National Compensation Survey - Employment Cost Trends produces quarterly indexes measuring change over time in labor costs (ECI) and quarterly data measuring level of average costs per hour worked (ECEC).

Contact Us ECT Contact banner

ECT News Releases

Compensation costs up 0.6% Dec 2015-Mar 2016 and up 1.9% over the year ending March


Compensation costs increased 0.6 percent for civilian workers, seasonally adjusted, from December 2015 to March 2016. Over the year, compensation rose 1.9 percent, wages and salaries are up 2.0 percent, and benefits rose 1.7 percent.
HTML | PDF | RSS | Charts

In March private employers spend $2.44 per hour worked for employee health benefits


Private employers spent an average of $32.06 per hour worked for compensation in March 2016. Health insurance was the largest individual employer benefit cost at $2.44, accounting for 7.6 percent of total compensation costs.

ECI Regional News Releases

Subscribe to the BLS News Service— receive the Employment Cost Index news release by e-mail



ECT Databases


Database Name Special
Tables Text Files
Pay & Cost of Benefits
Employment Cost Index
  Top Picks for ECI   One Screen Data Search for ECI Multi Screen Data Search for ECI Tables for ECI Text Files for ECI
Employer Cost for Employee Compensation
  Top Picks for ECEC   One Screen Data Search for ECEC Multi Screen Data Search for ECEC Tables for ECEC Text Files for ECEC


More Tools

  • Series Report —Already know the series identifier for the statistic you want? Use this shortcut to retrieve your data.
  • Flat files (FTP)—For those who want it all. Download a flat file of the entire database or large subset of the database.
    • Employment Cost Index (ECI)
    • Employer Cost for Employee Compensation (ECEC)
  • Compensation Cost Trends Search--allows you to search through all the Employment Cost Index and Employer Costs for Employee Compensation publications that are currently available electronically.

All ECT Databases »


ECT Tables

  • ECI Current-Dollar Historical Listings
  • ECI Constant-Dollar Historical Listings
    • ECI Historical Listings - Continuous Occupational and Industry Series, September 1975 - Present (TXT) (PDF)
    • ECI Historical Listings - Health Benefits, 1982 - Present (TXT) (PDF)
    • ECI Standard Errors
    • Corrections to Employment Cost Index data, June 2009 - September 2010
    • ECEC Historical Listing, 2004 to present (Quarterly)-Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (TXT) (PDF) -- Quarterly estimates from March 2004 to the present, with sample establishments classified by industry categories based on the new 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) and the 2000 Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system.
    • ECEC Supplemental Tables Historical Data, December 2006 - Present (TXT) (PDF)
    • ECEC Supplemental Tables - March 2016 (TXT) (PDF) -- supplemental tables with series for private industry workers by occupational group, establishment size, and bargaining status in 14 detailed industries.
    • ECEC Relative Standard Errors (TXT) (PDF)
    • ECEC Relative Standard Errors-Supplementary Tables (TXT) (PDF)
    • EBS Standard Errors
    • Retirement Benefit Standard Errors, State and Local Government
    • ECEC Historical Listing, 2002-2003 (Quarterly)—Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (TXT) (PDF) -- Quarterly estimates from March 2002 to December 2003, with sample establishments classified by industry categories based on the 1987 Standard Industry Classification (SIC) system and by occupational classifications according to the 1990 Census of Population.
    • ECEC Historical Listing, 1986-2001 (Annual)—Employer Costs for Employee Compensation (TXT) (PDF) -- Annual estimates from March 1986 to March 2001, with sample establishments classified by industry categories based on the Standard Industry Classification (SIC) system and by occupational classifications according to the Census of Population.
    • Seasonal Factors and Revised Seasonally Adjusted Indexes
    • Chart—Changes in wages and salaries and benefit costs, civilian workers


Contract Escalation

The Employment Cost Index (ECI) is increasingly being used by business organizations as an escalator to adjust long-term sales and purchasing contracts, and to adjust wage rates in collective bargaining agreements. A web page explaining how to use the ECI for escalating contracts is available.


ECT Publications


ECT Frequently Asked Questions

ECT Special Notice

Related Links to Other BLS Programs

  • National Compensation Survey—provides comprehensive measures of occupational earnings; compensation cost trends; and benefit incidence and detail plan provisions.
  • Benefits—comprehensive data on incidence and provisions of selected employee benefit plans.
  • Consumer Price Indexes—provides monthly data on changes in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of goods and services.
  • Producer Price Indexes—provides monthly data on changes in the selling prices received by domestic producers of goods and services.
  • Occupational Employment Statistics—data on employment and wages for over 800 occupations and for about 400 nonfarm industries for the nation, plus occupational data for States and metropolitan areas.
  • Occupational Outlook Handbook—provides data for 250 occupations, by nature of the work, working conditions, employment, job outlook and earnings, related occupations, sources of additional information, and training, other qualifications, and advancement.

Other Useful Links

  • Wage and Hour Division—administers a variety of programs protecting the basic rights of workers, including minimum wage and hour standards, and equal employment opportunity.
  • Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI)—offers a detailed description of private- and public-sector employee benefit programs as they exist today.


Contact Us


The Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, Branch of Survey Information and Publications, will be glad to assist you with questions about any of the components of the National Compensation Survey.

Ways to Contact BLS Directly

Email: Contact us

Telephone: (202) 691-6199 (Monday - Friday, 8:30 A.M. - 4:30 P.M.)

Question-by-FAX: (202) 691-6647

Information and assistance is also available from any BLS regional office.


Information voice phone: (202) 691-5200 The Federal Relay Service: 1-800-877-8339

Write or Personal Visit

Bureau of Labor Statistics
2 Massachusetts Ave., N.E. - Suite 4175
Washington, D.C. 20212-0001

Other Ways to Access our Data:

Federal Depository Libraries provide free access to government documents. Many of these libraries receive BLS publications. Check with a location near you.