Table 1900. Occupation of reference person: Shares of average annual expenditures and characteristics, Consumer Expenditure Survey, 1991 __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | Wage and salary earners | | | | | | _____________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | |All other, | Self- | Total | Mana- |Techni- | |Construc-| Opera- | |including Item |employed| wage | gers | cal, | | tion |tors, fab-|Retired| not |workers | and | and | sales |Service| workers | ricators | |reporting | |salary |profes-| and |workers| and me- | and | | | |earners|sionals|clerical| | chanics | laborers | | | | | |workers | | | | | | | | | | | | | | __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | | | | | Number of consumer units (in thousands).........| 7,056 | 64,439| 21,430| 17,045 | 6,935| 6,246 | 12,782 | 16,776| 9,647 | | | | | | | | | Consumer unit characteristics: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Income before taxes 1/........................|\$42,939 |\$39,430|\$53,812|\$36,388 |\$22,908| \$35,872 | \$30,249 |\$18,614| \$17,412 Income after taxes 1/.........................| 39,342 | 35,548| 47,788| 32,925 | 21,317| 32,675 | 27,796 | 17,235| 16,217 Age of reference person.......................| 47.7 | 40.6| 41.8| 39.6 | 41.9| 39.6 | 39.7 | 73.1| 49.1 | | | | | | | | | Average number in consumer unit: | | | | | | | | | Persons.....................................| 2.8 | 2.7| 2.7| 2.5 | 2.7| 3.0 | 3.0 | 1.8| 2.7 Children under 18...........................| .8 | .8| .8| .7 | .8| .9 | .9 | .1| .9 Persons 65 and over.........................| .2 | .1| .1| .1 | .2| (2) | .1 | 1.2| .3 Earners.....................................| 1.9 | 1.7| 1.7| 1.7 | 1.6| 1.8 | 1.8 | .3| .5 Vehicles....................................| 2.5 | 2.1| 2.2| 2.0 | 1.7| 2.5 | 2.3 | 1.5| 1.3 | | | | | | | | | Percent distribution: | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Sex of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Male......................................| 82 | 71| 72| 55 | 55| 94 | 87 | 55| 35 Female....................................| 18 | 29| 28| 45 | 45| 6 | 13 | 45| 65 | | | | | | | | | Housing tenure: | | | | | | | | | Percent homeowner.........................| 78 | 60| 68| 55 | 44| 64 | 61 | 77| 47 With mortgage...........................| 49 | 46| 57| 42 | 30| 50 | 43 | 14| 21 Without mortgage........................| 29 | 14| 11| 14 | 14| 14 | 19 | 63| 26 Renter....................................| 22 | 40| 32| 45 | 56| 36 | 39 | 23| 53 | | | | | | | | | Race of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Black.....................................| 6 | 10| 6| 11 | 21| 7 | 12 | 9| 24 White and other...........................| 94 | 90| 94| 89 | 79| 93 | 88 | 91| 76 | | | | | | | | | Education of reference person: | | | | | | | | | Elementary (1-8)..........................| 10 | 5| 1| 3 | 10| 6 | 11 | 25| 18 High school (9-12)........................