Occupational employment, job openings and worker characteristics

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Table 1.7 Occupational employment and job openings data, projected 2012—22, and worker characteristics, 2012
(Numbers in thousands)

2012 National Employment Matrix title and code

Employment

Employment change, 2012—22

Percent self employed, 2012

Job openings due to growth and replacement needs, 2012—22

Median annual wage, 2012 (1)

Typical education needed for entry

Work experience in a related occupation

Typical on-the-job training needed to attain competency in the occupation

2012

2022

Number

Percent

Total, all occupations

00-0000

145,355.8

160,983.7

15,628.0

10.8

6.5

50,557.3

$34,750

Management occupations

11-0000

8,861.5

9,498.0

636.6

7.2

22.2

2,586.7

$93,910

Top executives

11-1000

2,361.5

2,626.8

265.2

11.2

3.3

717.4

$99,550

Chief executives

11-1011

330.5

347.9

17.4

5.3

17.7

87.8

$168,140

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

General and operations managers

11-1021

1,972.7

2,216.8

244.1

12.4

1.0

613.1

$95,440

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Legislators

11-1031

58.4

62.1

3.7

6.4

16.5

$19,780

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers

11-2000

637.4

700.5

63.1

9.9

3.4

203.3

$107,950

Advertising and promotions managers

11-2011

35.5

38.0

2.4

6.9

17.8

13.4

$88,590

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Marketing and sales managers

11-2020

539.8

592.5

52.7

9.8

2.6

168.6

$110,340

Marketing managers

11-2021

180.5

203.4

22.9

12.7

2.6

61.7

$119,480

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Sales managers

11-2022

359.3

389.0

29.8

8.3

2.7

106.9

$105,260

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Public relations and fundraising managers

11-2031

62.1

70.1

8.0

12.9

1.6

21.3

$95,450

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Operations specialties managers

11-3000

1,647.5

1,799.7

152.1

9.2

3.3

459.1

$100,720

Administrative services managers

11-3011

280.8

315.0

34.2

12.2

0.1

79.9

$81,080

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Computer and information systems managers

11-3021

332.7

383.6

50.9

15.3

3.1

97.1

$120,950

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Financial managers

11-3031

532.1

579.2

47.1

8.9

5.1

146.9

$109,740

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Industrial production managers

11-3051

172.7

168.6

-4.1

-2.4

6.1

31.4

$89,190

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Purchasing managers

11-3061

71.9

73.4

1.5

2.1

0.3

17.3

$100,170

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Transportation, storage, and distribution managers

11-3071

105.2

110.3

5.1

4.9

4.8

29.1

$81,830

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Compensation and benefits managers

11-3111

20.7

21.4

0.6

3.1

6.1

$95,250

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Human resources managers

11-3121

102.7

116.3

13.6

13.2

1.0

40.6

$99,720

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Training and development managers

11-3131

28.6

31.8

3.2

11.2

10.7

$95,400

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Other management occupations

11-9000

4,215.0

4,371.0

156.1

3.7

43.1

1,207.0

$81,940

Farmers, ranchers, and other agricultural managers

11-9013

930.6

750.7

-179.9

-19.3

73.1

150.2

$69,300

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction managers

11-9021

485.0

563.2

78.2

16.1

56.7

154.6

$82,790

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Education administrators

11-9030

491.4

542.0

50.6

10.3

3.8

181.3

$82,930

Education administrators, preschool and childcare center/program

11-9031

63.8

74.7

10.9

17.0

8.7

27.8

$43,950

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education administrators, elementary and secondary school

11-9032

231.5

244.7

13.1

5.7

1.7

74.7

$87,760

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Education administrators, postsecondary

11-9033

161.8

185.3

23.5

14.5

4.6

66.5

$86,490

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Education administrators, all other

11-9039

34.2

37.3

3.1

9.0

5.5

12.2

$76,860

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Architectural and engineering managers

11-9041

193.8

206.9

13.1

6.7

1.7

60.6

$124,870

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Food service managers

11-9051

321.4

326.5

5.0

1.6

39.8

62.4

$47,960

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Funeral service managers

11-9061

9.3

10.5

1.2

12.5

1.7

3.2

$66,720

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Gaming managers

11-9071

4.8

5.2

0.4

7.5

6.4

1.4

$65,220

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Lodging managers

11-9081

50.4

51.1

0.7

1.4

39.4

16.2

$46,810

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Medical and health services managers

11-9111

315.5

388.8

73.3

23.2

4.6

149.9

$88,580

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Natural sciences managers

11-9121

51.6

54.5

2.9

5.7

1.1

13.7

$115,730

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Postmasters and mail superintendents

11-9131

23.0

17.4

-5.6

-24.2

5.0

$63,050

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Property, real estate, and community association managers

11-9141

297.0

332.0

35.0

11.8

44.7

102.1

$52,610

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Social and community service managers

11-9151

132.9

160.6

27.7

20.8

7.0

55.1

$59,970

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Emergency management directors

11-9161

9.9

10.7

0.8

8.3

2.2

$59,770

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Managers, all other

11-9199

898.2

950.8

52.6

5.9

59.3

249.1

$100,890

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Business and financial operations occupations

13-0000

7,167.6

8,065.7

898.1

12.5

6.1

2,351.5

$62,500

Business operations specialists

13-1000

4,432.3

5,009.2

576.9

13.0

5.5

1,344.1

$62,230

Agents and business managers of artists, performers, and athletes

13-1011

18.3

20.1

1.8

9.7

33.0

5.8

$63,370

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Buyers and purchasing agents

13-1020

432.7

450.9

18.1

4.2

5.5

105.0

$56,880

Buyers and purchasing agents, farm products

13-1021

14.2

15.0

0.8

5.9

24.7

3.5

$55,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Wholesale and retail buyers, except farm products

13-1022

124.6

133.5

8.9

7.1

12.2

39.9

$51,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Purchasing agents, except wholesale, retail, and farm products

13-1023

294.0

302.4

8.4

2.9

1.8

61.6

$58,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Claims adjusters, appraisers, examiners, and investigators

13-1030

311.1

321.9

10.8

3.5

2.4

83.4

$59,850

Claims adjusters, examiners, and investigators

13-1031

297.6

309.1

11.5

3.9

2.4

80.3

$59,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Insurance appraisers, auto damage

13-1032

13.5

12.8

-0.7

-5.3

2.9

3.1

$58,610

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Compliance officers

13-1041

239.8

250.8

11.0

4.6

0.1

55.3

$62,020

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cost estimators

13-1051

202.2

255.2

53.0

26.2

2.8

118.0

$58,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Human resources workers

13-1070

495.6

528.1

32.5

6.6

1.8

123.7

$55,600

Human resources specialists

13-1071

418.0

451.1

33.2

7.9

1.7

109.5

$55,800

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Labor relations specialists

13-1075

77.6

76.9

-0.6

-0.8

2.1

14.2

$54,660

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Logisticians

13-1081

125.9

153.6

27.6

21.9

2.3

42.2

$72,780

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Management analysts

13-1111

718.7

852.5

133.8

18.6

21.4

245.2

$78,600

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Meeting, convention, and event planners

13-1121

94.2

125.4

31.3

33.2

15.7

44.2

$45,810

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fundraisers

13-1131

65.7

77.1

11.4

17.3

0.9

24.3

$50,680

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Compensation, benefits, and job analysis specialists

13-1141

91.7

97.0

5.3

5.8

0.8

22.0

$59,090

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Training and development specialists

13-1151

228.8

264.2

35.4

15.5

0.9

77.2

$55,930

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Market research analysts and marketing specialists

13-1161

415.7

547.2

131.5

31.6

2.9

188.5

$60,300

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Business operations specialists, all other

13-1199

991.8

1,065.2

73.4

7.4

0.5

209.4

$65,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Financial specialists

13-2000

2,735.3

3,056.5

321.2

11.7

7.1

1,007.4

$63,070

Accountants and auditors

13-2011

1,275.4

1,442.2

166.7

13.1

6.7

544.2

$63,550

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Appraisers and assessors of real estate

13-2021

83.7

88.4

4.7

5.6

27.3

12.1

$49,540

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Budget analysts

13-2031

61.7

65.5

3.8

6.1

28.5

$69,280

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Credit analysts

13-2041

61.8

68.2

6.4

10.4

21.8

$61,080

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Financial analysts and advisors

13-2050

582.7

675.9

93.2

16.0

9.2

226.2

$71,770

Financial analysts

13-2051

253.0

292.4

39.3

15.5

2.6

100.9

$76,950

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Personal financial advisors

13-2052

223.4

283.7

60.3

27.0

20.2

96.4

$67,520

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Insurance underwriters

13-2053

106.3

99.8

-6.5

-6.1

1.8

28.9

$62,870

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial examiners

13-2061

29.2

31.1

1.8

6.3

9.2

$75,800

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Credit counselors and loan officers

13-2070

327.8

357.0

29.2

8.9

2.3

89.2

$57,500

Credit counselors

13-2071

30.9

37.3

6.4

20.7

1.8

12.0

$39,420

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loan officers

13-2072

296.9

319.8

22.9

7.7

2.3

77.2

$59,820

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax examiners, collectors and preparers, and revenue agents

13-2080

157.0

163.0

6.0

3.8

14.9

50.4

$43,970

Tax examiners and collectors, and revenue agents

13-2081

69.5

66.8

-2.7

-3.9

23.9

$50,440

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tax preparers

13-2082

87.6

96.2

8.7

9.9

26.7

26.5

$33,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Financial specialists, all other

13-2099

155.8

165.2

9.4

6.1

1.0

25.8

$61,160

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Computer and mathematical occupations

15-0000

3,814.7

4,500.5

685.8

18.0

2.9

1,308.5

$76,270

Computer occupations

15-1100

3,682.3

4,333.6

651.3

17.7

3.0

1,240.1

$76,270

Computer and information research scientists

15-1111

26.7

30.8

4.1

15.3

0.9

8.3

$102,190

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Computer and information analysts

15-1120

595.7

750.9

155.2

26.1

3.6

248.8

$80,460

Computer systems analysts

15-1121

520.6

648.4

127.7

24.5

4.0

209.6

$79,680

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Information security analysts

15-1122

75.1

102.5

27.4

36.5

0.7

39.2

$86,170

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Software developers and programmers

15-1130

1,503.1

1,782.6

279.5

18.6

4.5

522.0

$87,100

Computer programmers

15-1131

343.7

372.1

28.4

8.3

5.1

118.1

$74,280

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software developers, applications

15-1132

613.0

752.9

139.9

22.8

1.8

218.5

$90,060

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Software developers, systems software

15-1133

405.0

487.8

82.8

20.4

1.9

134.7

$99,000

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Web developers

15-1134

141.4

169.9

28.5

20.1

22.5

50.7

$62,500

Associate's degree

None

None

Database and systems administrators and network architects

15-1140

628.6

710.3

81.8

13.0

1.0

184.3

$76,880

Database administrators

15-1141

118.7

136.6

17.9

15.1

1.6

40.3

$77,080

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Network and computer systems administrators

15-1142

366.4

409.4

42.9

11.7

0.6

100.5

$72,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer network architects

15-1143

143.4

164.3

20.9

14.6

1.2

43.5

$91,000

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Computer support specialists

15-1150

722.4

845.3

123.0

17.0

0.8

236.5

$48,900

Computer user support specialists

15-1151

547.7

658.5

110.8

20.2

0.8

196.9

$46,420

Some college, no degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Computer network support specialists

15-1152

174.6

186.8

12.1

6.9

0.8

39.6

$59,090

Associate's degree

None

None

Computer occupations, all other

15-1199

205.8

213.6

7.8

3.8

4.0

40.2

$81,140

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mathematical science occupations

15-2000

132.4

166.9

34.5

26.1

1.6

68.4

$76,270

Actuaries

15-2011

24.3

30.6

6.3

26.1

13.2

$93,680

Bachelor's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mathematicians

15-2021

3.5

4.3

0.8

22.7

1.7

$101,360

Master's degree

None

None

Operations research analysts

15-2031

73.2

92.7

19.5

26.7

0.9

36.0

$72,100

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statisticians

15-2041

27.6

34.9

7.4

26.7

0.6

16.1

$75,560

Master's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous mathematical science occupations

15-2090

3.9

4.4

0.5

12.9

33.4

1.5

$56,410

Mathematical technicians

15-2091

1.9

2.1

0.2

12.6

33.5

0.7

$56,820

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mathematical science occupations, all other

15-2099

1.9

2.2

0.3

13.3

33.4

0.7

$56,120

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Architecture and engineering occupations

17-0000

2,474.5

2,654.0

179.6

7.3

2.9

763.9

$73,540

Architects, surveyors, and cartographers

17-1000

182.1

210.3

28.2

15.5

16.0

70.0

$66,380

Architects, except naval

17-1010

127.5

149.0

21.4

16.8

21.7

51.7

$71,700

Architects, except landscape and naval

17-1011

107.4

126.0

18.6

17.3

21.9

44.1

$73,090

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Landscape architects

17-1012

20.1

22.9

2.9

14.3

20.9

7.6

$64,180

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Surveyors, cartographers, and photogrammetrists

17-1020

54.5

61.3

6.8

12.4

2.5

18.3

$56,530

Cartographers and photogrammetrists

17-1021

12.1

14.5

2.4

19.6

2.0

4.9

$57,440

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Surveyors

17-1022

42.4

46.8

4.4

10.3

2.7

13.4

$56,230

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Engineers

17-2000

1,589.6

1,726.1

136.5

8.6

1.9

544.3

$86,200

Aerospace engineers

17-2011

83.0

89.1

6.1

7.3

1.1

25.4

$103,720

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Agricultural engineers

17-2021

2.6

2.7

0.1

4.8

0.8

$74,000

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biomedical engineers

17-2031

19.4

24.6

5.2

26.6

10.1

$86,960

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical engineers

17-2041

33.3

34.8

1.5

4.5

9.2

$94,350

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Civil engineers

17-2051

272.9

326.6

53.7

19.7

2.9

120.1

$79,340

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Computer hardware engineers

17-2061

83.3

89.4

6.2

7.4

3.0

24.1

$100,920

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics engineers

17-2070

306.1

318.7

12.6

4.1

2.0

79.4

$89,630

Electrical engineers

17-2071

166.1

174.0

7.9

4.7

2.1

44.1

$87,920

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Electronics engineers, except computer

17-2072

140.0

144.8

4.8

3.4

1.9

35.3

$91,820

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental engineers

17-2081

53.2

61.4

8.1

15.3

1.9

21.1

$80,890

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers, including health and safety

17-2110

247.4

260.1

12.7

5.1

0.6

85.1

$78,690

Health and safety engineers, except mining safety engineers and inspectors

17-2111

24.1

26.7

2.6

11.0

0.6

9.7

$76,830

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Industrial engineers

17-2112

223.3

233.4

10.1

4.5

0.6

75.4

$78,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Marine engineers and naval architects

17-2121

7.3

8.1

0.8

10.3

3.7

2.6

$88,100

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials engineers

17-2131

23.2

23.4

0.2

0.9

7.5

$85,150

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineers

17-2141

258.1

269.7

11.6

4.5

0.6

99.7

$80,580

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Mining and geological engineers, including mining safety engineers

