International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing Industries, by Industry, 2008-2012

Technical Notes (PDF)
Country Notes and Data Sources (PDF)

   
Elimination of ILC
  • BLS has eliminated the International Labor Comparisons (ILC) program. This is the last BLS release of international comparisons of hourly compensation costs.
  • BLS is aware of other organizations that have obtained the methodology and intend to produce ILC indicators similar to those done previously by BLS. Please see the announcement at www.bls.gov/ilc.

Related Links:

  • Report: International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing Industries, 2012 (PDF) (report tables only, XLS)
  • Report: International Comparisons of Hourly Compensation Costs in Manufacturing, 2012 (HTML) (PDF) (report tables only, XLS)
  • Tables by Country (XLS with interactive charts)
  • Tables by Industry (XLS with interactive charts)
  • Table 1. Manufacturing (ISIC C, NAICS 31-33), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    32.78 34.19 34.81 35.51 35.67

    Argentina

    10.04 10.23 12.77 15.98 18.87

    Australia

    35.91 33.42 39.68 46.47 47.68

    Austria

    42.86 42.62 39.98 43.23 41.53

    Belgium

    53.88 52.27 50.72 54.76 52.19

    Brazil

    8.44 8.13 10.01 11.67 11.20

    Canada

    32.06 29.40 34.36 36.34 36.59

    Czech Republic

    12.23 11.42 11.42 12.71 11.95

    Denmark

    49.70 48.60 47.93 51.67 48.47

    Estonia

    10.56 10.03 9.47 10.42 10.41

    Finland

    43.85 44.25 41.44 45.05 42.60

    France

    41.76 40.37 39.12 42.12 39.81

    Germany

    47.53 45.76 43.84 47.42 45.79

    Greece

    23.14 22.72 22.36 22.68 19.41

    Hungary

    9.77 8.62 8.39 9.17 8.95

    Ireland

    40.53 41.21 38.57 39.74 38.17

    Israel

    18.54 17.55 19.22 21.14 20.14

    Italy

    35.11 34.32 33.57 36.15 34.18

    Japan

    27.48 30.03 31.75 35.71 35.34

    Korea, Republic of

    16.85 15.06 17.89 19.25 20.72

    Mexico

    6.47 5.70 6.14 6.49 6.36

    Netherlands

    43.09 41.39 39.54 42.26 39.62

    New Zealand

    19.15 17.47 20.42 23.38 24.77

    Norway

    57.35 53.39 57.66 64.76 63.36

    Philippines

    1.75 1.71 1.89 2.02 2.10

    Poland

    9.60 7.72 8.16 8.68 8.25

    Portugal

    12.61 12.34 11.94 13.15 12.10

    Singapore

    18.87 17.54 19.42 23.13 24.16

    Slovakia

    10.72 11.24 10.72 11.77 11.30

    Spain

    27.75 27.86 26.66 28.44 26.83

    Sweden

    44.45 40.92 43.51 49.21 49.80

    Switzerland

    49.23 50.54 51.10 60.40 57.79

    Taiwan

    8.68 7.77 8.37 9.34 9.46

    United Kingdom

    34.20 29.47 29.11 30.77 31.23

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 2. Food products, beverages and tobacco (ISIC 10-12), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    24.92 25.93 26.56 26.91 27.20

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    32.80 30.06 35.35 40.78 41.21

    Austria

    33.82 33.25 31.69 33.78 32.46

    Belgium

    NA 46.10 44.94 48.53 46.24

    Brazil

    6.31 6.34 7.71 9.18 8.81

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    49.27 46.96 45.36 48.36 44.67

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Germany

    32.28 31.10 29.80 31.80 31.52

    Greece

    21.39 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    8.18 6.99 6.61 NA 7.16

    Ireland

    38.37 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    12.76 11.99 13.05 14.29 13.65

    Italy

    35.33 34.33 33.90 36.25 33.99

    Japan

    18.63 20.60 22.28 24.86 25.37

    Korea, Republic of

    14.06 12.52 14.80 15.01 15.58

    Mexico

    5.45 4.73 5.22 5.61 5.52

    Netherlands

    44.00 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    49.80 46.58 51.62 57.67 56.32

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Portugal

    NA 12.13 11.30 12.85 12.15

    Singapore

    NA NA NA 15.97 NA

    Slovakia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Spain

    23.37 23.54 22.89 24.21 23.06

    Sweden

    40.87 35.15 36.91 41.38 42.58

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    30.62 26.14 25.52 26.01 26.96

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 3. Food products and beverages (ISIC 10-11), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    33.16 32.22 31.10 33.18 31.88

    Belgium

    NA 46.08 44.93 48.52 46.22

    Brazil

    6.22 6.25 7.61 9.07 8.70

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    49.21 47.00 45.45 48.49 44.77

    Estonia

    NA 9.96 9.37 9.99 9.83

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Germany

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Greece

    20.85 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    8.08 6.89 6.52 7.17 7.07

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Italy

    35.25 34.25 33.83 36.18 33.92

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    13.78 12.29 14.57 14.80 15.39

    Mexico

    5.43 4.70 5.19 5.58 5.49

    Netherlands

    43.54 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    8.86 7.17 7.47 7.96 7.38

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    9.33 9.42 9.46 9.90 NA

    Spain

    23.02 23.18 22.55 23.85 22.69

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    30.36 25.89 25.27 25.76 26.67

