Employment Cost Index News Release


TRANSMISSION OF MATERIAL IN THIS RELEASE IS EMBARGOED UNTIL                                USDL-12-0158
8:30 A.M. (EST) TUESDAY, JANUARY 31, 2012


Technical information:
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Media contact:
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                                 EMPLOYMENT COST INDEX - DECEMBER 2011

     Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 0.4 percent, seasonally adjusted, for the 3-month 
period ending December 2011, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Wages and salaries 
(which make up about 70 percent of compensation costs) also increased 0.4 percent, and benefits (which 
make up the remaining 30 percent of compensation) increased 0.6 percent.

Civilian Workers

     Compensation costs for civilian workers increased 2.0 percent for the 12-month period ending 
December 2011, the same as the increase a year earlier in December 2010. Wages and salaries increased 
1.4 percent for the current 12-month period. In December 2010 the increase was 1.6 percent. Benefit 
costs increased 3.2 percent for the 12-month period ending December 2011. In December 2010, the 
increase was 2.9 percent.

Private Industry Workers

     Compensation costs for private industry workers increased 2.2 percent over the year, compared to the 
2.1 percent increase for the previous 12-month period. Wages and salaries increased 1.6 percent for the 
current 12-month period.  The increase for the 12-month period ending December 2010 was 1.8 percent. 
The increase in the cost of benefits was 3.6 percent for the 12-month period ending December 2011, 
higher than the December 2010 increase of 2.9 percent. Employer costs for health benefits increased 
3.5 percent for the 12-month period ending December 2011, lower than the December 2010 increase of 
5.0 percent.

     Among occupational groups, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the 
12-month period ending December 2011 ranged from 1.7 percent for service occupations to 2.4 percent 
for production, transportation, and material moving occupations.
Among industry supersectors, compensation cost increases for private industry workers for the current 
12-month period ranged from 1.0 percent for leisure and hospitality to 2.8 percent for manufacturing.

State and Local Government Workers

     Compensation costs for state and local government workers decelerated over the year. In December 
2011, the increase for the 12-month period was 1.3 percent. In December 2010, the increase for the 
12-month period was 1.8 percent. Values for this series—which began in June 1982—have ranged from 
the current period’s 1.3 percent to 9.6 percent. Wages and salaries increased 1.0 percent for the 
12-month period ending December 2011. A year earlier the increase was 1.2 percent. Prior values for this 
series, which also began in June 1982, ranged from 1.0 percent to 8.5 percent. Benefit costs increased 
2.1 percent in December 2011, down from the December 2010 increase of 2.9 percent. Prior values for 
this series, which began in June 1990, ranged from 1.2 percent to 8.3 percent.

________________________

The Employment Cost Index for March 2012 is scheduled to be released on 
Friday, April 27, 2012, at 8:30 a.m. (EST).

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________
     Information in this release will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request— 
Voice phone:  (202) 691-5200; Federal Relay Service:  (800) 877-8339.

     BLS news releases, including the ECI, are available through an e-mail subscription service at: 
www.bls.gov/bls/list.htm.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________


__________________________________________________________________________________________

Table A.  Major series of the Employment Cost Index
(Percent change)

Category                   3-month,                        12-month,
                     seasonally adjusted             not seasonally adjusted
                         Sep.    Dec.            Dec.    Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.
                         2011    2011            2010    2011   2011   2011   2011

   CIVILIAN 
   WORKERS[1]
Compensation[2]          0.3     0.4             2.0     2.0    2.2    2.0    2.0
Wages and salaries       0.3     0.4             1.6     1.6    1.6    1.6    1.4
Benefits                 0.1     0.6             2.9     3.0    3.6    3.2    3.2

   PRIVATE INDUSTRY

Compensation[2]          0.4     0.4             2.1     2.0    2.3    2.1    2.2
Wages and salaries       0.4     0.4             1.8     1.6    1.7    1.7    1.6
Benefits                 0.1     0.7             2.9     3.0    4.0    3.3    3.6

   STATE AND LOCAL
      GOVERNMENT

Compensation[2]          0.0     0.3             1.8     1.8    1.7    1.5    1.3
Wages and salaries      -0.2     0.3             1.2     1.2    1.2    1.0    1.0
Benefits                 0.3     0.3             2.9     3.3    3.0    2.5    2.1
__________________________________________________________________________________________

[1] Includes private industry and State and local government.
[2] Includes wages and salaries and benefits.



                                          TECHNICAL NOTE

      The Employment Cost Index (ECI) measures the change in the cost of labor, free from the 
influence of employment shifts among occupations and industries. Detailed information on survey 
concepts, coverage, and methods can be found in BLS Handbook of Methods, Chapter 8, “National 
Compensation Measures,” Bureau of Labor Statistics, on the Internet at 
www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch8.pdf.

Sample size

      Data for the December 2011 reference period were collected from a probability sample of 
approximately 48,200 occupational observations selected from a sample of about 9,400 establishments in 
private industry and approximately 9,300 occupations from a sample of about 1,400 establishments in 
state and local governments.

Health insurance data

      Data from the ECI that provide 12-month percent changes in employer costs for health insurance 
in private industry are available at www.bls.gov/ect/sp/echealth.pdf.
Historical listings

      Historical listings that provide all ECI data are available at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Included 
among these listings is one that provides continuous occupational and industry series. This listing uses 
the Standard Industrial Classification Manual and Census of Population series through 2005 and the 
North American Industry Classification System and Standard Occupational Classification from 2006 to 
the present. It provides the official series from the beginning of the ECI in 1975 through the current 
quarter. For more information on the criteria used in defining continuous series, see the article published 
in the Monthly Labor Review at www.bls.gov/opub/mlr/2006/04/art2full.pdf.

Employer Costs for Employee Compensation data

      The costs per hour worked of compensation components, based on data from the ECI, are 
published in a separate news release titled "Employer Costs for Employee Compensation" (ECEC). The 
next ECEC release is scheduled for 10:00 a.m. (EST), Wednesday, March 14, 2012. Historical ECEC 
data are available in summary documents at www.bls.gov/ect/#tables. Since the ECEC is calculated with 
current employment weights rather than the fixed weights used in computing the ECI, year-to-year 
changes in the cost levels usually differ from those in the ECI.



    Table 1.  Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended–          
                                                 2005 = 100)                                                         
          Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                     
                                                 Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2011   2011   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011   2011   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                 Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                     
    All workers(2).............................  115.1  115.6    0.6    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.6    0.7    0.3    0.4
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(3)............  113.4  114.1     .7     .5     .7     .4     .4    1.2     .2     .6
        Manufacturing..........................  112.8  113.5     .7     .7     .8     .5     .6    1.4     .2     .6
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(4)..........  115.5  116.0     .5     .5     .3     .5     .6     .6     .3     .4
        Education and health services..........  116.1  116.6     .4     .4     .3     .5     .4     .4     .0     .4
          Education services...................  116.0  116.4     .4     .4     .1     .5     .5     .3    -.1     .3
            Elementary and secondary schools...  116.0  116.5     .4     .5    -.1     .4     .5     .5    -.4     .4
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  115.5  115.8     .3     .4     .2     .8     .4     .2     .3     .3
          Health care and social assistance(5)   116.3  116.9     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3     .5
            Hospitals..........................  117.3  117.8     .5     .6     .4     .6     .5     .3     .3     .4
            Nursing and residential care                                                                             
             facilities........................  114.3  114.4     .4     .2     .5     .1     .5     .4     .4     .1
        Public administration..................  117.9  118.2     .4     .5     .6     .3     .5     .3     .1     .3
                                                                                                                     
             Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  114.6  115.1     .6     .5     .4     .5     .5     .8     .4     .4
                                                                                                                     
                Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related....  115.1  115.7     .5     .5     .4     .5     .5     .7     .3     .5
        Management, business, and financial....  114.9  115.4     .6     .5     .4     .5     .6     .9     .5     .4
        Professional and related...............  115.3  116.0     .4     .4     .5     .4     .6     .6     .2     .6
                                                                                                                     
      Sales and office.........................  113.8  114.2     .5     .6     .5     .5     .5     .9     .5     .4
        Sales and related......................  110.2  110.6     .7     .8     .1     .7     .4    1.1     .5     .4
        Office and administrative support......  116.3  116.7     .5     .5     .6     .4     .6     .7     .5     .3
                                                                                                                     
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
       maintenance.............................  115.5  116.0     .7     .4     .4     .4     .4     .9     .6     .4
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                           
         fishing, and forestry.................  115.9  116.6     .7     .2     .6     .3     .4     .3     .4     .6
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  115.0  115.3     .9     .3     .3     .5     .2    1.5     .8     .3
                                                                                                                     
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
       moving..................................  113.7  114.5     .6     .5     .7     .5     .4    1.2     .2     .7
        Production.............................  113.3  114.1     .7     .5     .6     .5     .3    1.5     .1     .7
        Transportation and material moving.....  114.1  115.0     .6     .5     .8     .6     .4     .7     .2     .8
                                                                                                                     
      Service occupations......................  114.8  115.6     .3     .4     .4     .5     .7     .2     .1     .7
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(3)............  113.3  114.1     .7     .5     .6     .4     .5    1.2     .1     .7
        Construction...........................  113.8  114.6     .3     .2     .4     .1     .1     .6     .2     .7
        Manufacturing..........................  112.8  113.5     .7     .7     .8     .5     .6    1.4     .2     .6
          Aircraft manufacturing...............   96.8   97.1     .3     .2    6.5     .3    2.2     .6   -5.6     .3
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(6)..........  115.0  115.5     .5     .5     .4     .5     .6     .7     .3     .4
        Trade, transportation, and utilities...  113.7  114.3    1.0     .7     .2     .5     .5     .8     .6     .5
          Retail trade.........................  113.9  114.5     .9     .6     .1     .2     .4     .8     .4     .5
          Transportation and warehousing.......  113.4  113.8     .6     .6     .9     .7     .8     .4     .4     .4
          Utilities............................  121.5  122.4    2.5     .9    1.1     .4    1.0     .8    1.0     .7
        Information............................  112.3  112.7     .4     .7     .4     .1    1.3     .5     .1     .4
        Financial activities...................  114.3  114.5     .8     .5     .3     .9    1.2     .5     .7     .2
          Finance and insurance................  114.6  114.8     .8     .6     .3    1.0    1.2     .5     .5     .2
            Credit intermediation and related                                                                        
             activities........................  114.5  114.2     .7     .5     .6    1.0    1.5     .4     .8    -.3
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                           
             activities........................  114.8  115.7     .7     .6     .2     .5     .8     .7     .3     .8
          Real estate and rental and leasing...  112.5  113.2     .8    -.4     .4     .7     .9     .7    1.0     .6
        Professional and business services.....  116.8  117.2     .4     .4     .5     .6     .6    1.1     .1     .3
          Professional, scientific, and                                                                              
           technical services..................  119.4  119.9     .3     .6     .7     .7     .7    1.0     .1     .4
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                       
           management and remediation services   113.3  114.0     .3    -.2     .5     .4     .3    1.0    -.1     .6
        Education and health services..........  115.9  116.6     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3     .6
          Education services...................  116.3  117.3     .3     .3     .5     .6     .3     .6     .3     .9
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  116.0  116.9     .3     .4     .4     .6     .4     .4     .1     .8
          Health care and social assistance(5)   115.8  116.4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3     .5
            Hospitals..........................  116.9  117.5     .5     .6     .4     .6     .3     .4     .3     .5
            Nursing and residential care                                                                             
             facilities........................  113.6  113.7     .5     .2     .4     .2     .4     .4     .4     .1
        Leisure and hospitality................  115.0  115.2     .4     .3     .2     .3     .3     .3     .3     .2
          Accommodation and food services......  115.8  116.0     .2     .4     .2     .3     .4     .2     .3     .2
        Other services, except public                                                                                
         administration........................  114.9  115.9     .3     .4     .4     .4     .7     .1     .4     .9
                                                                                                                     
        State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  117.2  117.5     .4     .6     .3     .5     .5     .4     .0     .3
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
        Education and health services..........  116.3  116.7     .4     .4     .1     .5     .6     .3    -.2     .3
          Education services...................  115.9  116.3     .4     .4     .0     .5     .6     .3    -.3     .3
            Schools............................  115.9  116.3     .4     .4     .0     .5     .6     .3    -.3     .3
              Elementary and secondary schools   116.1  116.6     .4     .4     .0     .4     .5     .4    -.3     .4
          Health care and social assistance(5)   119.8  120.1     .4     .4     .5     .7    1.1     .2     .4     .3
            Hospitals..........................  118.9  119.2     .4     .6     .5     .8     .9     .2     .5     .3
        Public administration..................  117.9  118.2     .4     .5     .6     .3     .5     .3     .1     .3

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
    sector, except the federal government.
      3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except
    public administration; and public administration.
      5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
      6 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
    except public administration.


    Table 2.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended–          
                                                 2005 = 100)                                                         
          Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                     
                                                 Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2011   2011   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011   2011   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                 Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                     
    All workers(1).............................  114.2  114.7    0.4    0.4    0.3    0.4    0.4    0.4    0.3    0.4
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  113.1  113.6     .3     .4     .5     .3     .4     .5     .4     .4
        Manufacturing..........................  112.5  112.9     .3     .5     .5     .4     .5     .5     .4     .4
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(3)..........  114.5  114.9     .4     .5     .2     .5     .4     .4     .3     .3
        Education and health services..........  114.7  115.2     .4     .4     .1     .4     .4     .3     .0     .4
          Education services...................  113.8  114.3     .4     .4    -.1     .5     .4     .4    -.4     .4
            Elementary and secondary schools...  113.6  114.1     .5     .5    -.3     .4     .4     .4    -.5     .4
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  113.7  114.0     .2     .4     .1     .5     .4     .4     .1     .3
          Health care and social assistance(4)   115.7  116.2     .4     .4     .3     .3     .3     .3     .3     .4
            Hospitals..........................  116.7  117.1     .4     .5     .3     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3
        Public administration..................  114.7  115.0     .3     .4     .2     .3     .3     .3     .1     .3
                                                                                                                     
             Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  114.2  114.7     .5     .4     .4     .4     .4     .5     .4     .4
                                                                                                                     
                Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related....  115.3  115.8     .5     .5     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4     .4
        Management, business, and financial....  115.0  115.3     .6     .5     .4     .5     .2     .5     .7     .2
        Professional and related...............  115.5  116.1     .4     .4     .5     .4     .5     .5     .3     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Sales and office.........................  113.2  113.6     .5     .5     .3     .6     .3     .6     .6     .4
        Sales and related......................  110.2  110.7     .8     .8    -.1     .8     .0     .9     .7     .5
        Office and administrative support......  115.4  115.8     .2     .4     .6     .4     .6     .4     .5     .4
                                                                                                                     