17-2151

7.9

8.9

1.0

12.0

1.2

3.0

$84,320

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Nuclear engineers

17-2161

20.4

22.3

1.9

9.3

7.1

$104,270

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Petroleum engineers

17-2171

38.5

48.4

9.8

25.5

3.2

19.6

$130,280

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Engineers, all other

17-2199

133.0

138.1

5.1

3.8

5.0

29.5

$92,030

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Drafters, engineering technicians, and mapping technicians

17-3000

702.8

717.7

14.8

2.1

1.9

149.6

$51,720

Drafters

17-3010

199.8

202.0

2.2

1.1

3.1

32.1

$49,630

Architectural and civil drafters

17-3011

87.9

88.5

0.7

0.8

3.1

12.4

$47,870

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics drafters

17-3012

29.6

32.5

2.9

9.6

3.2

6.8

$55,700

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical drafters

17-3013

66.7

63.4

-3.3

-4.9

3.2

8.9

$50,360

Associate's degree

None

None

Drafters, all other

17-3019

15.6

17.6

2.0

12.7

3.1

4.1

$46,110

Associate's degree

None

None

Engineering technicians, except drafters

17-3020

449.1

454.4

5.3

1.2

0.2

100.5

$53,920

Aerospace engineering and operations technicians

17-3021

9.9

9.9

0.0

-0.4

2.1

$61,530

Associate's degree

None

None

Civil engineering technicians

17-3022

73.1

73.6

0.4

0.6

0.2

15.6

$47,560

Associate's degree

None

None

Electrical and electronics engineering technicians

17-3023

146.5

146.5

0.0

0.0

0.3

30.4

$57,850

Associate's degree

None

None

Electro-mechanical technicians

17-3024

17.3

18.0

0.7

3.9

4.3

$51,820

Associate's degree

None

None

Environmental engineering technicians

17-3025

19.0

22.5

3.5

18.4

7.4

$45,350

Associate's degree

None

None

Industrial engineering technicians

17-3026

68.0

65.8

-2.2

-3.2

0.3

14.1

$50,980

Associate's degree

None

None

Mechanical engineering technicians

17-3027

47.5

49.7

2.2

4.7

0.3

12.1

$51,980

Associate's degree

None

None

Engineering technicians, except drafters, all other

17-3029

67.7

68.3

0.6

0.9

0.2

14.6

$59,440

Associate's degree

None

None

Surveying and mapping technicians

17-3031

54.0

61.3

7.3

13.5

11.2

17.0

$39,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Life, physical, and social science occupations

19-0000

1,249.1

1,374.8

125.7

10.1

5.4

488.2

$60,100

Life scientists

19-1000

294.5

321.8

27.2

9.2

3.1

104.7

$68,780

Agricultural and food scientists

19-1010

38.5

42.0

3.6

9.3

13.6

16.4

$58,610

Animal scientists

19-1011

2.7

3.0

0.2

8.8

11.0

1.2

$61,680

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Food scientists and technologists

19-1012

19.4

21.5

2.1

10.8

15.6

8.5

$58,070

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Soil and plant scientists

19-1013

16.3

17.6

1.2

7.5

11.7

6.7

$58,740

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists

19-1020

103.7

111.3

7.6

7.3

2.3

37.4

$69,850

Biochemists and biophysicists

19-1021

29.2

34.6

5.4

18.6

3.7

13.7

$81,480

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Microbiologists

19-1022

20.1

21.6

1.4

7.0

2.8

7.1

$66,260

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Zoologists and wildlife biologists

19-1023

20.1

21.1

1.0

4.9

1.3

6.7

$57,710

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Biological scientists, all other

19-1029

34.3

34.1

-0.2

-0.6

1.3

9.8

$72,700

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Conservation scientists and foresters

19-1030

34.2

35.0

0.9

2.5

1.8

10.8

$59,060

Conservation scientists

19-1031

22.1

22.3

0.1

0.5

1.5

6.6

$61,100

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Foresters

19-1032

12.0

12.8

0.7

6.1

2.2

4.2

$55,950

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Medical scientists

19-1040

108.3

122.5

14.2

13.1

0.8

37.1

$76,080

Epidemiologists

19-1041

5.1

5.7

0.5

10.2

1.6

$65,270

Master's degree

None

None

Medical scientists, except epidemiologists

19-1042

103.1

116.8

13.7

13.3

0.8

35.5

$76,980

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life scientists, all other

19-1099

9.9

10.9

1.0

10.2

3.1

$65,330

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Physical scientists

19-2000

297.4

328.1

30.7

10.3

3.1

110.6

$74,850

Astronomers and physicists

19-2010

23.3

25.7

2.4

10.3

6.9

8.1

$106,360

Astronomers

19-2011

2.7

2.9

0.3

10.0

5.2

0.9

$96,460

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physicists

19-2012

20.6

22.7

2.1

10.4

7.1

7.2

$106,840

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Atmospheric and space scientists

19-2021

11.1

12.2

1.1

10.0

1.7

3.8

$89,260

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemists and materials scientists

19-2030

96.2

101.6

5.4

5.6

0.7

30.4

$73,060

Chemists

19-2031

87.9

92.9

5.0

5.6

0.7

27.8

$71,770

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Materials scientists

19-2032

8.3

8.8

0.4

5.2

0.8

2.6

$88,990

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Environmental scientists and geoscientists

19-2040

135.5

155.5

20.0

14.7

2.5

59.9

$69,750

Environmental scientists and specialists, including health

19-2041

90.0

103.2

13.2

14.6

2.2

39.7

$63,570

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Geoscientists, except hydrologists and geographers

19-2042

38.2

44.2

6.0

15.8

3.3

17.3

$90,890

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Hydrologists

19-2043

7.4

8.1

0.8

10.4

1.9

2.9

$75,530

Master's degree

None

None

Physical scientists, all other

19-2099

31.2

33.1

1.8

5.9

10.3

8.3

$91,640

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers

19-3000

290.4

323.2

32.8

11.3

16.1

111.0

$69,290

Economists

19-3011

16.9

19.2

2.3

13.9

1.8

7.4

$91,860

Master's degree

None

None

Survey researchers

19-3022

18.0

21.2

3.2

17.6

5.6

$45,050

Master's degree

None

None

Psychologists

19-3030

160.2

178.9

18.7

11.7

26.5

62.3

$69,280

Clinical, counseling, and school psychologists

19-3031

145.1

161.5

16.4

11.3

27.2

55.9

$67,650

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Industrial-organizational psychologists

19-3032

1.6

2.5

0.9

53.4

35.9

1.3

$83,580

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychologists, all other

19-3039

13.4

14.9

1.4

10.7

18.1

5.1

$90,020

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Sociologists

19-3041

2.6

3.0

0.4

15.0

1.1

$74,960

Master's degree

None

None

Urban and regional planners

19-3051

38.7

42.7

4.0

10.3

21.4

$65,230

Master's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous social scientists and related workers

19-3090

54.1

58.3

4.2

7.7

7.1

13.2

$74,740

Anthropologists and archeologists

19-3091

7.2

8.6

1.4

19.4

12.3

2.6

$57,420

Master's degree

None

None

Geographers

19-3092

1.7

2.2

0.5

29.0

7.5

0.8

$74,760

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Historians

19-3093

3.8

4.0

0.2

6.0

7.1

0.8

$52,480

Master's degree

None

None

Political scientists

19-3094

6.6

8.0

1.4

21.3

6.5

2.5

$102,000

Master's degree

None

None

Social scientists and related workers, all other

19-3099

34.8

35.5

0.7

1.9

6.1

6.4

$76,540

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4000

366.8

401.8

35.0

9.5

0.8

162.0

$41,130

Agricultural and food science technicians

19-4011

25.9

26.7

0.8

2.9

0.8

10.1

$34,070

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Biological technicians

19-4021

80.2

88.3

8.0

10.0

32.1

$39,750

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Chemical technicians

19-4031

63.6

69.5

6.0

9.4

1.5

21.6

$42,920

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Geological and petroleum technicians

19-4041

15.8

18.2

2.4

15.1

8.1

$52,700

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Nuclear technicians

19-4051

8.1

9.3

1.2

14.9

4.1

$69,060

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Social science research assistants

19-4061

29.6

34.0

4.4

15.0

16.1

$37,140

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous life, physical, and social science technicians

19-4090

143.6

155.8

12.2

8.5

1.3

69.8

$41,210

Environmental science and protection technicians, including health

19-4091

32.8

38.9

6.2

18.8

2.2

19.0

$41,240

Associate's degree

None

None

Forensic science technicians

19-4092

12.9

13.7

0.7

5.8

5.8

$52,840

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest and conservation technicians

19-4093

34.0

32.8

-1.2

-3.5

13.4

$33,920

Associate's degree

None

None

Life, physical, and social science technicians, all other

19-4099

63.9

70.4

6.5

10.1

1.6

31.6

$43,130

Associate's degree

None

None

Community and social service occupations

21-0000

2,374.7

2,783.4

408.8

17.2

2.0

962.9

$40,400

Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists

21-1000

1,940.9

2,309.4

368.5

19.0

2.3

814.2

$40,400

Counselors

21-1010

665.5

802.3

136.8

20.6

5.7

278.3

$44,040

Substance abuse and behavioral disorder counselors

21-1011

89.6

117.7

28.2

31.4

7.9

47.2

$38,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Educational, guidance, school, and vocational counselors

21-1012

262.3

293.5

31.2

11.9

2.9

87.0

$53,610

Master's degree

None

None

Marriage and family therapists

21-1013

37.8

49.4

11.6

30.6

7.4

19.6

$46,670

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Mental health counselors

21-1014

128.4

165.1

36.7

28.5

8.3

64.0

$40,080

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Rehabilitation counselors

21-1015

117.5

140.9

23.4

19.9

7.2

48.4

$33,880

Master's degree

None

None

Counselors, all other

21-1019

29.8

35.6

5.8

19.4

5.2

12.1

$43,810

Master's degree

None

None

Social workers

21-1020

607.3

721.5

114.1

18.8

1.0

242.8

$44,200

Child, family, and school social workers

21-1021

285.7

328.8

43.1

15.1

0.7

103.6

$41,530

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Healthcare social workers

21-1022

146.2

185.5

39.2

26.8

1.3

70.2

$49,830

Master's degree

None

None

Mental health and substance abuse social workers

21-1023

114.2

140.2

26.0

22.8

1.3

50.2

$39,980

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Social workers, all other

21-1029

61.2

67.0

5.8

9.5

0.6

18.8

$54,560

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous community and social service specialists

21-1090

668.0

785.6

117.6

17.6

0.0

293.2

$34,130

Health educators

21-1091

58.9

70.1

11.2

19.0

0.1

26.6

$48,790

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Probation officers and correctional treatment specialists

21-1092

90.3

89.3

-0.9

-1.0

23.6

$48,190

Bachelor's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Social and human service assistants

21-1093

372.7

453.9

81.2

21.8

178.7

$28,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community health workers

21-1094

40.5

50.7

10.2

25.1

20.8

$34,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Community and social service specialists, all other

21-1099

105.6

121.6

16.0

15.1

0.1

43.6

$41,060

Master's degree

None

None

Religious workers

21-2000

433.8

474.1

40.3

9.3

0.7

148.7

$40,360

Clergy

21-2011

239.6

263.2

23.6

9.8

0.8

72.6

$44,060

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Directors, religious activities and education

21-2021

134.2

145.5

11.3

8.4

0.8

57.0

$37,280

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Religious workers, all other

21-2099

59.9

65.3

5.4

8.9

19.1

$26,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Legal occupations

23-0000

1,247.0

1,379.9

132.9

10.7

15.8

333.8

$75,270

Lawyers, judges, and related workers

23-1000

823.6

900.2

76.6

9.3

20.4

208.8

$110,740

Lawyers and judicial law clerks

23-1010

772.0

847.3

75.4

9.8

21.5

199.0

$112,120

Lawyers

23-1011

759.8

834.7

74.8

9.8

21.8

196.5

$113,530

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judicial law clerks

23-1012

12.1

12.7

0.5

4.3

4.2

2.5

$47,120

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers

23-1020

51.6

52.9

1.3

2.5

2.7

9.8

$95,360

Administrative law judges, adjudicators, and hearing officers

23-1021

14.9

14.7

-0.3

-1.7

2.4

$87,240

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Arbitrators, mediators, and conciliators

23-1022

8.4

9.3

0.9

10.4

16.7

2.2

$61,280

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Judges, magistrate judges, and magistrates

23-1023

28.3

29.0

0.7

2.3

5.2

$115,760

Doctoral or professional degree

5 years or more

Short-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers

23-2000

423.4

479.7

56.3

13.3

7.0

125.1

$46,850

Paralegals and legal assistants

23-2011

277.0

323.3

46.2

16.7

1.9

91.2

$46,990

Associate's degree

None

None

Miscellaneous legal support workers

23-2090

146.3

156.4

10.1

6.9

16.7

33.8

$46,560

Court reporters

23-2091

21.2

23.2

2.0

9.6

9.6

5.5

$48,160

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Title examiners, abstractors, and searchers

23-2093

67.9

74.1

6.2

9.2

23.8

17.3

$41,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Legal support workers, all other

23-2099

57.3

59.0

1.8

3.1

10.9

11.1

$52,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Education, training, and library occupations

25-0000

9,115.9

10,131.7

1,015.8

11.1

2.0

2,896.9

$46,020

Postsecondary teachers

25-1000

1,830.9

2,134.5

303.5

16.6

0.1

578.7

$62,390

Business teachers, postsecondary

25-1011

103.4

118.5

15.2

14.7

0.1

30.7

$73,660

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Math and computer teachers, postsecondary

25-1020

105.1

117.6

12.6

12.0

0.1

28.4

$67,740

Computer science teachers, postsecondary

25-1021

41.7

47.0

5.3

12.7

11.6

$72,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Mathematical science teachers, postsecondary

25-1022

63.3

70.6

7.3

11.5

16.8

$64,990

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering and architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1030

51.7

58.0

6.3

12.2

14.1

$88,800

Architecture teachers, postsecondary

25-1031

9.1

10.4

1.3

14.3

2.7

$71,610

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Engineering teachers, postsecondary

25-1032

42.5

47.5

5.0

11.8

11.4

$92,670

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Life sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1040

77.3

90.6

13.3

17.2

0.1

24.9

$75,650

Agricultural sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1041

12.8

13.9

1.0

8.0

3.0

$80,490

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Biological science teachers, postsecondary

25-1042

61.4

73.4

12.0

19.5

0.1

21.2

$74,180

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Forestry and conservation science teachers, postsecondary

25-1043

3.1

3.4

0.3

9.9

0.8

$81,930

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physical sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1050

62.2

70.4

8.2

13.2

0.1

17.6

$75,460

Atmospheric, earth, marine, and space sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1051

13.2

14.7

1.5

11.4

3.5

$82,180

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Chemistry teachers, postsecondary

25-1052

25.3

28.8

3.5

13.7

7.3

$71,140

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Environmental science teachers, postsecondary

25-1053

6.3

7.1

0.8

13.2

1.8

$77,320

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physics teachers, postsecondary

25-1054

17.4

19.8

2.4

13.8

5.0

$78,540

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary

25-1060

143.3

163.2

19.9

13.9

0.1

41.5

$70,580

Anthropology and archeology teachers, postsecondary

25-1061

7.0

7.9

0.9

12.5

1.9

$76,020

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Area, ethnic, and cultural studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1062

12.4

14.3

1.9

15.8

3.8

$67,360

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Economics teachers, postsecondary

25-1063

16.8

19.2

2.4

14.2

4.9

$87,950

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Geography teachers, postsecondary