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 4. Food products (ISIC 10), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    23.65 24.87 25.39 25.97 26.25

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    31.87 29.04 33.93 38.95 39.15

    Austria

    31.29 30.35 29.29 31.36 30.10

    Belgium

    NA 44.79 43.59 47.06 44.84

    Brazil

    5.92 5.99 7.34 8.80 8.44

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    48.95 46.68 45.11 48.27 44.51

    Estonia

    NA 9.23 8.69 9.31 9.20

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    31.97 30.97 30.06 32.29 30.55

    Germany

    30.17 28.91 27.76 29.65 29.56

    Greece

    20.44 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    7.57 6.45 6.10 6.63 6.58

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    12.21 11.45 12.44 13.57 13.07

    Italy

    34.53 33.55 33.13 35.43 33.22

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    13.35 11.89 14.04 14.37 14.95

    Mexico

    5.22 4.55 5.14 5.57 5.50

    Netherlands

    42.67 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    17.86 16.52 19.72 22.44 23.49

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    8.48 6.83 7.18 7.64 7.09

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    8.89 8.90 8.94 9.37 NA

    Spain

    21.56 21.89 21.25 22.58 21.63

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    28.58 24.77 24.21 24.61 25.40

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 5. Beverages (ISIC 11), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    43.87 43.54 42.23 44.45 42.84

    Belgium

    NA 54.88 53.73 58.03 55.14

    Brazil

    9.36 9.07 10.39 11.97 11.47

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    52.12 50.57 49.20 50.87 47.69

    Estonia

    NA 15.39 14.88 16.07 15.42

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Germany

    44.79 44.02 41.89 44.64 43.20

    Greece

    24.41 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    11.97 10.41 9.76 11.26 10.81

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Italy

    40.57 39.47 39.01 41.72 39.12

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    18.64 17.11 21.42 20.29 21.51

    Mexico

    6.10 5.21 5.39 5.62 5.55

    Netherlands

    57.29 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    13.55 11.39 11.53 12.62 11.64

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    11.65 12.18 12.33 13.02 NA

    Spain

    33.41 32.34 31.66 32.74 30.07

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    44.00 36.20 35.11 36.71 37.57

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 6. Tobacco products (ISIC 12), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Belgium

    NA 45.86 44.86 48.60 46.41

    Brazil

    11.22 11.83 14.40 16.53 16.23

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Germany

    59.93 60.30 59.72 64.47 62.28

    Greece

    34.07 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    17.51 15.90 13.84 NA 12.13

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Italy

    56.94 55.32 54.74 58.55 54.95

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    41.54 37.64 38.55 36.94 31.79

    Mexico

    9.85 11.32 11.75 12.29 11.71

    Netherlands

    63.61 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Spain

    52.83 53.35 50.07 52.54 53.50

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    52.56 47.11 46.60 46.97 49.70

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 7. Textiles, wearing apparel and leather (ISIC 13-15), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    21.56 21.33 22.22 23.42 24.34

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    31.99 32.25 30.89 33.26 31.98

    Belgium

    NA 40.64 39.46 42.86 41.20

    Brazil

    3.98 3.92 4.79 5.51 5.32

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    44.68 43.87 43.40 46.58 43.29

    Estonia

    NA 7.30 6.99 7.50 7.12

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    33.30 32.12 31.08 33.46 31.54

    Germany

    36.06 34.98 33.68 36.39 35.09

    Greece

    17.76 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    5.83 5.03 4.89 5.30 5.21

    Ireland

    27.00 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    11.84 11.17 12.29 13.58 12.98

    Italy

    28.05 27.39 26.85 28.94 27.45

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    11.35 10.68 12.26 13.78 14.54

    Mexico

    3.32 2.85 3.14 3.36 3.30

    Netherlands

    38.98 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    16.04 15.08 17.62 19.94 21.65

    Norway

    45.42 42.99 46.35 53.02 51.55

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    6.05 4.95 5.29 5.53 5.28

    Portugal

    NA 9.04 8.84 9.68 8.81

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    6.56 7.00 6.62 7.33 NA

    Spain

    19.90 20.26 19.55 20.73 19.14

    Sweden

    36.70 34.45 36.34 40.12 42.05

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    25.77 22.74 21.87 24.22 24.18

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 8. Textiles and wearing apparel (ISIC 13-14), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    21.38 21.04 22.04 23.27 24.19

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    32.78 32.89 31.71 34.16 33.03

    Belgium

    NA 40.50 39.32 42.69 40.99

    Brazil

    4.06 4.02 4.86 5.70 5.52

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    44.42 43.46 43.15 46.21 42.85

    Estonia

    NA 7.28 7.00 7.51 7.09

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    33.47 32.21 31.11 33.49 31.54

    Germany

    35.56 34.36 33.10 35.55 34.37

    Greece

    17.34 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    5.81 5.03 4.89 5.26 5.18

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    11.58 10.92 12.00 13.39 12.82

    Italy

    28.11 27.42 26.90 29.01 27.51

    Japan

    NA NA 21.48 23.71 23.67

    Korea, Republic of

    11.18 10.61 12.18 13.79 14.60

    Mexico

    3.38 2.95 3.25 3.44 3.40

    Netherlands

    39.47 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    6.04 4.95 5.28 5.50 5.27

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    6.36 6.72 6.38 7.10 NA

    Spain

    20.56 21.24 20.70 21.69 20.05

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    25.73 22.23 21.62 24.06 24.01

