HOUSEHOLD DATA
ANNUAL AVERAGES
5. Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population by sex, age, and race
[Numbers in thousands]
Employment status, sex, and age Total White Black or African
American
Asian
2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012 2011 2012

TOTAL

Civilian noninstitutional population

239,618 243,284 193,077 193,204 29,114 29,907 11,439 12,815

Civilian labor force

153,617 154,975 124,579 123,684 17,881 18,400 7,386 8,188

Participation rate

64.1 63.7 64.5 64.0 61.4 61.5 64.6 63.9

Employed

139,869 142,469 114,690 114,769 15,051 15,856 6,867 7,705

Employment-population ratio

58.4 58.6 59.4 59.4 51.7 53.0 60.0 60.1

Unemployed

13,747 12,506 9,889 8,915 2,831 2,544 518 483

Unemployment rate

8.9 8.1 7.9 7.2 15.8 13.8 7.0 5.9

Not in labor force

86,001 88,310 68,498 69,520 11,233 11,508 4,054 4,627

Men, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

116,317 117,343 94,801 94,266 13,164 13,508 5,429 6,000

Civilian labor force

81,975 82,327 67,551 66,921 8,454 8,594 3,972 4,334

Participation rate

70.5 70.2 71.3 71.0 64.2 63.6 73.2 72.2

Employed

74,290 75,555 61,920 61,990 6,953 7,302 3,703 4,085

Employment-population ratio

63.9 64.4 65.3 65.8 52.8 54.1 68.2 68.1

Unemployed

7,684 6,771 5,631 4,931 1,502 1,292 269 249

Unemployment rate

9.4 8.2 8.3 7.4 17.8 15.0 6.8 5.8

Not in labor force

34,343 35,017 27,249 27,345 4,710 4,913 1,457 1,666

Men, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

107,736 108,686 88,191 87,780 11,882 12,189 5,098 5,589

Civilian labor force

79,080 79,387 65,165 64,540 8,125 8,256 3,905 4,258

Participation rate

73.4 73.0 73.9 73.5 68.4 67.7 76.6 76.2

Employed

72,182 73,403 60,118 60,193 6,765 7,104 3,657 4,026

Employment-population ratio

67.0 67.5 68.2 68.6 56.9 58.3 71.7 72.0

Unemployed

6,898 5,984 5,046 4,347 1,360 1,152 249 232

Unemployment rate

8.7 7.5 7.7 6.7 16.7 14.0 6.4 5.4

Not in labor force

28,656 29,299 23,026 23,241 3,757 3,932 1,193 1,331

Women, 16 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

123,300 125,941 98,276 98,938 15,950 16,400 6,011 6,815

Civilian labor force

71,642 72,648 57,028 56,763 9,427 9,805 3,414 3,853

Participation rate

58.1 57.7 58.0 57.4 59.1 59.8 56.8 56.5

Employed

65,579 66,914 52,770 52,779 8,098 8,553 3,165 3,620

Employment-population ratio

53.2 53.1 53.7 53.3 50.8 52.2 52.6 53.1

Unemployed

6,063 5,734 4,257 3,985 1,329 1,252 250 234

Unemployment rate

8.5 7.9 7.5 7.0 14.1 12.8 7.3 6.1

Not in labor force

51,658 53,293 41,248 42,175 6,523 6,595 2,596 2,962

Women, 20 years and over

Civilian noninstitutional population

115,107 117,614 92,068 92,766 14,638 15,076 5,690 6,424

Civilian labor force

68,810 69,765 54,700 54,475 9,110 9,433 3,339 3,769

Participation rate

59.8 59.3 59.4 58.7 62.2 62.6 58.7 58.7

Employed

63,360 64,640 50,881 50,911 7,906 8,313 3,105 3,551

Employment-population ratio

55.0 55.0 55.3 54.9 54.0 55.1 54.6 55.3

Unemployed

5,450 5,125 3,818 3,564 1,204 1,119 234 218

Unemployment rate

7.9 7.3 7.0 6.5 13.2 11.9 7.0 5.8

Not in labor force

46,297 47,849 37,368 38,291 5,529 5,643 2,351 2,656

Both sexes, 16 to 19 years

Civilian noninstitutional population

16,774 16,984 12,818 12,658 2,594 2,643 652 802

Civilian labor force

5,727 5,823 4,714 4,669 647 711 141 162

Participation rate

34.1 34.3 36.8 36.9 24.9 26.9 21.7 20.1

Employed

4,327 4,426 3,691 3,665 380 438 106 128

Employment-population ratio

25.8 26.1 28.8 29.0 14.7 16.6 16.2 15.9

Unemployed

1,400 1,397 1,024 1,004 267 272 36 34

Unemployment rate

24.4 24.0 21.7 21.5 41.3 38.3 25.2 20.8

Not in labor force

11,048 11,162 8,103 7,988 1,947 1,932 510 640

NOTE: Estimates for the above race groups will not sum to totals because data are not presented for all races. Updated population controls are introduced annually with the release of January data.

Last Modified Date: February 5, 2013