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
       maintenance.............................  115.2  115.4     .4     .2     .3     .2     .4     .7     .6     .2
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                           
         fishing, and forestry.................  115.3  115.7     .3     .3     .4     .2     .5     .3     .4     .3
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  115.0  115.1     .7     .0     .0     .4     .1    1.0    1.0     .1
                                                                                                                     
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
       moving..................................  112.3  112.9     .2     .4     .5     .4     .4     .4     .2     .5
        Production.............................  111.9  112.4     .2     .4     .4     .2     .4     .4     .3     .5
        Transportation and material moving.....  112.9  113.5     .3     .4     .6     .5     .3     .3     .1     .6
                                                                                                                     
      Service occupations(5)...................  114.4  115.2     .2     .2     .3     .4     .5     .1     .1     .7
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  113.1  113.6     .2     .5     .5     .3     .4     .5     .4     .4
        Construction...........................  113.5  114.1     .2     .2     .4     .0     .0     .5     .2     .5
        Manufacturing..........................  112.5  112.9     .3     .5     .5     .4     .5     .5     .4     .4
          Aircraft manufacturing...............  117.6  118.2     .6     .5     .9     .5     .2     .9     .9     .5
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(6)..........  114.6  115.0     .4     .4     .4     .5     .3     .5     .4     .3
        Trade, transportation, and utilities...  112.4  113.0     .6     .6     .1     .5     .1     .5     .7     .5
          Retail trade(7)......................  113.8  114.5     .6     .6    -.1     .3     .3     .5     .7     .6
          Transportation and warehousing.......  111.9  112.2     .5     .6     .8     .6     .2     .3     .2     .3
          Utilities............................  118.5  119.1     .3     .4     .9     .4     .9     .8     .6     .5
        Information............................  112.4  112.7     .3     .5     .5     .0    1.2     .2     .2     .3
        Financial activities...................  114.0  114.1     .6     .7     .3    1.2     .6     .1     .8     .1
          Finance and insurance................  114.7  114.9     .5    1.1     .4    1.3     .5    -.1     .7     .2
            Credit intermediation and related                                                                        
             activities........................  112.5  112.0    -.4     .7     .6    1.3    1.4    -.4     .9    -.5
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                           
             activities........................  114.1  115.2     .6     .5     .2     .6     .3     .4     .4    1.0
        Professional and business services.....  116.8  117.1     .3     .5     .6     .5     .4    1.0     .2     .3
          Professional, scientific, and                                                                              
           technical services..................  119.5  119.7     .4     .6     .7     .7     .5    1.2     .1     .2
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                       
           management and remediation services   113.2  113.8    -.2     .0     .4     .4     .0     .8     .0     .5
        Education and health services..........  115.5  116.1     .4     .4     .4     .4     .3     .4     .3     .5
          Education services...................  115.7  116.7     .1     .4     .6     .6     .3     .4     .3     .9
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                               
             universities, and professional                                                                          
             schools...........................  115.2  115.9     .2     .6     .3     .5     .5     .3     .3     .6
          Health care and social assistance(4)   115.4  115.9     .5     .3     .4     .3     .2     .4     .3     .4
            Hospitals..........................  116.5  117.0     .4     .5     .2     .4     .5     .3     .4     .5
        Leisure and hospitality................  115.7  115.9     .4     .3     .1     .3     .0     .3     .3     .2
          Accommodation and food services......  116.3  116.5     .2     .3     .1     .3     .2     .3     .4     .2
        Other services, except public                                                                                
         administration........................  114.5  115.5    -.1     .4     .4     .4     .6    -.1     .4     .9
                                                                                                                     
        State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  114.3  114.7     .4     .4    -.1     .4     .4     .4    -.2     .3
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
        Education and health services..........  114.0  114.3     .4     .4    -.2     .4     .4     .4    -.3     .3
          Education services...................  113.5  113.9     .5     .4    -.2     .5     .4     .4    -.4     .4
            Schools............................  113.5  113.9     .5     .4    -.2     .4     .4     .4    -.4     .4
              Elementary and secondary schools   113.6  114.1     .5     .5    -.3     .4     .4     .4    -.5     .5
          Health care and social assistance(4)   117.8  118.1     .3     .4     .1     .6     .5     .1     .3     .3
            Hospitals..........................  117.4  117.5     .3     .3     .3     .4     .5     .1     .4     .1
        Public administration..................  114.7  115.0     .3     .4     .2     .3     .3     .3     .1     .3

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
    sector, except the federal government.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other services, except
    public administration; and public administration.
      4 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.
      5 Seasonally adjusted indexes and 3-month percent changes for this series are being published for the first
    time with the 2011 seasonal adjustment revisions. Historical data for this series are published beginning with
    March 2006.
      6 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
    except public administration.
      7 The retail trade wages series is seasonal as of the 2011 revision.  Seasonality was first found in the 2006
    revision and the series continued to be seasonally adjusted until the 2010 revision when it was discontinued for
    one year.  Historical data for this series is published beginning with March 2001.


    Table 3.  Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                                                Indexes (Dec.           Percent changes for 3-months ended–          
                                                 2005 = 100)                                                         
          Occupational group and industry                                                                            
                                                                                                                     
                                                 Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec.   Mar.   June   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2011   2011   2010   2010   2010   2010   2011   2011   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                     
                                                                                                                     
                 Civilian workers                                                                                    
                                                                                                                     
    All workers(1).............................  117.0  117.7    1.0    0.6    0.7    0.5    1.1    1.3    0.1    0.6
                                                                                                                     
             Private industry workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  115.4  116.2    1.2     .5     .6     .5    1.2    1.6     .1     .7
                                                                                                                     
                Occupational group                                                                                   
                                                                                                                     
      Management, professional, and related....  114.7  115.6     .6     .5     .5     .6    1.3    1.4     .0     .8
                                                                                                                     
      Sales and office.........................  115.3  115.7    1.1     .8     .6     .3    1.2    1.5     .3     .3
                                                                                                                     
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                           
       maintenance.............................  116.2  117.3    1.5     .5     .7     .7     .3    1.4     .5     .9
                                                                                                                     
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                       
       moving..................................  116.3  117.6    1.5    1.0    1.1     .8     .4    2.8     .0    1.1
                                                                                                                     
      Service occupations......................  115.9  116.8     .6     .8     .7     .5    1.4     .6    -.1     .7
                                                                                                                     
                     Industry                                                                                        
                                                                                                                     
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  113.8  115.1    1.6     .7    1.1     .6     .6    2.3    -.2    1.1
        Manufacturing..........................  113.4  114.7    1.8    1.1    1.3     .8     .9    2.9    -.4    1.1
                                                                                                                     
      Service-providing industries(3)..........  116.0  116.6    1.0     .5     .4     .4    1.4    1.2     .2     .5
                                                                                                                     
        State and local government workers                                                                           
                                                                                                                     
    All workers................................  123.1  123.5     .5     .8     .8     .7     .9     .5     .3     .3

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the public
    sector, except the federal government.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing; utilities;
    information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical services;
    management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services; health care and
    social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and other services,
    except public administration.