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 9. Textiles (ISIC 13), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    22.28 21.89 22.84 23.60 24.17

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    35.77 34.94 33.29 36.09 34.64

    Belgium

    NA 41.36 39.92 43.46 41.89

    Brazil

    5.54 5.42 6.81 7.83 7.60

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    44.12 43.19 42.45 46.03 42.95

    Estonia

    NA 8.41 8.49 8.86 8.16

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    32.67 31.36 30.26 32.63 30.73

    Germany

    34.69 33.20 31.69 34.10 33.82

    Greece

    21.01 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    6.98 6.04 5.91 6.33 6.12

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    13.19 12.56 13.79 15.17 14.07

    Italy

    30.79 30.04 29.45 31.77 30.13

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    10.70 10.36 11.79 12.71 13.41

    Mexico

    3.91 3.44 3.78 3.94 3.87

    Netherlands

    39.78 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    7.09 5.90 6.14 6.39 6.07

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    7.63 8.30 7.77 8.39 NA

    Spain

    22.01 22.23 20.90 22.29 20.65

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    7.23 6.80 6.72 7.35 7.29

    United Kingdom

    26.13 22.91 22.51 24.65 24.83

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 10. Wearing apparel (ISIC 14), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    19.86 19.66 20.72 22.61 24.09

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    29.09 30.37 29.69 31.47 30.82

    Belgium

    NA 37.47 36.63 39.46 37.51

    Brazil

    3.31 3.36 3.99 4.75 4.61

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    45.29 44.21 45.16 46.71 42.55

    Estonia

    NA 6.56 6.01 6.70 6.44

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    34.40 33.21 32.10 34.49 32.47

    Germany

    37.19 36.44 35.75 38.44 35.49

    Greece

    15.07 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    5.36 4.59 4.43 4.76 4.69

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    10.49 9.72 10.59 12.00 11.77

    Italy

    25.98 25.35 24.87 26.81 25.43

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    11.73 10.90 12.66 15.10 15.95

    Mexico

    2.85 2.48 2.77 2.95 2.92

    Netherlands

    38.12 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    5.60 4.57 4.89 5.08 4.88

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    5.98 6.25 5.93 6.59 NA

    Spain

    19.32 20.40 20.52 21.18 19.54

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    24.74 20.61 19.41 22.60 22.05

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 11. Leather and related products (ISIC 15), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    24.40 25.91 24.96 25.34 26.34

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    28.90 29.98 28.08 30.24 28.82

    Belgium

    NA 43.98 42.77 46.12 43.80

    Brazil

    3.82 3.69 4.62 5.08 4.87

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Estonia

    NA 7.48 6.90 7.40 7.38

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    32.87 31.86 30.99 33.39 31.60

    Germany

    38.92 38.46 36.82 40.82 38.83

    Greece

    17.49 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    5.87 5.02 4.90 5.38 5.27

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    10.98 10.58 12.02 12.56 12.28

    Italy

    27.88 27.25 26.66 28.68 27.25

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    12.96 11.34 12.96 13.70 14.06

    Mexico

    3.18 2.61 2.88 3.18 3.03

    Netherlands

    35.39 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    6.17 4.98 5.33 5.65 5.31

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    7.01 7.60 7.04 7.72 NA

    Spain

    17.57 16.80 15.54 17.27 15.94

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    26.08 26.79 23.96 25.52 25.34

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 12. Wood and paper products and printing (ISIC 16-18), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    28.66 29.66 30.01 30.44 30.78

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    34.53 31.44 36.71 41.73 41.40

    Austria

    40.05 39.23 37.44 40.04 38.12

    Belgium

    NA 46.65 45.33 49.05 46.77

    Brazil

    7.19 6.93 8.75 9.84 9.49

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    47.03 45.29 44.55 47.43 44.51

    Estonia

    NA 10.61 10.20 11.27 11.17

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    36.59 35.23 34.07 36.57 34.51

    Germany

    40.24 38.46 36.67 38.88 37.94

    Greece

    20.88 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    8.52 7.56 7.59 7.99 7.68

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    13.10 12.65 13.77 14.83 14.03

    Italy

    32.38 31.81 30.86 33.16 31.42

    Japan

    23.18 24.99 26.57 29.41 29.64

    Korea, Republic of

    12.60 11.55 13.07 15.41 16.41

    Mexico

    4.81 4.21 4.68 4.93 4.89

    Netherlands

    41.31 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    8.87 7.15 7.49 8.01 7.69

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    10.16 10.44 10.53 11.06 NA

    Spain

    25.16 25.01 23.45 26.10 24.17

    Sweden

    40.23 36.70 38.90 43.96 44.29

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    31.78 27.67 26.70 28.43 27.67

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 13. Wood and wood products, except furniture (ISIC 16), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    23.95 24.65 24.56 24.63 24.67

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    29.84 26.91 30.97 36.47 37.56

    Austria

    33.43 32.75 31.48 34.11 32.55

    Belgium

    NA 38.72 37.33 40.37 38.38

    Brazil

    4.49 4.18 5.41 6.44 6.27

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    43.16 41.88 40.39 43.50 40.00

    Estonia

    NA 10.25 10.00 10.96 10.92

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    30.72 29.75 28.81 31.01 29.34