25-1064

5.5

6.1

0.6

10.6

1.4

$67,820

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Political science teachers, postsecondary

25-1065

21.1

24.1

3.1

14.6

6.2

$72,170

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Psychology teachers, postsecondary

25-1066

47.5

54.2

6.8

14.2

0.1

13.9

$68,020

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Sociology teachers, postsecondary

25-1067

20.6

23.3

2.6

12.7

5.7

$66,150

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social sciences teachers, postsecondary, all other

25-1069

12.4

14.1

1.7

13.4

3.5

$69,890

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Health teachers, postsecondary

25-1070

257.9

350.4

92.6

35.9

0.1

131.3

$73,920

Health specialties teachers, postsecondary

25-1071

190.0

258.6

68.6

36.1

0.1

97.2

$81,140

Doctoral or professional degree

Less than 5 years

None

Nursing instructors and teachers, postsecondary

25-1072

67.8

91.8

24.0

35.4

0.1

34.2

$64,850

Master's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Education and library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1080

84.9

97.1

12.2

14.4

0.1

25.0

$59,810

Education teachers, postsecondary

25-1081

79.3

90.9

11.6

14.6

0.1

23.5

$59,350

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Library science teachers, postsecondary

25-1082

5.5

6.1

0.6

10.8

1.4

$65,780

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law, criminal justice, and social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1110

48.7

56.0

7.3

14.9

0.1

14.6

$68,550

Criminal justice and law enforcement teachers, postsecondary

25-1111

16.4

18.5

2.1

13.1

4.6

$58,040

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Law teachers, postsecondary

25-1112

20.0

23.5

3.5

17.6

6.5

$99,950

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Social work teachers, postsecondary

25-1113

12.4

14.0

1.6

13.1

3.5

$63,250

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Arts, communications, and humanities teachers, postsecondary

25-1120

333.3

382.2

48.9

14.7

0.1

99.0

$61,710

Art, drama, and music teachers, postsecondary

25-1121

114.3

132.6

18.3

16.0

0.1

35.5

$62,160

Master's degree

None

None

Communications teachers, postsecondary

25-1122

36.5

41.2

4.7

12.7

10.1

$62,180

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

English language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1123

86.8

97.4

10.6

12.2

0.1

23.6

$60,040

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Foreign language and literature teachers, postsecondary

25-1124

35.8

41.2

5.5

15.3

0.1

10.8

$58,670

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

History teachers, postsecondary

25-1125

29.2

33.1

4.0

13.6

8.3

$65,870

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Philosophy and religion teachers, postsecondary

25-1126

30.8

36.7

6.0

19.3

0.2

10.6

$64,990

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Miscellaneous postsecondary teachers

25-1190

563.2

630.3

67.1

11.9

0.1

151.7

$47,640

Graduate teaching assistants

25-1191

150.3

165.8

15.5

10.3

0.1

38.0

$31,270

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Home economics teachers, postsecondary

25-1192

5.6

6.2

0.5

9.6

1.4

$64,040

Master's degree

None

None

Recreation and fitness studies teachers, postsecondary

25-1193

23.0

25.8

2.8

12.2

6.3

$57,920

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Vocational education teachers, postsecondary

25-1194

136.2

152.3

16.1

11.8

0.2

36.6

$47,990

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Postsecondary teachers, all other

25-1199

248.0

280.2

32.2

13.0

0.1

69.5

$64,290

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Preschool, primary, secondary, and special education school teachers

25-2000

4,115.3

4,544.7

429.4

10.4

0.3

1,401.2

$52,240

Preschool and kindergarten teachers

25-2010

596.7

693.7

96.9

16.2

1.5

264.5

$33,040

Preschool teachers, except special education

25-2011

438.2

514.6

76.4

17.4

1.9

199.4

$27,130

Associate's degree

None

None

Kindergarten teachers, except special education

25-2012

158.5

179.1

20.6

13.0

0.4

65.1

$50,120

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Elementary and middle school teachers

25-2020

1,993.8

2,238.6

244.8

12.3

683.5

$53,420

Elementary school teachers, except special education

25-2021

1,361.2

1,529.1

167.9

12.3

467.4

$53,400

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Middle school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2022

614.4

690.4

76.0

12.4

211.2

$53,430

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Career/technical education teachers, middle school

25-2023

18.2

19.1

0.9

5.2

4.9

$54,220

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Internship/residency

Secondary school teachers

25-2030

1,041.3

1,098.4

57.2

5.5

340.1

$55,060

Secondary school teachers, except special and career/technical education

25-2031

955.8

1,008.7

52.9

5.5

312.6

$55,050

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Career/technical education teachers, secondary school

25-2032

85.4

89.7

4.3

5.0

27.5

$55,160

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Internship/residency

Special education teachers

25-2050

483.5

514.0

30.5

6.3

0.4

113.0

$54,880

Special education teachers, preschool

25-2051

22.3

25.9

3.6

16.2

1.5

7.4

$52,480

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, kindergarten and elementary school

25-2052

194.6

206.6

12.0

6.2

0.3

45.2

$53,820

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, middle school

25-2053

94.6

99.5

4.9

5.2

0.2

21.1

$55,780

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, secondary school

25-2054

131.3

137.4

6.1

4.6

0.3

28.5

$56,830

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Special education teachers, all other

25-2059

40.7

44.6

3.9

9.5

0.9

10.8

$51,980

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Other teachers and instructors

25-3000

1,375.3

1,501.8

126.6

9.2

11.2

361.3

$30,100

Adult basic and secondary education and literacy teachers and instructors

25-3011

77.4

84.2

6.7

8.7

9.6

19.9

$48,590

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Self-enrichment education teachers

25-3021

316.2

360.1

43.9

13.9

20.4

97.9

$35,320

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Teachers and instructors, all other

25-3099

981.6

1,057.5

75.9

7.7

8.4

243.5

$28,540

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Librarians, curators, and archivists

25-4000

283.9

307.1

23.3

8.2

0.3

120.5

$44,320

Archivists, curators, and museum technicians

25-4010

29.3

32.6

3.3

11.4

3.3

9.7

$44,410

Archivists

25-4011

6.5

7.6

1.1

16.6

3.3

2.5

$47,340

Master's degree

None

None

Curators

25-4012

11.4

12.9

1.4

12.5

3.7

3.9

$49,590

Master's degree

None

None

Museum technicians and conservators

25-4013

11.3

12.1

0.8

7.1

3.0

3.3

$38,220

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Librarians

25-4021

148.4

159.4

11.0

7.4

44.4

$55,370

Master's degree

None

None

Library technicians

25-4031

106.2

115.2

9.0

8.4

66.3

$30,660

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Other education, training, and library occupations

25-9000

1,510.5

1,643.5

133.0

8.8

0.7

435.2

$25,480

Audio-visual and multimedia collections specialists

25-9011

9.7

9.6

-0.1

-0.8

3.1

0.8

$43,350

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Farm and home management advisors

25-9021

13.7

15.0

1.3

9.7

2.4

2.5

$46,760

Master's degree

None

None

Instructional coordinators

25-9031

147.7

166.2

18.5

12.5

4.2

31.1

$60,050

Master's degree

5 years or more

None

Teacher assistants

25-9041

1,223.4

1,328.5

105.0

8.6

0.0

382.6

$23,640

Some college, no degree

None

None

Education, training, and library workers, all other

25-9099

116.0

124.2

8.2

7.1

3.2

18.1

$36,610

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media occupations

27-0000

2,570.9

2,751.6

180.6

7.0

25.8

799.5

$43,930

Art and design workers

27-1000

753.7

793.4

39.8

5.3

32.9

239.7

$42,250

Artists and related workers

27-1010

195.1

203.0

7.8

4.0

55.8

54.3

$63,320

Art directors

27-1011

74.8

77.0

2.2

3.0

57.2

20.0

$80,880

Bachelor's degree

5 years or more

None

Craft artists

27-1012

11.2

11.6

0.4

3.3

57.8

3.0

$29,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fine artists, including painters, sculptors, and illustrators

27-1013

28.8

29.9

1.1

3.8

56.6

7.9

$44,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Multimedia artists and animators

27-1014

68.9

73.2

4.3

6.3

56.9

20.6

$61,370

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Artists and related workers, all other

27-1019

11.4

11.2

-0.2

-1.5

36.4

2.7

$59,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Designers

27-1020

558.5

590.5

31.9

5.7

25.0

185.4

$39,050

Commercial and industrial designers

27-1021

39.2

40.9

1.7

4.4

25.3

12.1

$59,610

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Fashion designers

27-1022

22.3

21.7

-0.7

-3.0

25.3

5.9

$62,860

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Floral designers

27-1023

62.4

57.3

-5.0

-8.0

26.0

16.5

$23,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Graphic designers

27-1024

259.5

276.9

17.4

6.7

24.4

86.0

$44,150

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Interior designers

27-1025

54.9

61.9

7.0

12.8

25.2

21.5

$47,600

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Merchandise displayers and window trimmers

27-1026

98.7

108.7

10.0

10.1

25.6

36.1

$26,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Set and exhibit designers

27-1027

11.4

12.1

0.7

6.3

23.4

3.7

$50,300

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Designers, all other

27-1029

10.2

11.0

0.8

8.0

24.8

3.5

$45,330

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers

27-2000

766.9

830.0

63.0

8.2

20.9

283.6

$38,530

Actors, producers, and directors

27-2010

183.2

189.4

6.2

3.4

13.6

66.8

$60,080

Actors

27-2011

79.8

83.0

3.3

4.1

11.6

28.9

Some college, no degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Producers and directors

27-2012

103.5

106.4

2.9

2.8

15.2

37.9

$71,350

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Athletes, coaches, umpires, and related workers

27-2020

276.3

314.8

38.5

13.9

10.9

120.4

$28,580

Athletes and sports competitors

27-2021

14.9

15.9

1.0

6.7

16.0

5.4

$40,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Coaches and scouts

27-2022

243.9

280.1

36.2

14.8

10.8

108.5

$28,360

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Umpires, referees, and other sports officials

27-2023

17.5

18.8

1.3

7.7

8.6

6.5

$23,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dancers and choreographers

27-2030

25.8

29.2

3.4

13.2

28.6

10.8

$33,010

Dancers

27-2031

15.6

16.5

0.9

5.9

28.9

5.4

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Choreographers

27-2032

10.2

12.7

2.5

24.3

28.2

5.4

$38,120

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Long-term on-the-job training

Musicians, singers, and related workers

27-2040

245.0

257.3

12.2

5.0

31.7

78.3

Music directors and composers

27-2041

77.6

81.1

3.5

4.5

22.6

24.4

$47,350

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Musicians and singers

27-2042

167.4

176.2

8.7

5.2

36.0

53.9

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Entertainers and performers, sports and related workers, all other

27-2099

36.6

39.2

2.7

7.3

54.0

7.2

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Media and communication workers

27-3000

726.9

787.1

60.2

8.3

20.2

216.2

$50,930

Announcers

27-3010

52.0

52.7

0.8

1.5

24.5

11.6

$27,750

Radio and television announcers

27-3011

41.3

41.2

0.0

-0.1

24.4

8.6

$28,020

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Public address system and other announcers

27-3012

10.7

11.5

0.8

7.6

24.6

3.0

$26,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

News analysts, reporters and correspondents

27-3020

57.6

50.4

-7.2

-12.6

13.1

19.6

$37,090

Broadcast news analysts

27-3021

5.9

5.8

-0.1

-2.3

12.9

2.0

$55,380

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Reporters and correspondents

27-3022

51.7

44.6

-7.1

-13.8

13.1

17.6

$35,870

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Public relations specialists

27-3031

229.1

256.5

27.4

12.0

4.2

58.8

$54,170

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Writers and editors

27-3040

293.9

302.3

8.4

2.9

33.1

82.4

$57,460

Editors

27-3041

115.3

112.5

-2.8

-2.4

10.2

28.0

$53,880

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Technical writers

27-3042

49.5

56.9

7.4

14.8

4.9

22.6

$65,500

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Writers and authors

27-3043

129.1

132.9

3.8

3.0

64.4

31.8

$55,940

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous media and communication workers

27-3090

94.3

125.2

30.8

32.7

20.7

43.8

$45,350

Interpreters and translators

27-3091

63.6

92.9

29.3

46.1

18.9

38.1

$45,430

Bachelor's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication workers, all other

27-3099

30.7

32.3

1.5

4.9

24.4

5.7

$45,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Media and communication equipment workers

27-4000

323.4

341.0

17.6

5.4

33.4

60.0

$39,450

Broadcast and sound engineering technicians and radio operators

27-4010

122.8

133.4

10.6

8.6

12.5

32.8

$41,210

Audio and video equipment technicians

27-4011

67.7

76.9

9.3

13.7

12.0

21.5

$41,850

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Broadcast technicians

27-4012

36.7

37.9

1.2

3.2

13.1

7.8

$37,880

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Radio operators

27-4013

1.4

1.4

0.0

1.2

6.4

0.3

$42,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sound engineering technicians

27-4014

17.0

17.1

0.1

0.7

13.7

3.2

$46,310

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Photographers

27-4021

136.3

142.2

5.9

4.3

59.8

20.3

$28,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Television, video, and motion picture camera operators and editors

27-4030

49.5

50.9

1.4

2.8

22.9

5.2

$46,280

Camera operators, television, video, and motion picture

27-4031

21.4

22.6

1.2

5.5

22.2

2.8

$40,300

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Film and video editors

27-4032

28.1

28.3

0.2

0.6

23.5

2.3

$51,300

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Media and communication equipment workers, all other

27-4099

14.8

14.6

-0.2

-1.5

1.9

$68,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-0000

8,049.7

9,782.6

1,732.9

21.5

3.1

3,378.3

$60,200

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners

29-1000

5,004.8

6,020.1

1,015.3

20.3

4.6

2,042.2

$73,410

Chiropractors

29-1011

44.4

50.9

6.5

14.6

37.1

15.2

$66,160

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Dentists

29-1020

146.8

170.2

23.3

15.9

24.6

59.1

$149,310

Dentists, general

29-1021

125.8

146.4

20.6

16.3

25.0

51.2

$145,240

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Oral and maxillofacial surgeons

29-1022

6.7

7.8

1.1

16.1

24.8

2.7

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Orthodontists

29-1023

7.5

8.7

1.2

16.3

25.6

3.0

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Prosthodontists

29-1024

0.4

0.5

0.1

15.0

25.5

0.2

$169,130

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dentists, all other specialists

29-1029

6.4

6.8

0.4

6.3

16.1

2.0

$154,990

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Dietitians and nutritionists

29-1031

67.4

81.6

14.2

21.1

11.1

22.3

$55,240

Bachelor's degree

None

Internship/residency

Optometrists

29-1041

33.1

41.2

8.1

24.4

10.8

17.7

$97,820

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Pharmacists

29-1051

286.4

327.8

41.4

14.5

0.9

109.8

$116,670

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Physicians and surgeons

29-1060

691.4

814.7

123.3

17.8

9.4

296.4

>=$187,200

Anesthesiologists

29-1061

33.9

42.1

8.3

24.4

10.4

16.7

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Family and general practitioners

29-1062

124.0

142.1

18.1

14.6

9.9

49.2

$172,020

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Internists, general

29-1063

51.3

58.6

7.3

14.1

10.3

20.1

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Obstetricians and gynecologists