| 41 | 40| 17| 39 | 53| 62 | 64 | 48| 54 College...................................| 49 | 55| 82| 58 | 37| 32 | 24 | 25| 25 Never attended and other..................| (3) | (3) | (2) | (3) | (3) | (3) | 1 | 1| 2 | | | | | | | | | At least one vehicle owned..................| 95 | 91| 94| 89 | 79| 96 | 91 | 77| 65 | | | | | | | | | Average annual expenditures.....................|\$36,072 |\$33,154|\$42,802|\$31,383 |\$23,205| \$29,925 | \$26,455 |\$19,284| \$18,861 | | | | | | | | | Food..........................................| 14.0 | 14.0| 12.7| 14.1 | 16.5| 14.7 | 15.6 | 15.8| 17.4 Food at home................................| 8.3 | 8.3| 7.0| 8.2 | 11.0| 9.5 | 10.0 | 11.4| 13.4 Cereals and bakery products...............| 1.2 | 1.3| 1.1| 1.3 | 1.5| 1.4 | 1.5 | 1.8| 1.9 Cereals and cereal products.............| .5 | .5| .4| .5 | .6| .5 | .6 | .6| .8 Bakery products.........................| .8 | .8| .7| .8 | 1.0| .9 | 1.0 | 1.2| 1.1 Meats, poultry, fish, and eggs............| 2.1 | 2.2| 1.7| 2.1 | 3.4| 2.7 | 2.8 | 3.0| 4.1 Beef....................................| .6 | .7| .6| .7 | 1.1| .9 | .9 | 1.0| 1.2 Pork....................................| .4 | .4| .3| .4 | .7| .6 | .6 | .7| 1.0 Other meats.............................| .3 | .3| .3| .3 | .5| .4 | .4 | .4| .5 Poultry.................................| .4 | .4| .3| .4 | .6| .5 | .4 | .5| .8 Fish and seafood........................| .3 | .3| .2| .2 | .4| .2 | .3 | .3| .4 Eggs....................................| .1 | .1| .1| .1 | .2| .1 | .1 | .1| .2 | | | | | | | | | Dairy products............................| .9 | .9| .8| .9 | 1.1| 1.0 | 1.2 | 1.2| 1.5 Fresh milk and cream....................| .4 | .4| .3| .4 | .5| .5 | .5 | .6| .7 Other dairy products....................| .5 | .5| .5| .5 | .6| .6 | .6 | .7| .7 Fruits and vegetables.....................| 1.5 | 1.3| 1.2| 1.3 | 1.7| 1.4 | 1.5 | 2.0| 2.2 Fresh fruits............................| .5 | .4| .4| .4 | .5| .4 | .4 | .6| .6 Fresh vegetables........................| .4 | .4| .3| .4 | .5| .5 | .4 | .6| .7 Processed fruits........................| .3 | .3| .3| .3 | .4| .3 | .3 | .5| .5 Processed vegetables....................| .2 | .2| .2| .2 | .3| .3 | .3 | .3| .4 | | | | | | | | | Other food at home........................| 2.6 | 2.6| 2.3| 2.6 | 3.2| 3.0 | 3.1 | 3.3| 3.7 Sugar and other sweets..................| .4 | .3| .2| .3 | .4| .4 | .4 | .5| .5 Fats and oils...........................| .3 | .2| .2| .2 | .3| .3 | .3 | .3| .4 Miscellaneous foods.....................| 1.1 | 1.2| 1.1| 1.2 | 1.5| 1.3 | 1.5 | 1.5| 1.6 Nonalcoholic beverages..................| .7 | .7| .6| .7 | .9| .9 | .9 | .9| 1.1 Food prepared by consumer unit | | | | | | | | | on out-of-town trips...................| .2 | .1| .2| .1 | .1| .1 | .1 | .1| .2 Food away from home.........................| 5.6 | 5.7| 5.7| 5.9 | 5.5| 5.2 | 5.6 | 4.4| 4.0 | | | | | | | | | Alcoholic beverages...........................