    Table 4.  Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for civilian workers, by occupational group and
    industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                  Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                  2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                 Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
    All workers(2).............................  113.2   115.2   115.5     0.3    0.3    0.3    2.0    2.0    2.0
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(3)  113.7   115.7   116.0      .3     .4     .3    2.0    2.0    2.0
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  113.7   115.6   115.8      .3     .3     .2    1.9    1.9    1.8
        Management, business, and financial....  112.7   115.1   115.3      .4     .3     .2    2.1    2.5    2.3
        Professional and related...............  114.3   115.9   116.2      .2     .4     .3    1.8    1.6    1.7
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  112.1   114.2   114.6      .4     .4     .4    2.2    2.3    2.2
        Sales and related......................  108.1   110.4   110.8      .7     .5     .4    2.2    2.8    2.5
        Office and administrative support......  114.4   116.6   116.8      .3     .4     .2    2.1    2.2    2.1
                                                                                                                 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
       maintenance.............................  113.6   115.8   116.1      .2     .5     .3    1.9    2.1    2.2
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                       
         fishing, and forestry.................  114.5   116.1   116.5      .1     .4     .3    1.8    1.5    1.7
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  112.6   115.5   115.6      .4     .7     .1    2.0    2.9    2.7
                                                                                                                 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
       moving..................................  111.9   114.2   114.6      .2     .3     .4    2.5    2.2    2.4
        Production.............................  110.9   113.4   113.8      .1     .2     .4    2.4    2.3    2.6
        Transportation and material moving.....  113.3   115.1   115.6      .4     .3     .4    2.6    1.9    2.0
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  114.9   116.2   116.6      .3     .3     .3    1.8    1.4    1.5
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Goods-producing industries(4)............  111.1   113.5   113.9      .1     .3     .4    2.3    2.3    2.5
        Manufacturing..........................  110.0   112.8   113.1      .1     .1     .3    2.8    2.6    2.8
                                                                                                                 
      Service-providing industries(5)..........  113.6   115.5   115.8      .3     .4     .3    1.9    1.9    1.9
        Education and health services..........  115.2   116.5   116.8      .3     .7     .3    1.6    1.5    1.4
          Education services...................  115.3   116.6   116.7      .2    1.0     .1    1.5    1.3    1.2
            Elementary and secondary schools...  115.5   116.7   116.8      .0     .9     .1    1.2    1.0    1.1
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                           
             universities, and professional                                                                      
             schools...........................  114.6   115.9   116.0      .5    1.0     .1    1.7    1.7    1.2
          Health care and social assistance(6)   115.0   116.4   116.8      .3     .4     .3    1.7    1.6    1.6
            Hospitals..........................  115.9   117.4   117.8      .6     .4     .3    2.2    1.9    1.6
            Nursing and residential care                                                                         
             facilities........................  112.7   114.3   114.3      .0     .4     .0    1.2    1.4    1.4
        Public administration..................  116.8   118.1   118.2      .2     .4     .1    1.9    1.3    1.2

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
    public sector, except the federal government.
      3 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      4 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      5 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other
    services, except public administration; and public administration.
      6 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.


    Table 5.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by occupational
    group and industry
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                    Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                            100)                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
           Occupational group and industry                                   3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                    Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                    2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                           Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                           2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
              Private industry workers                                                                             
                                                                                                                   
    All workers..................................  112.5   114.6   115.0     0.3    0.3    0.3    2.1    2.1    2.2
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)..  113.1   115.1   115.5      .3     .2     .3    2.1    2.0    2.1
                                                                                                                   
                 Occupational group                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
      Management, professional, and related......  113.0   115.1   115.4      .3     .3     .3    2.1    2.1    2.1
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  113.1   115.3   115.6      .3     .2     .3    2.1    2.2    2.2
        Management, business, and financial......  112.3   114.8   115.0      .3     .3     .2    2.2    2.5    2.4
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  112.7   115.1   115.4      .3     .2     .3    2.2    2.4    2.4
        Professional and related.................  113.5   115.4   115.7      .2     .3     .3    1.9    1.9    1.9
                                                                                                                   
      Sales and office...........................  111.6   113.8   114.2      .5     .4     .4    2.2    2.4    2.3
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  113.3   115.4   115.8      .3     .3     .3    1.7    2.1    2.2
        Sales and related........................  108.1   110.3   110.7      .7     .5     .4    2.2    2.7    2.4
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  111.8   113.9   114.2      .1     .3     .3     .7    2.0    2.1
        Office and administrative support........  114.0   116.2   116.5      .3     .3     .3    2.2    2.2    2.2
                                                                                                                   
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                         
       maintenance...............................  113.3   115.5   115.8      .2     .5     .3    1.9    2.1    2.2
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                         
         fishing, and forestry...................  114.4   116.0   116.5      .1     .4     .4    1.8    1.5    1.8
        Installation, maintenance, and repair....  111.9   114.9   115.0      .3     .6     .1    1.9    3.0    2.8
                                                                                                                   
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                     
       moving....................................  111.5   113.8   114.2      .2     .3     .4    2.4    2.2    2.4
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  111.7   113.9   114.5      .2     .1     .5    2.4    2.2    2.5
        Production...............................  110.8   113.4   113.8      .1     .2     .4    2.4    2.4    2.7
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  111.0   113.5   114.0      .2     .1     .4    2.4    2.4    2.7
        Transportation and material moving.......  112.5   114.4   114.9      .3     .4     .4    2.6    2.0    2.1
                                                                                                                   
      Service occupations........................  113.5   115.0   115.4      .2     .3     .3    1.5    1.5    1.7
                                                                                                                   
           Industry and occupational group                                                                         
                                                                                                                   
      Goods-producing industries(3)..............  111.1   113.4   113.8      .1     .2     .4    2.3    2.2    2.4
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  111.4   113.8   114.2      .1     .1     .4    2.3    2.2    2.5
          Management, professional, and related..  109.1   112.0   112.3     -.1    -.1     .3    2.5    2.6    2.9
          Sales and office.......................  110.2   111.8   112.5      .5     .4     .6    2.2    1.9    2.1
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  113.7   115.6   115.9      .1     .3     .3    1.8    1.8    1.9
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  110.8   113.1   113.6      .2     .1     .4    2.6    2.3    2.5
                                                                                                                   
        Construction.............................  112.7   113.9   114.5     -.1     .3     .5     .9    1.0    1.6
                                                                                                                   
        Manufacturing............................  110.0   112.8   113.1      .1     .1     .3    2.8    2.6    2.8
            Management, professional, and related  108.8   112.0   112.2      .0     .0     .2    3.1    2.9    3.1
            Sales and office.....................  110.8   113.3   113.7      .5     .1     .4    3.1    2.7    2.6
            Natural resources, construction, and                                                                   
             maintenance.........................  110.9   114.3   114.2      .0     .3    -.1    3.0    3.1    3.0
            Production, transportation, and                                                                        
             material moving.....................  110.5   112.9   113.4      .2     .1     .4    2.6    2.4    2.6
                                                                                                                   
          Aircraft manufacturing.................   99.3    96.8    96.7     -.1   -5.7    -.1    7.5   -2.6   -2.6
                                                                                                                   
      Service-providing industries(4)............  113.0   115.0   115.3      .4     .3     .3    2.0    2.1    2.0
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(2)......................  113.6   115.6   116.0      .3     .3     .3    1.9    2.0    2.1
          Management, professional, and related..  113.7   115.7   116.0      .3     .3     .3    1.9    2.0    2.0
          Sales and office.......................  111.8   114.0   114.3      .4     .4     .3    2.2    2.4    2.2
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  112.6   115.5   115.6      .4    1.0     .1    2.0    2.9    2.7
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  112.5   114.6   115.1      .2     .4     .4    2.4    2.0    2.3
          Service occupations....................  113.5   114.9   115.4      .2     .2     .4    1.4    1.4    1.7
                                                                                                                   