29-1064

23.6

27.0

3.4

14.4

10.4

9.3

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Pediatricians, general

29-1065

34.7

40.1

5.4

15.7

10.2

14.1

$154,650

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Psychiatrists

29-1066

27.2

31.6

4.4

16.2

7.6

11.2

$173,330

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Surgeons

29-1067

47.9

59.0

11.1

23.2

10.1

23.1

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Physicians and surgeons, all other

29-1069

348.9

414.2

65.3

18.7

8.9

152.6

>=$187,200

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Physician assistants

29-1071

86.7

120.0

33.3

38.4

1.8

48.9

$90,930

Master's degree

None

None

Podiatrists

29-1081

10.7

13.1

2.4

22.5

13.5

4.6

$116,440

Doctoral or professional degree

None

Internship/residency

Therapists

29-1120

644.5

816.4

171.8

26.7

6.6

287.2

$70,000

Occupational therapists

29-1122

113.2

146.1

32.8

29.0

4.6

48.2

$75,400

Master's degree

None

None

Physical therapists

29-1123

204.2

277.7

73.5

36.0

4.4

123.7

$79,860

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Radiation therapists

29-1124

19.1

23.6

4.5

23.5

2.4

8.4

$77,560

Associate's degree

None

None

Recreational therapists

29-1125

19.8

22.5

2.7

13.4

6.7

$42,280

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Respiratory therapists

29-1126

119.3

142.1

22.7

19.1

0.1

40.1

$55,870

Associate's degree

None

None

Speech-language pathologists

29-1127

134.1

160.1

26.0

19.4

8.8

46.2

$69,870

Master's degree

None

None

Exercise physiologists

29-1128

6.0

6.5

0.6

9.2

1.3

$44,770

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Therapists, all other

29-1129

28.8

37.9

9.1

31.7

55.6

12.5

$53,210

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Veterinarians

29-1131

70.3

78.7

8.4

12.0

18.3

31.0

$84,460

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Registered nurses

29-1141

2,711.5

3,238.4

526.8

19.4

0.7

1,052.6

$65,470

Associate's degree

None

None

Nurse anesthetists

29-1151

35.2

43.9

8.8

24.9

1.2

15.6

$148,160

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse midwives

29-1161

6.0

7.7

1.7

28.6

2.9

$89,600

Master's degree

None

None

Nurse practitioners

29-1171

110.2

147.3

37.1

33.7

1.8

58.5

$89,960

Master's degree

None

None

Audiologists

29-1181

13.0

17.3

4.3

33.6

5.4

7.0

$69,720

Doctoral or professional degree

None

None

Health diagnosing and treating practitioners, all other

29-1199

47.2

50.9

3.7

7.9

32.2

13.5

$72,710

Master's degree

None

None

Health technologists and technicians

29-2000

2,892.7

3,590.2

697.5

24.1

0.8

1,274.6

$40,380

Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians

29-2010

325.8

396.5

70.6

21.7

0.3

156.0

$47,820

Medical and clinical laboratory technologists

29-2011

164.3

187.1

22.7

13.8

0.3

65.8

$57,580

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Medical and clinical laboratory technicians

29-2012

161.5

209.4

47.9

29.7

0.3

90.2

$37,240

Associate's degree

None

None

Dental hygienists

29-2021

192.8

256.9

64.2

33.3

0.6

113.5

$70,210

Associate's degree

None

None

Diagnostic related technologists and technicians

29-2030

360.6

456.2

95.6

26.5

1.1

146.4

$57,850

Cardiovascular technologists and technicians

29-2031

51.6

67.3

15.7

30.4

1.1

23.0

$52,070

Associate's degree

None

None

Diagnostic medical sonographers

29-2032

58.8

85.9

27.0

46.0

1.1

35.3

$65,860

Associate's degree

None

None

Nuclear medicine technologists

29-2033

20.9

25.1

4.2

20.2

1.1

7.2

$70,180

Associate's degree

None

None

Radiologic technologists

29-2034

199.2

240.8

41.5

20.8

1.1

69.6

$54,620

Associate's degree

None

None

Magnetic resonance imaging technologists

29-2035

30.1

37.2

7.1

23.6

1.1

11.3

$65,360

Associate's degree

Less than 5 years

None

Emergency medical technicians and paramedics

29-2041

239.1

294.4

55.3

23.1

0.9

120.6

$31,020

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Health practitioner support technologists and technicians

29-2050

677.8

821.3

143.5

21.2

0.1

210.5

$31,330

Dietetic technicians

29-2051

25.1

29.6

4.5

18.0

7.0

$26,260

Associate's degree

None

None

Pharmacy technicians

29-2052

355.3

426.1

70.7

19.9

0.1

105.9

$29,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric technicians

29-2053

71.0

73.8

2.8

3.9

9.8

$30,050

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Respiratory therapy technicians

29-2054

13.6

15.9

2.3

16.9

3.6

$46,760

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Surgical technologists

29-2055

98.5

127.8

29.3

29.8

0.1

39.1

$41,790

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Veterinary technologists and technicians

29-2056

84.8

109.8

25.0

29.5

0.1

33.4

$30,290

Associate's degree

None

None

Ophthalmic medical technicians

29-2057

29.6

38.4

8.8

29.8

11.7

$34,240

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses

29-2061

738.4

921.3

182.9

24.8

0.7

363.1

$41,540

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Medical records and health information technicians

29-2071

186.3

227.5

41.1

22.1

0.1

90.4

$34,160

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Opticians, dispensing

29-2081

67.6

83.5

15.8

23.4

3.7

35.3

$33,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous health technologists and technicians

29-2090

104.2

132.7

28.5

27.4

4.8

38.8

$41,950

Orthotists and prosthetists

29-2091

8.5

11.5

3.0

35.5

4.9

3.8

$62,670

Master's degree

None

Internship/residency

Hearing aid specialists

29-2092

5.3

6.6

1.3

25.2

5.3

1.9

$41,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Health technologists and technicians, all other

29-2099

90.4

114.6

24.2

26.7

4.8

33.1

$40,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Other healthcare practitioners and technical occupations

29-9000

152.2

172.2

20.1

13.2

2.1

61.5

$54,130

Occupational health and safety specialists and technicians

29-9010

75.5

81.1

5.6

7.4

2.0

26.1

$63,200

Occupational health and safety specialists

29-9011

62.9

67.1

4.2

6.6

1.9

21.3

$66,790

Bachelor's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Occupational health and safety technicians

29-9012

12.6

13.9

1.4

10.9

2.2

4.8

$47,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous health practitioners and technical workers

29-9090

76.6

91.2

14.5

19.0

2.2

35.4

$44,490

Athletic trainers

29-9091

22.9

27.8

4.9

21.2

2.3

11.1

$42,090

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Genetic counselors

29-9092

2.1

3.0

0.9

41.2

2.7

1.5

$56,800

Master's degree

None

None

Healthcare practitioners and technical workers, all other

29-9099

51.6

60.4

8.8

17.1

2.1

22.8

$46,180

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Healthcare support occupations

31-0000

4,110.2

5,266.0

1,155.8

28.1

3.0

1,938.3

$25,550

Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides

31-1000

2,491.5

3,241.8

750.3

30.1

2.0

1,224.2

$23,030

Home health aides

31-1011

875.1

1,299.3

424.2

48.5

2.2

590.7

$20,820

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Psychiatric aides

31-1013

82.0

86.8

4.9

6.0

1.0

20.5

$24,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Nursing assistants

31-1014

1,479.8

1,792.0

312.2

21.1

2.1

593.6

$24,420

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Orderlies

31-1015

54.6

63.6

9.1

16.6

19.4

$23,990

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Occupational therapy and physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2000

160.0

225.3

65.3

40.8

0.5

101.9

$42,120

Occupational therapy assistants and aides

31-2010

38.6

54.6

15.9

41.2

0.8

25.6

$48,940

Occupational therapy assistants

31-2011

30.3

43.2

12.9

42.6

0.8

20.5

$53,240

Associate's degree

None

None

Occupational therapy aides

31-2012

8.4

11.4

3.0

36.2

0.8

5.1

$26,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Physical therapist assistants and aides

31-2020

121.4

170.8

49.4

40.7

0.5

76.3

$39,430

Physical therapist assistants

31-2021

71.4

100.7

29.3

41.0

0.5

45.1

$52,160

Associate's degree

None

None

Physical therapist aides

31-2022

50.0

70.1

20.1

40.1

0.5

31.2

$23,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other healthcare support occupations

31-9000

1,458.7

1,798.8

340.2

23.3

5.0

612.2

$30,620

Massage therapists

31-9011

132.8

162.8

30.0

22.6

46.0

44.1

$35,970

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Miscellaneous healthcare support occupations

31-9090

1,325.9

1,636.0

310.2

23.4

0.8

568.2

$30,430

Dental assistants

31-9091

303.2

377.6

74.4

24.5

137.2

$34,500

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Medical assistants

31-9092

560.8

723.7

162.9

29.0

0.1

269.9

$29,370

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Medical equipment preparers

31-9093

51.6

62.0

10.4

20.3

1.2

20.3

$30,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical transcriptionists

31-9094

84.1

90.5

6.4

7.6

10.2

22.4

$34,020

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Pharmacy aides

31-9095

42.9

47.6

4.8

11.1

12.9

$21,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Veterinary assistants and laboratory animal caretakers

31-9096

74.6

81.7

7.1

9.5

21.3

$23,130

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Phlebotomists

31-9097

101.3

128.4

27.1

26.7

0.5

46.4

$29,730

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Healthcare support workers, all other

31-9099

107.4

124.6

17.2

16.0

0.9

37.7

$32,800

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Protective service occupations

33-0000

3,325.3

3,588.3

263.0

7.9

0.6

1,146.8

$36,620

Supervisors of protective service workers

33-1000

281.9

298.3

16.4

5.8

2.1

105.4

$63,850

First-line supervisors of law enforcement workers

33-1010

150.4

157.3

6.9

4.6

53.7

$71,540

First-line supervisors of correctional officers

33-1011

46.7

48.6

1.9

4.0

18.0

$57,840

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of police and detectives

33-1012

103.7

108.7

5.0

4.9

35.7

$78,270

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of fire fighting and prevention workers

33-1021

62.3

66.3

3.9

6.3

30.5

$68,210

Postsecondary non-degree award

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

First-line supervisors of protective service workers, all other

33-1099

69.1

74.7

5.5

8.0

8.5

21.2

$45,820

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Fire fighting and prevention workers

33-2000

321.1

342.2

21.1

6.6

0.2

109.0

$45,590

Firefighters

33-2011

307.0

327.3

20.3

6.6

0.2

104.0

$45,250

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Fire inspectors

33-2020

14.1

14.9

0.8

5.7

5.0

$51,880

Fire inspectors and investigators

33-2021

12.2

13.0

0.8

6.2

4.4

$53,990

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest fire inspectors and prevention specialists

33-2022

1.9

1.9

0.1

2.8

0.6

$35,780

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Law enforcement workers

33-3000

1,259.2

1,323.6

64.4

5.1

0.0

425.5

$49,770

Bailiffs, correctional officers, and jailers

33-3010

469.5

492.6

23.0

4.9

147.8

$38,970

Bailiffs

33-3011

16.8

17.7

0.9

5.3

5.4

$36,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correctional officers and jailers

33-3012

452.8

474.9

22.1

4.9

142.4

$39,040

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Detectives and criminal investigators

33-3021

115.2

117.5

2.3

2.0

0.3

27.7

$74,300

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fish and game wardens

33-3031

6.6

6.7

0.1

1.2

2.0

$48,070

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Parking enforcement workers

33-3041

9.7

9.7

0.0

-0.2

2.8

$35,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Police officers

33-3050

658.1

697.1

39.0

5.9

245.3

$55,260

Police and sheriff's patrol officers

33-3051

653.8

692.7

38.8

5.9

243.9

$55,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transit and railroad police

33-3052

4.3

4.4

0.1

3.4

1.4

$55,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other protective service workers

33-9000

1,463.0

1,624.2

161.2

11.0

0.8

507.0

$24,230

Animal control workers

33-9011

14.6

15.7

1.1

7.7

4.5

$31,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Private detectives and investigators

33-9021

30.0

33.3

3.3

11.2

20.9

11.8

$45,740

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Security guards and gaming surveillance officers

33-9030

1,083.6

1,213.8

130.2

12.0

0.5

296.3

$24,020

Gaming surveillance officers and gaming investigators

33-9031

9.3

10.0

0.6

7.0

2.1

$29,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Security guards

33-9032

1,074.3

1,203.9

129.6

12.1

0.5

294.2

$23,970

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous protective service workers

33-9090

334.9

361.4

26.5

7.9

194.5

$23,970

Crossing guards

33-9091

71.4

74.5

3.1

4.3

13.9

$23,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Lifeguards, ski patrol, and other recreational protective service workers

33-9092

130.1

143.4

13.3

10.2

102.3

$18,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Transportation security screeners

33-9093

50.8

53.8

3.0

5.9

14.7

$36,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Protective service workers, all other

33-9099

82.5

89.6

7.1

8.6

63.6

$30,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food preparation and serving related occupations

35-0000

11,780.1

12,882.0

1,101.8

9.4

0.7

5,514.5

$18,930

Supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1000

963.9

1,079.3

115.4

12.0

3.7

373.5

$30,120

Chefs and head cooks

35-1011

115.4

121.5

6.0

5.2

13.5

24.7

$42,480

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

First-line supervisors of food preparation and serving workers

35-1012

848.5

957.8

109.4

12.9

2.3

348.7

$29,270

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks and food preparation workers

35-2000

2,956.3

3,190.4

234.2

7.9

1.0

892.0

$20,090

Cooks

35-2010

2,148.5

2,353.7

205.3

9.6

1.1

631.6

$20,550

Cooks, fast food

35-2011

516.9

514.4

-2.5

-0.5

1.2

101.9

$18,410

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, institution and cafeteria

35-2012

408.9

462.8

54.0

13.2

0.7

134.6

$22,860

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, private household

35-2013

7.0

6.9

-0.1

-0.8

1.4

$23,470

Postsecondary non-degree award

Less than 5 years

None

Cooks, restaurant

35-2014

1,024.1

1,174.2

150.1

14.7

1.2

352.1

$22,030

Less than high school

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooks, short order

35-2015

166.1

166.6

0.5

0.3

1.2

33.3

$19,730

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cooks, all other

35-2019

25.5

28.7

3.2

12.7

1.0

8.3

$23,250

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food preparation workers

35-2021

807.8

836.7

28.9

3.6

0.8

260.5

$19,300

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food and beverage serving workers

35-3000

6,563.1

7,228.7

665.6

10.1

0.2

3,480.3

$18,460

Bartenders

35-3011

551.1

616.7

65.6

11.9

1.2

269.4

$18,900

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fast food and counter workers

35-3020

3,408.5

3,828.1

419.7

12.3

0.1

1,823.5

$18,300

Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food

35-3021

2,969.3

3,391.2

421.9

14.2

0.0

1,555.7

$18,260

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop

35-3022

439.2

436.9

-2.3

-0.5

0.4

267.8

$18,560

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Waiters and waitresses

35-3031

2,362.2

2,494.0

131.8

5.6

0.2

1,268.3

$18,540

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Food servers, nonrestaurant

35-3041

241.3

289.9

48.6

20.1

0.2

119.1

$19,640

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other food preparation and serving related workers

35-9000

1,296.9

1,383.5

86.7

6.7

0.1

768.8

$18,530

Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers

35-9011

403.2

435.4

32.1

8.0

0.0

208.9

$18,500

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dishwashers

35-9021

508.5

540.2

31.7

6.2

255.5

$18,460

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hosts and hostesses, restaurant, lounge, and coffee shop