    Germany

    34.13 32.49 30.68 32.53 31.27

    Greece

    22.03 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    6.66 5.73 5.86 5.89 5.67

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    11.80 11.20 11.97 13.43 13.28

    Italy

    28.14 27.80 27.06 29.48 27.61

    Japan

    19.15 21.08 23.04 24.96 26.97

    Korea, Republic of

    12.30 11.38 12.37 14.60 15.86

    Mexico

    2.74 2.44 2.71 2.69 2.70

    Netherlands

    35.62 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    17.54 15.72 17.99 20.55 21.73

    Norway

    46.15 42.53 45.85 50.63 49.41

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    7.51 5.99 6.24 6.61 6.29

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    7.96 8.21 8.21 8.85 NA

    Spain

    21.04 20.85 19.82 22.16 20.11

    Sweden

    36.11 33.24 35.06 39.41 39.18

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    25.98 23.99 22.26 23.21 22.74

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 14. Paper and paper products (ISIC 17), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    34.02 34.55 35.31 36.42 36.99

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    46.88 42.30 48.47 54.44 53.33

    Austria

    47.42 46.94 44.87 48.22 45.82

    Belgium

    NA 52.58 50.91 55.46 53.30

    Brazil

    10.31 10.26 12.99 14.32 13.82

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    48.62 47.56 47.18 49.87 47.09

    Estonia

    NA 11.40 9.81 11.93 11.66

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    39.44 37.96 36.81 39.58 37.46

    Germany

    42.56 40.93 39.55 42.14 41.12

    Greece

    21.39 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    11.32 9.97 9.97 10.40 9.98

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    15.76 14.62 16.40 17.71 15.89

    Italy

    34.00 33.12 32.40 34.81 33.08

    Japan

    25.43 27.40 29.36 32.09 31.24

    Korea, Republic of

    13.49 12.78 14.49 16.98 18.08

    Mexico

    5.29 4.58 5.10 5.39 5.34

    Netherlands

    45.98 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    54.84 50.71 54.29 60.21 56.60

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.56 8.63 9.11 9.43 9.15

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    12.38 12.56 12.86 13.04 NA

    Spain

    31.21 30.45 29.29 32.25 29.45

    Sweden

    44.18 40.21 42.63 48.22 49.55

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    7.40 6.18 6.73 7.81 7.43

    United Kingdom

    34.63 30.18 30.07 32.15 31.47

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 15. Printing and reproduction of recorded media (ISIC 18), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    28.35 29.28 29.49 29.62 30.15

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    33.73 31.07 37.02 41.44 40.36

    Austria

    45.68 43.62 41.61 43.50 41.23

    Belgium

    NA 48.38 47.02 50.65 48.08

    Brazil

    6.98 6.41 7.78 8.79 8.49

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    51.21 48.18 48.22 50.96 48.79

    Estonia

    NA 11.78 11.26 12.46 12.10

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    38.77 37.23 35.81 38.29 35.93

    Germany

    42.02 39.95 37.75 39.87 39.44

    Greece

    19.61 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    8.50 7.40 7.27 8.01 7.64

    Ireland

    37.41 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    12.17 12.01 12.94 13.82 13.26

    Italy

    35.34 34.77 33.36 35.43 33.77

    Japan

    23.09 24.74 25.96 29.17 29.40

    Korea, Republic of

    11.65 10.11 11.58 13.71 14.36

    Mexico

    4.76 4.19 4.56 4.84 4.73

    Netherlands

    41.53 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    19.43 17.88 19.99 22.28 23.65

    Norway

    56.14 51.31 55.96 63.61 60.75

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.70 8.60 9.04 9.92 9.45

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    10.66 10.24 10.03 11.10 NA

    Spain

    24.60 24.77 22.53 25.18 23.93

    Sweden

    39.67 34.96 37.85 42.79 41.62

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    6.76 6.24 6.55 7.33 7.39

    United Kingdom

    33.31 28.14 27.01 29.03 28.19

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 16. Coke and refined petroleum products (ISIC 19), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    45.99 52.55 52.89 53.71 55.85

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Belgium

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Brazil

    17.30 20.56 28.26 39.01 38.31

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Germany

    69.90 68.98 66.20 72.27 69.38

    Greece

    50.60 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    27.74 23.97 22.19 25.09 22.98

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Italy

    53.24 51.43 49.95 54.00 51.21

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    44.67 31.55 46.53 60.70 63.56

    Mexico

    14.81 12.72 14.26 15.18 14.56

    Netherlands

    79.03 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    19.35 14.77 16.96 18.22 17.19

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    26.31 27.41 25.19 28.15 NA

    Spain

    57.57 54.91 54.61 57.08 51.59

    Sweden

    55.63 50.60 52.30 62.83 66.31

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    19.28 16.78 18.66 21.28 20.38

    United Kingdom

    64.06 55.46 49.06 51.19 48.38

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 17. Chemicals and pharmaceutical products (ISIC 20-21), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    42.46 41.40 42.75 42.42 42.52

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    52.16 50.90 49.19 53.17 51.42

    Belgium

    NA 67.81 65.94 71.83 68.64

    Brazil

    16.67 15.99 18.84 21.55 20.26

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    58.63 53.95 53.62 56.65 53.73

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    56.62 54.95 53.33 57.49 54.28

    Germany

    58.90 56.75 54.47 59.45 58.18

    Greece

    30.17 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    16.42 14.89 14.84 15.43 14.68

