45.7 46.1 46.0 47.1 47.2 46.3 45.6 45.4

Employed

10,437 10,123 9,898 10,547 10,426 10,272 10,202 10,144 10,033

Employment-population ratio

39.9 38.5 38.0 40.3 40.0 39.9 39.3 38.6 38.5

Unemployed

1,755 1,892 2,116 1,491 1,837 1,883 1,802 1,833 1,802

Unemployment rate

14.4 15.7 17.6 12.4 15.0 15.5 15.0 15.3 15.2

High school graduates, no college(1)

Civilian labor force

39,009 37,808 38,285 38,582 38,059 37,917 37,759 37,607 37,738

Participation rate

62.9 61.7 62.0 62.2 62.0 61.8 61.6 61.4 61.1

Employed

35,394 33,803 33,879 35,467 33,956 33,674 33,851 33,649 33,920

Employment-population ratio

57.1 55.2 54.8 57.2 55.3 54.9 55.2 55.0 54.9

Unemployed

3,616 4,005 4,406 3,115 4,104 4,243 3,908 3,958 3,818

Unemployment rate

9.3 10.6 11.5 8.1 10.8 11.2 10.4 10.5 10.1

Some college or associate degree

Civilian labor force

36,366 36,796 36,584 36,740 36,732 36,899 36,946 36,892 36,761

Participation rate

71.4 70.4 71.1 72.1 70.7 70.9 70.4 70.6 71.5

Employed

33,870 33,660 33,292 34,395 33,583 33,596 33,629 33,560 33,629

Employment-population ratio

66.5 64.4 64.7 67.5 64.6 64.5 64.1 64.2 65.4

Unemployed

2,496 3,135 3,292 2,345 3,149 3,303 3,318 3,332 3,132

Unemployment rate

6.9 8.5 9.0 6.4 8.6 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.5

Bachelor's degree and higher(2)

Civilian labor force

45,132 45,927 45,925 45,126 45,910 46,316 45,992 45,994 45,939

Participation rate

77.6 77.2 77.0 77.6 77.3 77.4 77.4 77.3 77.0

Employed

43,269 43,752 43,574 43,352 43,686 44,116 43,743 43,707 43,704

Employment-population ratio

74.4 73.5 73.1 74.6 73.6 73.7 73.6 73.4 73.3

Unemployed

1,863 2,175 2,351 1,774 2,224 2,200 2,249 2,288 2,235

Unemployment rate

4.1 4.7 5.1 3.9 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.0 4.9

Footnotes
(1) Includes persons with a high school diploma or equivalent.
(2) Includes persons with bachelor's, master's, professional, and doctoral degrees.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-5. Employment status of the civilian population 18 years and over by veteran status, period of service, and sex, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, veteran status, and period of service Total Men Women
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010

VETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

22,358 22,186 20,611 20,410 1,747 1,776

Civilian labor force

12,419 11,860 11,223 10,755 1,195 1,104

Participation rate

55.5 53.5 54.5 52.7 68.4 62.2

Employed

11,496 10,724 10,380 9,743 1,116 981

Employment-population ratio

51.4 48.3 50.4 47.7 63.9 55.2

Unemployed

922 1,136 844 1,012 79 124

Unemployment rate

7.4 9.6 7.5 9.4 6.6 11.2

Not in labor force

9,939 10,326 9,388 9,655 552 672

Gulf War-era II veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

1,800 2,091 1,483 1,764 318 327

Civilian labor force

1,523 1,690 1,258 1,456 265 234

Participation rate

84.6 80.8 84.9 82.5 83.4 71.6

Employed

1,388 1,477 1,152 1,276 236 201

Employment-population ratio

77.1 70.6 77.7 72.3 74.4 61.5

Unemployed

135 213 107 180 28 33

Unemployment rate

8.9 12.6 8.5 12.4 10.7 14.2

Not in labor force

277 401 224 308 53 93

Gulf War-era I veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

2,928 2,861 2,492 2,375 437 485

Civilian labor force

2,563 2,491 2,219 2,105 344 386

Participation rate

87.5 87.1 89.1 88.6 78.8 79.6

Employed

2,411 2,257 2,081 1,902 331 354

Employment-population ratio

82.3 78.9 83.5 80.1 75.7 73.0

Unemployed

152 235 139 203 13 32

Unemployment rate

5.9 9.4 6.2 9.6 3.9 8.3

Not in labor force

365 369 273 270 93 99

World War II, Korean War, and Vietnam-era veterans

Civilian noninstitutional population

11,604 11,233 11,219 10,852 385 381

Civilian labor force

4,638 4,149 4,506 4,030 133 119

Participation rate

40.0 36.9 40.2 37.1 34.5 31.1

Employed

4,305 3,765 4,175 3,660 130 105

Employment-population ratio

37.1 33.5 37.2 33.7 33.8 27.6

Unemployed

333 384 330 371 3 13

Unemployment rate

7.2 9.3 7.3 9.2 2.1 11.2

Not in labor force

6,966 7,084 6,714 6,822 252 262

Veterans of other service periods

Civilian noninstitutional population

6,025 6,001 5,417 5,418 608 583

Civilian labor force

3,694 3,529 3,241 3,164 454 365

Participation rate

61.3 58.8 59.8 58.4 74.6 62.7

Employed

3,392 3,225 2,973 2,905 420 320

Employment-population ratio

56.3 53.7 54.9 53.6 69.0 55.0

Unemployed

302 304 268 259 34 45

Unemployment rate

8.2 8.6 8.3 8.2 7.5 12.3

Not in labor force

2,331 2,472 2,177 2,255 154 218

NONVETERANS, 18 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

203,425 205,694 88,343 89,718 115,082 115,976

Civilian labor force

139,074 139,297 69,560 69,629 69,514 69,668

Participation rate

68.4 67.7 78.7 77.6 60.4 60.1

Employed

127,393 124,767 62,688 60,879 64,705 63,888

Employment-population ratio

62.6 60.7 71.0 67.9 56.2 55.1

Unemployed

11,681 14,530 6,872 8,750 4,809 5,780

Unemployment rate

8.4 10.4 9.9 12.6 6.9 8.3

Not in labor force

64,352 66,397 18,783 20,089 45,568 46,308

NOTE: Veterans served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces and were not on active duty at the time of the survey. Nonveterans never served on active duty in the U.S. Armed Forces. Veterans could have served anywhere in the world during these periods of service: Gulf War era II (September 2001-present), Gulf War era I (August 1990-August 2001), Vietnam era (August 1964-April 1975), Korean War (July 1950-January 1955), World War II (December 1941-December 1946), and other service periods (all other time periods). Veterans who served in more than one wartime period are classified only in the most recent one. Veterans who served during one of the selected wartime periods and another period are classified only in the wartime period. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-6. Employment status of the civilian population by sex, age, and disability status, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Employment status, sex, and age Persons with a disability Persons with no disability
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010

TOTAL, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

26,804 26,952 207,934 209,880

Civilian labor force

6,184 5,877 147,261 147,079

Participation rate

23.1 21.8 70.8 70.1

Employed

5,368 4,987 135,068 131,823

Employment-population ratio

20.0 18.5 65.0 62.8

Unemployed

816 891 12,193 15,257

Unemployment rate

13.2 15.2 8.3 10.4

Not in labor force

20,620 21,075 60,673 62,801

Men, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,824 2,666 75,343 74,910

Participation rate

38.5 36.5 83.7 82.6

Employed

2,345 2,208 68,086 65,649

Employment-population ratio

32.0 30.2 75.7 72.4

Unemployed

479 458 7,257 9,261

Unemployment rate

17.0 17.2 9.6 12.4

Not in labor force

4,510 4,642 14,658 15,816

Women, 16 to 64 years

Civilian labor force

2,500 2,366 66,276 66,326

Participation rate

33.0 31.7 71.9 71.4

Employed

2,197 2,029 61,678 60,731

Employment-population ratio

29.0 27.2 66.9 65.4

Unemployed

303 337 4,598 5,594

Unemployment rate

12.1 14.3 6.9 8.4

Not in labor force

5,065 5,102 25,884 26,604

Both sexes, 65 years and over

Civilian labor force

860 846 5,643 5,844

Participation rate

7.2 6.9 21.9 22.3

Employed

826 750 5,304 5,442

Employment-population ratio

6.9 6.2 20.6 20.8

Unemployed

34 95 339 402

Unemployment rate

3.9 11.3 6.0 6.9

Not in labor force

11,044 11,330 20,130 20,381

NOTE: A person with a disability has at least one of the following conditions: is deaf or has serious difficulty hearing; is blind or has serious difficulty seeing even when wearing glasses; has serious difficulty concentrating, remembering, or making decisions because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition; has serious difficulty walking or climbing stairs; has difficulty dressing or bathing; or has difficulty doing errands alone such as visiting a doctor's office or shopping because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-7. Employment status of the civilian population by nativity and sex, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Employment status and nativity Total Men Women
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010