35-9031

347.3

366.4

19.1

5.5

0.4

280.4

$18,580

Less than high school

None

None

Food preparation and serving related workers, all other

35-9099

37.8

41.5

3.7

9.8

24.0

$20,300

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations

37-0000

5,522.3

6,213.3

691.0

12.5

13.0

1,825.5

$22,690

Supervisors of building and grounds cleaning and maintenance workers

37-1000

456.8

515.2

58.3

12.8

38.8

141.5

$37,610

First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers

37-1011

249.5

281.6

32.0

12.8

28.4

91.6

$35,310

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of landscaping, lawn service, and groundskeeping workers

37-1012

207.3

233.6

26.3

12.7

51.4

49.9

$42,160

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Building cleaning and pest control workers

37-2000

3,838.4

4,316.8

478.4

12.5

6.9

1,220.5

$21,570

Building cleaning workers

37-2010

3,773.1

4,238.6

465.6

12.3

6.9

1,189.9

$21,440

Janitors and cleaners, except maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2011

2,324.0

2,604.0

280.0

12.1

3.6

717.3

$22,320

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Maids and housekeeping cleaners

37-2012

1,434.6

1,618.0

183.4

12.8

12.4

467.7

$19,570

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Building cleaning workers, all other

37-2019

14.4

16.6

2.2

15.0

4.4

4.9

$27,570

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pest control workers

37-2021

65.4

78.2

12.8

19.7

5.6

30.6

$30,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers

37-3000

1,227.1

1,381.3

154.2

12.6

22.5

463.6

$23,970

Landscaping and groundskeeping workers

37-3011

1,124.9

1,264.0

139.2

12.4

22.5

422.7

$23,570

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pesticide handlers, sprayers, and applicators, vegetation

37-3012

29.6

33.0

3.3

11.2

23.6

10.8

$30,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tree trimmers and pruners

37-3013

53.2

63.0

9.8

18.5

24.1

23.2

$32,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Grounds maintenance workers, all other

37-3019

19.3

21.3

1.9

10.0

15.8

6.8

$26,760

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care and service occupations

39-0000

5,375.6

6,498.5

1,122.9

20.9

19.3

2,289.4

$20,840

Supervisors of personal care and service workers

39-1000

300.7

332.5

31.7

10.6

40.3

88.0

$36,640

First-line supervisors of gaming workers

39-1010

49.2

53.0

3.8

7.6

33.5

13.8

$45,370

Gaming supervisors

39-1011

38.5

41.6

3.1

8.2

35.3

11.0

$49,290

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Slot supervisors

39-1012

10.7

11.4

0.6

5.8

27.0

2.8

$32,390

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of personal service workers

39-1021

251.5

279.5

28.0

11.1

41.6

74.3

$35,150

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Animal care and service workers

39-2000

232.1

267.5

35.4

15.2

24.8

76.6

$19,970

Animal trainers

39-2011

41.6

47.7

6.1

14.8

62.5

24.5

$25,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Nonfarm animal caretakers

39-2021

190.6

219.8

29.2

15.3

16.6

52.1

$19,690

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3000

548.8

596.1

47.3

8.6

0.8

284.4

$18,850

Gaming services workers

39-3010

128.2

141.9

13.8

10.8

1.4

35.9

$18,910

Gaming dealers

39-3011

100.3

111.7

11.4

11.4

1.4

28.7

$18,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gaming and sports book writers and runners

39-3012

14.7

15.8

1.1

7.8

1.5

3.7

$21,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gaming service workers, all other

39-3019

13.2

14.4

1.2

9.4

1.2

3.5

$23,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Motion picture projectionists

39-3021

8.0

5.8

-2.1

-26.5

3.1

$19,830

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Ushers, lobby attendants, and ticket takers

39-3031

108.8

110.6

1.9

1.7

0.7

59.3

$18,730

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers

39-3090

303.9

337.7

33.8

11.1

0.7

186.1

$18,840

Amusement and recreation attendants

39-3091

267.1

297.5

30.3

11.3

0.6

164.2

$18,710

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Costume attendants

39-3092

5.6

6.0

0.4

6.6

3.2

$36,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Locker room, coatroom, and dressing room attendants

39-3093

19.6

21.6

2.0

10.4

0.8

11.9

$19,160

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Entertainment attendants and related workers, all other

39-3099

11.5

12.6

1.1

9.2

0.7

6.8

$25,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Funeral service workers

39-4000

61.0

63.5

2.5

4.2

1.5

16.3

$29,620

Embalmers

39-4011

5.1

4.4

-0.8

-15.0

1.5

1.1

$42,240

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Funeral attendants

39-4021

32.4

32.9

0.5

1.4

1.5

7.4

$22,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Morticians, undertakers, and funeral directors

39-4031

23.5

26.3

2.8

12.1

1.5

7.9

$46,840

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Personal appearance workers

39-5000

816.1

930.5

114.3

14.0

41.0

283.9

$22,190

Barbers, hairdressers, hairstylists and cosmetologists

39-5010

663.3

746.6

83.3

12.6

44.3

240.0

$22,770

Barbers

39-5011

52.1

57.9

5.8

11.1

75.7

19.3

$25,090

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists

39-5012

611.2

688.7

77.6

12.7

41.6

220.6

$22,700

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Miscellaneous personal appearance workers

39-5090

152.9

183.9

31.0

20.3

26.8

43.9

$20,060

Makeup artists, theatrical and performance

39-5091

2.7

2.8

0.1

3.1

27.0

0.3

$64,450

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Manicurists and pedicurists

39-5092

86.9

100.4

13.5

15.6

26.8

20.7

$19,220

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Shampooers

39-5093

18.9

18.6

-0.3

-1.5

26.8

1.6

$18,310

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Skincare specialists

39-5094

44.4

62.0

17.7

39.8

26.7

21.3

$28,640

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Baggage porters, bellhops, and concierges

39-6000

67.3

78.4

11.1

16.5

27.8

$22,880

Baggage porters and bellhops

39-6011

41.0

46.0

5.0

12.1

15.1

$20,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Concierges

39-6012

26.3

32.4

6.1

23.4

12.7

$27,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tour and travel guides

39-7000

47.1

50.8

3.6

7.7

17.7

26.3

$24,430

Tour guides and escorts

39-7011

41.4

44.8

3.4

8.3

17.5

23.4

$23,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Travel guides

39-7012

5.7

5.9

0.2

3.6

18.9

3.0

$30,780

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other personal care and service workers

39-9000

3,302.5

4,179.3

876.8

26.5

15.5

1,485.9

$20,630

Childcare workers

39-9011

1,312.7

1,496.8

184.1

14.0

28.5

570.0

$19,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care aides

39-9021

1,190.6

1,771.4

580.8

48.8

5.9

666.0

$19,910

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation and fitness workers

39-9030

612.4

694.9

82.5

13.5

7.3

154.7

$24,360

Fitness trainers and aerobics instructors

39-9031

267.0

300.5

33.5

12.5

9.3

65.0

$31,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Recreation workers

39-9032

345.4

394.4

49.0

14.2

5.8

89.7

$22,240

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Residential advisors

39-9041

89.7

108.2

18.5

20.7

57.3

$24,520

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Personal care and service workers, all other

39-9099

97.1

108.0

10.8

11.1

22.5

37.9

$20,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related occupations

41-0000

15,105.0

16,200.5

1,095.5

7.3

8.2

5,626.9

$25,120

Supervisors of sales workers

41-1000

1,997.7

2,065.4

67.7

3.4

26.9

470.1

$39,350

First-line supervisors of retail sales workers

41-1011

1,603.3

1,674.2

70.9

4.4

24.4

419.8

$36,820

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of non-retail sales workers

41-1012

394.4

391.2

-3.2

-0.8

37.4

50.3

$70,060

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Retail sales workers

41-2000

8,467.3

9,050.6

583.3

6.9

2.0

3,725.4

$19,890

Cashiers

41-2010

3,361.1

3,447.7

86.5

2.6

0.8

1,539.6

$18,990

Cashiers

41-2011

3,338.9

3,425.4

86.5

2.6

0.8

1,530.0

$18,970

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Gaming change persons and booth cashiers

41-2012

22.3

22.3

0.0

0.1

0.6

9.7

$24,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Counter and rental clerks and parts salespersons

41-2020

659.1

721.2

62.1

9.4

0.6

230.1

$25,050

Counter and rental clerks

41-2021

437.8

484.4

46.6

10.6

0.7

158.5

$23,130

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Parts salespersons

41-2022

221.3

236.8

15.5

7.0

0.5

71.6

$29,550

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Retail salespersons

41-2031

4,447.0

4,881.7

434.7

9.8

3.2

1,955.7

$21,110

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, services

41-3000

1,727.7

1,913.8

186.0

10.8

8.5

633.4

$51,080

Advertising sales agents

41-3011

154.6

153.6

-1.0

-0.7

6.0

47.5

$46,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Insurance sales agents

41-3021

443.4

489.3

45.9

10.4

19.0

150.2

$48,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents

41-3031

354.6

394.3

39.7

11.2

6.4

122.6

$71,720

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Travel agents

41-3041

73.3

64.4

-8.9

-12.1

12.0

11.1

$34,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, services, all other

41-3099

701.9

812.2

110.3

15.7

3.1

302.0

$50,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing

41-4000

1,863.0

2,032.3

169.3

9.1

3.2

532.4

$57,870

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, technical and scientific products

41-4011

382.3

419.5

37.2

9.7

3.2

111.8

$74,970

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sales representatives, wholesale and manufacturing, except technical and scientific products

41-4012

1,480.7

1,612.8

132.0

8.9

3.2

420.7

$54,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Other sales and related workers

41-9000

1,049.3

1,138.4

89.2

8.5

30.2

265.6

$28,600

Models, demonstrators, and product promoters

41-9010

82.9

96.2

13.3

16.1

5.6

36.7

$23,700

Demonstrators and product promoters

41-9011

78.1

90.7

12.6

16.1

5.6

34.6

$23,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Models

41-9012

4.8

5.5

0.7

15.3

4.8

2.1

$18,750

Less than high school

None

None

Real estate brokers and sales agents

41-9020

422.0

468.6

46.6

11.0

51.6

86.3

$41,990

Real estate brokers

41-9021

79.6

88.3

8.6

10.8

52.0

16.1

$58,350

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Real estate sales agents

41-9022

342.4

380.3

38.0

11.1

51.5

70.2

$39,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Sales engineers

41-9031

66.0

71.8

5.9

8.9

17.4

$91,830

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telemarketers

41-9041

250.1

269.3

19.2

7.7

0.9

70.9

$22,330

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous sales and related workers

41-9090

228.4

232.5

4.2

1.8

40.4

54.3

$25,400

Door-to-door sales workers, news and street vendors, and related workers

41-9091

92.7

78.5

-14.2

-15.3

91.9

9.3

$21,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sales and related workers, all other

41-9099

135.7

154.1

18.4

13.5

5.2

45.0

$25,800

High school diploma or equivalent

None

None

Office and administrative support occupations

43-0000

22,470.1

24,004.1

1,534.0

6.8

1.1

6,765.1

$31,510

Supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1000

1,418.1

1,589.6

171.5

12.1

0.5

508.0

$49,330

First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers

43-1011

1,418.1

1,589.6

171.5

12.1

0.5

508.0

$49,330

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Communications equipment operators

43-2000

145.1

126.4

-18.7

-12.9

1.0

27.9

$25,930

Switchboard operators, including answering service

43-2011

131.0

113.7

-17.3

-13.2

0.9

24.1

$25,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Telephone operators

43-2021

11.1

9.6

-1.4

-13.1

2.4

2.9

$32,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Communications equipment operators, all other

43-2099

3.0

3.2

0.1

4.6

0.9

$40,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks

43-3000

3,567.2

3,958.6

391.4

11.0

3.0

1,097.9

$32,680

Bill and account collectors

43-3011

397.4

455.6

58.2

14.7

1.7

170.0

$32,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Billing and posting clerks

43-3021

513.8

607.0

93.2

18.1

2.4

187.8

$33,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks

43-3031

1,799.8

2,004.5

204.6

11.4

4.7

370.0

$35,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Gaming cage workers

43-3041

18.4

19.8

1.3

7.3

4.9

$24,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Payroll and timekeeping clerks

43-3051

179.5

202.0

22.5

12.5

1.5

61.9

$37,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Procurement clerks

43-3061

72.2

73.6

1.4

2.0

27.6

$38,220

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tellers

43-3071

545.3

551.0

5.6

1.0

0.1

259.8

$24,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Financial clerks, all other

43-3099

40.7

45.2

4.4

10.9

1.7

15.9

$36,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks

43-4000

5,412.6

5,911.3

498.7

9.2

0.6

1,951.9

$29,710

Brokerage clerks

43-4011

61.9

64.3

2.4

3.8

18.4

$42,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Correspondence clerks

43-4021

11.1

11.5

0.5

4.2

3.3

$36,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Court, municipal, and license clerks

43-4031

130.0

143.8

13.8

10.6

2.5

33.8

$34,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks

43-4041

52.2

50.5

-1.7

-3.2

0.4

6.1

$33,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Customer service representatives

43-4051

2,362.8

2,661.4

298.7

12.6

0.5

941.6

$30,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Eligibility interviewers, government programs

43-4061

138.1

152.0

13.9

10.1

1.1

41.6

$40,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

File clerks

43-4071

164.2

158.8

-5.3

-3.3

0.7

37.5

$26,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks

43-4081

231.6

263.4

31.8

13.7

141.5

$20,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Interviewers, except eligibility and loan

43-4111

204.5

225.8

21.3

10.4

0.5

59.9

$29,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Library assistants, clerical

43-4121

110.4

126.6

16.3

14.7

0.2

64.4

$23,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Loan interviewers and clerks

43-4131

195.9

213.0

17.1

8.7

0.7

30.1

$35,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

New accounts clerks

43-4141

55.7

53.0

-2.7

-4.9

14.4

$31,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Order clerks

43-4151

212.7

207.4

-5.3

-2.5

1.3

56.0

$29,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Human resources assistants, except payroll and timekeeping

43-4161

146.9

145.3

-1.6

-1.1

0.4

37.1

$37,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Receptionists and information clerks

43-4171

1,006.7

1,142.6

135.9

13.5

0.6

406.9

$25,990

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Reservation and transportation ticket agents and travel clerks

43-4181

139.1

119.6

-19.5

-14.0

1.8

18.5

$32,400

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Information and record clerks, all other

43-4199

188.9

172.2

-16.7

-8.8

40.8

$37,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers

43-5000

3,858.5

3,759.7

-98.8

-2.6

0.8

1,130.4

$28,380

Cargo and freight agents

43-5011

79.5

91.0

11.5

14.5

0.4

33.0

$39,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Couriers and messengers

43-5021

98.2

87.4

-10.9

-11.1

19.3

12.6

$25,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers

43-5030

289.4

318.4

29.0

10.0

0.7

112.5

$35,910

Police, fire, and ambulance dispatchers

43-5031

98.5

106.2

7.6

7.7

36.0

$36,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dispatchers, except police, fire, and ambulance

43-5032

190.9

212.3

21.4

11.2

1.0

76.4

$35,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Meter readers, utilities