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Italy

    47.67 46.44 45.38 48.98 46.44

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    20.97 18.27 21.07 23.08 24.10

    Mexico

    11.32 9.73 10.61 11.25 11.01

    Netherlands

    61.29 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    13.56 10.99 11.46 11.99 11.31

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    12.99 13.54 12.40 13.81 NA

    Spain

    40.15 39.68 37.54 39.44 35.73

    Sweden

    61.90 57.52 60.39 66.85 67.91

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    39.56 34.15 35.52 37.87 38.87

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 18. Chemicals and chemical products, except pharmaceuticals (ISIC 20), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    38.08 39.01 41.24 40.48 39.48

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    52.50 52.24 49.70 54.07 53.12

    Belgium

    NA 66.32 64.55 70.36 67.32

    Brazil

    16.21 15.30 17.86 20.46 19.23

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    55.35 53.00 53.54 55.96 53.63

    Estonia

    NA 12.24 12.09 13.85 13.71

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    54.32 52.64 51.08 55.11 52.03

    Germany

    58.14 56.09 53.72 59.02 57.59

    Greece

    24.52 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    14.67 12.88 12.99 13.11 12.91

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Italy

    43.33 42.21 41.24 44.50 42.20

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    21.02 18.15 20.66 23.14 24.25

    Mexico

    9.99 8.83 9.68 10.26 9.91

    Netherlands

    62.04 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA 61.42 67.59 76.15 71.94

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    12.65 10.03 10.66 11.26 10.81

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    12.82 13.17 11.95 13.51 NA

    Spain

    37.02 37.39 34.54 37.42 33.65

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    36.53 32.01 33.49 36.89 36.38

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 19. Pharmaceutical products (ISIC 21), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    50.99 45.76 45.51 46.02 48.20

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    51.85 48.84 48.65 52.04 49.14

    Belgium

    NA 71.47 69.13 75.26 71.79

    Brazil

    17.90 17.97 21.65 24.89 23.40

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    66.27 63.80 63.43 69.78 67.09

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    60.73 59.08 57.38 61.76 58.33

    Germany

    61.20 58.73 56.94 61.01 60.06

    Greece

    36.16 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    17.86 16.44 16.25 17.33 15.97

    Ireland

    62.69 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    22.66 23.25 25.63 29.55 26.70

    Italy

    54.41 53.02 51.80 55.94 53.05

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    20.72 18.71 22.63 22.82 23.47

    Mexico

    14.68 12.02 12.97 13.72 13.93

    Netherlands

    59.13 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA 61.31 66.25 74.66 72.67

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    16.11 13.74 13.89 14.34 12.99

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    13.59 14.94 14.10 15.03 NA

    Spain

    46.12 44.11 43.38 43.31 39.72

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    45.32 37.72 39.52 39.86 42.52

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 20. Rubber, plastics and other non-metallic mineral products (ISIC 22-23), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    27.83 28.75 29.34 30.01 30.24

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    35.77 32.81 38.31 48.12 52.53

    Austria

    41.31 40.56 38.12 41.57 39.58

    Belgium

    NA 48.80 47.34 51.38 49.10

    Brazil

    7.16 6.74 8.25 9.64 9.24

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    49.63 48.32 46.88 50.74 47.41

    Estonia

    NA 11.85 11.12 12.49 12.32

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    39.25 37.94 36.76 39.61 37.49

    Germany

    38.44 36.91 35.72 38.15 37.71

    Greece

    24.62 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    9.79 8.50 8.36 8.96 8.63

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    14.93 14.15 15.54 17.01 16.29

    Italy

    34.15 33.48 32.65 35.30 33.44

    Japan

    24.43 26.97 29.36 33.14 32.35

    Korea, Republic of

    14.64 12.99 14.74 15.44 16.31

    Mexico

    5.73 5.05 5.56 5.78 5.52

    Netherlands

    41.17 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    54.11 49.88 54.13 60.63 58.81

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    9.90 7.94 8.42 8.88 8.36

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    10.90 11.38 10.90 11.91 NA

    Spain

    28.68 28.10 27.16 28.52 27.28

    Sweden

    39.60 35.96 37.81 42.76 43.82

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    7.22 6.66 7.06 7.77 7.97

    United Kingdom

    30.25 26.81 26.77 27.94 27.78

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 21. Rubber and plastics products (ISIC 22), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    27.50 28.76 28.97 29.37 29.60

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    36.20 33.19 38.72 50.58 57.02

    Austria

    38.76 38.04 35.96 39.42 37.23

    Belgium

    NA 48.15 46.87 51.17 49.03

    Brazil

    7.87 7.33 9.01 10.70 10.21

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    49.86 48.81 48.42 52.12 48.50

    Estonia

    NA 9.99 9.87 10.88 10.84

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    38.60 37.33 36.21 39.05 36.94

    Germany

    38.17 36.59 35.44 38.02 37.91

    Greece

    18.62 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    9.14 7.80 7.63 8.17 8.13

    Ireland

    31.91 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    14.67 13.88 15.11 16.49 15.72

    Italy

    33.08 32.54 31.80 34.51 32.73

    Japan

    23.64 26.18 28.84 32.49 31.17

    Korea, Republic of

    13.54 12.02 13.75 14.19 15.08

    Mexico

    4.96 4.31 4.62 4.89 4.81

    Netherlands

    40.19 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    20.41 17.99 20.41 23.60 25.55