Foreign born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

35,007 35,440 17,512 17,718 17,495 17,722

Civilian labor force

23,541 23,924 13,956 14,073 9,586 9,851

Participation rate

67.2 67.5 79.7 79.4 54.8 55.6

Employed

21,375 21,090 12,612 12,282 8,763 8,808

Employment-population ratio

61.1 59.5 72.0 69.3 50.1 49.7

Unemployed

2,166 2,834 1,344 1,791 823 1,043

Unemployment rate

9.2 11.8 9.6 12.7 8.6 10.6

Not in labor force

11,466 11,515 3,556 3,645 7,910 7,870

Native born, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

199,731 201,393 96,061 96,930 103,670 104,463

Civilian labor force

129,904 129,032 67,769 67,165 62,135 61,868

Participation rate

65.0 64.1 70.5 69.3 59.9 59.2

Employed

119,061 115,719 61,150 58,935 57,911 56,784

Employment-population ratio

59.6 57.5 63.7 60.8 55.9 54.4

Unemployed

10,843 13,313 6,619 8,230 4,224 5,083

Unemployment rate

8.3 10.3 9.8 12.3 6.8 8.2

Not in labor force

69,827 72,360 28,292 29,765 41,535 42,596

NOTE: The foreign born are those residing in the United States who were not U.S. citizens at birth. That is, they were born outside the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam, to parents neither of whom was a U.S. citizen. The native born are persons who were born in the United States or one of its outlying areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam or who were born abroad of at least one parent who was a U.S. citizen. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-8. Employed persons by class of worker and part-time status
In thousands
Category Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

CLASS OF WORKER

Agriculture and related industries

1,988 1,952 1,974 2,147 2,009 2,041 2,086 2,056 2,115

Wage and salary workers

1,106 1,228 1,218 1,224 1,177 1,263 1,331 1,308 1,342

Self-employed workers

860 707 743 908 796 736 752 755 781

Unpaid family workers

22 17 13 - - - - - -

Nonagricultural industries

138,449 136,001 134,836 140,014 136,752 136,311 136,357 135,717 136,276

Wage and salary workers

129,888 127,003 126,126 131,132 127,650 127,312 127,160 126,539 127,269

Government

21,142 21,128 21,144 21,225 20,978 21,161 21,233 21,110 21,227

Private industries

108,746 105,875 104,982 109,922 106,662 106,173 105,856 105,428 106,031

Private households

749 736 688 - - - - - -

Other industries

107,997 105,139 104,295 109,140 105,885 105,401 105,097 104,666 105,329

Self-employed workers

8,520 8,915 8,643 8,827 9,009 8,960 9,111 9,135 9,007

Unpaid family workers

41 83 66 - - - - - -

PERSONS AT WORK PART TIME(1)

All industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,829 9,354 9,290 7,897 9,158 9,240 9,225 9,165 8,316

Slack work or business conditions

6,909 6,758 6,825 5,833 6,815 6,882 6,684 6,453 5,873

Could only find part-time work

1,593 2,286 2,159 1,689 2,081 2,084 2,238 2,346 2,295

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

19,051 19,082 18,782 18,879 18,590 18,632 18,354 18,364 18,563

Nonagricultural industries

Part time for economic reasons(2)

8,675 9,222 9,161 7,755 8,983 9,158 9,137 9,055 8,193

Slack work or business conditions

6,797 6,672 6,739 5,713 6,695 6,797 6,616 6,378 5,792

Could only find part-time work

1,583 2,267 2,149 1,676 2,063 2,033 2,241 2,349 2,288

Part time for noneconomic reasons(3)

18,734 18,740 18,444 18,563 18,251 18,317 18,066 18,056 18,218

Footnotes
(1) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the survey reference week and excludes employed persons who were absent from their jobs for the entire week.
(2) Refers to those who worked 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for an economic reason such as slack work or unfavorable business conditions, inability to find full-time work, or seasonal declines in demand.
(3) Refers to persons who usually work part time for noneconomic reasons such as childcare problems, family or personal obligations, school or training, retirement or Social Security limits on earnings, and other reasons. This excludes persons who usually work full time but worked only 1 to 34 hours during the reference week for reasons such as vacations, holidays, illness, and bad weather.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-9. Selected employment indicators
Numbers in thousands
Characteristic Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

140,436 137,953 136,809 142,221 138,768 138,242 138,381 137,792 138,333

16 to 19 years

4,758 4,272 4,034 5,205 4,627 4,448 4,450 4,403 4,416

16 to 17 years

1,547 1,381 1,318 1,755 1,569 1,417 1,409 1,425 1,484

18 to 19 years

3,210 2,891 2,716 3,451 3,070 3,041 3,036 2,987 2,938

20 years and over

135,679 133,680 132,775 137,016 134,141 133,795 133,931 133,389 133,916

20 to 24 years

12,709 12,343 12,132 13,045 12,625 12,414 12,446 12,389 12,435

25 years and over

122,970 121,337 120,643 123,780 121,551 121,440 121,539 121,012 121,404

25 to 54 years

95,921 94,030 93,348 96,596 94,345 94,272 94,318 93,791 94,004

25 to 34 years

30,060 29,875 29,680 30,422 29,795 29,811 29,793 29,794 30,022

35 to 44 years

32,034 30,831 30,473 32,250 31,236 30,966 31,031 30,744 30,683

45 to 54 years

33,827 33,325 33,194 33,924 33,314 33,495 33,494 33,254 33,299

55 years and over

27,049 27,307 27,295 27,184 27,206 27,168 27,221 27,221 27,399

Men, 16 years and over

73,763 72,258 71,216 75,118 73,120 72,844 72,794 72,499 72,516

16 to 19 years

2,207 2,008 1,879 2,492 2,259 2,182 2,131 2,108 2,126

16 to 17 years

695 618 594 829 762 688 673 672 706

18 to 19 years

1,512 1,389 1,285 1,653 1,500 1,485 1,453 1,434 1,415

20 years and over

71,556 70,251 69,337 72,625 70,861 70,662 70,662 70,391 70,390

20 to 24 years

6,458 6,127 5,963 6,716 6,402 6,257 6,301 6,234 6,211

25 years and over

65,098 64,124 63,375 65,804 64,466 64,449 64,375 64,166 64,091

25 to 54 years

50,844 49,905 49,205 51,431 50,203 50,222 50,090 49,921 49,807

25 to 34 years

16,189 16,146 15,886 16,456 16,120 16,203 16,157 16,118 16,148

35 to 44 years

17,226 16,615 16,302 17,388 16,758 16,642 16,719 16,629 16,479

45 to 54 years

17,429 17,144 17,017 17,587 17,325 17,376 17,214 17,174 17,180

55 years and over

14,253 14,219 14,169 14,374 14,263 14,227 14,285 14,245 14,284

Women, 16 years and over

66,674 65,694 65,593 67,103 65,648 65,398 65,587 65,293 65,817

16 to 19 years

2,551 2,265 2,155 2,713 2,368 2,266 2,318 2,294 2,290

16 to 17 years

853 763 724 926 807 728 736 753 777

18 to 19 years

1,699 1,502 1,431 1,798 1,570 1,555 1,583 1,553 1,523

20 years and over

64,123 63,430 63,437 64,391 63,280 63,133 63,269 62,998 63,527

20 to 24 years

6,250 6,216 6,169 6,328 6,222 6,158 6,145 6,155 6,224

25 years and over

57,872 57,213 57,269 57,976 57,085 56,992 57,164 56,846 57,313

25 to 54 years

45,077 44,125 44,143 45,165 44,142 44,050 44,229 43,870 44,197

25 to 34 years

13,871 13,728 13,794 13,966 13,675 13,608 13,637 13,676 13,874

35 to 44 years

14,808 14,215 14,171 14,862 14,478 14,324 14,312 14,115 14,203

45 to 54 years

16,398 16,181 16,177 16,337 15,989 16,118 16,280 16,080 16,119

55 years and over

12,795 13,089 13,126 12,810 12,943 12,942 12,936 12,976 13,116

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

44,425 43,364 42,807 44,694 43,656 43,401 43,336 43,312 43,126

Married women, spouse present

35,325 35,198 35,038 35,347 34,891 34,736 34,867 35,004 35,073

Women who maintain families

8,751 8,403 8,401 - - - - - -

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(1)

113,815 109,875 108,777 115,714 111,361 110,817 110,901 110,254 110,497

Part-time workers(2)

26,621 28,078 28,033 26,396 27,459 27,511 27,400 27,466 27,718

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders

7,258 6,886 6,751 7,476 7,047 7,017 7,060 6,910 6,961

Percent of total employed

5.2 5.0 4.9 5.3 5.1 5.1 5.1 5.0 5.0

Footnotes
(1) Employed full-time workers are persons who usually work 35 hours or more per week.
(2) Employed part-time workers are persons who usually work less than 35 hours per week.