        Trade, transportation, and utilities.....  111.4   113.8   114.1      .3     .5     .3    2.4    2.4    2.4
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  112.5   114.9   115.3      .2     .3     .3    2.0    2.3    2.5
          Wholesale trade........................  109.5   112.2   112.8      .7     .7     .5    2.3    3.2    3.0
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  111.7   115.2   115.5      .4     .6     .3    1.1    3.5    3.4
          Retail trade...........................  112.0   114.0   114.4      .0     .4     .4    1.8    1.8    2.1
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  112.8   114.1   114.6      .1     .1     .4    1.8    1.2    1.6
          Transportation and warehousing.........  111.3   113.6   113.6      .4     .4     .0    2.9    2.4    2.1
          Utilities..............................  117.5   121.5   121.6     -.3     .5     .1    4.9    3.1    3.5
                                                                                                                   
        Information..............................  110.0   112.4   112.5     -.2     .1     .1    1.6    2.0    2.3
                                                                                                                   
        Financial activities.....................  111.4   114.3   114.2      .7     .4    -.1    2.6    3.3    2.5
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  112.3   115.2   115.5      .3     .3     .3    1.7    2.9    2.8
          Finance and insurance..................  111.8   114.7   114.5      .7     .3    -.2    2.8    3.3    2.4
            Credit intermediation and related                                                                      
             activities..........................  111.4   114.3   114.1     1.2     .4    -.2    3.0    3.8    2.4
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  113.9   116.9   117.2      .3     .2     .3    2.3    2.9    2.9
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                         
             activities..........................  112.2   114.9   115.2      .0     .1     .3    2.0    2.4    2.7
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  112.7   115.4   115.7      .0     .0     .3    1.7    2.4    2.7
          Real estate and rental and leasing.....  109.4   112.5   112.9      .6    1.0     .4    1.6    3.4    3.2
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(2)....................  112.3   115.2   115.7      .4     .8     .4    1.5    2.9    3.0
                                                                                                                   
        Professional and business services.......  114.6   116.7   117.1      .5     .1     .3    2.0    2.4    2.2
          Professional, scientific, and technical                                                                  
           services..............................  117.2   119.3   119.8      .7     .1     .4    2.4    2.5    2.2
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                     
           management and remediation services...  111.9   113.3   113.9      .4    -.1     .5    1.1    1.6    1.8
                                                                                                                   
        Education and health services............  114.7   116.0   116.5      .3     .4     .4    1.7    1.5    1.6
          Education services.....................  115.0   116.8   117.3      .3    1.0     .4    1.6    1.8    2.0
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                             
             universities, and professional                                                                        
             schools.............................  115.0   116.5   116.9      .3    1.0     .3    1.7    1.6    1.7
          Health care and social assistance(5)...  114.6   115.8   116.4      .4     .3     .5    1.6    1.4    1.6
            Hospitals............................  115.6   117.0   117.5      .5     .3     .4    2.1    1.7    1.6
            Nursing and residential care                                                                           
             facilities..........................  112.1   113.6   113.7      .1     .3     .1    1.1    1.4    1.4
              Nursing care facilities(2).........  112.6   114.1   114.2      .0     .2     .1    1.3    1.3    1.4
                                                                                                                   
        Leisure and hospitality..................  114.1   115.1   115.2      .2     .4     .1    1.2    1.1    1.0
          Accommodation and food services........  114.8   115.9   116.0      .2     .5     .1    1.1    1.1    1.0
                                                                                                                   
        Other services, except public                                                                              
         administration..........................  113.2   115.0   115.6     -.1     .4     .5    1.5    1.5    2.1

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.


    Table 6.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for private industry workers, by bargaining
    status and census region and division
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
      Bargaining status and census region and                                                                    
                     division                                              3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                  Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                  2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                 Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Union....................................  114.8   117.4   117.9     0.2    0.3    0.4    3.3    2.4    2.7
        Goods-producing industries(2)..........  113.9   116.3   116.9      .1    -.1     .5    3.5    2.2    2.6
          Manufacturing........................  110.5   113.2   113.8      .0    -.5     .5    4.4    2.4    3.0
        Service-providing industries(3)........  115.5   118.3   118.8      .3     .5     .4    3.2    2.7    2.9
                                                                                                                 
      Nonunion.................................  112.1   114.2   114.5      .3     .4     .3    1.8    2.1    2.1
        Goods-producing industries(2)..........  110.2   112.5   112.9      .1     .3     .4    1.8    2.2    2.5
          Manufacturing........................  110.0   112.8   113.0      .1     .3     .2    2.3    2.6    2.7
        Service-providing industries(3)........  112.7   114.7   115.0      .4     .3     .3    1.9    2.1    2.0
                                                                                                                 
           Census region and division(4)                                                                         
                                                                                                                 
      Northeast................................  113.6   115.7   116.1      .4     .3     .3    2.3    2.3    2.2
        New England............................  114.1   116.2   116.3      .6     .2     .1    2.3    2.5    1.9
        Middle Atlantic........................  113.4   115.5   116.0      .4     .3     .4    2.3    2.2    2.3
                                                                                                                 
      South....................................  112.8   114.7   115.0      .3     .3     .3    1.9    2.0    2.0
        South Atlantic.........................  113.3   115.1   115.4      .3     .4     .3    1.6    1.9    1.9
        East South Central.....................  110.9   113.0   113.2     -.1     .3     .2    1.5    1.8    2.1
        West South Central.....................  112.7   114.7   115.0      .4     .3     .3    2.5    2.2    2.0
                                                                                                                 
      Midwest..................................  111.3   113.6   113.9      .3     .3     .3    2.5    2.3    2.3
        East North Central.....................  110.5   113.1   113.2      .2     .4     .1    2.5    2.5    2.4
        West North Central.....................  113.2   115.0   115.6      .4     .2     .5    2.3    2.0    2.1
                                                                                                                 
      West.....................................  112.5   114.6   115.1      .2     .3     .4    1.7    2.0    2.3
        Mountain...............................  112.8   114.8   115.3     -.2     .8     .4    1.6    1.6    2.2
        Pacific................................  112.4   114.6   115.1      .4     .1     .4    1.7    2.3    2.4

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      4 The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
    Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New
    York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
    Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi,
    and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois,
    Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
    North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and
    Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
      
      NOTE:  The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and
      industry series. Dashes indicate data not available.


    Table 7.    Employment Cost Index for total compensation(1), for State and local government workers, by
    occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                  Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                  2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
        State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  116.2   117.6   117.7     0.3    0.8    0.1    1.8    1.5    1.3
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  115.5   116.9   116.9      .2     .8     .0    1.5    1.4    1.2
        Professional and related...............  115.5   116.8   116.9      .2     .8     .1    1.4    1.3    1.2
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  116.6   118.4   118.4      .2     .9     .0    1.9    1.7    1.5
        Office and administrative support......  116.9   118.7   118.6      .1     .8    -.1    1.9    1.6    1.5
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  118.0   119.2   119.5      .3     .5     .3    2.3    1.4    1.3
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Education and health services............  115.6   116.9   117.0      .2     .9     .1    1.5    1.3    1.2
        Education services.....................  115.3   116.5   116.6      .2     .9     .1    1.4    1.2    1.1
          Schools(2)...........................  115.3   116.5   116.5      .2     .9     .0    1.4    1.2    1.0
            Elementary and secondary schools...  115.6   116.8   116.9      .0     .9     .1    1.3    1.0    1.1
        Health care and social assistance(3)...  117.9   119.9   120.1      .6     .6     .2    2.2    2.3    1.9
          Hospitals............................  117.0   118.9   119.2      .8     .5     .3    2.4    2.4    1.9
      Public administration....................  116.8   118.1   118.2      .2     .4     .1    1.9    1.3    1.2

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.
      2 Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional
    schools.
      3 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.