43-5041

40.2

32.5

-7.7

-19.2

10.1

$35,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service workers

43-5050

491.6

352.6

-139.1

-28.3

122.3

$53,100

Postal service clerks

43-5051

66.9

45.7

-21.3

-31.8

10.2

$53,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail carriers

43-5052

295.1

215.8

-79.2

-26.8

102.7

$56,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Postal service mail sorters, processors, and processing machine operators

43-5053

129.6

91.0

-38.6

-29.8

9.4

$53,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Production, planning, and expediting clerks

43-5061

284.7

294.8

10.1

3.6

1.0

81.1

$43,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shipping, receiving, and traffic clerks

43-5071

695.5

702.3

6.8

1.0

189.6

$29,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Stock clerks and order fillers

43-5081

1,807.2

1,801.2

-6.0

-0.3

0.4

546.0

$22,050

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Weighers, measurers, checkers, and samplers, recordkeeping

43-5111

72.2

79.6

7.3

10.2

1.2

23.3

$27,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants

43-6000

3,947.1

4,426.6

479.5

12.1

0.9

972.1

$35,330

Executive secretaries and executive administrative assistants

43-6011

873.9

863.4

-10.5

-1.2

0.9

105.2

$47,500

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Legal secretaries

43-6012

223.1

216.1

-7.0

-3.1

1.1

26.8

$42,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical secretaries

43-6013

525.6

714.9

189.2

36.0

1.2

252.5

$31,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Secretaries and administrative assistants, except legal, medical, and executive

43-6014

2,324.4

2,632.3

307.8

13.2

0.9

587.6

$32,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other office and administrative support workers

43-9000

4,121.5

4,231.9

110.3

2.7

1.0

1,077.0

$28,590

Computer operators

43-9011

74.6

62.0

-12.7

-17.0

1.0

7.2

$38,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Data entry and information processing workers

43-9020

324.6

244.2

-80.4

-24.8

2.4

30.0

$30,100

Data entry keyers

43-9021

220.3

166.1

-54.2

-24.6

1.6

26.3

$28,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Word processors and typists

43-9022

104.4

78.2

-26.2

-25.1

4.1

3.7

$35,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Desktop publishers

43-9031

16.4

15.5

-0.9

-5.5

3.0

$37,040

Associate's degree

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insurance claims and policy processing clerks

43-9041

254.4

275.0

20.6

8.1

0.2

88.1

$35,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mail clerks and mail machine operators, except postal service

43-9051

108.5

98.9

-9.6

-8.8

0.6

24.9

$26,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office clerks, general

43-9061

2,983.5

3,167.6

184.1

6.2

0.4

810.9

$27,470

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Office machine operators, except computer

43-9071

68.8

61.8

-7.0

-10.2

16.4

$27,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Proofreaders and copy markers

43-9081

13.2

13.0

-0.2

-1.4

12.1

2.4

$32,780

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Statistical assistants

43-9111

17.2

18.8

1.6

9.2

6.2

6.3

$39,840

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Office and administrative support workers, all other

43-9199

260.3

275.0

14.8

5.7

6.7

87.8

$31,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farming, fishing, and forestry occupations

45-0000

947.2

915.0

-32.2

-3.4

4.5

271.0

$19,370

Supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1000

45.9

44.8

-1.1

-2.5

18.0

9.7

$43,660

First-line supervisors of farming, fishing, and forestry workers

45-1011

45.9

44.8

-1.1

-2.5

18.0

9.7

$43,660

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Agricultural workers

45-2000

815.5

789.3

-26.2

-3.2

0.9

245.5

$19,020

Agricultural inspectors

45-2011

17.0

16.8

-0.2

-1.0

0.5

5.0

$42,160

Bachelor's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Animal breeders

45-2021

1.3

1.0

-0.3

-23.4

77.3

0.4

$34,250

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Short-term on-the-job training

Graders and sorters, agricultural products

45-2041

49.2

48.2

-1.0

-2.0

2.4

8.7

$19,150

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous agricultural workers

45-2090

748.1

723.4

-24.7

-3.3

0.7

231.4

$18,900

Agricultural equipment operators

45-2091

59.0

61.2

2.3

3.9

0.7

20.2

$25,860

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers and laborers, crop, nursery, and greenhouse

45-2092

596.8

567.6

-29.2

-4.9

0.8

181.1

$18,670

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Farmworkers, farm, ranch, and aquacultural animals

45-2093

77.9

79.6

1.7

2.2

0.6

25.3

$22,060

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Agricultural workers, all other

45-2099

14.4

14.9

0.5

3.4

0.6

4.9

$25,140

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Fishing and hunting workers

45-3000

31.3

29.8

-1.5

-4.9

56.6

6.4

$34,010

Fishers and related fishing workers

45-3011

31.3

29.7

-1.6

-5.0

56.7

6.3

$33,430

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forest, conservation, and logging workers

45-4000

54.4

51.1

-3.4

-6.2

16.7

9.6

$32,380

Forest and conservation workers

45-4011

10.5

11.0

0.5

4.5

3.6

2.3

$24,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers

45-4020

43.9

40.1

-3.8

-8.7

19.8

7.3

$33,630

Fallers

45-4021

6.6

3.8

-2.9

-43.3

19.9

1.0

$35,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging equipment operators

45-4022

30.0

30.6

0.6

2.0

19.8

5.2

$33,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Log graders and scalers

45-4023

3.5

2.4

-1.1

-31.6

20.0

0.5

$32,880

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Logging workers, all other

45-4029

3.7

3.3

-0.5

-12.1

19.8

0.6

$34,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Construction and extraction occupations

47-0000

6,092.2

7,394.1

1,301.9

21.4

17.3

2,353.0

$40,120

Supervisors of construction and extraction workers

47-1000

545.5

673.8

128.3

23.5

15.5

187.1

$59,700

First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers

47-1011

545.5

673.8

128.3

23.5

15.5

187.1

$59,700

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

None

Construction trades workers

47-2000

4,653.4

5,666.5

1,013.1

21.8

20.3

1,810.4

$38,970

Boilermakers

47-2011

18.0

18.7

0.7

3.7

8.8

$56,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Brickmasons, blockmasons, and stonemasons

47-2020

85.1

114.4

29.3

34.5

19.7

38.4

$44,950

Brickmasons and blockmasons

47-2021

71.0

96.2

25.2

35.5

19.7

32.8

$46,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Stonemasons

47-2022

14.1

18.2

4.1

29.2

19.9

5.6

$37,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpenters

47-2031

901.2

1,119.4

218.2

24.2

36.1

329.2

$39,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Carpet, floor, and tile installers and finishers

47-2040

96.4

108.3

11.8

12.3

30.7

29.1

$36,400

Carpet installers

47-2041

36.7

39.9

3.2

8.7

30.7

9.8

$36,740

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Floor layers, except carpet, wood, and hard tiles

47-2042

14.5

16.3

1.9

13.0

30.6

4.5

$35,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Floor sanders and finishers

47-2043

6.0

6.9

0.9

14.8

30.6

2.0

$33,240

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tile and marble setters

47-2044

39.2

45.1

5.9

15.0

30.7

12.9

$37,040

Less than high school

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Cement masons, concrete finishers, and terrazzo workers

47-2050

144.3

186.1

41.7

28.9

4.5

58.3

$35,830

Cement masons and concrete finishers

47-2051

140.8

181.8

41.0

29.1

4.5

57.2

$35,760

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Terrazzo workers and finishers

47-2053

3.5

4.2

0.7

19.8

4.5

1.1

$39,740

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Construction laborers

47-2061

1,071.1

1,331.0

259.8

24.3

23.5

489.1

$29,990

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Construction equipment operators

47-2070

409.7

487.9

78.2

19.1

3.2

164.8

$40,980

Paving, surfacing, and tamping equipment operators

47-2071

54.7

65.5

10.8

19.7

1.1

18.7

$35,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pile-driver operators

47-2072

3.8

4.8

1.0

27.5

1.7

$48,480

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Operating engineers and other construction equipment operators

47-2073

351.2

417.6

66.4

18.9

3.6

144.4

$41,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drywall installers, ceiling tile installers, and tapers

47-2080

114.1

132.0

17.9

15.7

18.7

28.7

$37,920

Drywall and ceiling tile installers

47-2081

94.8

109.9

15.1

15.9

18.7

24.1

$37,210

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tapers

47-2082

19.2

22.1

2.9

14.8

18.7

4.7

$45,290

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electricians

47-2111

583.5

698.2

114.7

19.7

9.5

224.6

$49,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Glaziers

47-2121

46.7

54.7

8.0

17.2

7.9

19.1

$37,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Insulation workers

47-2130

52.1

71.7

19.6

37.6

1.6

26.5

$35,940

Insulation workers, floor, ceiling, and wall

47-2131

23.3

29.4

6.1

26.2

1.6

9.2

$32,360

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Insulation workers, mechanical

47-2132

28.9

42.4

13.5

46.7

1.6

17.3

$39,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Painters and paperhangers

47-2140

319.6

382.2

62.6

19.6

40.3

111.1

$35,180

Painters, construction and maintenance

47-2141

316.2

378.8

62.6

19.8

40.7

110.5

$35,190

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Paperhangers

47-2142

3.5

3.4

0.0

-0.5

0.6

$34,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2150

435.4

527.8

92.5

21.2

10.3

146.6

$47,460

Pipelayers

47-2151

48.5

58.6

10.1

20.8

8.4

16.1

$36,180

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-2152

386.9

469.2

82.3

21.3

10.5

130.5

$49,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Plasterers and stucco masons

47-2161

22.8

26.2

3.4

15.0

6.6

4.5

$37,130

Less than high school

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Reinforcing iron and rebar workers

47-2171

15.5

19.0

3.6

23.1

6.2

$45,910

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Roofers

47-2181

132.7

147.9

15.2

11.4

28.1

42.9

$35,290

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Sheet metal workers

47-2211

142.3

164.3

22.0

15.5

5.1

48.9

$43,290

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Structural iron and steel workers

47-2221

58.1

70.8

12.7

21.8

0.6

31.5

$46,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Solar photovoltaic installers

47-2231

4.8

5.9

1.2

24.5

2.0

$37,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades

47-3000

213.4

278.8

65.3

30.6

0.5

98.8

$26,570

Helpers--brickmasons, blockmasons, stonemasons, and tile and marble setters

47-3011

24.4

34.9

10.5

43.0

0.5

14.3

$28,220

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--carpenters

47-3012

36.4

47.1

10.8

29.6

0.5

16.4

$25,550

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--electricians

47-3013

60.8

83.3

22.4

36.9

0.5

32.0

$27,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--painters, paperhangers, plasterers, and stucco masons

47-3014

11.1

12.2

1.1

10.2

0.5

2.9

$24,290

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters

47-3015

47.4

60.6

13.2

27.9

0.5

20.7

$26,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers--roofers

47-3016

12.0

14.0

2.1

17.3

0.5

3.9

$23,300

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Helpers, construction trades, all other

47-3019

21.4

26.6

5.2

24.3

0.5

8.6

$25,610

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other construction and related workers

47-4000

412.5

464.0

51.5

12.5

5.6

130.7

$39,620

Construction and building inspectors

47-4011

102.3

114.8

12.5

12.2

10.6

36.7

$53,450

High school diploma or equivalent

5 years or more

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Elevator installers and repairers

47-4021

19.7

24.5

4.8

24.6

8.0

$76,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Fence erectors

47-4031

24.9

32.4

7.5

30.0

15.4

13.3

$30,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Hazardous materials removal workers

47-4041

37.5

42.9

5.3

14.2

13.4

$37,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Highway maintenance workers

47-4051

147.6

155.9

8.4

5.7

1.3

30.3

$35,260

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail-track laying and maintenance equipment operators

47-4061

17.3

18.2

0.9

5.2

4.5

$45,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Septic tank servicers and sewer pipe cleaners

47-4071

25.4

31.9

6.6

25.8

4.8

11.9

$34,020

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous construction and related workers

47-4090

37.8

43.3

5.5

14.5

13.8

12.4

$34,930

Segmental pavers

47-4091

1.8

2.4

0.7

38.1

17.2

1.0

$33,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Construction and related workers, all other

47-4099

36.1

40.9

4.8

13.4

13.7

11.4

$34,990

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extraction workers

47-5000

267.3

311.0

43.7

16.4

1.5

126.1

$40,650

Derrick, rotary drill, and service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining

47-5010

108.1

129.6

21.5

19.9

0.8

65.2

$44,570

Derrick operators, oil and gas

47-5011

22.8

27.1

4.3

18.8

0.8

13.5

$46,900

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rotary drill operators, oil and gas

47-5012

26.0

30.9

4.8

18.6

0.8

15.4

$49,220

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Service unit operators, oil, gas, and mining

47-5013

59.3

71.7

12.4

20.9

0.8

36.4

$41,970

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Earth drillers, except oil and gas

47-5021

19.7

23.4

3.8

19.2

8.2

9.0

$40,790

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Explosives workers, ordnance handling experts, and blasters

47-5031

6.5

6.9

0.3

5.2

2.1

$48,620

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Long-term on-the-job training

Mining machine operators

47-5040

24.5

24.7

0.2

0.8

4.4

4.7

$50,230

Continuous mining machine operators

47-5041

14.3

14.3

-0.1

-0.6

4.4

2.6

$51,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mine cutting and channeling machine operators

47-5042

7.1

7.3

0.2

2.7

4.4

1.5

$47,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mining machine operators, all other

47-5049

3.1

3.2

0.1

2.7

4.3

0.6

$46,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rock splitters, quarry

47-5051

4.6

5.4

0.8

17.4

1.7

1.4

$32,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Roof bolters, mining

47-5061

6.7

6.4

-0.3

-4.2

1.8

$54,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Roustabouts, oil and gas

47-5071

61.1

72.8

11.7

19.2

0.2

27.9

$34,130

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--extraction workers

47-5081

26.4

30.8

4.4

16.6

11.4

$31,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Extraction workers, all other

47-5099

9.6

10.9

1.3

13.5

1.6

2.7

$38,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-0000

5,514.8

6,046.0

531.2

9.6

5.3

1,813.7

$41,020

Supervisors of installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-1000

436.4

470.3

33.9

7.8

0.9

152.0

$60,250

First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-1011

436.4

470.3

33.9

7.8

0.9

152.0

$60,250

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2000

617.8

643.4

25.6

4.1

6.2

140.5

$46,550

Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers

49-2011

133.1

138.2

5.1

3.8

13.9

32.8

$36,620

Some college, no degree

None

None

Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers

49-2020

233.6

243.1

9.5

4.1

3.7

41.6

$53,790

Radio, cellular, and tower equipment installers and repairs

49-2021

16.4

17.5

1.1

6.6

3.4

3.3

$43,900

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications equipment installers and repairers, except line installers

49-2022

217.2

225.7

8.4

3.9

3.7

38.2

$54,530

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous electrical and electronic equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-2090

251.1

262.1

11.0

4.4

4.5

66.1

$46,770

Avionics technicians

49-2091

17.1

17.6

0.5

2.9

4.0

$55,350

Associate's degree

None

None

Electric motor, power tool, and related repairers

49-2092

20.7

19.9

-0.8

-4.1

4.0

3.6

$36,240

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics installers and repairers, transportation equipment

49-2093

15.9

16.2

0.4

2.3

3.6

$51,240

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, commercial and industrial equipment

49-2094

69.0

71.3

2.3

3.4

0.6

16.3

$52,650

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronics repairers, powerhouse, substation, and relay