- Data not available.
NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-10. Selected unemployment indicators, seasonally adjusted
Characteristic Number of
unemployed persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment rates
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

AGE AND SEX

Total, 16 years and over

11,919 15,267 14,837 7.7 9.8 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.7

16 to 19 years

1,373 1,634 1,580 20.9 26.1 27.6 26.8 27.1 26.4

16 to 17 years

479 608 574 21.5 28.2 30.2 28.8 29.9 27.9

18 to 19 years

880 1,041 999 20.3 24.4 25.7 26.1 25.8 25.4

20 years and over

10,546 13,633 13,257 7.1 9.2 9.4 9.3 9.3 9.0

20 to 24 years

1,850 2,287 2,341 12.4 15.0 15.6 15.9 15.6 15.8

25 years and over

8,671 11,237 10,876 6.5 8.6 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.2

25 to 54 years

7,136 9,176 8,891 6.9 9.1 9.2 8.9 8.9 8.6

25 to 34 years

2,694 3,383 3,295 8.1 10.6 10.7 10.3 10.2 9.9

35 to 44 years

2,297 2,953 2,849 6.6 8.8 9.0 8.6 8.8 8.5

45 to 54 years

2,144 2,841 2,747 5.9 8.0 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.6

55 years and over

1,522 2,114 1,989 5.3 6.8 7.0 7.1 7.2 6.8

Men, 16 years and over

6,948 8,955 8,774 8.5 11.0 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8

16 to 19 years

805 944 939 24.4 29.9 31.0 30.4 30.9 30.6

16 to 17 years

296 332 315 26.3 31.1 33.5 30.5 33.1 30.8

18 to 19 years

502 621 615 23.3 28.3 28.9 30.5 30.2 30.3

20 years and over

6,144 8,011 7,835 7.8 10.3 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.0

20 to 24 years

1,125 1,407 1,478 14.4 17.2 18.6 18.3 18.4 19.2

25 years and over

5,019 6,531 6,342 7.1 9.7 9.7 9.5 9.2 9.0

25 to 54 years

4,190 5,313 5,179 7.5 10.3 10.2 10.0 9.6 9.4

25 to 34 years

1,647 1,992 1,964 9.1 11.9 11.4 11.2 11.0 10.8

35 to 44 years

1,270 1,624 1,626 6.8 9.7 10.1 9.3 8.9 9.0

45 to 54 years

1,273 1,697 1,589 6.8 9.4 9.2 9.5 9.0 8.5

55 years and over

829 1,217 1,164 5.5 7.3 7.8 7.8 7.9 7.5

Women, 16 years and over

4,971 6,312 6,064 6.9 8.5 8.8 8.6 8.8 8.4

16 to 19 years

569 690 641 17.3 22.2 24.0 23.1 23.1 21.9

16 to 17 years

183 275 259 16.5 25.1 26.8 27.1 26.8 25.0

18 to 19 years

377 420 383 17.3 20.2 22.4 21.5 21.3 20.1

20 years and over

4,402 5,622 5,422 6.4 7.9 8.1 8.0 8.2 7.9

20 to 24 years

724 880 864 10.3 12.7 12.4 13.3 12.5 12.2

25 years and over

3,653 4,706 4,534 5.9 7.3 7.6 7.3 7.6 7.3

25 to 54 years

2,946 3,863 3,712 6.1 7.7 8.0 7.5 8.1 7.7

25 to 34 years

1,048 1,391 1,331 7.0 8.9 9.9 9.3 9.2 8.8

35 to 44 years

1,027 1,328 1,223 6.5 7.9 7.8 7.7 8.6 7.9

45 to 54 years

871 1,144 1,158 5.1 6.5 6.4 5.9 6.6 6.7

55 years and over(1)

729 800 851 5.4 6.3 6.1 6.2 5.8 6.1

MARITAL STATUS

Married men, spouse present

2,424 3,419 3,059 5.1 7.3 7.5 7.5 7.3 6.6

Married women, spouse present

1,786 2,154 2,177 4.8 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.8

Women who maintain families(1)

1,010 1,258 1,181 10.3 11.6 12.9 11.4 13.0 12.3

FULL- OR PART-TIME STATUS

Full-time workers(2)

10,247 13,452 12,879 8.1 10.7 11.1 11.0 10.9 10.4

Part-time workers(3)

1,663 1,766 1,897 5.9 6.4 6.1 5.6 6.0 6.4

Footnotes
(1) Not seasonally adjusted.
(2) Full-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work full time (35 hours or more per week) or are on layoff from full-time jobs.
(3) Part-time workers are unemployed persons who have expressed a desire to work part time (less than 35 hours per week) or are on layoff from part-time jobs.

NOTE: Detail for the seasonally adjusted data shown in this table will not necessarily add to totals because of the independent seasonal adjustment of the various series. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-11. Unemployed persons by reason for unemployment
Numbers in thousands
Reason Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

8,633 9,822 10,574 7,251 10,236 10,261 9,965 9,701 9,323

On temporary layoff

2,251 1,683 2,192 1,468 1,918 1,671 1,548 1,558 1,454

Not on temporary layoff

6,382 8,140 8,382 5,784 8,318 8,590 8,418 8,143 7,869

Permanent job losers

4,923 6,718 6,732 4,649 6,858 6,922 6,920 6,773 6,424

Persons who completed temporary jobs

1,460 1,422 1,650 1,277 1,429 1,569 1,439 1,448 1,445

Job leavers

920 860 926 912 869 909 929 932 914

Reentrants

2,791 3,012 3,625 2,792 3,255 3,461 3,221 3,334 3,585

New entrants

665 1,046 1,022 792 1,134 1,114 1,270 1,270 1,235

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

66.4 66.6 65.5 61.7 66.1 65.2 64.8 63.7 61.9

On temporary layoff

17.3 11.4 13.6 12.5 12.4 10.6 10.1 10.2 9.7

Not on temporary layoff

49.1 55.2 51.9 49.2 53.7 54.6 54.7 53.4 52.3

Job leavers

7.1 5.8 5.7 7.8 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.1 6.1

Reentrants

21.5 20.4 22.4 23.8 21.0 22.0 20.9 21.9 23.8

New entrants

5.1 7.1 6.3 6.7 7.3 7.1 8.3 8.3 8.2

UNEMPLOYED AS A PERCENT OF THE
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE

Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs

5.6 6.4 6.9 4.7 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.1

Job leavers

0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6

Reentrants

1.8 2.0 2.4 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.3

New entrants

0.4 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-12. Unemployed persons by duration of unemployment
Numbers in thousands
Duration Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

NUMBER OF UNEMPLOYED

Less than 5 weeks

4,137 2,871 3,464 3,633 2,938 3,131 2,774 2,929 3,008

5 to 14 weeks

4,044 3,335 3,698 3,622 3,838 3,671 3,517 3,486 3,362

15 weeks and over

4,828 8,534 8,986 4,762 8,405 8,804 8,976 8,969 8,945

15 to 26 weeks

2,086 2,638 2,563 2,073 2,958 3,184 3,075 2,840 2,632

27 weeks and over

2,742 5,896 6,423 2,689 5,447 5,620 5,901 6,130 6,313

Average (mean) duration, in weeks

18.8 29.0 28.9 19.9 26.5 27.2 28.6 29.1 30.2

Median duration, in weeks

10.0 20.2 18.6 10.6 17.8 19.0 20.2 20.5 19.9

PERCENT DISTRIBUTION

Less than 5 weeks

31.8 19.5 21.5 30.2 19.4 20.1 18.2 19.0 19.6

5 to 14 weeks

31.1 22.6 22.9 30.1 25.3 23.5 23.0 22.7 22.0

15 weeks and over

37.1 57.9 55.6 39.6 55.4 56.4 58.8 58.3 58.4

15 to 26 weeks

16.0 17.9 15.9 17.3 19.5 20.4 20.1 18.5 17.2

27 weeks and over

21.1 40.0 39.8 22.4 35.9 36.0 38.7 39.8 41.2

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-13. Employed and unemployed persons by occupation, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Occupation Employed Unemployed Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