| 1.0 | 1.0| 1.0| 1.0 | 1.1| 1.0 | 1.1 | .8| .8 | | | | | | | | | Housing.......................................| 30.3 | 30.8| 31.2| 31.3 | 32.5| 29.6 | 28.7 | 32.7| 35.3 Shelter.....................................| 17.0 | 17.8| 18.5| 18.2 | 18.0| 16.7 | 15.5 | 15.7| 18.8 Owned dwellings...........................| 12.7 | 11.3| 12.9| 10.8 | 8.4| 10.7 | 9.4 | 9.9| 8.5 | | | | | | | | | Mortgage interest and charges...........| 7.7 | 7.3| 8.5| 7.0 | 5.2| 7.2 | 5.8 | 1.9| 3.5 Property taxes..........................| 3.0 | 2.4| 2.6| 2.4 | 1.9| 2.2 | 2.2 | 4.3| 2.6 Maintenance, repairs, insurance, | | | | | | | | | other expenses.........................| 2.0 | 1.6| 1.8| 1.4 | 1.3| 1.3 | 1.4 | 3.7| 2.4 Rented dwellings..........................| 3.1 | 5.4| 4.1| 6.4 | 9.0| 5.3 | 5.6 | 4.6| 9.4 Other lodging.............................| 1.2 | 1.1| 1.5| 1.1 | .5| .6 | .5 | 1.1| .8 | | | | | | | | | Utilities, fuels, and public services.......| 6.7 | 6.1| 5.4| 6.2 | 7.5| 6.6 | 7.1 | 9.1| 9.6 Natural gas...............................| .7 | .8| .7| .8 | .9| .8 | .8 | 1.3| 1.4 Electricity...............................| 2.8 | 2.5| 2.2| 2.5 | 3.0| 2.7 | 2.9 | 3.6| 3.8 Fuel oil and other fuels..................| .4 | .3| .2| .3 | .3| .3 | .4 | .7| .5 Telephone services........................| 2.1 | 2.0| 1.7| 2.1 | 2.6| 2.1 | 2.2 | 2.3| 3.0 Water and other public services...........| .7 | .7| .6| .7 | .7| .7 | .8 | 1.1| 1.0 Household operations........................| 1.5 | 1.5| 1.8| 1.4 | .8| 1.2 | 1.0 | 2.0| 1.4 Personal services.........................| .5 | .8| .8| .8 | .5| .8 | .7 | .7| .4 Other household expenses..................| 1.0 | .7| 1.0| .6 | .3| .4 | .3 | 1.4| 1.0 | | | | | | | | | Housekeeping supplies.......................| 1.4 | 1.3| 1.3| 1.4 | 1.5| 1.3 | 1.4 | 1.9| 1.8 Laundry and cleaning supplies.............| .4 | .4| .3| .4 | .5| .4 | .5 | .5| .7 Other household products..................| .7 | .6| .6| .6 | .6| .6 | .6 | .8| .7 Postage and stationery....................| .4 | .4| .4| .4 | .4| .3 | .3 | .6| .4 Household furnishings and equipment.........| 3.6 | 4.1| 4.2| 4.0 | 4.8| 3.8 | 3.8 | 4.0| 3.8 Household textiles........................| .2 | .3| .3| .4 | .4| .3 | .4 | .4| .3 Furniture.................................| .9 | 1.0| 1.1| .9 | 1.2| 1.0 | .9 | .9| 1.0 Floor coverings...........................| .3 | .4| .3| .5 | .1| .3 | .7 | .4| .6 Major appliances..........................| .5 | .4| .4| .4 | .5| .5 | .5 | .6| .4 Small appliances, miscellaneous housewares| .3 | .3| .3| .2 | .4| .2 | .2 | .3| .2 Miscellaneous household equipment.........| 1.5 | 1.7| 1.9| 1.7 | 2.2| 1.5 | 1.1 | 1.4| 1.3 | | | | | | | | | Apparel and services..........................| 5.6 | 5.9| 6.1| 6.1 | 6.8| 4.6 | 5.5 | 5.0| 7.0 Men and boys................................| 1.5 | 1.5| 1.6| 1.4 | 1.6| 1.3 | 1.5 | 1.0| 1.6 Men, 16 and over..........................