49-2095

24.5

24.5

-0.1

-0.2

0.7

5.0

$68,810

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Electronic equipment installers and repairers, motor vehicles

49-2096

14.6

13.7

-0.9

-5.9

13.6

1.3

$31,340

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Electronic home entertainment equipment installers and repairers

49-2097

31.3

31.6

0.4

1.2

13.7

11.4

$35,060

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Security and fire alarm systems installers

49-2098

58.0

67.2

9.2

15.9

6.2

21.0

$41,030

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3000

1,610.5

1,750.6

140.1

8.7

9.0

544.7

$38,470

Aircraft mechanics and service technicians

49-3011

121.7

124.7

3.0

2.4

0.6

35.6

$55,210

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Automotive technicians and repairers

49-3020

873.3

956.6

83.2

9.5

13.3

294.6

$36,850

Automotive body and related repairers

49-3021

154.2

174.7

20.4

13.3

10.9

50.1

$38,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Automotive glass installers and repairers

49-3022

18.0

20.5

2.4

13.6

17.0

6.9

$32,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Automotive service technicians and mechanics

49-3023

701.1

761.5

60.4

8.6

13.7

237.6

$36,610

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Bus and truck mechanics and diesel engine specialists

49-3031

250.8

272.5

21.6

8.6

5.1

75.1

$42,320

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Heavy vehicle and mobile equipment service technicians and mechanics

49-3040

176.3

192.5

16.2

9.2

3.7

67.1

$43,820

Farm equipment mechanics and service technicians

49-3041

35.8

39.2

3.4

9.5

4.3

13.8

$34,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Mobile heavy equipment mechanics, except engines

49-3042

119.3

131.6

12.3

10.3

3.5

46.7

$46,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Rail car repairers

49-3043

21.2

21.7

0.5

2.5

3.8

6.6

$48,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Small engine mechanics

49-3050

68.2

72.0

3.8

5.6

11.2

18.2

$32,640

Motorboat mechanics and service technicians

49-3051

20.8

22.0

1.1

5.5

11.2

5.5

$35,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Motorcycle mechanics

49-3052

16.8

17.8

1.0

6.1

11.4

4.6

$33,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Outdoor power equipment and other small engine mechanics

49-3053

30.5

32.2

1.7

5.5

11.1

8.1

$30,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers

49-3090

120.2

132.4

12.2

10.2

1.5

54.1

$24,050

Bicycle repairers

49-3091

10.6

13.3

2.7

25.1

1.5

6.4

$24,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Recreational vehicle service technicians

49-3092

11.1

12.1

1.0

8.7

1.5

4.8

$34,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Tire repairers and changers

49-3093

98.4

107.0

8.6

8.7

1.5

42.9

$23,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations

49-9000

2,850.1

3,181.6

331.5

11.6

3.7

976.5

$38,750

Control and valve installers and repairers

49-9010

56.8

60.4

3.6

6.3

22.9

$45,550

Mechanical door repairers

49-9011

15.8

19.6

3.8

23.8

9.1

$36,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Control and valve installers and repairers, except mechanical door

49-9012

41.0

40.8

-0.2

-0.5

13.8

$50,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics and installers

49-9021

267.6

323.5

55.9

20.9

8.7

123.7

$43,640

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Home appliance repairers

49-9031

43.7

44.0

0.3

0.7

21.8

13.9

$35,170

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Industrial machinery installation, repair, and maintenance workers

49-9040

449.7

527.2

77.4

17.2

2.4

187.6

$45,810

Industrial machinery mechanics

49-9041

319.3

379.6

60.3

18.9

3.3

152.5

$46,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance workers, machinery

49-9043

89.0

98.9

9.9

11.1

21.1

$40,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Millwrights

49-9044

39.4

46.7

7.2

18.4

13.4

$49,510

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Refractory materials repairers, except brickmasons

49-9045

2.1

2.1

0.0

0.4

3.5

0.6

$41,370

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Line installers and repairers

49-9050

249.4

267.7

18.3

7.3

0.4

91.1

$58,210

Electrical power-line installers and repairers

49-9051

114.5

124.7

10.2

8.9

0.3

49.9

$63,250

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Telecommunications line installers and repairers

49-9052

134.9

143.0

8.1

6.0

0.4

41.2

$51,410

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers

49-9060

70.5

84.6

14.1

20.0

14.7

33.7

$43,790

Camera and photographic equipment repairers

49-9061

3.1

3.2

0.1

3.3

14.4

1.0

$37,980

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Medical equipment repairers

49-9062

42.3

55.1

12.8

30.3

15.3

24.6

$44,570

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Musical instrument repairers and tuners

49-9063

8.2

8.7

0.5

6.2

16.1

2.8

$30,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Apprenticeship

Watch repairers

49-9064

3.2

3.2

0.1

1.9

15.9

0.9

$37,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Precision instrument and equipment repairers, all other

49-9069

13.8

14.4

0.6

4.5

12.1

4.5

$52,270

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Maintenance and repair workers, general

49-9071

1,325.1

1,450.3

125.2

9.4

0.8

379.7

$35,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Wind turbine service technicians

49-9081

3.2

4.0

0.8

24.5

1.3

$45,970

Some college, no degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9090

384.1

420.0

35.9

9.3

10.6

122.6

$31,100

Coin, vending, and amusement machine servicers and repairers

49-9091

40.9

40.0

-0.9

-2.1

11.6

4.1

$31,150

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Commercial divers

49-9092

3.6

4.7

1.1

29.4

1.8

1.9

$46,880

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fabric menders, except garment

49-9093

1.0

0.9

-0.1

-10.4

19.5

0.2

$27,020

Less than high school

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Locksmiths and safe repairers

49-9094

22.3

23.9

1.6

7.4

25.4

9.1

$37,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Manufactured building and mobile home installers

49-9095

5.3

4.5

-0.8

-15.1

38.0

1.3

$28,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Riggers

49-9096

15.2

18.7

3.5

23.3

1.3

7.2

$42,660

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Signal and track switch repairers

49-9097

8.8

8.7

-0.1

-1.2

2.1

$55,450

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--installation, maintenance, and repair workers

49-9098

127.5

145.0

17.5

13.7

0.3

55.9

$24,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Installation, maintenance, and repair workers, all other

49-9099

159.6

173.6

14.0

8.8

17.1

40.8

$36,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Production occupations

51-0000

8,941.9

9,017.5

75.6

0.8

3.1

2,150.6

$30,920

Supervisors of production workers

51-1000

594.7

584.2

-10.5

-1.8

3.7

83.7

$54,040

First-line supervisors of production and operating workers

51-1011

594.7

584.2

-10.5

-1.8

3.7

83.7

$54,040

Postsecondary non-degree award

Less than 5 years

None

Assemblers and fabricators

51-2000

1,755.2

1,819.4

64.2

3.7

1.4

371.5

$28,580

Aircraft structure, surfaces, rigging, and systems assemblers

51-2011

41.5

44.0

2.4

5.8

9.1

$45,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Electrical, electronics, and electromechanical assemblers

51-2020

263.2

244.6

-18.6

-7.1

0.3

31.9

$29,420

Coil winders, tapers, and finishers

51-2021

14.4

12.9

-1.5

-10.5

1.7

$30,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers

51-2022

198.3

184.9

-13.5

-6.8

0.3

24.0

$28,810

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Electromechanical equipment assemblers

51-2023

50.5

46.9

-3.6

-7.1

0.3

6.1

$31,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Engine and other machine assemblers

51-2031

42.0

41.4

-0.6

-1.4

2.0

6.7

$36,110

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Structural metal fabricators and fitters

51-2041

79.7

85.9

6.2

7.7

0.7

38.2

$35,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous assemblers and fabricators

51-2090

1,328.9

1,403.6

74.7

5.6

1.6

285.6

$27,330

Fiberglass laminators and fabricators

51-2091

18.2

17.4

-0.7

-4.1

1.6

2.9

$28,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Team assemblers

51-2092

1,031.8

1,081.3

49.5

4.8

1.6

212.6

$27,640

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Timing device assemblers and adjusters

51-2093

1.2

1.1

0.0

-2.6

0.2

$25,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Assemblers and fabricators, all other

51-2099

277.7

303.7

26.0

9.4

1.6

69.9

$25,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers

51-3000

746.7

769.8

23.1

3.1

2.4

221.1

$24,380

Bakers

51-3011

167.6

177.0

9.4

5.6

6.0

50.1

$23,140

Less than high school

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers

51-3020

380.8

394.0

13.2

3.5

0.8

109.1

$24,420

Butchers and meat cutters

51-3021

136.7

143.2

6.5

4.8

0.8

40.2

$28,490

Less than high school

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Meat, poultry, and fish cutters and trimmers

51-3022

163.4

172.0

8.6

5.3

0.8

49.0

$22,830

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Slaughterers and meat packers

51-3023

80.7

78.8

-2.0

-2.4

0.8

19.9

$24,330

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous food processing workers

51-3090

198.3

198.8

0.5

0.2

2.3

61.9

$25,780

Food and tobacco roasting, baking, and drying machine operators and tenders

51-3091

20.0

20.2

0.2

0.9

5.4

$28,430

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food batchmakers

51-3092

105.2

102.5

-2.7

-2.6

2.9

34.2

$26,550

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food cooking machine operators and tenders

51-3093

33.4

33.2

-0.2

-0.6

8.7

$26,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Food processing workers, all other

51-3099

39.7

42.9

3.2

8.1

3.9

13.6

$23,140

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers

51-4000

1,898.3

1,894.2

-4.2

-0.2

2.0

468.6

$35,380

Computer control programmers and operators

51-4010

164.6

191.7

27.1

16.5

73.1

$36,760

Computer-controlled machine tool operators, metal and plastic

51-4011

140.3

160.7

20.4

14.5

59.6

$35,580

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Computer numerically controlled machine tool programmers, metal and plastic

51-4012

24.3

31.0

6.7

27.6

13.5

$45,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4020

133.9

115.5

-18.4

-13.7

25.8

$33,900

Extruding and drawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4021

74.9

63.0

-11.9

-15.9

14.4

$32,330

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Forging machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4022

22.6

19.7

-2.9

-12.8

4.3

$34,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rolling machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4023

36.4

32.8

-3.6

-9.9

7.0

$37,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machine tool cutting setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4030

338.8

300.4

-38.5

-11.4

0.6

47.6

$31,470

Cutting, punching, and press machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4031

184.7

168.2

-16.4

-8.9

0.2

15.7

$29,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Drilling and boring machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4032

20.9

16.2

-4.7

-22.5

4.0

$33,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grinding, lapping, polishing, and buffing machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4033

71.5

62.5

-9.0

-12.6

2.0

16.0

$31,620

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Lathe and turning machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4034

38.6

33.2

-5.4

-14.0

0.6

7.4

$36,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Milling and planing machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4035

23.1

20.2

-2.9

-12.6

4.5

$35,820

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Machinists

51-4041

397.5

432.4

34.8

8.8

1.1

125.9

$39,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Metal furnace operators, tenders, pourers, and casters

51-4050

31.5

27.2

-4.3

-13.6

0.8

4.1

$37,180

Metal-refining furnace operators and tenders

51-4051

20.8

18.5

-2.3

-10.9

0.8

2.7

$38,900

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pourers and casters, metal

51-4052

10.7

8.7

-2.0

-18.7

0.8

1.4

$34,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Model makers and patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4060

10.6

11.0

0.4

3.8

6.3

2.4

$44,340

Model makers, metal and plastic

51-4061

6.1

6.3

0.1

2.2

6.3

1.3

$45,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Patternmakers, metal and plastic

51-4062

4.4

4.7

0.3

6.0

6.3

1.1

$42,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molders and molding machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4070

137.5

116.3

-21.2

-15.4

16.6

$28,800

Foundry mold and coremakers

51-4071

12.4

10.4

-2.0

-16.2

1.5

$30,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molding, coremaking, and casting machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4072

125.0

105.8

-19.2

-15.4

15.1

$28,630

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Multiple machine tool setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4081

85.9

74.5

-11.4

-13.2

16.6

$33,960

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool and die makers

51-4111

78.6

77.5

-1.1

-1.4

1.8

4.7

$47,000

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing workers

51-4120

411.0

442.3

31.4

7.6

5.8

132.2

$36,090

Welders, cutters, solderers, and brazers

51-4121

357.4

378.2

20.8

5.8

5.8

108.5

$36,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Welding, soldering, and brazing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-4122

53.5

64.1

10.6

19.8

5.8

23.7

$34,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous metal workers and plastic workers

51-4190

108.5

105.5

-3.0

-2.8

5.6

19.5

$32,700

Heat treating equipment setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4191

22.0

21.6

-0.4

-1.9

4.2

$34,010

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Layout workers, metal and plastic

51-4192

12.7

12.3

-0.4

-3.0

2.4

$42,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plating and coating machine setters, operators, and tenders, metal and plastic

51-4193

35.0

31.9

-3.0

-8.6

0.4

6.7

$29,720

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tool grinders, filers, and sharpeners

51-4194

12.6

12.6

0.1

0.4

4.1

2.5

$34,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Metal workers and plastic workers, all other

51-4199

26.3

27.1

0.8

2.9

20.5

3.6

$31,060

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Printing workers

51-5100

276.0

261.5

-14.5

-5.3

3.3

51.9

$34,100

Prepress technicians and workers

51-5111

42.7

37.2

-5.5

-12.9

3.6

10.9

$37,260

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

None

Printing press operators

51-5112

178.4

171.4

-7.0

-3.9

3.1

31.4

$34,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Print binding and finishing workers

51-5113

54.9

52.9

-2.0

-3.7

3.9

9.6

$29,750

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers

51-6000

657.5

610.6

-47.0

-7.1

12.1

134.6

$22,000

Laundry and dry-cleaning workers

51-6011

210.7

231.2

20.5

9.7

4.9

82.9

$19,930

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials

51-6021

54.3

55.7

1.4

2.6

1.9

6.9

$19,670

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Sewing machine operators

51-6031

161.4

119.7

-41.7

-25.8

12.0

7.7

$21,270

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Shoe and leather workers

51-6040

12.1

9.7

-2.4

-20.1

24.0

2.0

$24,050

Shoe and leather workers and repairers

51-6041

8.7

7.4

-1.2

-14.0

33.6

1.4

$23,950

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Shoe machine operators and tenders

51-6042

3.5

2.3

-1.2

-35.3

0.6

$24,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Tailors, dressmakers, and sewers

51-6050

61.0

59.1

-1.9

-3.1

48.6

6.5

$25,390

Sewers, hand

51-6051

11.1

10.0

-1.0

-9.3

48.5

1.2

$22,820

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tailors, dressmakers, and custom sewers

51-6052

49.9

49.0

-0.9

-1.8

48.7

5.3

$26,280

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6060

76.3

58.3

-17.9

-23.5

1.1

12.3

$25,520

Textile bleaching and dyeing machine operators and tenders

51-6061

11.4

8.6

-2.7

-24.0

1.8

$24,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Textile cutting machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6062

15.5

11.3

-4.2

-27.1

2.5

$24,050

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile knitting and weaving machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6063

21.9

16.5

-5.4

-24.5

3.7

3.5

$26,540

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile winding, twisting, and drawing out machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-6064

27.5

21.8

-5.6

-20.5

4.4

$25,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous textile, apparel, and furnishings workers