    Table 8.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for civilian workers, by occupational group and
    industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                  Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                  2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                 Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
    All workers(1).............................  113.0   114.4   114.6     0.4    0.4    0.2    1.6    1.6    1.4
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(2)  113.4   114.8   115.1      .2     .3     .3    1.4    1.4    1.5
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  113.7   115.0   115.2      .3     .3     .2    1.8    1.4    1.3
        Management, business, and financial....  113.2   114.8   114.9      .4     .4     .1    2.1    1.8    1.5
        Professional and related...............  113.9   115.2   115.4      .2     .4     .2    1.5    1.3    1.3
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  111.7   113.3   113.7      .5     .5     .4    1.9    2.0    1.8
        Sales and related......................  108.6   110.3   110.8      .8     .5     .5    2.3    2.4    2.0
        Office and administrative support......  113.6   115.3   115.5      .3     .5     .2    1.5    1.8    1.7
                                                                                                                 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
       maintenance.............................  113.4   115.2   115.4      .2     .6     .2    1.2    1.8    1.8
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                       
         fishing, and forestry.................  113.9   115.3   115.6      .1     .4     .3    1.1    1.3    1.5
        Installation, maintenance, and repair..  112.8   115.2   115.2      .3    1.0     .0    1.2    2.4    2.1
                                                                                                                 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
       moving..................................  111.5   112.7   113.1      .2     .4     .4    1.5    1.3    1.4
        Production.............................  110.6   112.1   112.4      .0     .4     .3    1.2    1.4    1.6
        Transportation and material moving.....  112.5   113.4   113.8      .4     .3     .4    1.9    1.2    1.2
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  113.9   115.0   115.4      .2     .3     .3    1.2    1.1    1.3
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Goods-producing industries(3)............  111.6   113.2   113.5      .1     .4     .3    1.4    1.5    1.7
        Manufacturing..........................  110.7   112.5   112.7      .1     .4     .2    1.7    1.7    1.8
                                                                                                                 
      Service-providing industries(4)..........  113.2   114.6   114.9      .3     .4     .3    1.6    1.5    1.5
        Education and health services..........  114.0   115.0   115.3      .3     .5     .3    1.3    1.1    1.1
          Education services...................  113.4   114.4   114.6      .2     .7     .2    1.2    1.1    1.1
            Elementary and secondary schools...  113.4   114.2   114.4      .0     .5     .2    1.2     .7     .9
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                           
             universities, and professional                                                                      
             schools...........................  113.0   114.1   114.2      .4     .8     .1    1.2    1.4    1.1
          Health care and social assistance(5)   114.7   115.8   116.2      .3     .3     .3    1.4    1.3    1.3
            Hospitals..........................  115.4   116.7   117.2      .4     .4     .4    1.6    1.6    1.6
            Nursing and residential care                                                                         
             facilities........................  112.6   113.7   113.8      .0     .2     .1     .9    1.0    1.1
        Public administration..................  114.0   114.8   115.0      .2     .3     .2    1.1     .9     .9

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
    public sector, except the federal government.
      2 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      3 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      4 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; educational services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; other
    services, except public administration; and public administration.
      5 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.


    Table 9.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by occupational group and
    industry
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                    Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                            100)                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
           Occupational group and industry                                   3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                    Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                    2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                           Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                           2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
              Private industry workers                                                                             
                                                                                                                   
    All workers..................................  112.8   114.3   114.6     0.4    0.4    0.3    1.8    1.7    1.6
        Excluding incentive paid occupations(1)..  113.4   114.8   115.2      .3     .3     .3    1.6    1.5    1.6
                                                                                                                   
                 Occupational group                                                                                
                                                                                                                   
      Management, professional, and related......  113.7   115.3   115.5      .3     .3     .2    2.0    1.7    1.6
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  113.9   115.5   115.8      .3     .3     .3    2.0    1.7    1.7
        Management, business, and financial......  113.2   114.9   115.0      .4     .4     .1    2.2    1.9    1.6
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  113.7   115.2   115.4      .3     .3     .2    2.2    1.6    1.5
        Professional and related.................  114.1   115.6   115.9      .2     .3     .3    1.8    1.5    1.6
                                                                                                                   
      Sales and office...........................  111.5   113.2   113.6      .5     .4     .4    1.9    2.1    1.9
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  113.3   114.9   115.3      .3     .4     .3    1.3    1.7    1.8
        Sales and related........................  108.7   110.4   110.9      .8     .5     .5    2.4    2.4    2.0
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  112.7   114.1   114.5      .2     .4     .4     .5    1.4    1.6
        Office and administrative support........  113.6   115.4   115.7      .3     .5     .3    1.6    1.9    1.8
                                                                                                                   
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                         
       maintenance...............................  113.3   115.2   115.4      .2     .7     .2    1.2    1.9    1.9
        Construction, extraction, farming,                                                                         
         fishing, and forestry...................  114.0   115.4   115.7      .1     .4     .3    1.2    1.3    1.5
        Installation, maintenance, and repair....  112.5   115.0   115.0      .4    1.0     .0    1.2    2.6    2.2
                                                                                                                   
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                     
       moving....................................  111.3   112.5   112.8      .2     .4     .3    1.6    1.3    1.3
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  111.5   112.7   113.1      .2     .4     .4    1.5    1.3    1.4
        Production...............................  110.5   112.0   112.3      .0     .4     .3    1.1    1.4    1.6
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  110.8   112.0   112.4      .1     .4     .4    1.3    1.2    1.4
        Transportation and material moving.......  112.2   113.2   113.6      .4     .4     .4    1.9    1.3    1.2
                                                                                                                   
      Service occupations........................  113.5   114.6   115.1      .2     .4     .4    1.1    1.1    1.4
                                                                                                                   
           Industry and occupational group                                                                         
                                                                                                                   
      Goods-producing industries(2)..............  111.6   113.2   113.5      .1     .4     .3    1.5    1.5    1.7
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  112.1   113.7   114.0      .2     .4     .3    1.4    1.6    1.7
          Management, professional, and related..  111.4   113.5   113.7     -.2     .3     .2    1.8    1.7    2.1
          Sales and office.......................  110.5   111.5   112.3      .5     .5     .7    1.7    1.5    1.6
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  113.5   115.0   115.3      .0     .3     .3    1.1    1.3    1.6
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  110.5   111.9   112.2      .1     .4     .3    1.3    1.4    1.5
                                                                                                                   
        Construction.............................  112.7   113.6   114.1     -.1     .4     .4     .7     .7    1.2
                                                                                                                   
        Manufacturing............................  110.7   112.5   112.7      .1     .4     .2    1.7    1.7    1.8
            Management, professional, and related  111.2   113.3   113.4      .0     .4     .1    2.3    1.9    2.0
            Sales and office.....................  111.1   113.1   113.5      .6     .3     .4    2.3    2.4    2.2
            Natural resources, construction, and                                                                   
             maintenance.........................  111.4   113.8   113.5      .0     .8    -.3    1.4    2.2    1.9
            Production, transportation, and                                                                        
             material moving.....................  110.2   111.7   112.0      .1     .4     .3    1.2    1.5    1.6
                                                                                                                   
          Aircraft manufacturing.................  114.4   117.4   117.3     -.1     .5    -.1    2.6    2.5    2.5
                                                                                                                   