140,436 136,809 13,009 16,147 8.5 10.6

Management, professional, and related occupations

52,358 52,159 2,238 2,762 4.1 5.0

Management, business, and financial operations occupations

21,956 21,101 1,056 1,168 4.6 5.2

Professional and related occupations

30,402 31,058 1,182 1,593 3.7 4.9

Service occupations

23,850 23,763 2,389 3,045 9.1 11.4

Sales and office occupations

34,192 33,117 2,761 3,476 7.5 9.5

Sales and related occupations

15,773 15,150 1,323 1,709 7.7 10.1

Office and administrative support occupations

18,419 17,966 1,438 1,767 7.2 9.0

Natural resources, construction, and maintenance occupations

13,587 12,405 2,497 3,082 15.5 19.9

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

825 782 251 273 23.3 25.9

Construction and extraction occupations

7,673 6,975 1,824 2,276 19.2 24.6

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

5,089 4,648 422 532 7.7 10.3

Production, transportation, and material moving
occupations

16,449 15,365 2,432 2,748 12.9 15.2

Production occupations

7,974 7,396 1,265 1,343 13.7 15.4

Transportation and material moving occupations

8,474 7,970 1,167 1,405 12.1 15.0

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-14. Unemployed persons by industry and class of worker, not seasonally adjusted
Industry and class of worker Number of
unemployed
persons
(in thousands)
Unemployment
rates
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010

Total, 16 years and over(1)

13,009 16,147 8.5 10.6

Nonagricultural private wage and salary workers

10,787 13,129 9.0 11.1

Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction

59 68 7.0 9.1

Construction

1,744 2,194 18.2 24.7

Manufacturing

1,711 1,918 10.9 13.0

Durable goods

1,157 1,318 11.2 14.1

Nondurable goods

554 600 10.3 11.1

Wholesale and retail trade

1,794 2,154 8.7 10.5

Transportation and utilities

522 657 8.4 11.3

Information

232 313 7.4 10.0

Financial activities

571 623 6.0 6.6

Professional and business services

1,445 1,614 10.4 11.1

Education and health services

792 1,175 3.8 5.5

Leisure and hospitality

1,487 1,804 11.5 14.2

Other services

431 609 7.1 10.0

Agriculture and related private wage and salary workers

245 318 18.7 21.3

Government workers

652 948 3.0 4.3

Self-employed and unpaid family workers

659 730 6.5 7.2

Footnotes
(1) Persons with no previous work experience and persons whose last job was in the U.S. Armed Forces are included in the unemployed total.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-15. Alternative measures of labor underutilization
Percent
Measure Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Sept.
2009
Oct.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009
Jan.
2010

U-1 Persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer, as a percent of the civilian labor force

3.1 5.6 5.9 3.1 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 5.8

U-2 Job losers and persons who completed temporary jobs, as a percent of the civilian labor force

5.6 6.4 6.9 4.7 6.6 6.7 6.5 6.3 6.1

U-3 Total unemployed, as a percent of the civilian labor force (official unemployment rate)

8.5 9.7 10.6 7.7 9.8 10.1 10.0 10.0 9.7

U-4 Total unemployed plus discouraged workers, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus discouraged workers

8.9 10.2 11.2 8.2 10.3 10.6 10.5 10.5 10.3

U-5 Total unemployed, plus discouraged workers, plus all other persons marginally attached to the labor force, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

9.7 11.1 12.0 9.0 11.1 11.5 11.3 11.4 11.2

U-6 Total unemployed, plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force, plus total employed part time for economic reasons, as a percent of the civilian labor force plus all persons marginally attached to the labor force

15.4 17.1 18.0 14.0 17.0 17.4 17.2 17.3 16.5

NOTE: Persons marginally attached to the labor force are those who currently are neither working nor looking for work but indicate that they want and are available for a job and have looked for work sometime in the past 12 months. Discouraged workers, a subset of the marginally attached, have given a job-market related reason for not currently looking for work. Persons employed part time for economic reasons are those who want and are available for full-time work but have had to settle for a part-time schedule. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


HOUSEHOLD DATA
Table A-16. Persons not in the labor force and multiple jobholders by sex, not seasonally adjusted
Numbers in thousands
Category Total Men Women
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010
Jan.
2009
Jan.
2010

NOT IN THE LABOR FORCE

Total not in the labor force

81,293 83,876 31,848 33,410 49,445 50,466

Persons who currently want a job

5,866 6,108 2,725 2,926 3,141 3,182

Marginally attached to the labor force(1)

2,130 2,539 1,124 1,367 1,006 1,172

Discouraged workers(2)

734 1,065 465 663 269 401

Other persons marginally attached to the labor force(3)

1,396 1,474 659 703 737 771

MULTIPLE JOBHOLDERS

Total multiple jobholders(4)

7,258 6,751 3,572 3,223 3,687 3,527

Percent of total employed

5.2 4.9 4.8 4.5 5.5 5.4

Primary job full time, secondary job part time

3,937 3,558 2,081 1,866 1,856 1,691

Primary and secondary jobs both part time

1,684 1,727 526 527 1,158 1,199

Primary and secondary jobs both full time

232 241 156 144 75 97

Hours vary on primary or secondary job

1,376 1,186 795 666 580 520

Footnotes
(1) Data refer to persons who want a job, have searched for work during the prior 12 months, and were available to take a job during the reference week, but had not looked for work in the past 4 weeks.
(2) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for reasons such as thinks no work available, could not find work, lacks schooling or training, employer thinks too young or old, and other types of discrimination.
(3) Includes those who did not actively look for work in the prior 4 weeks for such reasons as school or family responsibilities, ill health, and transportation problems, as well as a number for whom reason for nonparticipation was not determined.
(4) Includes a small number of persons who work part time on their primary job and full time on their secondary job(s), not shown separately.

NOTE: Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-1. Employees on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector and selected industry detail
In thousands
Industry Not seasonally adjusted Seasonally adjusted
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Change from:
Dec.2009 - Jan.2010(p)

Total nonfarm

131,555 130,969 130,431 127,612 133,549 129,697 129,547 129,527 -20

Total private

109,084 107,974 107,601 105,270 110,961 107,190 107,067 107,055 -12

Goods-producing

19,350 18,177 17,873 17,375 19,855 17,960 17,906 17,846 -60

Mining and logging

746 682 677 669 761 676 677 681 4

Logging

53.3 48.9 47.6 46.1 54.0 47.2 46.9 46.7 -0.2

Mining

692.2 633.2 629.8 622.4 706.7 628.4 630.5 634.4 3.9

Oil and gas extraction

165.1 160.6 159.9 160.5 164.7 160.2 160.0 160.0 0.0

Mining, except oil and gas(1)