51-6090

81.8

76.9

-4.9

-5.9

19.0

16.2

$30,220

Extruding and forming machine setters, operators, and tenders, synthetic and glass fibers

51-6091

18.0

15.8

-2.2

-12.2

1.6

2.9

$32,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Fabric and apparel patternmakers

51-6092

6.5

4.9

-1.6

-25.0

1.0

$38,650

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Upholsterers

51-6093

40.9

41.2

0.3

0.7

31.7

11.3

$29,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers, all other

51-6099

16.4

15.0

-1.3

-8.2

13.7

1.0

$25,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Woodworkers

51-7000

222.3

239.0

16.7

7.5

9.2

46.3

$28,440

Cabinetmakers and bench carpenters

51-7011

86.2

89.7

3.5

4.1

9.3

10.4

$30,980

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Furniture finishers

51-7021

14.8

15.3

0.5

3.3

7.6

2.8

$28,500

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Model makers and patternmakers, wood

51-7030

2.0

2.1

0.1

3.5

0.4

$32,890

Model makers, wood

51-7031

1.3

1.3

0.1

5.5

0.3

$28,800

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Patternmakers, wood

51-7032

0.8

0.8

0.0

0.2

0.1

$39,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-7040

101.7

113.4

11.7

11.5

1.8

26.1

$26,730

Sawing machine setters, operators, and tenders, wood

51-7041

40.2

45.7

5.4

13.5

3.5

16.6

$26,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Woodworking machine setters, operators, and tenders, except sawing

51-7042

61.5

67.7

6.3

10.2

0.8

9.6

$27,030

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Woodworkers, all other

51-7099

17.5

18.4

0.9

5.0

53.5

6.6

$27,360

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Plant and system operators

51-8000

314.2

311.8

-2.4

-0.8

118.0

$53,820

Power plant operators, distributors, and dispatchers

51-8010

60.7

56.0

-4.6

-7.6

18.8

$68,230

Nuclear power reactor operators

51-8011

7.2

7.2

0.0

0.5

2.3

$74,990

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Power distributors and dispatchers

51-8012

11.7

11.6

-0.1

-0.9

3.6

$71,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Power plant operators

51-8013

41.8

37.2

-4.5

-10.8

12.9

$66,130

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Stationary engineers and boiler operators

51-8021

37.9

39.0

1.2

3.1

12.7

$53,560

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Water and wastewater treatment plant and system operators

51-8031

111.0

119.6

8.6

7.7

47.5

$42,760

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous plant and system operators

51-8090

104.7

97.2

-7.5

-7.2

38.9

$57,980

Chemical plant and system operators

51-8091

38.3

33.9

-4.4

-11.5

14.2

$54,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Gas plant operators

51-8092

12.5

11.4

-1.1

-8.8

4.7

$61,140

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Petroleum pump system operators, refinery operators, and gaugers

51-8093

41.9

39.8

-2.1

-5.1

15.5

$61,850

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Plant and system operators, all other

51-8099

11.9

12.0

0.1

0.7

4.5

$53,130

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Other production occupations

51-9000

2,476.9

2,527.1

50.2

2.0

2.5

655.1

$29,330

Chemical processing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9010

97.7

91.8

-5.9

-6.0

0.2

34.0

$43,280

Chemical equipment operators and tenders

51-9011

56.4

51.7

-4.7

-8.3

0.2

19.7

$47,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Separating, filtering, clarifying, precipitating, and still machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9012

41.3

40.1

-1.2

-2.9

0.2

14.4

$38,570

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Crushing, grinding, polishing, mixing, and blending workers

51-9020

181.8

176.8

-5.0

-2.7

2.3

51.3

$32,290

Crushing, grinding, and polishing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9021

30.2

29.5

-0.7

-2.3

2.3

8.5

$31,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Grinding and polishing workers, hand

51-9022

31.5

31.0

-0.5

-1.7

2.3

8.9

$27,890

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Mixing and blending machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9023

120.1

116.4

-3.7

-3.1

2.3

33.9

$33,840

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cutting workers

51-9030

72.6

65.5

-7.1

-9.7

3.0

12.2

$30,000

Cutters and trimmers, hand

51-9031

14.2

12.1

-2.2

-15.3

3.0

2.4

$24,530

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Cutting and slicing machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9032

58.3

53.4

-4.9

-8.4

3.0

9.8

$31,430

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Extruding, forming, pressing, and compacting machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9041

70.6

68.3

-2.2

-3.2

19.2

$31,310

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Furnace, kiln, oven, drier, and kettle operators and tenders

51-9051

20.5

19.6

-0.9

-4.3

1.0

4.8

$35,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers

51-9061

464.3

490.0

25.7

5.5

1.6

127.7

$34,460

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Jewelers and precious stone and metal workers

51-9071

32.7

29.5

-3.2

-9.8

32.6

6.7

$35,350

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Medical, dental, and ophthalmic laboratory technicians

51-9080

82.9

88.5

5.6

6.7

4.4

33.6

$33,070

Dental laboratory technicians

51-9081

39.0

40.0

1.0

2.6

4.3

14.2

$36,090

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Medical appliance technicians

51-9082

12.9

13.8

0.8

6.4

4.3

5.2

$36,100

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Ophthalmic laboratory technicians

51-9083

31.0

34.7

3.7

12.1

4.4

14.2

$28,590

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Packaging and filling machine operators and tenders

51-9111

369.2

371.4

2.3

0.6

0.1

89.3

$25,860

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Painting workers

51-9120

149.7

155.2

5.5

3.7

3.9

32.8

$32,850

Coating, painting, and spraying machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9121

83.8

84.2

0.4

0.5

3.9

15.7

$30,530

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Painters, transportation equipment

51-9122

48.9

54.0

5.1

10.4

3.8

14.0

$39,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Painting, coating, and decorating workers

51-9123

17.0

17.0

0.0

0.2

3.8

3.1

$27,790

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Semiconductor processors

51-9141

21.3

15.5

-5.8

-27.1

5.0

$33,020

Associate's degree

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Photographic process workers and processing machine operators

51-9151

47.1

47.2

0.1

0.2

4.1

13.9

$23,120

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Miscellaneous production workers

51-9190

866.8

907.8

41.1

4.7

3.0

224.5

$25,290

Adhesive bonding machine operators and tenders

51-9191

16.8

16.9

0.1

0.6

4.1

$29,830

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cleaning, washing, and metal pickling equipment operators and tenders

51-9192

16.0

15.9

-0.1

-0.6

1.5

3.8

$26,210

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Cooling and freezing equipment operators and tenders

51-9193

8.3

8.3

0.1

1.0

2.0

$28,200

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Etchers and engravers

51-9194

9.7

9.3

-0.4

-3.8

10.9

2.3

$28,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Molders, shapers, and casters, except metal and plastic

51-9195

42.0

45.1

3.1

7.5

26.9

17.0

$29,300

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Paper goods machine setters, operators, and tenders

51-9196

95.0

87.5

-7.6

-8.0

8.5

$34,690

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Tire builders

51-9197

17.4

15.8

-1.5

-8.8

4.1

$41,210

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Helpers--production workers

51-9198

419.9

449.6

29.8

7.1

0.2

102.2

$22,810

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Production workers, all other

51-9199

241.8

259.3

17.5

7.3

5.1

80.6

$26,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transportation and material moving occupations

53-0000

9,245.7

10,036.4

790.6

8.6

4.0

2,992.1

$28,960

Supervisors of transportation and material moving workers

53-1000

379.5

411.5

32.0

8.4

1.2

136.4

$48,910

Aircraft cargo handling supervisors

53-1011

6.8

6.9

0.0

0.7

1.3

1.9

$47,930

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of helpers, laborers, and material movers, hand

53-1021

171.6

186.3

14.7

8.5

1.3

61.9

$45,180

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

First-line supervisors of transportation and material-moving machine and vehicle operators

53-1031

201.0

218.3

17.3

8.6

1.1

72.6

$53,240

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

None

Air transportation workers

53-2000

220.9

215.3

-5.6

-2.6

0.7

62.5

$68,210

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers

53-2010

104.1

103.3

-0.8

-0.8

1.4

33.7

$98,410

Airline pilots, copilots, and flight engineers

53-2011

66.4

62.1

-4.4

-6.6

19.2

$114,200

Bachelor's degree

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Commercial pilots

53-2012

37.6

41.2

3.6

9.4

4.0

14.4

$73,280

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Air traffic controllers and airfield operations specialists

53-2020

32.1

32.8

0.7

2.3

14.9

$102,490

Air traffic controllers

53-2021

25.0

25.4

0.4

1.4

11.4

$122,530

Associate's degree

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Airfield operations specialists

53-2022

7.1

7.5

0.4

5.1

3.5

$48,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Long-term on-the-job training

Flight attendants

53-2031

84.8

79.2

-5.5

-6.5

14.0

$37,240

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Motor vehicle operators

53-3000

3,945.4

4,314.2

368.8

9.3

7.3

1,013.2

$32,800

Ambulance drivers and attendants, except emergency medical technicians

53-3011

18.9

24.8

5.9

31.1

9.0

$23,440

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Bus drivers

53-3020

654.3

712.2

57.9

8.9

1.3

178.0

$29,550

Bus drivers, transit and intercity

53-3021

170.6

187.4

16.8

9.8

1.4

48.1

$36,600

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Bus drivers, school or special client

53-3022

483.6

524.8

41.1

8.5

1.3

129.9

$28,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Driver/sales workers and truck drivers

53-3030

2,975.1

3,236.5

261.4

8.8

7.2

737.2

$34,550

Driver/sales workers

53-3031

432.0

468.8

36.8

8.5

7.3

105.9

$22,670

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers

53-3032

1,701.5

1,894.1

192.6

11.3

7.2

464.7

$38,200

Postsecondary non-degree award

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Light truck or delivery services drivers

53-3033

841.6

873.6

32.0

3.8

7.2

166.6

$29,390

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Taxi drivers and chauffeurs

53-3041

233.0

269.1

36.2

15.5

26.1

63.7

$22,820

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Motor vehicle operators, all other

53-3099

64.1

71.5

7.4

11.5

3.0

25.3

$26,930

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Rail transportation workers

53-4000

126.0

122.7

-3.3

-2.6

38.8

$52,910

Locomotive engineers and operators

53-4010

44.9

42.9

-2.0

-4.5

13.6

$50,860

Locomotive engineers

53-4011

38.0

36.5

-1.5

-3.9

11.4

$52,280

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Locomotive firers

53-4012

1.6

0.9

-0.7

-42.0

0.5

$44,920

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail yard engineers, dinkey operators, and hostlers

53-4013

5.3

5.4

0.1

2.4

1.7

$41,230

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Railroad brake, signal, and switch operators

53-4021

25.0

24.4

-0.7

-2.6

7.6

$51,340

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Railroad conductors and yardmasters

53-4031

43.8

42.5

-1.3

-2.9

13.3

$54,700

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Subway and streetcar operators

53-4041

9.0

9.6

0.6

6.5

3.3

$62,730

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Rail transportation workers, all other

53-4099

3.1

3.2

0.1

2.2

1.0

$55,080

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Water transportation workers

53-5000

81.6

92.4

10.9

13.3

5.1

48.1

$48,980

Sailors and marine oilers

53-5011

31.9

36.9

5.0

15.5

19.3

$38,190

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Ship and boat captains and operators

53-5020

38.8

43.9

5.1

13.1

10.7

23.1

$62,640

Captains, mates, and pilots of water vessels

53-5021

35.4

40.2

4.9

13.8

10.8

21.3

$66,150

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Motorboat operators

53-5022

3.4

3.6

0.2

5.7

9.6

1.8

$35,190

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Ship engineers

53-5031

10.8

11.7

0.8

7.8

5.7

$70,890

Bachelor's degree

None

None

Other transportation workers

53-6000

334.6

371.8

37.2

11.1

0.6

161.4

$21,600

Bridge and lock tenders

53-6011

3.6

3.6

-0.1

-2.0

1.4

$45,940

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Parking lot attendants

53-6021

128.3

137.6

9.3

7.3

0.1

70.9

$19,540

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Automotive and watercraft service attendants

53-6031

109.5

129.3

19.8

18.1

0.9

51.2

$20,140

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Traffic technicians

53-6041

6.6

7.3

0.8

11.7

3.4

$38,380

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transportation inspectors

53-6051

26.2

29.1

2.9

11.2

4.0

11.7

$63,680

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Transportation attendants, except flight attendants

53-6061

23.3

25.9

2.6

11.0

6.4

$21,490

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Transportation workers, all other

53-6099

37.1

39.0

1.9

5.1

16.5

$30,870

High school diploma or equivalent

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material moving workers

53-7000

4,157.8

4,508.5

350.7

8.4

1.8

1,531.7

$24,230

Conveyor operators and tenders

53-7011

39.1

40.5

1.3

3.4

12.4

$29,610

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Crane and tower operators

53-7021

43.8

51.2

7.4

16.8

0.8

22.4

$47,290

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Dredge, excavating, and loading machine operators

53-7030

55.9

64.4

8.5

15.1

11.0

12.9

$38,960

Dredge operators

53-7031

2.0

2.2

0.3

13.3

10.8

0.4

$37,170

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Excavating and loading machine and dragline operators

53-7032

50.7

58.9

8.2

16.2

11.0

12.3

$38,290

High school diploma or equivalent

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Loading machine operators, underground mining

53-7033

3.3

3.3

0.0

-0.6

11.4

0.3

$48,420

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Hoist and winch operators

53-7041

3.1

3.2

0.1

2.7

1.0

$39,960

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Industrial truck and tractor operators

53-7051

508.6

495.0

-13.6

-2.7

1.0

116.8

$30,220

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Laborers and material movers, hand

53-7060

3,295.6

3,615.6

320.0

9.7

1.4

1,287.1

$22,770

Cleaners of vehicles and equipment

53-7061

325.2

361.2

35.9

11.1

5.1

126.3

$19,850

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Laborers and freight, stock, and material movers, hand

53-7062

2,197.3

2,439.2

241.9

11.0

1.2

922.5

$23,890

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Machine feeders and offbearers

53-7063

106.1

108.2

2.1

2.0

0.2

23.2

$27,120

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Packers and packagers, hand

53-7064

666.9

707.0

40.1

6.0

0.3

215.0

$19,910

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Pumping station operators

53-7070

34.3

37.9

3.7

10.7

8.8

15.7

$46,240

Gas compressor and gas pumping station operators

53-7071

4.8

4.7

-0.1

-3.1

8.7

1.7

$51,150

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Pump operators, except wellhead pumpers

53-7072

13.2

14.7

1.4

10.8

8.8

6.0

$44,610

Less than high school

None

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Wellhead pumpers

53-7073

16.2

18.6

2.4

14.8

8.8

8.0

$45,690

Less than high school

Less than 5 years

Moderate-term on-the-job training

Refuse and recyclable material collectors

53-7081

133.2

154.9

21.6

16.2

10.2

49.3

$32,930

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Mine shuttle car operators

53-7111

3.0

2.9

-0.1

-3.7

0.8

$52,110

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Tank car, truck, and ship loaders

53-7121

12.5

12.8

0.3

2.7

3.9

$44,100

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Material moving workers, all other

53-7199

28.7

30.2

1.5

5.3

2.6

9.4

$37,320

Less than high school

None

Short-term on-the-job training

Notes:
  Data is unavailable for values denoted with a "—".

Footnotes:
  1 Data are from the Occupational Employment Statistics program, U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

Source: Employment Projections program, U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics