Women in the Labor Force: A Databook (2010 Edition)

Table 35. Union affiliation of employed wage and salary workers by sex, annual averages, 1983–2009 (Numbers in thousands)
Year Total
employed
Members of unions (1) Represented by unions (2)
Total Percent of
employed
Total Percent of
employed
Total, both sexes

1983

88,290 17,717 20.1 20,532 23.3

1984

92,194 17,340 18.8 19,932 21.6

1985

94,521 16,996 18.0 19,358 20.5

1986 (3)

96,903 16,975 17.5 19,278 19.9

1987

99,303 16,913 17.0 19,051 19.2

1988

101,407 17,002 16.8 19,241 19.0

1989

103,480 16,960 16.4 19,198 18.6

1990 (3)

104,876 16,776 16.0 19,105 18.2

1991

103,723 16,612 16.0 18,790 18.1

1992

104,668 16,418 15.7 18,578 17.7

1993

106,101 16,627 15.7 18,682 17.6

1994 (3)

107,989 16,748 15.5 18,850 17.5

1995

110,038 16,360 14.9 18,346 16.7

1996

111,960 16,269 14.5 18,158 16.2

1997 (3)

114,533 16,110 14.1 17,923 15.6

1998 (3)

116,730 16,211 13.9 17,918 15.4

1999 (3)

118,963 16,477 13.9 18,182 15.3

2000 (3)

122,089 16,334 13.4 18,153 14.9

2001

122,229 16,305 13.3 18,026 14.7

2002

121,826 16,145 13.3 17,695 14.5

2003 (3)

122,358 15,776 12.9 17,448 14.3

2004

123,554 15,472 12.5 17,087 13.8

2005

125,889 15,685 12.5 17,223 13.7

2006

128,237 15,359 12.0 16,860 13.1

2007

129,767 15,670 12.1 17,243 13.3

2008 (3)

129,377 16,098 12.4 17,761 13.7

2009

124,490 15,327 12.3 16,904 13.6
Women

1983

40,433 5,908 14.6 7,262 18.0

1984

42,172 5,829 13.8 7,100 16.8

1985

43,506 5,732 13.2 6,910 15.9

1986 (3)

44,961 5,802 12.9 6,961 15.5

1987

46,365 5,842 12.6 6,907 14.9

1988

47,495 5,982 12.6 7,109 15.0

1989

48,691 6,141 12.6 7,243 14.9

1990 (3)

49,323 6,179 12.5 7,330 14.9

1991

49,105 6,142 12.5 7,247 14.8

1992

49,842 6,274 12.6 7,411 14.9

1993

50,626 6,516 12.9 7,610 15.0

1994 (3)

51,419 6,642 12.9 7,740 15.1

1995

52,369 6,430 12.3 7,479 14.3

1996

53,488 6,410 12.0 7,397 13.8

1997 (3)

54,708 6,347 11.6 7,304 13.4

1998 (3)

55,757 6,362 11.4 7,280 13.1

1999 (3)

57,050 6,528 11.4 7,425 13.0

2000 (3)

58,427 6,671 11.4 7,662 13.1

2001

58,582 6,768 11.6 7,672 13.1

2002

58,555 6,820 11.6 7,629 13.0

2003 (3)

59,122 6,732 11.4 7,601 12.9

2004

59,408 6,593 11.1 7,450 12.5

2005

60,423 6,815 11.3 7,626 12.6

2006

61,426 6,702 10.9 7,501 12.2

2007

62,299 6,903 11.1 7,749 12.4

2008 (3)

62,532 7,160 11.4 8,036 12.9

2009

60,951 6,887 11.3 7,727 12.7
Men

1983

47,856 11,809 24.7 13,270 27.7

1984

50,022 11,511 23.0 12,832 25.7

1985

51,015 11,264 22.1 12,448 24.4

1986 (3)

51,942 11,173 21.5 12,317 23.7

1987

52,938 11,071 20.9 12,144 22.9

1988

53,912 11,019 20.4 12,132 22.5

1989

54,789 10,820 19.7 11,955 21.8

1990 (3)

55,553 10,597 19.1 11,775 21.2

1991

54,618 10,470 19.2 11,542 21.1

1992

54,826 10,144 18.5 11,167 20.4

1993

55,475 10,112 18.2 11,072 20.0

1994 (3)

56,570 10,106 17.9 11,110 19.6

1995

57,669 9,929 17.2 10,868 18.8

1996

58,473 9,859 16.9 10,761 18.4

1997 (3)

59,825 9,763 16.3 10,619 17.7

1998 (3)

60,973 9,850 16.2 10,638 17.4

1999 (3)

61,914 9,949 16.1 10,758 17.4

2000 (3)

63,662 9,664 15.2 10,491 16.5

2001

63,647 9,538 15.0 10,354 16.3

2002

63,272 9,325 14.7 10,066 15.9

2003 (3)

63,236 9,044 14.3 9,848 15.6

2004

64,145 8,878 13.8 9,638 15.0

2005

65,466 8,870 13.5 9,597 14.7

2006

66,811 8,657 13.0 9,360 14.0

2007

67,468 8,767 13.0 9,494 14.1

2008 (3)

66,846 8,938 13.4 9,724 14.5

2009

63,539 8,441 13.3 9,176 14.4

Footnotes:
(1) Data refer to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(2) Data refer to workers who are not members of unions but whose jobs are covered by a union or employee association contract, as well as to members of a labor union or an employee association similar to a union.
(3) Not strictly comparable with data for prior years. For an explanation, see the Historical Comparability documentation provided at www.bls.gov/cps/eetech_methods.pdf.

NOTE: Data refer to the sole or principal job of full- and part-time workers. All self-employed workers are excluded, regardless of whether their businesses are incorporated.

 

SOURCE: Current Population Survey, U.S. Department of Labor, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.

 

Last Modified Date: March 16, 2011