| 1.3 | 1.2| 1.3| 1.2 | 1.2| 1.0 | 1.1 | .8| 1.2 Boys, 2 to 15.............................| .2 | .3| .3| .3 | .3| .4 | .4 | .1| .5 Women and girls.............................| 2.3 | 2.4| 2.4| 2.6 | 2.7| 1.7 | 2.0 | 2.3| 2.9 Women, 16 and over........................| 2.1 | 2.0| 2.1| 2.2 | 2.2| 1.3 | 1.7 | 2.1| 2.5 Girls, 2 to 15............................| .3 | .4| .3| .3 | .5| .3 | .4 | .2| .5 Children under 2............................| .2 | .3| .2| .3 | .3| .3 | .4 | .2| .5 Footwear....................................| .6 | .8| .8| .8 | 1.2| .6 | .9 | .9| 1.2 | | | | | | | | | Other apparel products and services.........| 0.9 | 1.0| 1.1| 1.0 | 1.0| 0.7 | 0.7 | 0.7| 0.7 | | | | | | | | | Transportation................................| 16.4 | 18.0| 17.2| 17.9 | 14.8| 19.8 | 20.6 | 15.9| 14.7 Vehicle purchases (net outlay)..............| 6.7 | 7.5| 7.5| 7.3 | 4.4| 8.5 | 8.6 | 6.0| 5.7 Cars and trucks, new......................| 2.4 | 3.9| 4.4| 3.9 | 1.0| 4.4 | 3.5 | 3.9| 2.4 Cars and trucks, used.....................| 4.3 | 3.5| 3.1| 3.3 | 3.4| 4.0 | 5.0 | 2.1| 3.3 Other vehicles............................| (2) | .1| .1| .1 | (2) | 4/.1 | .1 | (5) | (2) Gasoline and motor oil......................| 3.1 | 3.4| 2.8| 3.4 | 3.8| 4.4 | 4.6 | 3.1| 3.3 Other vehicle expenses......................| 5.6 | 6.1| 5.7| 6.2 | 5.8| 6.3 | 6.7 | 5.7| 4.7 Vehicle finance charges...................| 1.0 | 1.1| .9| 1.0 | 1.1| 1.3 | 1.4 | .4| .6 Maintenance and repairs...................| 2.0 | 2.1| 1.9| 2.2 | 1.9| 2.2 | 2.4 | 2.2| 1.8 Vehicle insurance.........................| 1.8 | 2.1| 2.0| 2.1 | 2.1| 2.3 | 2.3 | 2.3| 1.7 Vehicle rental, leases, licenses, | | | | | | | | | other charges............................| .7 | .8| .9| .8 | .7| .6 | .7 | .7| .6 Public transportation.......................| 1.0 | 1.0| 1.2| 1.1 | .9| .6 | .7 | 1.1| 1.0 | | | | | | | | | Health care...................................| 5.9 | 4.2| 3.9| 4.2 | 5.5| 4.3 | 4.4 | 10.9| 6.7 Health insurance............................| 2.7 | 1.6| 1.5| 1.7 | 2.0| 1.6 | 1.6 | 5.7| 2.4 Medical services............................| 2.1 | 1.7| 1.5| 1.7 | 2.4| 1.8 | 1.8 | 2.5| 2.5 Drugs.......................................| .8 | .6| .5| .6 | .8| .6 | .7 | 2.2| 1.5 Medical supplies............................| .2 | .3| .3| .3 | .3| .3 | .3 | .5| .3 | | | | | | | | | Entertainment.................................| 4.6 | 5.3| 5.3| 5.0 | 6.0| 5.7 | 5.0 | 3.8| 4.1 Fees and admissions.........................| 1.4 | 1.3| 1.6| 1.3 | 1.0| 1.0 | .9 | 1.1| .9 Television, radios, sound equipment.........| 1.5 | 1.6| 1.5| 1.7 | 2.0| 1.6 | 1.6 | 1.3| 1.6 Pets, toys, and playground equipment........| .8 | 1.0| .9| .9 | .9| 1.3 | .9 | .6| 1.1 Other entertainment supplies, equipment, | | | | | | | | | and services...............................| .9 | 1.4| 1.3| 1.0 | 2.1| 1.8 | 1.7 | .7| .5 | | | | | | | | | Personal care products and services...........