      Service-providing industries(3)............  113.1   114.6   114.9      .4     .4     .3    1.8    1.7    1.6
            Excluding incentive paid                                                                               
             occupations(1)......................  113.8   115.2   115.5      .4     .3     .3    1.7    1.6    1.5
          Management, professional, and related..  114.1   115.6   115.8      .4     .3     .2    2.0    1.7    1.5
          Sales and office.......................  111.6   113.4   113.8      .5     .4     .4    1.9    2.2    2.0
          Natural resources, construction, and                                                                     
           maintenance...........................  113.0   115.5   115.5      .4    1.1     .0    1.3    2.6    2.2
          Production, transportation, and                                                                          
           material moving.......................  112.2   113.2   113.6      .3     .4     .4    1.8    1.2    1.2
          Service occupations....................  113.5   114.6   115.1      .2     .4     .4    1.1    1.1    1.4
                                                                                                                   
        Trade, transportation, and utilities.....  111.0   112.5   112.9      .4     .7     .4    1.9    1.7    1.7
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  112.2   113.7   114.1      .2     .4     .4    1.3    1.5    1.7
          Wholesale trade........................  108.5   109.5   110.2      .7     .9     .6    2.0    1.7    1.6
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  111.0   112.5   112.8      .3     .6     .3     .3    1.6    1.6
          Retail trade...........................  112.0   114.0   114.4      .0     .8     .4    1.4    1.8    2.1
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  112.8   114.1   114.5      .1     .4     .4    1.4    1.2    1.5
          Transportation and warehousing.........  111.0   112.2   112.1      .4     .4    -.1    2.5    1.4    1.0
          Utilities..............................  115.6   118.5   118.8      .2     .3     .3    2.0    2.7    2.8
                                                                                                                   
        Information..............................  110.5   112.5   112.6     -.3     .2     .1    1.3    1.5    1.9
                                                                                                                   
        Financial activities.....................  112.0   114.0   113.8      .8     .5    -.2    2.8    2.6    1.6
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  113.1   114.9   115.2      .3     .3     .3    1.9    1.9    1.9
          Finance and insurance..................  113.0   114.8   114.5      .9     .4    -.3    3.3    2.5    1.3
            Credit intermediation and related                                                                      
             activities..........................  110.4   112.3   112.0     1.5     .4    -.3    2.4    3.2    1.4
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  113.4   115.1   115.2      .2     .3     .1    1.5    1.7    1.6
            Insurance carriers and related                                                                         
             activities..........................  112.4   114.3   114.8      .1     .3     .4    2.0    1.8    2.1
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  112.8   114.6   114.9      .1     .2     .3    1.6    1.7    1.9
          Real estate and rental and leasing.....  108.1   110.8   111.1      .6    1.1     .3    1.2    3.1    2.8
              Excluding incentive paid                                                                             
               occupations(1)....................  111.2   113.8   114.1      .2    1.0     .3     .9    2.5    2.6
                                                                                                                   
        Professional and business services.......  115.0   116.7   117.0      .6     .1     .3    2.0    2.1    1.7
          Professional, scientific, and technical                                                                  
           services..............................  117.2   119.4   119.6      .7     .2     .2    2.4    2.6    2.0
          Administrative and support and waste                                                                     
           management and remediation services...  112.2   113.2   113.7      .4     .0     .4     .7    1.3    1.3
                                                                                                                   
        Education and health services............  114.5   115.6   116.1      .4     .4     .4    1.5    1.3    1.4
          Education services.....................  114.5   116.2   116.8      .3    1.1     .5    1.7    1.8    2.0
            Junior colleges, colleges,                                                                             
             universities, and professional                                                                        
             schools.............................  114.2   115.7   116.1      .3    1.1     .3    1.6    1.6    1.7
          Health care and social assistance(4)...  114.4   115.5   116.0      .3     .3     .4    1.4    1.2    1.4
            Hospitals............................  115.2   116.6   117.1      .4     .5     .4    1.6    1.7    1.6
            Nursing and residential care                                                                           
             facilities..........................  112.5   113.6   113.6      .1     .3     .0     .9    1.1    1.0
              Nursing care facilities(1).........  112.7   113.9   113.9      .0     .2     .0    1.1    1.1    1.1
                                                                                                                   
        Leisure and hospitality..................  115.0   115.8   115.8      .2     .6     .0    1.1     .9     .7
          Accommodation and food services........  115.3   116.4   116.5      .2     .7     .1     .9    1.1    1.0
                                                                                                                   
        Other services, except public                                                                              
         administration..........................  113.2   114.8   115.2     -.2     .6     .3    1.0    1.2    1.8

      1 The index for this series is not strictly comparable with other series in this table.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      4 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.

 
 Table 10.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for private industry workers, by bargaining status
    and census region and division
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
      Bargaining status and census region and                                                                    
                     division                                              3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                  Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                  2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                 Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Union....................................  112.9   114.6   114.9     0.2    0.5    0.3    1.8    1.7    1.8
        Goods-producing industries(1)..........  111.2   112.8   112.9      .1     .6     .1    1.3    1.5    1.5
          Manufacturing........................  108.7   110.6   110.7      .1     .7     .1    1.3    1.8    1.8
        Service-providing industries(2)........  114.2   115.8   116.3      .4     .4     .4    2.3    1.8    1.8
                                                                                                                 
      Nonunion.................................  112.7   114.3   114.6      .3     .4     .3    1.6    1.7    1.7
        Goods-producing industries(1)..........  111.7   113.3   113.7      .1     .4     .4    1.5    1.5    1.8
          Manufacturing........................  111.2   113.0   113.3      .1     .4     .3    1.7    1.7    1.9
        Service-providing industries(2)........  113.0   114.5   114.8      .4     .4     .3    1.8    1.7    1.6
                                                                                                                 
           Census region and division(3)                                                                         
                                                                                                                 
      Northeast................................  113.4   114.9   115.3      .4     .3     .3    2.1    1.8    1.7
        New England............................  114.3   116.0   116.0      .7     .1     .0    2.0    2.2    1.5
        Middle Atlantic........................  113.1   114.5   115.0      .4     .4     .4    2.2    1.6    1.7
                                                                                                                 
      South....................................  113.4   115.0   115.2      .4     .5     .2    1.7    1.9    1.6
        South Atlantic.........................  113.7   115.4   115.6      .4     .7     .2    1.3    1.9    1.7
        East South Central.....................  111.5   113.4   113.5     -.1     .4     .1    1.2    1.6    1.8
        West South Central.....................  113.5   115.0   115.2      .6     .4     .2    2.3    2.0    1.5
                                                                                                                 
      Midwest..................................  111.2   112.7   112.9      .3     .4     .2    1.8    1.6    1.5
        East North Central.....................  110.3   111.8   111.9      .2     .4     .1    1.8    1.5    1.5
        West North Central.....................  113.5   114.9   115.4      .4     .3     .4    1.9    1.6    1.7
                                                                                                                 
      West.....................................  113.0   114.5   114.9      .1     .4     .3    1.3    1.4    1.7
        Mountain...............................  113.7   115.0   115.2     -.4     .8     .2    1.6     .8    1.3
        Pacific................................  112.8   114.4   114.9      .4     .3     .4    1.2    1.8    1.9

      1 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      2 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.
      3 The states (including the District of Columbia) that comprise the census divisions are: New England:
    Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont; Middle Atlantic: New Jersey, New
    York, and Pennsylvania; South Atlantic: Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North
    Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia; East South Central: Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi,
    and Tennessee; West South Central: Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas; East North Central: Illinois,
    Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and Wisconsin; West North Central: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska,
    North Dakota, and South Dakota; Mountain: Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and
    Wyoming; and Pacific: Alaska, California, Hawaii, Oregon, and Washington.
      