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    9.45 7.59 8.10 8.51 8.04

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    10.38 10.85 10.51 11.35 NA

    Spain

    29.08 28.29 27.07 28.97 27.54

    Sweden

    39.07 35.50 37.39 42.16 43.06

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    7.09 6.58 7.02 7.74 7.99

    United Kingdom

    29.50 26.41 25.99 27.26 26.53

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 22. Other non-metallic products (ISIC 23), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    28.35 28.74 30.01 31.15 31.37

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    35.30 32.43 37.94 45.88 48.45

    Austria

    43.36 42.65 39.92 43.42 41.67

    Belgium

    NA 49.36 47.74 51.45 49.09

    Brazil

    6.45 6.15 7.52 8.65 8.31

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    49.37 47.75 45.12 49.17 46.16

    Estonia

    NA 13.41 12.27 14.15 13.84

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    40.11 38.64 37.36 40.19 38.04

    Germany

    38.95 37.52 36.27 38.38 37.31

    Greece

    28.84 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    10.81 9.62 9.74 10.41 9.57

    Ireland

    35.11 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    15.44 14.68 16.51 18.18 17.62

    Italy

    35.12 34.36 33.44 36.08 34.12

    Japan

    25.86 28.38 30.17 34.19 34.57

    Korea, Republic of

    17.08 15.18 16.95 18.38 19.22

    Mexico

    6.58 5.87 6.69 6.85 6.29

    Netherlands

    42.29 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    19.91 18.27 20.96 23.09 24.19

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.48 8.41 8.83 9.38 8.82

    Portugal

    NA 13.52 12.95 13.93 12.55

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    11.59 12.16 11.54 12.86 NA

    Spain

    28.41 27.97 27.22 28.22 27.10

    Sweden

    40.56 36.69 38.51 43.48 45.01

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    7.54 6.87 7.17 7.86 7.95

    United Kingdom

    31.48 27.40 27.90 29.07 30.21

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 23. Primary and fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (ISIC 24-25), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    30.18 31.09 31.59 32.19 32.25

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    38.00 35.31 41.61 48.64 50.05

    Austria

    43.24 43.15 40.09 43.77 41.52

    Belgium

    NA 50.20 48.55 52.14 49.62

    Brazil

    9.66 9.17 11.27 12.98 12.42

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    45.97 44.50 44.30 47.14 43.93

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    39.61 38.19 36.96 39.84 37.71

    Germany

    43.74 42.19 40.45 42.86 41.63

    Greece

    22.51 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    9.18 8.07 7.74 8.25 8.06

    Ireland

    33.24 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    14.34 13.18 14.57 15.98 15.46

    Italy

    33.65 32.89 32.16 34.60 32.69

    Japan

    28.04 30.75 31.27 35.23 34.58

    Korea, Republic of

    16.10 14.34 16.84 18.57 19.87

    Mexico

    7.27 6.48 6.83 7.20 7.09

    Netherlands

    40.50 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.03 8.02 8.42 9.12 8.65

    Portugal

    NA 12.16 11.82 13.30 12.48

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    13.17 13.36 12.74 13.57 NA

    Spain

    28.31 27.54 26.20 27.73 25.82

    Sweden

    40.21 36.69 40.02 45.10 45.29

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    7.98 7.03 7.54 8.39 8.31

    United Kingdom

    31.34 27.24 27.64 28.97 28.26

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 24. Basic metals (ISIC 24), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    34.44 35.52 36.04 37.13 37.29

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    45.92 43.11 50.77 59.77 62.15

    Austria

    50.63 51.30 46.11 50.72 47.91

    Belgium

    NA 58.56 57.11 61.48 58.47

    Brazil

    14.26 13.90 16.61 19.48 18.58

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    44.96 43.41 42.78 45.64 43.41

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    46.52 44.77 43.36 46.86 44.49

    Germany

    51.42 49.33 46.68 49.63 48.14

    Greece

    24.27 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    12.63 11.11 11.22 11.85 11.35

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    13.83 13.11 14.31 16.03 15.09

    Italy

    38.46 37.56 36.77 39.55 37.37

    Japan

    34.70 37.14 37.14 42.16 40.98

    Korea, Republic of

    19.83 16.89 20.90 23.26 26.94

    Mexico

    8.58 7.43 7.80 8.48 8.39

    Netherlands

    50.12 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    23.62 21.26 24.25 28.21 29.81

    Norway

    61.46 56.58 61.08 68.56 69.90

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    12.08 9.51 9.88 10.73 10.16

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    17.29 16.89 15.75 16.41 NA

    Spain

    35.44 31.20 29.92 32.75 31.45

    Sweden

    45.55 40.89 44.78 52.09 52.35

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    11.83 9.51 10.76 11.92 10.88

    United Kingdom

    35.93 30.68 32.50 32.10 33.49

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 25. Fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment (ISIC 25), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    28.92 29.82 30.24 30.68 30.73

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    33.59 31.12 36.90 42.79 43.55

    Austria

    39.32 39.05 36.89 40.09 38.20

    Belgium

    NA 44.26 42.75 45.97 43.69

    Brazil

    7.30 6.90 8.69 9.98 9.56

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    46.15 44.70 44.57 47.41 44.02

    Estonia

    NA 12.87 11.72 13.25 13.05

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    37.32 35.99 34.82 37.49 35.47