| 1.2 | 1.3| 1.2| 1.4 | 1.5| 1.2 | 1.4 | 1.6| 1.6 | | | | | | | | | Reading.......................................| .6 | .5| .6| .5 | .4| .4 | .4 | .8| .5 | | | | | | | | | Education.....................................| 1.3 | 1.7| 1.9| 1.8 | 1.6| 1.2 | 1.1 | .4| 1.7 | | | | | | | | | Tobacco products and smoking supplies.........| .8 | .9| .5| .9 | 1.5| 1.3 | 1.6 | .8| 1.6 | | | | | | | | | Miscellaneous.................................| 3.9 | 2.8| 2.8| 2.8 | 2.4| 3.1 | 3.0 | 2.9| 2.3 | | | | | | | | | Cash contributions............................| 3.1 | 2.9| 3.5| 2.8 | 1.8| 2.8 | 2.1 | 6.1| 1.8 | | | | | | | | | Personal insurance and pensions...............| 11.3 | 10.6| 11.9| 10.1 | 7.7| 10.3 | 9.6 | 2.7| 4.5 Life and other personal insurance...........| 1.6 | 1.2| 1.4| 1.0 | .9| 1.1 | 1.1 | 1.1| .9 Pensions and Social Security................| 9.7 | 9.4| 10.5| 9.0 | 6.8| 9.2 | 8.5 | 1.6| 3.6 | | | | | | | | | Sources of income and personal taxes: 1/ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Money income before taxes.....................|\$42,939 |\$39,430|\$53,812|\$36,388 |\$22,908| \$35,872 | \$30,249 |\$18,614| \$17,412 Wages and salaries..........................| 23.5 | 90.2| 89.2| 90.7 | 85.6| 92.9 | 92.8 | 13.7| 38.6 Self-employment income......................| 60.1 | 3.2| 5.3| 1.8 | -.2| 1.4 | 1.6 | 1.0| 9.4 Social Security, private and government | | | | | | | | | retirement.................................| 8.1 | 2.9| 2.3| 3.2 | 8.4| 2.0 | 2.3 | 69.5| 21.9 Interest, dividends, rental income, other | | | | | | | | | property income............................| 6.2 | 1.6| 1.9| 1.8 | 1.0| 1.1 | .9 | 13.6| 8.0 Unemployment and workers' compensation, | | | | | | | | | veterans' benefits.........................| .5 | .6| .3| .4 | .8| 1.3 | 1.1 | .6| 3.8 Public assistance, supplemental security | | | | | | | | | income, food stamps........................| .4 | .4| .1| .5 | 2.1| .4 | .6 | .7| 14.7 Regular contributions for support...........| 1.0 | .7| .6| 1.1 | 1.4| .7 | .4 | .5| 2.8 Other income................................| .2 | .4| .3| .4 | 1.0| .3 | .3 | .3| .7 | | | | | | | | | Personal taxes................................| 8.4 | 9.8| 11.2| 9.5 | 6.9| 8.9 | 8.1 | 7.4| 6.9 Federal income taxes........................| 6.6 | 7.5| 8.7| 7.2 | 5.0| 6.8 | 6.1 | 5.5| 5.4 State and local income taxes................| 1.3 | 2.0| 2.2| 2.0 | 1.5| 1.8 | 1.8 | 1.1| .9 Other taxes.................................| .5 | .3| .3| .3 | .4| .3 | .2 | .8| .5 | | | | | | | | | Income after taxes............................| 91.6 | 90.2| 88.8| 90.5 | 93.1| 91.1 | 91.9 | 92.6| 93.1 | | | | | | | | | __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 1/ Components of income and taxes are derived from "complete income reporters" only; see glossary. 2/ Value less than 0.05. 3/ Value less than 0.5. 4/ Data are likely to have large sampling errors. 5/ No data reported.