211.8 209.7 204.8 199.5 222.7 207.2 208.2 209.5 1.3

Coal mining

86.2 79.4 80.4 80.8 86.3 79.3 79.9 80.7 0.8

Support activities for mining

315.3 262.9 265.1 262.4 319.3 261.0 262.3 264.9 2.6

Construction

6,154 5,868 5,616 5,258 6,551 5,732 5,700 5,625 -75

Construction of buildings

1,428.8 1,320.6 1,282.5 1,211.7 1,485.5 1,295.9 1,282.4 1,261.5 -20.9

Residential building

676.0 615.4 600.9 560.9 710.0 602.6 599.1 590.3 -8.8

Nonresidential building

752.8 705.2 681.6 650.8 775.5 693.3 683.3 671.2 -12.1

Heavy and civil engineering construction

807.4 838.3 764.1 700.4 908.5 808.7 799.4 799.4 0.0

Specialty trade contractors

3,917.3 3,709.0 3,569.0 3,345.4 4,156.5 3,627.6 3,618.3 3,563.9 -54.4

Residential specialty trade contractors

1,650.9 1,600.7 1,536.9 1,452.3 1,770.6 1,566.6 1,567.7 1,561.4 -6.3

Nonresidential specialty trade contractors

2,266.4 2,108.3 2,031.7 1,893.1 2,385.9 2,061.0 2,050.6 2,002.5 -48.1

Manufacturing

12,450 11,627 11,580 11,448 12,543 11,552 11,529 11,540 11

Durable goods

7,777 7,099 7,078 7,005 7,820 7,047 7,032 7,045 13

Wood products

383.8 351.1 348.3 338.1 393.6 348.6 349.1 348.4 -0.7

Nonmetallic mineral products

408.1 388.8 378.8 365.8 425.5 382.6 383.3 382.2 -1.1

Primary metals

406.5 353.3 353.3 354.6 404.0 350.8 350.7 351.8 1.1

Fabricated metal products

1,417.4 1,279.0 1,277.0 1,267.3 1,417.1 1,268.0 1,266.4 1,266.3 -0.1

Machinery

1,129.0 984.0 982.6 972.8 1,128.9 975.9 973.4 973.4 0.0

Computer and electronic products(1)

1,202.4 1,101.2 1,098.6 1,091.1 1,201.4 1,097.9 1,093.4 1,089.8 -3.6

Computer and peripheral equipment

181.0 160.1 159.5 160.5 180.7 159.5 158.7 160.0 1.3

Communication equipment

126.3 118.5 119.6 119.6 124.7 118.3 119.2 118.2 -1.0

Semiconductors and electronic components

407.7 362.3 362.0 358.2 407.7 360.8 359.5 358.2 -1.3

Electronic instruments

431.6 411.7 409.2 406.1 432.5 411.4 408.5 406.7 -1.8

Electrical equipment and appliances

404.6 364.8 362.5 363.0 403.6 363.4 361.4 362.2 0.8

Transportation equipment(1)

1,402.9 1,328.9 1,333.1 1,322.5 1,415.3 1,318.0 1,315.9 1,334.9 19.0

Motor vehicles and parts(2)

684.5 663.0 666.2 661.9 696.5 653.3 651.5 674.2 22.7

Furniture and related products

420.1 366.9 364.6 355.6 424.2 365.8 362.9 359.1 -3.8

Miscellaneous manufacturing

602.3 581.2 579.1 573.9 606.0 576.1 575.6 576.8 1.2

Nondurable goods

4,673 4,528 4,502 4,443 4,723 4,505 4,497 4,495 -2

Food manufacturing

1,436.9 1,471.4 1,461.2 1,422.4 1,460.8 1,457.4 1,456.1 1,449.7 -6.4

Beverages and tobacco products

187.7 185.4 180.9 177.8 192.2 185.3 183.6 182.7 -0.9

Textile mills

134.2 123.8 123.8 122.6 133.8 122.5 123.3 121.6 -1.7

Textile product mills

136.7 124.7 123.3 121.6 136.7 122.8 121.7 121.6 -0.1

Apparel

174.8 162.7 164.5 164.7 180.0 164.0 166.6 169.6 3.0

Leather and allied products

31.0 28.1 28.6 28.6 31.3 28.4 28.6 28.6 0.0

Paper and paper products

424.0 399.6 398.4 396.8 424.6 398.5 397.3 397.2 -0.1

Printing and related support activities

555.6 505.9 504.4 495.1 557.6 501.4 500.0 496.9 -3.1

Petroleum and coal products

110.8 115.6 108.7 107.7 115.9 115.2 112.1 113.2 1.1

Chemicals

821.6 794.7 791.9 789.1 824.3 794.7 791.8 791.5 -0.3

Plastics and rubber products

659.9 616.4 615.8 616.9 665.9 614.8 615.9 622.1 6.2

Private service-providing

89,734 89,797 89,728 87,895 91,106 89,230 89,161 89,209 48

Trade, transportation, and utilities

25,284 25,111 25,222 24,476 25,475 24,678 24,627 24,642 15

Wholesale trade

5,715.0 5,593.8 5,574.9 5,504.3 5,759.7 5,568.3 5,556.5 5,547.9 -8.6

Durable goods

2,921.1 2,782.2 2,772.8 2,748.9 2,934.9 2,775.0 2,766.2 2,762.4 -3.8

Nondurable goods

1,970.8 1,989.9 1,982.1 1,947.7 1,998.7 1,975.4 1,974.6 1,973.8 -0.8

Electronic markets and agents and brokers

823.1 821.7 820.0 807.7 826.1 817.9 815.7 811.7 -4.0

Retail trade

14,682.8 14,736.4 14,869.9 14,313.4 14,792.4 14,374.5 14,356.5 14,398.6 42.1

Motor vehicle and parts dealers(1)

1,659.5 1,616.2 1,611.2 1,590.4 1,692.5 1,620.4 1,624.2 1,622.4 -1.8

Automobile dealers

1,046.1 1,005.7 1,007.0 998.6 1,061.6 1,007.8 1,014.0 1,013.4 -0.6

Furniture and home furnishings stores

479.9 457.0 463.5 440.6 475.7 438.6 436.7 435.9 -0.8

Electronics and appliance stores

514.3 495.5 499.3 489.6 509.4 477.2 477.9 482.6 4.7

Building material and garden supply stores

1,147.2 1,129.6 1,120.3 1,097.3 1,201.3 1,142.9 1,146.3 1,144.7 -1.6

Food and beverage stores

2,832.0 2,831.2 2,828.0 2,805.1 2,846.7 2,808.5 2,803.3 2,817.6 14.3

Health and personal care stores

987.3 987.4 997.1 987.4 987.9 979.1 981.0 986.2 5.2

Gasoline stations

821.4 822.2 821.5 815.6 830.3 823.5 823.0 823.7 0.7

Clothing and clothing accessories stores

1,397.5 1,443.7 1,492.6 1,375.4 1,401.1 1,363.1 1,359.1 1,372.4 13.3

Sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores

645.9 637.9 659.2 623.3 631.5 604.7 605.8 608.7 2.9

General merchandise stores(1)

2,976.0 3,080.3 3,124.9 2,912.0 2,982.8 2,928.1 2,909.9 2,919.7 9.8

Department stores

1,496.1 1,576.8 1,623.1 1,481.8 1,485.5 1,464.3 1,457.6 1,467.9 10.3

Miscellaneous store retailers

790.8 789.7 794.9 761.4 805.5 773.3 771.1 772.7 1.6

Nonstore retailers

431.0 445.7 457.4 415.3 427.7 415.1 418.2 412.0 -6.2

Transportation and warehousing

4,324.2 4,221.7 4,219.5 4,099.6 4,359.4 4,175.8 4,155.2 4,136.2 -19.0

Air transportation

467.3 452.5 451.8 452.2 470.6 454.7 454.6 456.1 1.5

Rail transportation

229.8 214.2 212.2 211.8 229.8 213.2 212.2 211.4 -0.8

Water transportation

63.1 62.3 63.3 61.6 64.6 63.0 63.9 63.4 -0.5

Truck transportation

1,287.2 1,255.5 1,233.9 1,203.3 1,317.0 1,243.3 1,230.4 1,232.9 2.5

Transit and ground passenger transportation

432.2 432.4 429.2 426.8 421.8 417.5 415.1 416.9 1.8

Pipeline transportation

42.2 41.8 40.9 40.9 42.2 41.6 40.8 41.1 0.3

Scenic and sightseeing transportation

21.0 24.2 24.4 22.4 27.4 27.7 28.4 28.9 0.5

Support activities for transportation

569.9 542.1 542.9 534.2 574.6 539.0 538.9 538.2 -0.7

Couriers and messengers

558.3 550.8 577.0 514.0 556.3 542.7 536.9 513.7 -23.2

Warehousing and storage

653.2 645.9 643.9 632.4 655.1 633.1 634.0 633.6 -0.4

Utilities

562.1 559.2 558.1 558.6 563.3 559.8 558.7 559.5 0.8

Information

2,860 2,770 2,763 2,725 2,888 2,762 2,753 2,753 0

Publishing industries, except Internet

834.6 773.9 774.1 767.4 840.2 770.7 769.9 773.0 3.1

Motion picture and sound recording industries

333.0 352.5 345.4 325.2 349.6 350.6 345.0 343.0 -2.0

Broadcasting, except Internet

312.2 297.6 296.3 294.2 313.3 295.5 294.0 294.7 0.7

Telecommunications

996.5 962.5 960.3 955.4 995.6 961.4 957.6 954.5 -3.1

Data processing, hosting and related services

248.8 248.6 250.9 246.8 253.3 248.3 250.4 250.8 0.4

Other information services

135.0 135.2 136.3 136.0 135.6 135.4 135.9 136.5 0.6

Financial activities

7,898 7,662 7,669 7,601 7,945 7,666 7,659 7,643 -16

Finance and insurance

5,874.2 5,699.9 5,704.3 5,672.5 5,885.3 5,699.6 5,693.4 5,680.4 -13.0

Monetary authorities - central bank

21.3 21.0 21.0 21.1 21.6 21.1 21.1 21.2 0.1

Credit intermediation and related
activities(1)

