Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, first quarters 2012 and 2013 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total bus. process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procure., logistics, dist. Ops. Product development Mktg., sales, account mgmt. Customer and after
-sales
service
General mgmt. and firm infra-structure HR mgmt. Tech. and process develop.
First quarter 2013(p)

Total business process

914 1,112 8 76 723 47 42 60 111 31 14

Business demand

361 454 4 21 347 11 12 13 27 12 7

Contract cancellation

16 35 - 5 15 2 1 1 5 3 3

Contract
completion

235 260 - 7 230 4 8 3 4 3 1

Domestic competition

- - - - - - - - - - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

(2) 1 - - 1 - - - - - -

Import
competition

(2) 2 - 1 1 - - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

108 156 4 8 100 5 3 9 18 6 3

Organizational changes

49 113 - 5 44 1 7 13 31 8 4

Business-
ownership
change

9 19 - - 7 - 2 1 6 3 -

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

40 94 - 5 37 1 5 12 25 5 4

Financial issues

59 135 2 11 55 8 9 13 29 6 2

Bankruptcy

7 14 - 2 7 - - 2 3 - -

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

28 62 2 5 26 2 6 5 14 2 -

Financial difficulty

24 59 - 4 22 6 3 6 12 4 2

Production
specific

12 22 - 4 12 1 - 1 3 - 1

Disaster/Safety

(2) 6 - - 3 1 1 1 - - -

Seasonal

253 351 2 34 239 24 12 18 18 4 -

Other/
Miscellaneous

177 31 - 1 23 1 1 1 3 1 -
First quarter 2012

Total bus. process

1,294 1,689 23 115 1,019 82 75 124 176 47 28

Business demand

519 712 9 33 501 42 21 23 52 24 7

Contract cancellation

20 36 1 4 18 1 3 3 4 2 -

Contract
completion

359 423 2 10 347 11 9 4 25 13 2

Domestic competition

(2) 8 1 1 2 1 1 ?? 1 1 -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

(2) 3 - - 3 - - - - - -

Import
competition

- - - - - - - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

135 242 5 18 131 29 8 16 22 8 5

Organizational changes

75 178 5 15 61 4 16 17 45 7 8

Business-
ownership
change

15 35 3 3 13 - 2 3 9 1 1

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

60 143 2 12 48 4 14 14 36 6 7

Financial issues

115 257 7 26 102 16 15 29 44 10 8

Bankruptcy

16 38 2 3 13 2 4 5 6 2 1

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

53 109 2 12 45 8 5 10 19 3 5

Financial difficulty

46 110 3 11 44 6 6 14 19 5 2

Production
specific

16 25 1 2 13 1 1 2 2 - 3

Disaster/Safety

4 7 - 1 4 - - 1 1 - -

Seasonal

325 459 - 37 309 17 20 44 26 5 1

Other/
Miscellaneous

240 51 1 1 29 2 2 8 6 1 1

(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.