    Germany

    40.64 39.36 37.96 40.20 39.12

    Greece

    21.37 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    7.97 7.03 6.56 7.14 7.07

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    14.42 13.19 14.61 15.98 15.53

    Italy

    32.07 31.34 30.69 32.98 31.18

    Japan

    23.97 26.73 27.48 30.80 30.42

    Korea, Republic of

    14.50 13.23 15.01 16.36 16.64

    Mexico

    6.00 5.47 5.82 5.85 5.71

    Netherlands

    38.28 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    18.54 17.15 19.70 22.98 24.27

    Norway

    53.22 49.77 53.71 61.09 59.99

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    9.46 7.61 8.02 8.70 8.27

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    10.17 10.80 10.22 11.33 NA

    Spain

    26.17 26.44 25.06 26.20 24.14

    Sweden

    37.83 34.71 37.58 41.50 41.70

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    6.82 6.24 6.51 7.25 7.46

    United Kingdom

    29.72 26.21 26.04 28.10 26.56

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 26. Computer, electronic and optical products (ISIC 26), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    45.45 47.94 49.34 51.16 50.62

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    52.62 53.34 47.27 51.87 49.16

    Belgium

    NA 55.37 54.25 58.32 55.33

    Brazil

    11.16 11.83 14.44 16.81 16.01

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    51.16 50.40 52.67 56.82 53.54

    Estonia

    NA 10.16 9.15 10.21 10.40

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    54.48 52.86 51.29 55.15 52.15

    Germany

    54.36 52.18 50.62 54.51 50.11

    Greece

    24.09 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    10.20 9.26 8.81 9.98 9.89

    Ireland

    49.93 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    28.95 27.49 29.75 32.23 30.47

    Italy

    41.08 40.11 39.27 42.25 39.95

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    17.69 16.29 19.63 21.47 24.30

    Mexico

    5.56 4.77 5.12 5.23 5.18

    Netherlands

    51.14 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.20 7.79 8.33 8.58 7.94

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA 23.93 NA

    Slovakia

    9.69 9.68 9.46 10.77 NA

    Spain

    31.30 35.94 32.56 33.23 31.63

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    10.31 8.97 9.85 11.13 11.31

    United Kingdom

    45.08 33.99 34.38 37.83 37.83

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 27. Electrical equipment (ISIC 27), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    30.64 32.41 33.11 35.30 36.41

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    48.58 49.47 45.40 47.86 45.85

    Belgium

    NA 50.05 48.93 52.47 49.87

    Brazil

    10.91 10.16 14.01 14.70 14.00

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    48.53 47.89 46.25 50.89 48.73

    Estonia

    NA 10.76 10.86 12.60 11.85

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    43.59 42.20 41.05 44.26 41.83

    Germany

    50.68 49.17 47.05 50.42 49.52

    Greece

    20.93 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    10.06 8.50 7.50 8.29 7.99

    Ireland

    38.00 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    15.57 14.64 16.94 19.12 18.77

    Italy

    36.73 35.90 35.15 37.81 35.75

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    14.90 13.39 15.93 17.67 18.49

    Mexico

    6.21 5.78 5.83 6.11 6.02

    Netherlands

    46.47 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    9.73 8.02 8.68 9.43 9.05

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    9.21 10.34 9.72 10.95 NA

    Spain

    30.76 31.44 28.65 32.26 30.68

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    32.36 27.43 27.54 29.05 28.77

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 28. Machinery and equipment n.e.c. (ISIC 28), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    34.37 35.55 36.29 37.15 38.15

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    45.88 45.69 42.92 46.27 45.09

    Belgium

    NA 48.60 47.45 50.94 48.45

    Brazil

    11.08 10.50 13.21 15.26 14.58

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    48.94 48.10 48.63 52.22 50.05

    Estonia

    NA 12.30 11.60 13.26 13.50

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    44.13 42.63 41.37 44.55 42.19

    Germany

    51.50 50.11 47.92 51.56 49.11

    Greece

    22.45 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    10.03 8.98 9.26 9.92 9.68

    Ireland

    37.03 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    20.50 19.76 21.47 23.84 23.36

    Italy

    37.70 36.85 36.08 38.81 36.70

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    16.26 14.21 15.92 17.16 18.24

    Mexico

    6.53 6.08 6.34 6.72 6.59

    Netherlands

    44.49 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    65.50 60.77 65.35 72.37 71.54

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.75 8.53 9.00 9.61 9.24

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    11.22 11.97 11.06 12.37 NA

    Spain

    30.19 29.86 27.77 29.83 28.92

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    United Kingdom

    35.16 30.10 29.26 32.48 33.23

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 29. Motor vehicles and other transport equipment (ISIC 29-30), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    41.98 45.18 45.33 46.06 45.34

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    48.31 50.30 44.30 48.96 46.81

    Belgium

    NA 58.42 56.52 60.75 57.63

    Brazil

    14.61 13.88 16.73 19.99 18.78

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    47.59 46.93 46.77 48.66 45.61

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    48.01 46.35 44.88 48.37 45.77

    Germany

    59.59 57.69 54.76 60.62 58.82

    Greece

    28.73 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    11.46 10.26 9.78 10.94 10.91

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    24.69 23.22 25.41 27.65 25.95

