Table 2. Business processes involved in extended mass layoff events, by reason for layoff, first quarters 2010 and 2011 (1)
Reason Extended mass layoff events Total business process Core processes Support processes
Strat. Mgmt. Procurement, logistics, distribution Ops. Product development Marketing, sales, account management Customer and after-sales service General managment and firm infra-structure Human resource management Technology and process development
First quarter 2011(p)

Total business process

1,397 1,805 20 137 1,085 107 61 115 201 55 24

Business demand

535 723 8 40 495 41 9 43 64 19 4

Contract cancellation

28 52 1 4 26 2 - 5 9 4 1

Contract
completion

262 315 - 7 243 20 5 19 16 4 1

Domestic competition

(2) 1 - - - 1 - - - - -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

4 12 - 3 4 - 1 - 3 1 -

Import
competition

(2) 4 - 1 2 - - - 1 - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

238 339 7 25 220 18 3 19 35 10 2

Organizational changes

87 180 5 13 71 3 12 18 33 14 11

Business-
ownership
change

21 36 1 2 20 - 1 2 6 3 1

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

66 144 4 11 51 3 11 16 27 11 10

Financial issues

116 269 5 30 106 16 17 22 57 11 5

Bankruptcy

12 34 3 5 9 2 3 3 7 2 -

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

71 167 1 19 67 9 13 13 33 7 5

Financial difficulty

33 68 1 6 30 5 1 6 17 2 -

Production
specific

21 36 1 4 18 2 2 3 4 1 1

Disaster/Safety

7 16 - 2 7 2 1 - 2 2 -

Seasonal

381 534 1 47 361 42 18 26 32 6 1

Other/
Miscellaneous

250 47 - 1 27 1 2 3 9 2 2
First quarter 2010

Total business process

1,870 2,224 14 175 1,355 44 95 127 278 94 42

Business demand

738 1,028 3 69 684 23 28 51 114 38 18

Contract cancellation

42 75 1 5 40 1 1 5 15 3 4

Contract
completion

253 315 1 14 231 6 9 22 18 9 5

Domestic competition

(2) 6 - 1 2 - 1 - 1 1 -

Excess inventory/
saturated market

8 19 - 6 7 - 3 1 1 1 -

Import
competition

(2) 6 - 1 2 2 - - 1 - -

Slack work/
insufficient
demand/non-seasonal business slowdown

431 607 1 42 402 14 14 23 78 24 9

Organizational changes

117 221 6 15 94 9 17 17 44 13 6

Business-
ownership
change

31 50 1 2 24 3 3 4 10 2 1

Reorgan-
ization
or
restructuring
of company

86 171 5 13 70 6 14 13 34 11 5

Financial issues

165 367 4 35 141 7 32 31 72 32 13

Bankruptcy

17 49 2 5 16 1 5 4 9 6 1

Cost control/cost cutting/
increase
profitability

98 223 - 25 78 6 21 19 46 19 9

Financial difficulty

50 95 2 5 47 - 6 8 17 7 3

Production
specific

15 21 - 1 14 - - - 4 2 -

Disaster/Safety

7 21 - 4 7 - - 2 4 3 1

Seasonal

418 521 - 50 390 5 17 24 32 2 1

Other/
Miscellaneous

410 45 1 1 25 - 1 2 8 4 3

Footnotes:
(1) Data were reported by all states and the District of Columbia.
(2) Data do not meet BLS or state agency disclosure standards.
(p) = preliminary.

NOTE: Dash represents zero.

 

Last Modified Date: June 1, 2011