2,652.7 2,569.4 2,573.4 2,565.3 2,654.1 2,573.1 2,569.2 2,564.0 -5.2

Depository credit intermediation(1)

1,787.8 1,749.3 1,753.1 1,748.4 1,785.5 1,750.9 1,748.8 1,745.4 -3.4

Commercial banking

1,340.3 1,309.8 1,312.4 1,310.0 1,338.5 1,311.4 1,309.8 1,307.6 -2.2

Securities, commodity contracts, investments

839.8 797.1 799.8 792.7 840.8 795.1 796.4 793.2 -3.2

Insurance carriers and related activities

2,269.8 2,226.0 2,223.2 2,207.5 2,278.3 2,223.7 2,220.5 2,216.1 -4.4

Funds, trusts, and other financial vehicles

90.6 86.4 86.9 85.9 90.5 86.6 86.2 85.9 -0.3

Real estate and rental and leasing

2,023.8 1,961.6 1,964.8 1,928.0 2,059.7 1,966.8 1,965.5 1,962.9 -2.6

Real estate

1,429.2 1,406.1 1,410.9 1,380.8 1,453.3 1,405.6 1,405.9 1,404.7 -1.2

Rental and leasing services

567.9 530.2 528.1 522.4 579.4 535.7 534.0 533.0 -1.0

Lessors of nonfinancial intangible assets

26.7 25.3 25.8 24.8 27.0 25.5 25.6 25.2 -0.4

Professional and business services

16,763 16,621 16,573 16,237 17,091 16,466 16,486 16,530 44

Professional and technical services(1)

7,706.9 7,423.3 7,471.5 7,475.5 7,673.1 7,433.3 7,433.5 7,431.9 -1.6

Legal services

1,138.1 1,106.5 1,107.3 1,094.5 1,147.3 1,106.2 1,103.7 1,102.6 -1.1

Accounting and bookkeeping services

1,024.0 861.1 925.6 1,035.5 927.6 918.4 921.1 930.5 9.4

Architectural and engineering services

1,376.7 1,297.2 1,293.3 1,270.1 1,392.0 1,289.6 1,292.6 1,284.9 -7.7

Computer systems design and related services

1,431.3 1,441.6 1,434.4 1,431.7 1,433.4 1,431.3 1,426.4 1,433.5 7.1

Management and technical consulting services

993.2 1,002.5 1,003.9 973.4 1,005.6 990.6 992.1 987.1 -5.0

Management of companies and enterprises

1,893.1 1,826.6 1,826.8 1,809.0 1,897.2 1,824.9 1,816.3 1,810.9 -5.4

Administrative and waste services

7,163.0 7,371.0 7,274.6 6,952.1 7,520.8 7,207.3 7,236.3 7,287.6 51.3

Administrative and support services(1)

6,812.6 7,017.9 6,926.7 6,609.1 7,166.1 6,856.5 6,887.6 6,939.7 52.1

Employment services(1)

2,531.2 2,643.2 2,666.0 2,474.5 2,708.5 2,515.8 2,579.9 2,634.4 54.5

Temporary help services

1,844.7 1,966.2 1,990.3 1,846.6 1,982.0 1,861.3 1,919.8 1,971.8 52.0

Business support services

838.1 827.7 827.0 803.5 838.8 813.4 807.1 805.1 -2.0

Services to buildings and dwellings

1,633.0 1,743.6 1,650.4 1,558.0 1,792.4 1,726.8 1,716.2 1,709.3 -6.9

Waste management and remediation services

350.4 353.1 347.9 343.0 354.7 350.8 348.7 347.9 -0.8

Education and health services

18,968 19,543 19,517 19,246 19,069 19,313 19,339 19,355 16

Educational services

3,025.8 3,275.8 3,225.8 3,022.6 3,093.5 3,092.7 3,096.4 3,094.4 -2.0

Health care and social assistance

15,941.7 16,267.4 16,291.6 16,223.4 15,975.8 16,220.7 16,243.0 16,260.1 17.1

Health care(3)

13,401.9 13,651.7 13,673.3 13,618.0 13,437.5 13,622.9 13,641.3 13,655.8 14.5

Ambulatory health care services(1)

5,696.5 5,844.7 5,864.9 5,844.6 5,716.7 5,830.3 5,848.1 5,863.4 15.3

Offices of physicians

2,260.8 2,304.9 2,316.3 2,307.4 2,265.5 2,298.1 2,305.2 2,310.8 5.6

Outpatient care centers

538.6 546.1 547.7 545.2 539.6 544.4 546.9 546.7 -0.2

Home health care services

985.2 1,049.5 1,053.6 1,050.2 991.8 1,046.1 1,052.5 1,056.1 3.6

Hospitals

4,662.6 4,697.6 4,700.6 4,691.4 4,670.4 4,690.4 4,693.7 4,698.7 5.0

Nursing and residential care facilities(1)

3,042.8 3,109.4 3,107.8 3,082.0 3,050.4 3,102.2 3,099.5 3,093.7 -5.8

Nursing care facilities

1,626.1 1,655.3 1,652.8 1,639.0 1,630.0 1,649.7 1,648.2 1,644.7 -3.5

Social assistance(1)

2,539.8 2,615.7 2,618.3 2,605.4 2,538.3 2,597.8 2,601.7 2,604.3 2.6

Child day care services

870.2 874.8 872.8 867.3 862.8 859.6 858.7 858.7 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

12,607 12,788 12,692 12,366 13,209 13,024 12,983 12,969 -14

Arts, entertainment, and recreation

1,734.8 1,755.8 1,737.7 1,664.1 1,942.1 1,895.7 1,881.9 1,873.6 -8.3

Performing arts and spectator sports

365.1 381.1 374.6 345.5 403.0 393.2 388.1 384.4 -3.7

Museums, historical sites, zoos, and parks

118.7 124.7 122.0 117.9 129.8 129.1 129.1 129.1 0.0

Amusements, gambling, and recreation

1,251.0 1,250.0 1,241.1 1,200.7 1,409.3 1,373.4 1,364.7 1,360.1 -4.6

Accommodation and food services

10,872.2 11,032.3 10,953.9 10,702.0 11,266.6 11,128.2 11,101.4 11,095.2 -6.2

Accommodation

1,715.8 1,691.1 1,683.6 1,643.8 1,796.4 1,735.0 1,731.1 1,721.4 -9.7

Food services and drinking places

9,156.4 9,341.2 9,270.3 9,058.2 9,470.2 9,393.2 9,370.3 9,373.8 3.5

Other services

5,354 5,302 5,292 5,244 5,429 5,321 5,314 5,317 3

Repair and maintenance

1,165.6 1,137.2 1,131.7 1,125.3 1,181.5 1,141.3 1,139.8 1,138.3 -1.5

Personal and laundry services

1,282.0 1,268.0 1,268.9 1,248.2 1,302.6 1,270.8 1,269.1 1,267.9 -1.2

Membership associations and organizations

2,906.1 2,896.5 2,891.4 2,870.2 2,944.9 2,908.7 2,904.8 2,910.8 6.0

Government

22,471 22,995 22,830 22,342 22,588 22,507 22,480 22,472 -8

Federal

2,772.0 2,825.0 2,816.0 2,840.0 2,803.0 2,833.0 2,826.0 2,859.0 33.0

Federal, except U.S. Postal Service

2,035.4 2,143.6 2,148.8 2,155.0 2,060.8 2,150.4 2,162.0 2,181.2 19.2

U.S. Postal Service

736.3 680.9 667.5 684.6 742.3 682.8 663.5 677.8 14.3

State government

5,116.0 5,348.0 5,280.0 5,064.0 5,197.0 5,172.0 5,171.0 5,153.0 -18.0

State government education

2,308.0 2,565.3 2,500.5 2,299.1 2,375.6 2,378.0 2,378.0 2,372.9 -5.1

State government, excluding education

2,808.2 2,782.4 2,779.0 2,765.1 2,821.1 2,793.6 2,793.1 2,779.7 -13.4

Local government

14,583.0 14,822.0 14,734.0 14,438.0 14,588.0 14,502.0 14,483.0 14,460.0 -23.0

Local government education

8,195.6 8,419.8 8,369.8 8,128.7 8,086.7 8,054.1 8,041.6 8,031.1 -10.5

Local government, excluding education

6,387.6 6,402.3 6,364.4 6,309.1 6,501.0 6,448.0 6,440.9 6,428.6 -12.3

Footnotes
(1) Includes other industries, not shown separately.
(2) Includes motor vehicles, motor vehicle bodies and trailers, and motor vehicle parts.
(3) Includes ambulatory health care services, hospitals, and nursing and residential care facilities.

