Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, first quarters 2011 and 2012 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total business process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procurement, logistics, distribution Ops. Product development Marketing, sales, account management Customer and after-sales service General managment and firm infra-structure Human resource management Technology and process development
First quarter 2012(p)

Total business process

1,077 1,449 17 103 874 76 65 100 147 39 28

Business demand

423 592 7 28 408 40 17 21 43 20 8

Contract cancellation

17 30 1 2 16 1 2 2 4 2 -

Contract
completion

273 326 2 9 262 11 8 4 19 9 2

Domestic competition

(2) 2 - - 1 1 - - - - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

(2) 3 - - 3 - - - - - -

Import
competition

- - - - - - - - - - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

129 231 4 17 126 27 7 15 20 9 6

Organizational changes

62 149 4 14 53 3 13 13 37 4 8

Business-
ownership
change

14 34 3 3 13 - 2 2 9 1 1

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

48 115 1 11 40 3 11 11 28 3 7

Financial issues

98 214 4 22 89 13 13 23 34 9 7

Bankruptcy

12 31 2 3 12 1 3 3 4 2 1

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

46 90 - 10 38 7 5 8 15 2 5

Financial difficulty

40 93 2 9 39 5 5 12 15 5 1

Production
specific

14 23 1 2 13 1 1 - 2 - 3

Disaster/Safety

3 5 - - 3 - - 1 1 - -

Seasonal

297 423 - 36 282 17 19 38 25 5 1

Other/
Miscellaneous

180 43 1 1 26 2 2 4 5 1 1
First quarter 2011

Total business process

1,490 1,886 21 141 1,111 109 62 144 215 58 25

Business demand

564 756 8 40 505 42 11 62 65 19 4

Contract cancellation

30 54 1 4 27 2 - 6 9 4 1

Contract
completion

271 326 - 7 248 20 6 24 16 4 1

Domestic competition

(2) 1 - - - 1 - - - - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

4 12 - 3 4 - 1 - 3 1 -

Import
competition

(2) 4 - 1 2 - - - 1 - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

256 359 7 25 224 19 4 32 36 10 2

Organizational changes

94 197 6 14 74 3 13 19 41 15 12

Business-
ownership
change

22 39 1 2 21 - 1 2 8 3 1

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

72 158 5 12 53 3 12 17 33 12 11

Financial issues

120 278 5 32 108 17 16 24 60 11 5

Bankruptcy

14 38 3 6 10 2 3 4 8 2 -

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

73 172 1 20 68 10 12 14 35 7 5

Financial difficulty

33 68 1 6 30 5 1 6 17 2 -

Production
specific

24 39 1 4 19 2 2 5 4 1 1

Disaster/Safety

7 16 - 2 7 2 1 - 2 2 -

Seasonal

391 551 1 48 372 42 16 30 34 7 1

Other/
Miscellaneous

290 49 - 1 26 1 3 4 9 3 2

Footnotes:
(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.