      NOTE:  The indexes for these series are not strictly comparable to those for the aggregate, occupation, and
      industry series. Dashes indicate data not available.


    Table 11.  Employment Cost Index for wages and salaries, for State and local government workers, by
    occupational group and industry
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
          Occupational group and industry                                  3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                  Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                  2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
        State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  113.8   114.7   114.9     0.2    0.4    0.2    1.2    1.0    1.0
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  113.5   114.4   114.5      .2     .5     .1    1.2    1.0     .9
        Professional and related...............  113.6   114.5   114.6      .3     .6     .1    1.2    1.1     .9
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  113.2   114.2   114.2      .1     .4     .0    1.0    1.0     .9
        Office and administrative support......  113.6   114.7   114.6      .1     .5    -.1    1.0    1.1     .9
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  115.1   115.9   116.3      .2     .3     .3    1.4     .9    1.0
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
      Education and health services............  113.6   114.4   114.6      .2     .5     .2    1.2     .9     .9
        Education services.....................  113.2   114.0   114.1      .2     .5     .1    1.2     .9     .8
          Schools(1)...........................  113.2   114.0   114.1      .2     .5     .1    1.2     .9     .8
            Elementary and secondary schools...  113.5   114.2   114.3      .1     .5     .1    1.2     .7     .7
        Health care and social assistance(2)...  116.8   117.9   118.1      .5     .4     .2    1.4    1.5    1.1
          Hospitals............................  116.3   117.3   117.5      .5     .3     .2    1.4    1.4    1.0
      Public administration....................  114.0   114.8   115.0      .2     .3     .2    1.1     .9     .9

      1 Includes elementary and secondary schools; junior colleges; colleges, universities, and professional
    schools.
      2 Includes ambulatory health care services and social assistance, not shown separately.


    Table 12.  Employment Cost Index for benefits, by occupational group, industry, and bargaining status
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                                                  Indexes (Dec. 2005 =             Percent changes for–          
                                                          100)                                                   
                                                                                                                 
         Occupational group, industry, and                                                                       
                 bargaining status                                         3-months ended–     12-months ended–  
                                                  Dec.    Sep.    Dec.                                           
                                                  2010    2011    2011                                           
                                                                         Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                                         2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
                 Civilian workers                                                                                
                                                                                                                 
    All workers(1).............................  113.9   117.2   117.5     0.3    0.3    0.3    2.9    3.2    3.2
                                                                                                                 
             Private industry workers                                                                            
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  111.9   115.4   115.9      .2     .0     .4    2.9    3.3    3.6
                                                                                                                 
                Occupational group                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Management, professional, and related....  111.2   114.7   115.2      .2    -.1     .4    2.2    3.3    3.6
                                                                                                                 
      Sales and office.........................  111.8   115.2   115.5      .2     .2     .3    2.9    3.2    3.3
                                                                                                                 
      Natural resources, construction, and                                                                       
       maintenance.............................  113.2   116.2   116.8      .2     .3     .5    3.4    2.8    3.2
                                                                                                                 
      Production, transportation, and material                                                                   
       moving..................................  112.0   116.3   117.0      .2    -.2     .6    4.3    4.0    4.5
                                                                                                                 
      Service occupations......................  113.5   115.9   116.4      .3    -.2     .4    2.7    2.4    2.6
                                                                                                                 
                     Industry                                                                                    
                                                                                                                 
                                                                                                                 
      Goods-producing industries(2)............  110.1   113.9   114.4      .1    -.2     .4    4.1    3.5    3.9
        Manufacturing..........................  108.8   113.4   113.9      .1    -.5     .4    5.0    4.3    4.7
          Aircraft manufacturing...............   83.2    74.7    74.6      .0  -14.7    -.1   15.6  -10.2  -10.3
                                                                                                                 
      Service-providing industries(3)..........  112.6   116.0   116.4      .3     .1     .3    2.5    3.3    3.4
                                                                                                                 
                 Bargaining status                                                                               
                                                                                                                 
      Union....................................  117.9   122.0   122.8      .3    -.2     .7    5.8    3.7    4.2
      Nonunion.................................  110.6   114.0   114.4      .2     .1     .4    2.2    3.3    3.4
                                                                                                                 
        State and local government workers                                                                       
                                                                                                                 
    All workers................................  121.1   123.7   123.6      .3    1.3    -.1    2.9    2.5    2.1

      1 Includes workers in the private nonfarm economy except those in private households, and workers in the
    public sector, except the federal government.
      2 Includes mining, construction, and manufacturing.
      3 Includes the following industries: wholesale trade; retail trade; transportation and warehousing;
    utilities; information; finance and insurance; real estate and rental and leasing; professional and technical
    services; management of companies and enterprises; administrative and waste services; education services;
    health care and social assistance; arts, entertainment and recreation; accommodation and food services; and
    other services, except public administration.


    Table 13. Employment Cost Index for total compensation,(1) and wages and salaries,
    for private industry workers, by area
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                   Percent changes for 12-months ended–  
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
        Census region and metropolitan area      Total compensation   Wages and salaries 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
                                                 Dec.   Sep.   Dec.   Dec.   Sep.   Dec. 
                                                 2010   2011   2011   2010   2011   2011 
                                                                                         
                                                                                         
    Northeast                                                                            
                                                                                         
      Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-NH CSA...    2.4    2.9    2.5    2.2    2.4    2.0
                                                                                         
      New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA                                            
       CSA.....................................    2.2    2.3    2.3    2.2    1.7    1.6
                                                                                         
      Philadelphia-Camden-Vineland, PA-NJ-DE-MD                                          
       CSA.....................................    2.4    2.8    2.8    1.4    2.2    2.3
                                                                                         
    South                                                                                
                                                                                         
      Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Gainesville, GA-AL                                           
       CSA.....................................    1.8    1.5    2.0    1.3    1.2    1.8
                                                                                         
      Dallas-Fort Worth, TX CSA................    2.9    2.8    2.8    2.5    1.6    1.4
                                                                                         
      Houston-Baytown-Huntsville, TX CSA.......    3.1    2.1    1.4    3.4    2.4    1.1
                                                                                         
      Miami-Fort Lauderdale-Pompano Beach, FL                                            
       MSA.....................................    1.1    1.7    1.8     .1    1.7    1.7
                                                                                         
      Washington-Baltimore-Northern Virginia,                                            
       DC-MD-VA-WV CSA.........................    2.0    1.7    1.5    1.8    1.8    1.1
                                                                                         
    Midwest                                                                              
                                                                                         
      Chicago-Naperville-Michigan City,                                                  
       IL-IN-WI CSA............................    3.4    2.4    1.8    2.8    1.5     .9
                                                                                         
      Detroit-Warren-Flint, MI CSA.............    4.2    4.9    4.5    2.8    1.5     .7
                                                                                         
      Minneapolis-St. Paul-St. Cloud, MN-WI CSA    2.8    2.8    2.5    3.2    2.5    2.0
                                                                                         
    West                                                                                 
                                                                                         
      Los Angeles-Long Beach-Riverside, CA CSA     1.0    1.9    1.6     .5    1.3    1.3
                                                                                         
      Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ MSA..........    2.3    2.9    2.8    1.6    1.9    2.0
                                                                                         
      San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA...    1.3    2.5    2.7     .9    1.8    1.9
                                                                                         
      Seattle-Tacoma-Olympia, WA CSA...........    3.2    1.2    1.0    1.6    1.7    1.5

      1 Includes wages, salaries, and employer costs for employee benefits.

Last Modified Date: January 31, 2012