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2009 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-2. Average weekly hours and overtime of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

34.2 33.9 33.8 33.9

Goods-producing

38.7 38.9 38.9 39.2

Mining and logging

43.5 42.2 42.0 42.7

Construction

37.5 37.2 37.0 37.3

Manufacturing

39.0 39.6 39.6 39.9

Durable goods

39.2 39.8 39.8 40.0

Nondurable goods

38.8 39.2 39.4 39.8

Private service-providing

33.2 32.8 32.8 32.9

Trade, transportation, and utilities

34.3 34.0 34.0 34.0

Wholesale trade

38.2 37.7 37.6 37.7

Retail trade

31.3 31.2 31.2 31.1

Transportation and warehousing

38.4 38.0 38.0 38.0

Utilities

41.5 41.0 40.7 40.6

Information

36.5 36.5 36.6 36.7

Financial activities

36.6 36.7 36.7 36.7

Professional and business services

35.1 35.1 35.1 35.3

Education and health services

33.4 32.7 32.7 32.7

Leisure and hospitality

25.7 25.5 25.5 25.6

Other services

32.5 31.3 31.3 31.4

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.3 2.6 2.7 2.8

Durable goods

2.1 2.5 2.5 2.6

Nondurable goods

2.6 2.8 3.0 3.1

p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-3. Average hourly and weekly earnings of all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)

Total private

$22.01 $22.39 $22.41 $22.45 $752.74 $759.02 $757.46 $761.06

Goods-producing

23.54 23.89 23.85 23.94 911.00 929.32 927.77 938.45

Mining and logging

27.14 26.84 26.97 26.94 1,180.59 1,132.65 1,132.74 1,150.34

Construction

24.60 25.07 25.02 25.18 922.50 932.60 925.74 939.21

Manufacturing

22.77 23.16 23.12 23.19 888.03 917.14 915.55 925.28

Durable goods

24.10 24.73 24.68 24.76 944.72 984.25 982.26 990.40

Nondurable goods

20.55 20.67 20.66 20.72 797.34 810.26 814.00 824.66

Private service-providing

21.62 22.03 22.06 22.09 717.78 722.58 723.57 726.76

Trade, transportation, and utilities

19.14 19.52 19.58 19.67 656.50 663.68 665.72 668.78

Wholesale trade

24.82 25.86 26.04 26.28 948.12 974.92 979.10 990.76

Retail trade

15.31 15.46 15.48 15.52 479.20 482.35 482.98 482.67

Transportation and warehousing

20.34 20.66 20.70 20.77 781.06 785.08 786.60 789.26

Utilities

32.84 33.08 33.10 33.03 1,362.86 1,356.28 1,347.17 1,341.02

Information

28.75 29.94 29.97 29.91 1,049.38 1,092.81 1,096.90 1,097.70

Financial activities

26.25 26.77 26.81 26.84 960.75 982.46 983.93 985.03

Professional and business services

26.70 27.11 27.10 27.08 937.17 951.56 951.21 955.92

Education and health services

22.40 22.53 22.58 22.57 748.16 736.73 738.37 738.04

Leisure and hospitality

12.85 13.14 13.12 13.10 330.25 335.07 334.56 335.36

Other services

18.78 20.02 20.10 20.19 610.35 626.63 629.13 633.97

p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-4. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
2007=100
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(1) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(2)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2009 - Jan.
2010(p)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2009 - Jan.
2010(p)

Total private

95.1 91.1 90.7 90.9 0.2 99.8 97.2 96.9 97.4 0.5

Goods-producing

87.5 79.6 79.4 79.7 0.4 93.1 85.9 85.5 86.2 0.8

Mining and logging

104.0 89.6 89.3 91.4 2.4 113.3 96.6 96.7 98.8 2.2

Construction

84.7 73.5 72.7 72.3 -0.6 90.5 80.0 79.0 79.1 0.1

Manufacturing

88.0 82.3 82.1 82.8 0.9 93.2 88.6 88.3 89.3 1.1

Durable goods

86.3 79.0 78.8 79.3 0.6 92.4 86.7 86.4 87.2 0.9

Nondurable goods

91.5 88.1 88.4 89.3 1.0 95.4 92.4 92.7 93.9 1.3

Private service-providing

97.1 94.0 93.9 94.3 0.4 101.8 100.3 100.4 100.9 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

95.0 91.2 91.0 91.1 0.1 97.8 95.8 95.9 96.4 0.5

Wholesale trade

96.0 91.6 91.2 91.3 0.1 99.4 98.9 99.1 100.1 1.0

Retail trade

94.0 91.1 91.0 90.9 -0.1 95.2 93.1 93.1 93.3 0.2

Transportation and warehousing

95.8 90.8 90.4 90.0 -0.4 98.9 95.2 94.9 94.8 -0.1

Utilities

101.1 99.3 98.4 98.3 -0.1 109.7 108.5 107.6 107.2 -0.4

Information

96.3 92.1 92.0 92.3 0.3 98.5 98.1 98.2 98.3 0.1

Financial activities

95.8 92.7 92.6 92.4 -0.2 98.2 96.9 96.9 96.8 -0.1

Professional and business services

94.4 90.9 91.0 91.8 0.9 102.1 99.8 99.9 100.7 0.8

Education and health services

103.7 102.8 102.9 103.0 0.1 108.8 108.5 108.9 108.9 0.0

Leisure and hospitality

96.9 94.8 94.5 94.7 0.2 100.4 100.5 100.0 100.1 0.1

Other services

97.8 92.3 92.2 92.5 0.3 104.2 104.8 105.1 106.0 0.9

Footnotes
(1) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2007 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.

p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-5. Employment of women on nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted
Industry Women employees (in thousands) Percent of all employees
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)

Total nonfarm

66,150 64,736 64,661 64,661 49.5 49.9 49.9 49.9

Total private

53,193 51,896 51,844 51,867 47.9 48.4 48.4 48.4

Goods-producing

4,552 4,163 4,151 4,146 22.9 23.2 23.2 23.2

Mining and logging

103 98 98 97 13.5 14.5 14.5 14.2

Construction

862 765 758 747 13.2 13.3 13.3 13.3

Manufacturing

3,587 3,300 3,295 3,302 28.6 28.6 28.6 28.6

Durable goods

1,946 1,744 1,740 1,745 24.9 24.7 24.7 24.8

Nondurable goods

1,641 1,556 1,555 1,557 34.7 34.5 34.6 34.6

Private service-providing

48,641 47,733 47,693 47,721 53.4 53.5 53.5 53.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

10,478 10,089 10,054 10,069 41.1 40.9 40.8 40.9

Wholesale trade

1,768.2 1,685.9 1,683.1 1,673.4 30.7 30.3 30.3 30.2

Retail trade

7,506.4 7,260.6 7,230.1 7,258.2 50.7 50.5 50.4 50.4

Transportation and warehousing

1,058.0 1,002.7 1,003.0 999.6 24.3 24.0 24.1 24.2

Utilities

145.3 139.6 138.2 137.4 25.8 24.9 24.7 24.6

Information

1,217 1,139 1,134 1,129 42.1 41.2 41.2 41.0

Financial activities

4,702 4,546 4,536 4,528 59.2 59.3 59.2 59.2

Professional and business services

7,702 7,390 7,396 7,425 45.1 44.9 44.9 44.9

Education and health services

14,761 14,940 14,954 14,963 77.4 77.4 77.3 77.3

Leisure and hospitality

6,940 6,828 6,822 6,806 52.5 52.4 52.5 52.5

Other services

2,841 2,801 2,797 2,801 52.3 52.6 52.6 52.7

Government

12,957 12,840 12,817 12,794 57.4 57.0 57.0 56.9

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2009 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-6. Employment of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
In thousands
Industry Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)