    Italy

    38.28 37.42 36.60 39.41 37.26

    Japan

    32.82 35.66 37.21 42.37 41.65

    Korea, Republic of

    21.99 19.02 23.53 24.50 25.74

    Mexico

    8.69 8.01 7.95 8.15 7.80

    Netherlands

    42.38 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    21.46 19.72 23.40 25.99 27.97

    Norway

    63.61 60.00 64.36 72.39 71.10

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.90 8.70 9.28 9.92 9.53

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA 20.32 NA

    Slovakia

    11.58 12.35 11.15 12.49 NA

    Spain

    35.36 34.95 33.56 35.43 33.63

    Sweden

    46.11 41.56 44.36 50.51 51.27

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    9.05 8.46 8.76 9.80 9.98

    United Kingdom

    39.41 34.78 34.78 36.99 38.28

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 30. Motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers (ISIC 29), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    37.36 38.10 37.35 37.90 37.38

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    36.76 35.05 42.73 51.67 54.34

    Austria

    48.07 49.43 43.16 47.95 46.05

    Belgium

    NA 59.44 57.42 61.72 58.52

    Brazil

    14.50 13.98 16.89 20.01 18.80

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    45.16 44.12 43.45 44.82 43.87

    Estonia

    NA 12.00 10.25 11.44 11.29

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    44.97 43.16 41.70 44.86 42.36

    Germany

    59.46 57.30 54.35 60.42 59.04

    Greece

    28.44 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    11.51 10.26 9.73 10.88 10.87

    Ireland

    30.89 NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    14.58 13.80 15.15 17.30 15.85

    Italy

    37.93 37.03 36.26 39.00 36.88

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    20.83 18.79 23.67 23.26 25.87

    Mexico

    8.70 8.01 7.96 8.16 7.79

    Netherlands

    42.33 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    10.67 8.68 9.34 9.90 9.49

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    11.65 12.53 11.27 12.60 NA

    Spain

    34.42 34.33 32.90 34.51 32.19

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    9.54 8.60 8.78 9.89 10.20

    United Kingdom

    37.33 32.86 32.71 34.87 35.00

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 31. Other transport equipment (ISIC 30), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    47.11 51.46 53.60 54.75 54.35

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    37.45 33.06 37.17 44.96 47.28

    Austria

    48.53 53.03 50.08 54.10 50.45

    Belgium

    NA 53.39 52.22 56.15 53.42

    Brazil

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    50.12 49.84 50.23 52.65 47.42

    Estonia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    53.97 52.58 51.20 55.33 52.59

    Germany

    60.50 60.16 57.49 61.99 57.53

    Greece

    29.48 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    10.99 10.32 10.45 11.71 11.58

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    28.06 26.59 29.57 31.55 29.67

    Italy

    38.90 38.02 37.23 40.09 37.90

    Japan

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Korea, Republic of

    24.04 19.38 23.25 26.93 25.50

    Mexico

    7.98 7.88 7.92 7.87 7.86

    Netherlands

    42.44 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    11.57 8.78 9.05 10.02 9.68

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    10.69 10.17 9.45 11.12 NA

    Spain

    38.80 37.07 35.96 38.80 38.92

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    8.54 8.32 8.74 9.70 9.72

    United Kingdom

    42.10 36.26 36.68 38.86 41.37

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Table 32. Furniture (ISIC 31), Hourly compensation costs, U.S. Dollars, 2008-2012
    Country 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

    United States

    25.30 25.88 26.02 26.62 26.57

    Argentina

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Australia

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Austria

    31.88 30.92 29.63 32.00 30.40

    Belgium

    NA 38.04 36.84 39.88 37.85

    Brazil

    4.46 4.19 5.40 6.10 6.05

    Canada

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Czech Republic

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Denmark

    44.05 44.45 41.93 43.95 42.14

    Estonia

    NA 9.02 8.54 9.25 9.11

    Finland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    France

    31.55 30.38 29.33 31.44 29.67

    Germany

    37.63 36.05 34.64 36.83 34.45

    Greece

    17.40 NA NA NA NA

    Hungary

    6.17 5.53 5.44 5.97 5.89

    Ireland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Israel

    10.65 9.53 10.65 12.13 12.13

    Italy

    28.11 27.71 27.02 29.39 27.57

    Japan

    21.07 23.86 23.96 27.43 27.75

    Korea, Republic of

    12.94 12.02 13.96 15.52 18.73

    Mexico

    3.79 3.34 3.59 3.86 3.79

    Netherlands

    35.13 NA NA NA NA

    New Zealand

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Norway

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Philippines

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Poland

    7.64 6.09 6.42 6.68 6.39

    Portugal

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Singapore

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Slovakia

    8.92 9.09 8.40 9.13 NA

    Spain

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Sweden

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Switzerland

    NA NA NA NA NA

    Taiwan

    6.11 5.94 6.13 6.76 6.84

    United Kingdom

    26.76 23.19 23.99 24.76 24.75

    Note:
    Compensation costs include direct pay, social insurance expenditures, and labor-related taxes.
    Except for Argentina, Japan, Philippines, and Taiwan, data relate to manufacturing as defined by the International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC) Revision 4.
    For complete information on definitions, industrial classifications, and data sources, see the technical notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichcctn.pdf and country notes at www.bls.gov/ilc/ichccsources.pdf.
    'NA' means data not available.
    # Break in series. Data are not comparable with data from the previous year.
    Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, International Labor Comparisons, August 2013

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    Last Modified Date: August 9, 2013