Total private

91,458 88,302 88,227 88,260

Goods-producing

14,481 12,936 12,893 12,891

Mining and logging

573 491 492 502

Construction

5,026 4,337 4,313 4,288

Manufacturing

8,882 8,108 8,088 8,101

Durable goods

5,422 4,816 4,799 4,817

Nondurable goods

3,460 3,292 3,289 3,284

Private service-providing

76,977 75,366 75,334 75,369

Trade, transportation, and utilities

21,623 20,876 20,850 20,870

Wholesale trade

4,656.1 4,481.3 4,466.5 4,458.9

Retail trade

12,714.1 12,328.8 12,327.3 12,381.0

Transportation and warehousing

3,797.8 3,618.5 3,610.4 3,584.8

Utilities

455.0 446.9 445.5 444.9

Information

2,310 2,200 2,194 2,191

Financial activities

6,136 5,932 5,937 5,915

Professional and business services

13,963 13,446 13,474 13,532

Education and health services

16,728 16,945 16,966 16,966

Leisure and hospitality

11,684 11,516 11,461 11,449

Other services

4,533 4,451 4,452 4,446

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2009 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-7. Average weekly hours and overtime of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)

AVERAGE WEEKLY HOURS

Total private

33.3 33.2 33.2 33.3

Goods-producing

39.3 39.7 39.7 40.0

Mining and logging

44.2 43.0 43.4 44.1

Construction

37.9 37.8 37.6 37.9

Manufacturing

39.8 40.5 40.6 40.8

Durable goods

39.8 40.6 40.6 40.9

Nondurable goods

39.7 40.3 40.5 40.7

Private service-providing

32.2 32.1 32.1 32.2

Trade, transportation, and utilities

32.9 33.0 33.0 33.0

Wholesale trade

38.1 37.6 37.6 37.7

Retail trade

29.7 30.0 30.0 30.0

Transportation and warehousing

36.0 36.4 36.4 36.6

Utilities

42.6 41.6 41.4 41.4

Information

37.1 36.7 36.5 36.5

Financial activities

36.2 36.1 36.0 36.2

Professional and business services

34.9 34.8 34.8 35.0

Education and health services

32.4 32.2 32.3 32.2

Leisure and hospitality

24.8 24.9 24.8 24.8

Other services

30.7 30.5 30.5 30.8

AVERAGE OVERTIME HOURS

Manufacturing

2.8 3.4 3.4 3.5

Durable goods

2.6 3.2 3.3 3.4

Nondurable goods

3.2 3.6 3.6 3.7

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2009 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-8. Average hourly and weekly earnings of production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
Industry Average hourly earnings Average weekly earnings
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)

Total private

$18.43 $18.80 $18.84 $18.89 $613.72 $624.16 $625.49 $629.04

Goods-producing

19.72 20.02 20.03 20.10 775.00 794.79 795.19 804.00

Mining and logging

23.18 23.28 23.45 23.38 1,024.56 1,001.04 1,017.73 1,031.06

Construction

22.43 22.89 22.94 23.08 850.10 865.24 862.54 874.73

Manufacturing

18.01 18.38 18.37 18.42 716.80 744.39 745.82 751.54

Durable goods

19.02 19.55 19.57 19.62 757.00 793.73 794.54 802.46

Nondurable goods

16.43 16.66 16.62 16.65 652.27 671.40 673.11 677.66

Private service-providing

18.13 18.54 18.59 18.63 583.79 595.13 596.74 599.89

Trade, transportation, and utilities

16.36 16.65 16.72 16.76 538.24 549.45 551.76 553.08

Wholesale trade

20.39 21.16 21.35 21.46 776.86 795.62 802.76 809.04

Retail trade

12.95 13.12 13.16 13.18 384.62 393.60 394.80 395.40

Transportation and warehousing

18.72 18.94 18.96 19.05 673.92 689.42 690.14 697.23

Utilities

29.17 29.92 29.92 29.77 1,242.64 1,244.67 1,238.69 1,232.48

Information

24.99 25.68 25.60 25.58 927.13 942.46 934.40 933.67

Financial activities

20.56 21.07 21.11 21.34 744.27 760.63 759.96 772.51

Professional and business services

21.99 22.50 22.55 22.56 767.45 783.00 784.74 789.60

Education and health services

19.18 19.73 19.77 19.80 621.43 635.31 638.57 637.56

Leisure and hospitality

10.98 11.28 11.26 11.24 272.30 280.87 279.25 278.75

Other services

16.36 16.81 16.85 16.87 502.25 512.71 513.93 519.60

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2009 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
p = preliminary.



	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
	
    
	
	
	
    
	
	


ESTABLISHMENT DATA
Table B-9. Indexes of aggregate weekly hours and payrolls for production and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls by industry sector, seasonally adjusted(1)
2002=100
Industry Index of aggregate weekly hours(2) Index of aggregate weekly payrolls(3)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2009 - Jan.
2010(p)
Jan.
2009
Nov.
2009
Dec.
2009(p)
Jan.
2010(p)
Percent change from:
Dec.
2009 - Jan.
2010(p)

Total private

101.8 97.9 97.9 98.2 0.3 125.3 123.0 123.2 123.9 0.6

Goods-producing

87.0 78.5 78.2 78.8 0.8 105.0 96.2 95.9 97.0 1.1

Mining and logging

134.6 112.2 113.5 117.6 3.6 181.4 151.9 154.8 160.0 3.4

Construction

95.4 82.1 81.2 81.4 0.2 115.5 101.5 100.6 101.4 0.8

Manufacturing

81.1 75.4 75.4 75.9 0.7 95.6 90.6 90.5 91.4 1.0

Durable goods

81.1 73.5 73.2 74.0 1.1 96.3 89.7 89.4 90.7 1.5

Nondurable goods

80.9 78.2 78.5 78.8 0.4 94.0 92.0 92.2 92.7 0.5

Private service-providing

106.0 103.4 103.4 103.8 0.4 131.7 131.5 131.8 132.5 0.5

Trade, transportation, and utilities

99.2 96.0 95.9 96.0 0.1 115.7 114.1 114.4 114.8 0.3

Wholesale trade

104.5 99.2 98.9 99.0 0.1 125.5 123.7 124.4 125.1 0.6

Retail trade

95.6 93.6 93.6 94.0 0.4 106.1 105.3 105.6 106.2 0.6

Transportation and warehousing

102.9 99.1 98.9 98.8 -0.1 122.2 119.1 119.0 119.4 0.3

Utilities

99.1 95.1 94.3 94.2 -0.1 120.7 118.8 117.8 117.1 -0.6

Information

97.8 92.2 91.4 91.3 -0.1 121.0 117.2 115.9 115.6 -0.3

Financial activities

106.3 102.5 102.3 102.5 0.2 135.1 133.5 133.5 135.2 1.3

Professional and business services

109.2 104.9 105.1 106.1 1.0 142.9 140.4 141.0 142.5 1.1

Education and health services

116.9 117.7 118.2 117.8 -0.3 147.4 152.7 153.6 153.4 -0.1

Leisure and hospitality

106.2 105.1 104.2 104.1 -0.1 132.4 134.6 133.2 132.8 -0.3

Other services

97.6 95.2 95.3 96.1 0.8 116.4 116.6 116.9 118.1 1.0

Footnotes
(1) Data relate to production employees in mining and logging and manufacturing, construction employees in construction, and nonsupervisory employees in the service-providing industries. These groups account for approximately four-fifths of the total employment on private nonfarm payrolls.
(2) The indexes of aggregate weekly hours are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate hours by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate hours. Aggregate hours estimates are the product of estimates of average weekly hours and employment.
(3) The indexes of aggregate weekly payrolls are calculated by dividing the current month's estimates of aggregate weekly payrolls by the corresponding 2002 annual average aggregate weekly payrolls. Aggregate payrolls estimates are the product of estimates of average hourly earnings, average weekly hours, and employment.

NOTE: Data have been revised to reflect March 2009 benchmark levels and updated seasonal adjustment factors.
p = preliminary.


Last Modified Date: February 05, 2010